Pre - Eliminary Design

1 Perencanaan Atap
Perencanaan Atap
Merencanakan Pola Beban
Data Perencanaan
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording
Perencaan Penggantung Gording
Perencanaan Gording Ujung

Perencanaan Ikatan Angin

1.1 Merencanakan Pola Beban
Pola Beban Diambil dari peraturan Pembebanan Indonesia untuk gedung 1983
Merencanak
an
Pola Beban

Beban Mati

Beban
Penutup
Atap

Beban Hidup

Beban Profil

Beban
Pengikat dll

Beban
Terbagi Rata

Beban
Terpusat

Beban Angin

Beban
Tekanan
Angin

Beban Angin
Hisap

1.1.1 Merencanakan Beban Mati ( Berdasarkan Peraturan Pembebanan Indonesia Untuk Gedung )
a. Atap
Berat asbes
:
10.3 kg/m2
Berat Profil
:
Menyesuaikan Perencanaan
Berat Pengikat dll
:
10 % dari Berat Total
1.1.2 Merencanakan Beban Hidup ( Berdasarkan Peraturan Pembebanan Indonesia Untuk Gedung )
a. Beban Hidup Terbagi Rata ( Atap ) :
α=
25 0
q = (40 - 0.8 α) =
ambil q =

20

20
kg/m2

kg/m2

20

kg/m2

b. Beban Hidup Terpusat ( Atap )
P=

100 kg

1.1.3 Merencanakan Beban Angin ( Berdasarkan Peraturan Pembebanan Indonesia Untuk Gedung )
a. Beban Tekanan Angin
Bangunan Jauh dari Pantai -> asumsi Tekanan Angin :

Koefisien Angin (C) tekan = (0.02 α - 0.4)

=

0.1

Angin Tekan = C x W

=

3

kg/m2

Angin Hisap = 0.4 x W

=

12

kg/m2

30

1.2 Data - Data perencanaan
Data Atap
Jenis
Tebal
Berat
Lebar Gelombang
Kedalaman Gelombang
Jarak Miring Gording
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (L)
Sudut Kemiringan Atap

1.3 Perencanaan Dimensi Gording

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Asbes Gelombang
5 mm
10.3 kg/m2
110 mm
57 mm
110 cm
400 cm
0.44 rad
=

25

0

kg/m2

1.3.1 Perencanaan Profil WF untuk Gording Dengan ukuran :
WF
100
x
A = 11.85 cm2
W=
9.3 kg/m
a=
100 mm
bf =
50 mm
iy =
1.12 cm

50

Mutu Baja =
BJ 37
fu = 3700 kg/cm2 =
fy = 2400 kg/cm2 =

x
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

7
187
14.8
5
3.98

x
mm
cm4
cm4
mm
cm

7
Zx =
Zy =
h=

41.8 cm3
8.94 cm3
70 mm {=D - 2 x (tf + r)}

370 Mpa
240 Mpa

1.3.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan
1.3.2.1 Perhitungan Beban
Beban Mati
Berat Gording
Berat Asbes Gelombang
=
=
alat Pengikat dll 10 % =

5

0.1

w
10.3

x
x

x

20.63

Beban Hidup
Beban Terbagi Rata = (40 - 0.8 α) =
qL = jarak gording horisontal x q

=

=

9.3 kg/m

=
=
=

11.33 kg/m
20.63 kg/m
2.06 kg/m

qD

=

22.69 kg/m

l
1.1
Berat Total

40

-

20
q

=
=

0.997

x

20.00

=

20
20

19.94 kg/m

Beban Hidup Terpusat, PL

=

Beban Angin
Tekanan Angin
Angin Tekan
Angin Hisap
q = jrk gording horisontal x angin hisap =

=
=
=
=

30
3
12
11.96

+

19.94

3

kg/m

0.997

x

12.00

==>

22.69
qw =

Beban Mati + Beban Hidup > dari Beban Angin Hisap :
Beban Angin Hisap

tidak perlu diperhitungkan

kg/m2
kg/m2

100 kg

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2 (menentukan = q)
kg/m
>

11.96

1.3.2.2 Perhitungan Momen Akibat Beban thp Sbx dan Sby
Beban Mati
MXD = 1/8 (qD x cosα) L2 =
0.13
x ( 22.69
x
0.91

x

16

)=

41.13 kgm

MYD = 1/8(qDxsinα xL/3)2 =

0.13

x(

22.69

x

0.42

x

1.78

)=

2.13 kgm

Beban Hidup Terbagi Rata
MXLD = 1/8 (qL x cosα) L2 =

0.13

x(

19.94

x

0.91

x

16

)=

36.25 kgm

MYL = 1/8(qLxsinαxL/3) =

0.13

x(

19.94

x

0.42

x

1.78

)=

1.87 kgm

Beban Hidup Terpusat
MXL = 1/4 (qL x cosα) L =

0.25

x(

100

x

0.91

x

4

)=

90.63 kgm

MYL = 1/4(qL x sinα)(L/3) =

0.25

x(

100

x

0.42

x

1.33

)=

14.09 kgm

2

Beban Angin Terbagi Rata
MXW = 1/8 x qw x L
=

0.13

x

3

x

16

=

6

kgm

1.3.3.3 Besar Momen Berfaktor ( Mu = 1.2 M D + 1.6 ML + 0.8 MW )
* Mu Beban Mati ,Beban Angin dan Beban Hidup Terbagi Rata
Sumbu X
Sumbu Y
MD =
MD =
41.13 kgm
2.13 kgm
ML =
Mw =

36.25 kgm
6 kgm

ML =

MUX =

1.2

x

41.13

+

1.6

x

36.25

+

0.8

x

6

=

### kgm

MUY =

1.2

x

2.13

+

1.6

x

1.87

+

0.8

x

0

=

5.55 kgm

1.87 kgm

* Mu Beban Mati, Beban Angin dan Beban Hidup Terpusat
Sumbu X
Sumbu Y
MD =
MD =
41.13 kgm
2.13 kgm
ML =
Mw =

90.63 kgm
6 kgm

ML =

MUX =

1.2

x

41.13

+

1.6

x

90.63

+

0.8

x

6

=

### kgm

MUY =

1.2

x

2.13

+

1.6

x

14.09

+

0.8

x

0

=

25.1 kgm

50

14.09 kgm

1.3.3 Kontrol Kekuatan Profil
1.3.3.1 Penampang Profil
Untuk Sayap
bf
170

2
tf
fy
50
170

2
7
240
3.57

10.97
OK

Untuk Badan
h
1680

tw
fy
70
1680

5
240
14.0

108.4
OK

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
1.3.3.2 Kontrol Lateral Buckling
Jarak Baut Pengikat / pengaku lateral = L B =
E
fy
200000
240

500

mm

=

=

56.90

cm

=

Mpx

LP =

1.76

x

iY

x

=

1.76

x

1.12

x

LB

<

LP

maka :

Mnx

41.8

x

2400

=

### Kgm

x

2400

Ternyata :

Mnx = Mpx = Zx . Fy =
Mny = Zy ( satu sayap ) * fy
= 1/4 x tf x bf 2 x fy
= 0.25
x
0.7
= 105 kgm

x

52

=

cm

10500 kgcm

1.3.3.3 Persamaan Iterasi
Mux
+
φb . Mnx

Muy
φb . Mny

1

Beban Mati , Beban Angin dan Beban Hidup Terbagi Rata
112.164
5.554
+

1
0.9
x
###
0.9
x
94.5
0.12
+
0.07

1
0.19

1
OK
Beban Mati , Beban Angin dan Beban Hidup Terpusat
199.170
25.097
+

0.9
x
###
0.9
x
105
0.2
+
0.27

1
0.46

1
OK

1

1.3.3.4 Kontrol Lendutan Profil
L
180

400
180

=

2.22 cm

L4
Ix

=

5

x
384

0.43
x

x
0.91
2000000

x
x

400 4
187

=

5

x
384

0.43
x

x
0.42
2000000

x
x

### 4
14.8

L3
Ix

=

1

x
48

100
x

x
0.91
2000000

x
x

400 3
187

L3
Iy

=

1

x
48

30
x

x
0.42
2000000

x
x

### 3
14.8

Lendutan Akibat Beban Angin merata (3)
qW
cos α L4
5
fx =
x
384
E
x
Ix
=
0.02 cm

=

5

x
384

0.03
x

x
0.91
2000000

x
x

400 4
187

=

5

x
384

0.03
x

x
0.42
2000000

x
x

### 4
14.8

0.02

+

)2

Lendutan Ijin f =

=

Lendutan Akibat Beban Merata (1)
qD + L cos α
5
fx =
x
384
E
x
=
0.34 cm
fy =
=

5
x
384
0.03 cm

qD + L
E

sin α (L/3)4
x
Iy

Lendutan Akibat Beban Terpusat (2)
cos α
5
P
fx =
x
384
E
x
=
0.32 cm
sin α
5
P
fy =
x
384
E
x
=
0.02 cm

fy =

5
384

=

x

qW
E

sin α (L/3)4
x
Iy

0 cm

Lendutan total yang terjadi
ftot =
= (

fx2 + fy2
0.34

(fx1 + fx2 + fx3)2 + (fy1 + fy2 + fy3)2

=
+

0.32

+

0.02 ) 2 + (

0.03

+

0

ftot =


0.69 cm

<

fijin =

2.22 cm

OK

1.4 Perencanaan Penggantung Gording
1.4.1 Data Penggantung Gording
Jarak Kuda - Kuda (L)
Jumlah Penggantung Gording
Jumlah Gording
Jarak Penggantung gording

=
=
=
=

400
2
9
###

cm
buah
buah
cm

1.4.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan
Beban Mati
Berat Sendiri Gording
Berat Asbes gelombang
Alat Pengikat dll 10 %

RD =
=

qD
22.69

=

0.1

sinα
0.42

x
x

x
x

x

L/3
1.33

Beban Hidup
Beban Terbagi Rata = (40 - 0.8 α) =
qL = jarak gording horisontal x q
RL =
=

qL
19.94

x
x

Beban Terpusat =
RL =
=

PL
100.0

sinα
0.42

x
x

PL
sinα
0.42

=
x
x

qW
2.99

x
x

sinα
0.42

kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m

=

22.69 kg/m

12.787

40

-

0.8
q

=
=

0.997

x

20.00

=

=

=

100 kg

=

42.262

kg

11.235

x
x

=

0.997

L/3
1.33

=

=

1.4.3.1 Penggantung Gording Tipe B

x (

102.29

20
20

kg/m2
kg/m2

19.94 kg/m
kg

kg

=

1.4.3 Perhitungan Gaya
1.4.3.1 Penggantung Gording Tipe A
RA = 1.2 RD + 1.6 RL + 0.8 RW
=
1.2
x
12.8
+
1.6
=
102.29
kg
RA total = Ra x jumlah Gording

9.3
11.33
20.63
2.06

=

L/3
1.33

Beban Angin
Angin Tekan = q
qW = jarak gording horisontal x q
RW =
=

20.63
qD

=
=
=
=

x

3.00
1.685

=

3

kg/m2

2.99 kg/m

kg

11.2

+

42.3

x

9

=

) +

0.8

920.60

x

kg

1.7

panjang miring gording
L
/
3

arctan β =

RB =

β=
RA

=

110
133.33

=

0.83

=

0.670 cm2

39.52 o
920.60

=

sin β

sin

39.52

=

1446.607

kg

1.4.4 Perencanaan Batang Tarik
Pu =

RB =

1446.607 kg
fu = 3700 kg/cm2
fy = 2400 kg/cm2

BJ 37

1.4.4.1 Kontrol Leleh
Pu = φ . fy . Ag ; dengan φ = 0.9
Ag perlu =

ϕ

Pu

=
fy

0.9

1446.607
x
2400

Tidak Menentukan
1.4.4.2 Kontrol Putus
Pu = φ . fu . 0,75 Ag ; dengan φ =
Ag perlu =

Pu
fu

ϕ

0.75
=

0.75

0.75

x

1446.607
3700

x

0.75

=

0.7 cm2
Menentukan

Ag perlu = 1/4 . π . d
Ag
d
=
==>

2

Pakai d =

x

4

π
10

=
=
Cek :

0.7

4

=

### cm

(jarak penggantung gording)2 + (panjang miring gording)2
133.33 2
### cm

d

>

1

>

1

>

+

Panjang Rb
500
172.85
500
0.35

110 2

OK

1.5 Perencanaan Ikatan Angin Atap
1.5.1 Data Perencanaan Ikatan Angin Atap
Tekanan Angin W
=
30 kg/m2
Koefisien Angin C tekan
=
0.9
Koefisien Angin C hisap
a1 =
α=

x

π

mm

1.4.5 Kontrol Kelangsingan
Jarak Penggantung Gording =
Panjang Rb =

=

300 cm
0.44
rad

=
=

0.4
a2 = 200 cm
25 0

0.94 cm

1.5.2 Perhitungan Tinggi Ikatan Angin ( h )
h1 =
9
m
h2 =

9

+

2

x

tg

0.44

=

9.93

m

h3 =

9

+

4

x

tg

0.44

=

10.87

m

h4 =

9

+

6

x

tg

0.44

=

11.8

m

h5 =

9

+

9

x

tg

0.44

=

13.2

m

1

x

9

=

121.5

kg

1.5.3 Perhitungan Gaya - Gaya yang Bekerja
R = 1/2 . W . C . a . h
R1 = 0.50
x
30
x
0.9
x
R2 =

0.50

x

30

x

0.9

x

2

x

9.93

=

###

kg

R3 =

0.50

x

30

x

0.9

x

2

x

10.87

=

###

kg

R4 =

0.50

x

30

x

0.9

x

2.5

x

11.8

=

###

kg

R5 =

0.50

x

30

x

0.9

x

3

x

13.2

=

###

kg

268.18
kg

+

293.36

+

###

+

###

)

Rtotal = ( R1+R2+R3+R4+(R5/2)) = 121.5
+
=
1348.454

###

1.5.4 Perencanaan Dimensi Ikatan Angin
1.5.4.1 Menghitung gaya Normal
2
tg φ
=
=
0.5
4
φ
=
26.57 0
R1
=
121.5
kg
Rtotal
=
1348.454 kg
Gaya Normal Gording Akibat Angin Dimana untuk angin tekan C =
dan untuk angin hisap C =
Chisap
Rtotal
x
N
=
Ctekan
0.4
x
1348.454
=
=
599.31 kg
0.9
1.5.4.2 Menghitung gaya Pada Titik Simpul
Pada Titik Simpul A
ΣV = 0
Rtotal + S1 = 0
===> S1 = - Rtotal ===>
ΣH = 0
S2 =

S1 =

0.9
0.4

### kg

0

Pada Titik Simpul B
EV = 0
R1 + S1 +S3 Cos ϕ = 0
S3 =
S3 =

-(

R1
cos

-1643.458

S1

ϕ

)

fu =

-(

121.5
cos 26.57

kg

1.5.5 Perencanaan Batang Tarik
Pu = S3 x 1.6 x 0.75
=
-1643.46
BJ 37

=

3700 kg/cm

2

x

1.6

x

0.75

=

-1972.150 kg

fy =

2400 kg/cm2

1.5.5.1 Kontrol Leleh
Pu = φ . fy . Ag ; dengan φ = 0.9
Ag perlu =

ϕ

Pu

=
fy

0.9

1972.150
x
2400

=

0.913 cm2
Tidak Menentukan

1.5.5.2 Kontrol Putus
Pu = φ . fu . 0,75 Ag ; dengan φ =
Ag perlu =

ϕ

Pu
fu

0.75
=

0.75

0.75

x

1972.150
3700

x

0.75

=

0.95 cm2
Menentukan

Ag perlu = 1/4 . π . d2
Ag
d
=
==>

Pakai d =

x

4

π
11

=

0.95

x

4

π

=

1.1 cm

mm

1.5.6 Kontrol Kelangsingan
Jarak kuda-kuda =
400 cm
Panjang S3 =
=
=
Cek :

(jarak kuda-kuda)2 + (jarak miring gording)2
400 2
+
110 2
### cm

d

>

1.1

>

1.1

>

Panjang S3
500
414.85
500
0.83

OK

1.6 Perencanaan Gording Ujung
1.6.1 Perencanaan Pembebanan Mntx , Mnty dan Gaya Normal Akibat Angin
Gording Ini adalah Balok Kolom. Akibat beban mati dan beban hidup Menghasilkan Momen Lentur
Besaran Diambil Dari Perhitungan Gording
Mntx = MUX (1.2 D + 1.6 L + 0.8 W) x 0.75

=

199.170

x

0.75

=

149.377

kgm

=
25.097
x
Nu = 1.6 x Rtotal (dari ikatan angin atap) x 0.75 =
1618.144

0.75

=

18.823

kgm

Mnty = MUY (1.2 D + 1.6 L + 0.8 W) x 0.75

kg

1.6.2 Perencanaan Profil Gording Ujung
WF
100
x
A = 11.85 cm2
W = 9.3 kg/m
a = 100 mm
bf = 50 mm
iy = 1.12 cm

50
x
5
tf = 7 mm
Ix = 187 cm4
Iy = 14.8 cm4
tw = 5 mm
ix = 3.98 cm

Mutu Baja =
BJ 37
fu = 3700 kg/cm2 =

370 Mpa

x
7
Zx = 41.8
Zy = 8.9
h = 70

cm3
cm3
mm

{=D - 2 x (tf + r)}

fy = 2400 kg/cm2

=

240 Mpa

1.6.3 Kontrol Tekuk Profil
Lkx =

400

Ncrbx

=

cm

50

Ncrby

=

λx =

π2 . E . A
λx
23157.64
cm

==>

λy
117366.49

=
π2

λy =

φ

11.85

=

Pu

=

Pn

0.85

x

Lkx
iy

π2

=

2

Ag x fy
ω

=

100.5

2000000

x

11.85

100.5 2

=

50
1.12

x

=

2000000

44.64
x

11.85

44.64 2

kg

Tekuk Kritis adalah arah X, Karena λx > λy
Pn =

400
3.98

kg

π2 . E . A

=

Lkx
ix

=

2

=
Lky =

==>

x
2.29

2400

ω=
=

1618.144
x
12437.136

2.29
12437.136

=

kg

0.15

<

0.2

(Pu = Nu)

Pakai Rumus =
Pu
2

x

φc . Pn

+

Mux
φb

x

+

Mnx

1.6.4 Perhitungan Faktor Pembesaran Momen
Gording dianggap tidak bergoyang, maka :
Mux = Mntx . Sbx

Cmx
Nu
1
- (
)
Ncrbx
Untuk elemen Beban Tranversal, ujung sederhana
Cmx =
1
1
Sbx =
=
1618.144
1
- (
)
23157.64
Sbx =
Sbx =

1.08
1.08

Muy = Mnty * Sby

Sbx =

>

1.01

Sby =

>

1

1.08

1

Cmy
Nu
1
- (
)
Ncrby
Untuk elemen Beban Tranversal, ujung sederhana
Cmy =
1
1
Sby =
1618.144
1
- (
)
117366.49
Sby =

1

=

1.01

1

Muy
φb

x

Mny

1

Sby =

1.01

1.6.5 Perhitungan Momen Ultimate Sbx dan Sby
Mux = Sbx . Mntx =
1.08 x
149.377
Muy = Sby . Mnty =
1.08 x
18.823

1.6.6 Perhitungan Persamaan Interaksi
Mnx = 1003 kgm

2

x

2

x

Pu
φc
x
1618.144
0.85
x

Pn

+

12437.136

Mny =
Mux

φb
+

x

=
=

105

160.599
20.237

kgm
kgm

kgm
+

Mnx
160.599
0.9
x
1003
0.47

1
OK

Muy
φb
+


Mny
20.237
0.9
x
105
x

1

1

Pre - Eliminary Design
2 Perencanaan Dinding
2.1 Data - Data perencanaan
Data Dinding :
Jenis
Tebal
Berat
Kedalaman Gelombang
Jarak Kolom Dinding (L)
Jarak Gording Lt Dasar
Jarak Gording Lt 1

:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Seng Gelombang
4 mm
4.15 kg/m2
25 mm
400 cm
125 cm
100 cm

2.2 Perencanaan Regel Balok ( Dinding Samping )
2.2.1 Perencanaan Profil WF untuk Regel Balok Dinding Dengan ukuran :
WF
100
x
A = 11.85 cm2
W=
9.3 kg/m
a = 100 mm
bf =
50 mm
iy = 1.12 cm

50
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =
r=

Mutu Baja = BJ 37
fu = 3700 kg/cm2 =
fy = 2400 kg/cm2 =

x

5
7 mm
187 cm4
14.8 cm4
5 mm
3.98 cm
mm

x
Zx =
Zy =
h=
Sx =

7
41.8 cm3
8.94 cm3
70 mm
37.5 mm

370 Mpa
240 Mpa

2.2.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan
2.2.2.1 Perhitungan Beban
Beban Mati
Lantai Dasar
Berat Gording
Berat Seng Gelombang = 4.15

x

1.25

alat Pengikat dll 10 %

x

14.49
Berat Total
15.94
x
1.78

=
=
=
=
=
=

9.3 kg/m
5.19 kg/m
14.49 kg/m
1.45 kg/m
15.94 kg/m
3.54 kg/m

Berat Total
x
1.78

=
=
=
=
=
=

9.3 kg/m
4.15 kg/m
13.45 kg/m
1.35 kg/m
14.8 kg/m
3.29 kg/m

30
1.25
30
1.25

=
=
=
=
=

30
27
33.75
12
15

Berat Total
= 0.1

Myd = 1/8 x q x (L/3)

= 0.13

x

Lantai 1
Berat Gording
Berat Seng Gelombang

= 4.15

x

alat Pengikat dll 10 %

= 0.1

Myd = 1/8 x q x (L/3)2

= 0.13

2

{=D - 2 x (tf + r)}

1
Berat Total

Beban Angin
Lantai Dasar
Tekanan Angin
Angin Tekan ( C = 0.9 )
=
q = Angin Tekan x Jarak Gording =
Angin Hisap ( C = 0.4 )
q = Angin hisap x Jarak Gording =

13.45
x

0.9
27
0.4
12

14.8

x
x
x
x

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m
kg/m2
kg/m

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik) :
Mxw = 1/8 x q x (L)2
= 0.13
x
33.75
x
N = q x Jarak Gording = 15
x
1.25

16

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan) :
Mxw = 1/8 x q x (L)2
= 0.13
x
15
x
N = q x Jarak Gording = 33.75
x
1.25

16

Lantai 1
Tekanan Angin
Angin Tekan ( C = 0.9 )
=
q = Angin Tekan x Jarak Gording =
Angin Hisap ( C = 0.4 )
q = Angin hisap x Jarak Gording =

0.9
27
0.4
12

x
x
x
x

30
1
30
1

16

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan)
Mxw = 1/8 x q x (L)2
= 0.13
x
12
x
N = q x Jarak Gording = 27
x
1

16

=

67.5 kgm
18.75 kg

(Tarik)

=
=

30 kgm
42.19 kg

(Tekan)

=
=
=
=
=

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik)
Mxw = 1/8 x q x (L)2
= 0.13
x
27
x
N = q x Jarak Gording = 12
x
1

2.2.3 Kombinasi Pembebanan
Lantai Dasar
1. U = 1.4 D
Muy = 1.4
x
3.54

=
=

30
27
27
12
12

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m
kg/m2
kg/m

=
=

54 kgm
12 kg

(Tarik)

=
=

24 kgm
27 kg

(Tekan)

4.96 kgm

2. U = 1.2D + 1.3W + λ L + 0.5 ( La atau Ha )
Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik) :
Mux = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
67.5
= 87.75 kgm
Muy = 1.2
x
3.54
+
1.3
x
0
= 4.25 kgm
Nu = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
18.75
= 24.38 kg
Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan) :
Mux = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
30
= 39
kgm
Muy = 1.2
x
3.54
+
1.3
x
0
= 4.25 kgm
Nu = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
42.19
= 54.84 kg
Lantai 1
1. U = 1.4 D
Muy = 1.4
x
3.29
=
4.6 kgm
2. U = 1.2D + 1.3W + λ L + 0.5 ( La atau Ha )
Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik) :
Mux = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
54
= 70.2 kgm
Muy = 1.2
x
3.29
+
1.3
x
0
= 3.95 kgm
Nu = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
12
= 15.6
kg

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan) :
Mux = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
24
= 31.2 kgm
Muy = 1.2
x
3.29
+
1.3
x
0
= 3.95 kgm
Nu = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
27
= 35.1
kg
2.2.4 Kontrol Kekuatan Profil
2.2.4.1 Penampang Profil
Untuk Sayap
Untuk Badan
bf
170
h


2
tf
fy
tw
50
170
70


2
7
240
5
3.57

10.97
14.0 ≤
OK
OK
Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
2.2.4.1 Kontrol Lateral Buckling
Jarak Baut Pengikat / pengaku lateral = L B =
LP =

1.76

x

iY

x

= 1.76

x

1.12

x

LB

<

Ternyata :

Mnx = Mpx = Zx . Fy =
41.8
1.5 Myx = 1.5 Sx fy = 1.5
x
===> Mnx
< 1.5 Myx
Mny = Zy ( satu sayap ) * fy
= 1/4 x tf x bf 2 x fy
= 0.25
x
0.7
= 105 kgm

x

2.2.5 Perhitungan Kuat Tarik
2.2.5.1 Kontrol Kelangsingan
λp

300
Lk
400
=
=
λ=
ix
3.98

500

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

=

50

1680
fy
1680
240
108.4

mm

E
fy
200000
=
56.90 cm
240
LP maka : Mnx
=
Mpx
x
37.5

2400
x
2400

52

=
=

x

2400

OK

100.5

<

300

2.2.5.2 Berdasarkan Tegangan Leleh
φ Nn = φ .Ag . fy =
0.85
x
11.85

x

2400

### Kgm
1350 Kgm

=

10500 kgcm

λp

2.2.5.3 Berdasarkan Tegangan Putus
φ Nn = φ .Ae . fu =
= 0.75 x 0.85 x Ag x fu
=
0.75
x
0.85
=
0.75
x
0.85
=
### kg
Tidak Menentukan
2.2.5.4 Kontrol Kuat Tarik

cm

x
x

= 24174 kg
Menentukan

Ag
11.85

x
x

fu
3700

Lantai Dasar
φ Nn
>
Nu
24174 >
54.84
OK
Lantai 1
φ Nn
>
Nu
24174 >
1404
OK
2.2.6 Perhitungan Kuat Tekan
2.2.6.1 Kontrol Kelangsingan
λp

200
Lkx
400
=
=
λpx =
ix
3.98
Lky
50
=
=
λpy =
iy
1.12

100.5

<

200

OK

44.64

<

200

OK

2.2.6.2 Berdasarkan Tekuk Arah X
fy
λx
100.5
=
x
λc =
3.14
E
π
0.25
<
<
1.2
λc
1.43
=
ω=
1.6 - 0.67 λc
1.6
fy
=
0.85
x
φ Nn = φAg ω
2.2.6.3 Berdasarkan Tekuk Arah Y
fy
λy
=
44.64
λc =
x
3.14
E
π
λc
0.25
<
<
1.2
1.43
=
ω=
1.6 - 0.67 λc
1.6
fy
=
0.85
x
φ Nn = φAg ω

2.2.7 Perhitungan Pembesaran Momen
Ab
x
fy
Ncr
=
λc 2
11.85
x
2400
Ncrbx
=
=
1.108 2
11.85
x
2400
Ncrby
=
=
0.492 2

2400
2000000

=

1.43
0.67

x

11.85

x

1.11
2400
1.67

2400
2000000

=

1.43
0.67

x

11.85

x

23156.27

0.49
2400
1.13

1.11

=
=

=
=

kg

1

Lantai Dasar
1

Sbx =
1
Sby =

- (

24.38
23156.27
1

###

kg

0.49

117359.57 kg

2.2.7.1 Komponen Struktur Ujung Sederhana Cm =
Cmx
Sbx =
≥ 1
Nu
1
- (
)
Ncrbx

1.67

=

1.001

(Tarik)

=

1.000

(Tarik)

)

1.13
###

kg

Sby =
1

- (

Sbx =
1

- (

1

- (

Sby =

24.38
)
117359.57
1
54.844
)
23156.27
1
54.844
)
117359.57

=

1.000

(Tarik)

=

1.002

(Tekan)

=

1.000

(Tekan)

=

1.001

(Tarik)

=

1.000

(Tarik)

=

1.002

(Tekan)

=

1.000

(Tekan)

Lantai 1
1

Sbx =
1

- (

1

- (

Sby =

15.6
)
23156.27
1
15.6
)
117359.57
1

Sbx =
1

- (

1

- (

Sby =

35.1
)
23156.27
1
35.1
)
117359.57

2.2.8 Kontrol Gaya Kombinasi
2.2.8.1 Angin Dari Arah Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik)
Lantai Dasar
Nu
24.38
=
=
0
<
φ . Nn
24174
Nu
2
2

φ . Nn

x
24.375
x
24174

Lantai 1
Nu
=
φ . Nn

15.6
24174
Nu

2
2

φ . Nn
x
15.600
x
24174

+
+

Mux
φ
87.8
0.9
0.14

=

+
+

x

Sbx

x
x
x
<
OK

Mnx
1.001
1003
1

0

<

Mux

x

Sbx

φ
70.2
0.9
0.12

x
x
x
<
OK

Mnx
1.001
1003
1

2.2.8.2 Angin Dari Arah Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan)
Lantai Dasar
Nu
54.84
=
=
0
<
0.2
φ . Nn
24174
Nu
Mux
x
Sbx
+
φ . Nn
φ
2 x
x
Mnx

0.2

+
+

0.2

+
+

OK
Muy
φb
4.250
0.9

x

Sby

x
x
x

Mny
1.000
105

Muy
φb
3.945
0.9

x

Sby

x
x
x

Mny
1.000
105

Muy
φb

x

Sby

x

Mny

<

1

<

1

<

1

<

1

<

1

OK

OK
+

2

54.844
x
24174

Lantai 1
Nu
=
φ . Nn
2
2

39.0
0.9
0.09

+

35.1

=
24174
Nu
φ . Nn
x
35.100
x
24174

x
x
<
OK

1.002
1003
1

<

0.2

Mux

x

Sbx

φ
31.2
0.9
0.08

x
x
x
<
OK

Mnx
1.002
1003
1

0
+
+

+

4.250
0.9

x
x

1.000
105

Muy
φb
3.945
0.9

x

Sby

x
x
x

Mny
1.000
105

+
+

2.3.2 Perencanaan Profil WF untuk Regel Horizontal Gevel Dengan ukuran :
WF
100
x
50
x
5
x
7
A = 11.85 cm2
tf =
7 mm
Zx = 41.8 cm3
W=
9.3 kg/m
Ix = 187 cm4
Zy =
9 cm3
a = 100 mm
Iy = 14.8 cm4
h=
70 mm
bf =
50 mm
tw =
5 mm
Sx = 37.5 mm
iy = 1.12 cm
ix = 3.98 cm
41.8
r=
8.94
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
fu = 3700 kg/cm2 =
370 Mpa
fy = 2400 kg/cm2 =
240 Mpa

x

1.25

alat Pengikat dll 10 %

= 0.1

x

14.49

Myd = 1/8 x q x (L/3)2

= 0.13

x

15.94

Lantai 1
Berat Gording
Berat Seng Gelombang

= 4.15

x

1

alat Pengikat dll 10 %

= 0.1

x

13.45

Berat Total
Berat Total
x
1

Berat Total

Myd = 1/8 x q x (L/3)

2

Beban Angin
Lantai Dasar
Tekanan Angin
Angin Tekan ( C = 0.9 )

= 0.13

x

= 0.9

14.8

x

Berat Total
x
1

30

1

<

1

<

1

OK

2.3 Perencanaan Regel Horizontal Gevel
2.3.1. Data - Data perencanaan tambahan
Jarak Kolom Dinding (L)
:
300 cm
Jarak Gording Lt Dasar
:
125 cm
Jarak Gording Lt 1
:
100 cm

2.3.3 Perencanaan Pembebanan
2.3.3.1 Perhitungan Beban
Beban Mati
Lantai Dasar
Berat Gording
Berat Seng Gelombang = 4.15

<

=
=
=
=
=
=

9.3 kg/m
5.19 kg/m
14.49 kg/m
1.45 kg/m
15.94 kg/m
1.99 kg/m

=
=
=
=
=
=

9.3 kg/m
4.15 kg/m
13.45 kg/m
1.35 kg/m
14.8 kg/m
1.85 kg/m

=
=

30
27

kg/m2
kg/m2

q = Angin Tekan x Jarak Gording = 27
Angin Hisap ( C = 0.4 )
0.4
q = Angin hisap x Jarak Gording = 12

x
x
x

1.25
30
1.25

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik) :
Mxw = 1/8 x q x (L)2
= 0.13
x
33.75
x
N = q x Jarak Gording = 15
x
1.25

9

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan) :
Mxw = 1/8 x q x (L)2
= 0.13
x
15
x
N = q x Jarak Gording = 33.75
x
1.25

9

Lantai 1
Tekanan Angin
Angin Tekan ( C = 0.9 )
=
q = Angin Tekan x Jarak Gording =
Angin Hisap ( C = 0.4 )
q = Angin hisap x Jarak Gording =

0.9
27
0.4
12

x
x
x
x

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik) :
Mxw = 1/8 x q x (L)2
= 0.13
x
27
x
N = q x Jarak Gording = 12
x
1

9

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan) :
Mxw = 1/8 x q x (L)2
= 0.13
x
12
x
N = q x Jarak Gording = 27
x
1

9

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan) :
Mux = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
16.88
= 21.94 kgm
Muy = 1.2
x
1.99
+
1.3
x
0
= 2.39 kgm
Nu = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
42.19
= 54.84 kg
Lantai 1
1. U = 1.4 D
Muy = 1.4
x
1.85
=
2.59 kgm
2. U = 1.2D + 1.3W + λ L + 0.5 ( La atau Ha )
Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik) :
Mux = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
30.38
= 39.49 kgm
Muy = 1.2
x
1.85
+
1.3
x
0

33.75 kg/m
12 kg/m2
15 kg/m

=
=

37.97 kgm
18.75 kg

(Tarik)

=
=

16.88 kgm
42.19 kg

(Tekan)

=
=
=
=
=

30
1
30
1

2.3.3.2 Kombinasi Pembebanan
Lantai Dasar
1. U = 1.4 D
Muy = 1.4
x
1.99
=
2.79 kgm
2. U = 1.2D + 1.3W + λ L + 0.5 ( La atau Ha )
Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik) :
Mux = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
37.97
= 49.36 kgm
Muy = 1.2
x
1.99
+
1.3
x
0
= 2.39 kgm
Nu = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
18.75
= 24.38 kg

=
=
=

30
27
27
12
12

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m
kg/m2
kg/m

=
=

30.38 kgm
12 kg

(Tarik)

=
=

13.5 kgm
27 kg

(Tekan)

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

=
Nu =
=

2.22
1.2
15.6

kgm
x
kg

0

+

1.3

x

12

Akibat Beban Angin yg Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan) :
Mux = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
13.5
= 17.55 kgm
Muy = 1.2
x
1.85
+
1.3
x
0
= 2.22 kgm
Nu = 1.2
x
0
+
1.3
x
27
= 35.1
kg
2.3.4 Kontrol Kekuatan Profil
2.3.4.1 Penampang Profil
Untuk Sayap
Untuk Badan
bf
170
h


2
tf
fy
tw
50
170
70


2
7
240
5
3.57

10.97
14.0 ≤
OK
OK
Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

+

0.5

x

0

1680
fy
1680
240
108.4

2.3.4.1 Kontrol Lateral Buckling
Jarak Baut Pengikat / pengaku lateral = L B =
500 mm
=
E
LP = 1.76
iY
x
x
fy
200000
= 1.76
x
1.12
x
=
56.90 cm
240
LB
LP maka : Mnx
Ternyata :
<
=
Mpx
Mnx = Mpx = Zx . Fy =
41.8
1.5 Myx = 1.5 Sx fy = 1.5
x
===> Mnx
< 1.5 Myx
Mny = Zy ( satu sayap ) * fy
= 1/4 x tf x bf 2 x fy
= 0.25
x
0.7
= 105 kgm

x
37.5

x

2.3.5 Perhitungan Kuat Tarik
2.3.5.1 Kontrol Kelangsingan
λp

300
Lk
300
=
=
λ=
ix
3.98

2400
x
2400

52

=
=

x

2400

OK

75.38

<

300

2.3.5.2 Berdasarkan Tegangan Leleh
φ Nn = φ .Ag . fy =
0.85
x
11.85

x

2400

50

### Kgm
1350 Kgm

=

10500 kgcm

= 24174 kg
Menentukan

2.3.5.3 Berdasarkan Tegangan Putus
φ Nn = φ .Ae . fu =

= 0.75 x 0.85 x Ag x fu
=
0.75
x
0.85
=
0.75
x
0.85
=
### kg
Tidak Menentukan

x
x

Ag
11.85

cm

x
x

fu
3700

2.3.5.4 Kontrol Kuat Tarik
Lantai Dasar
φ Nn
>
Nu
24174 >
54.84
OK
Lantai 1
φ Nn
>
Nu
24174 >
1404
OK
2.3.6 Perhitungan Kuat Tekan
2.3.6.1 Kontrol Kelangsingan
λp

200
Lkx
300
=
=
λpx =
ix
3.98
Lky
50
=
=
λpy =
iy
1.12

75.38

<

200

OK

44.64

<

200

OK

2.3.6.2 Berdasarkan Tekuk Arah X
fy
λx
75.38
=
x
λc =
3.14
E
π
λc
0.25
<
<
1.2
1.43
=
ω=
1.6 - 0.67 λc
1.6
fy
=
0.85
x
φ Nn = φAg ω
2.3.6.3 Berdasarkan Tekuk Arah Y
fy
λy
=
44.64
x
λc =
E
π
π
λc
0.25
<
<
1.2
1.43
=
ω=
1.6 - 0.67 λc
1.6
fy
=
0.85
x
φ Nn = φAg ω
2.3.7 Perhitungan Pembesaran Momen
Ab
x
fy
Ncr
=
λc 2
11.85
x
2400
Ncrbx
=
=
0.831 2
11.85
x
2400
Ncrby
=
=
0.492 2

2400
2000000

=

0.83

1.43
0.67

x

11.85

x

0.83
2400
1.37

2400
2000000

=

x

11.85

x

41166.71

=

0.49
2400
1.13

=
=

kg

117366.49 kg

2.3.7.1 Komponen Struktur Ujung Sederhana Cm =
Cmx
Sbx =
≥ 1
Nu
1
- (
)
Ncrbx

1

Lantai Dasar
1

Sbx =
1

- (

24.38

=
)

1.001

1.37
###

kg

0.49

1.43
0.67

=

(Tarik)

1.13
###

kg

1

- (

1

- (

Sby =

Sbx =
1

- (

1

- (

Sby =

)
41166.71
1
24.38
)
117366.49
1
54.844
)
41166.71
1
54.844
)
117366.49

=

1.000

(Tarik)

=

1.001

(Tekan)

=

1.000

(Tekan)

=

1.000

(Tarik)

=

1.000

(Tarik)

=

1.001

(Tekan)

=

1.000

(Tekan)

Lantai 1
1

Sbx =
1

- (

1

- (

Sby =

15.6
)
41166.71
1
15.6
)
117366.49
1

Sbx =
1

- (

1

- (

Sby =

35.1
)
41166.71
1
35.1
)
117366.49

2.3.8 Kontrol Gaya Kombinasi
2.3.8.1 Angin Dari Arah Tegak Lurus Dinding (tarik)
Lantai Dasar
Nu
24.375
=
=
0
<
φ . Nn
24174
Nu
Mux
x
Sbx
+
φ . Nn
φ
2 x
x
Mnx
24.375
49.4
x
1.001
+
2 x
24174
0.9
x
1003
0.08
<
1
OK
Lantai 1
Nu
15.6
=
=
0
<
φ . Nn
24174
Nu
Mux
x
Sbx
+
φ . Nn
φ
2 x
x
Mnx
15.600
39.5
x
1.000
+
2 x
24174
0.9
x
1003
0.07
<
1
OK
2.3.8.2 Angin Dari Arah Tegak Lurus Gevel (tekan)
Lantai Dasar
Nu
54.84
=
=
0
<
0.2
φ . Nn
24174
Nu
Mux
x
Sbx
+
φ . Nn
φ
2 x
x
Mnx

0.2
+
+

0.2
+
+

OK
Muy
φb
2.390
0.9

x

Sby

x
x
x

Mny
1.000
105

Muy
φb
2.219
0.9

x

Sby

x
x
x

Mny
1.000
105

Muy
φb

x

Sby

x

Mny

<

1

<

1

<

1

<

1

<

1

OK

OK
+

2

54.844
x
24174

Lantai 1
Nu
=
φ . Nn
2
2

21.9
0.9
0.05

+

35.1

=
24174
Nu
φ . Nn
x
35.100
x
24174

x
x
<
OK

1.001
1003
1

<

0.2

Mux

x

Sbx

φ
17.6
0.9
0.04

x
x
x
<
OK

Mnx
1.001
1003
1

0
+
+

2.4 Perencanaan kolom Gevel
2.4.1 Data Perencanaan
Panjang Beban Atap Regel 5
Panjang Beban Atap Regel 2

=
=

3
3

m
m

7
6

x
x

1.000
105

Muy
φb
2.219
0.9

x

Sby

x
x
x

Mny
1.000
105

Panjang Cantilever =
Jarak Kuda-kuda =

1
4

m
m

<

1

<

1

<

1

OK
+
+

qw regel 5 = panjang x angin tekan
=
3
x
27
=
qw regel 2 = panjang x angin tekan
=
3
x
27
=

Lebar Beban Atap Regel 5 = 2.5 m
Lebar Beban Atap Regel 2 = 2 m
Tinggi Regel 5 =
Tinggi Regel 2 =

2.390
0.9

+

m
m

81

kg/m

81

kg/m

Regel 5
Luas atap yg Dipikul oleh Regel 5 ( A1 ) = Lebar Beban Atap Regel 5 x Pjg Beban Atap Regel 5
= 3
x
2.5
= 7.5 m2
Luas Dinding Regel 5 ( A2 )
= Pjg Beban Atap Regel 5 x Tinggi Regel 5
= 2.5
x
7
= 17.5 m2
Regel 2
Luas atap yg Dipikul oleh Regel 2 ( A3 ) =Lebar Beban Atap Regel 2 x Pjg Beban Atap Regel 2
= 3
x
2
= 6 m2
Luas Dinding Regel 2 ( A4 )
= Pjg Beban Atap Regel 2 x Tinggi Regel 2
= 2
x
6
= 12 m2
2.4.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan
2.4.2.1 Beban Mati
Regel 5
ND atap = A1 x qD atap

=

7.5

x

20.63

=

### kg

ND Dinding = A2 x qD Dinding

=

17.5

x

4.15

=

72.63 kg

ND Gording = Jml Gording . w Gording

=

7

x

9.3

=

65.1 kg

Regel 2
ND atap = A3 x qD atap

=

6

x

20.63

=

### kg

ND Dinding = A4 x qD Dinding

=

12

x

4.15

=

49.8 kg

ND Gording = Jml Gording . w Gording

=

6

x

9.3

=

55.8 kg

2.4.2.2 Beban hidup

Regel 5
NL atap = A1 x qL atap

=

7.5

x

20

=

150 kg

Regel 2
NL atap = A2 x qL atap

=

6

x

20

=

120 kg

2.4.2.3 Beban Angin
Regel 5
Mw = 1/8 x qw x (h)2

=

0.13

x

81

x

7

2

=

### kgm

Regel 2
Mw = 1/8 x qw x (h)2

=

0.13

x

81

x

6

2

=

364.5 kgm

=

3.5

cm

=

2215.767

2.4.3 Syarat Kekakuan
Regel 5
h
700
Y=
=
200
200
5
q
Ix =
x
384
E
5
4.96
x
384
0.02
===> Ix Profil yg Dipakai >
Pakai Profil :
WF
175
A = 51.21
W = 40.2
a = 175
bf = 175
iy = 4.38

x
cm2
kg/m
mm
mm
cm

175
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =
r=

Mutu Baja = BJ 37
fu = 3700 kg/cm2 =
fy = 2400 kg/cm2 =

L4
x
x
Y
x
7 4
x
3.5
2215.767 cm4

x
11
2880
984
7.5
7.5
12

7.5
mm
cm4
cm4
mm
cm
cm

x
Zx =
Zy =
h=
=
Sx =

11
###
###
175
136
2050

cm3
cm3
mm
mm

2

cm4

x(

11

+

12

)

370 Mpa
240 Mpa

Nd Profil
Nd total

=
7
x
40.2
=
281.4 kg
= Nd atap + Nd (Dinding+Gording ) + Nd Profil
= ###
+
###
+
281.4
=
### kg
NL Total = NL atap = 150 kg
Mw
=
### kgm
U = ( 1.2D + 1.6L+ 1.6W ) x 0.75
Nu = ( 1.2
x
###
+
1.6
x
150
) x 0.75
Mntx = 1.6
x
Mw
x
0.75
=
1.6
x
###
Regel 2
h
600
Y=
=
200
200
5
q
Ix =
x
384
E
5
3.65
x
384
0.02
===> Ix Profil yg Dipakai >

x
L4
x
Y
x
6
x
3
1025.156

Pakai Profil :
WF
150

x

x

100

=

3

6

=
x

cm

4

=

cm4

x

9

1025.156

cm4

### kg
0.75
=

###

kg

A=
W=
D=
Bf =
iy =

26.84
21.1
148
100
2.37

cm2
kg/m
mm
mm
cm

tf = 9 mm
Ix = 1020 cm4
Iy = 151 cm4
tw = 6 mm
ix = 6.17 cm
r = 11 cm

Mutu Baja = BJ 37
fu = 3700 kg/cm2 =
fy = 2400 kg/cm2 =

Zx =
Zy =
h=
=
Sx =

###
45.88
150
116
138

cm3
cm3
mm
mm

2

x(

9

+

11

)

437.4

kg

1

370 Mpa
240 Mpa

Nd Profil
Nd total

=
6
x
21.1
=
126.6 kg
= Nd atap + Nd (Dinding+Gording ) + Nd Profil
= ###
+
105.6
+
126.6
=
### kg
NL Total = NL atap = 120 kg
Mw
=
364.5 kgm
U = ( 1.2D + 1.6L+ 1.6W ) x 0.75
Nu = ( 1.2
x
###
+
1.6
x
120
) x 0.75
Mntx = 1.6
x
Mw
x
0.75
=
1.6
x
364.5
2.4.4 Kontrol Tekuk
Regel 5
untuk arah x :
Lkx = 700
cm
Lkx
700
λx =
=
=
93.33
ix
7.5
λx
fy
93.33
2400
=
x
=
1.03
λc =
2000000
E
π
π
π2 . E . A
π2
x
2000000
Ncrbx
=
=
2
λx
93.33 2
=
116040.87 kg
untuk Arah y :
Lky = 100
cm
Lky
100
λy =
=
=
22.83
iy
4.38
fy
λy
22.83
2400
=
x
=
0.25
λc =
2000000
E
π
π
π2 . E . A
π2
x
2000000
Ncrby
=
=
2
λy
22.83 2
=
1939245.26 kg
Tekuk Kritis Adalah Arah ====> X karena λx
>
λy
λc
0.25
<
<
1.2
1.43
1.43
=
=
ω=
1.6 - 0.67 λc
1.6
0.67
x
1.03
Pn = Ag . fy =
51.21
x
2400
=
122904
kg
Pu
696.47
=
=
0.01 <
0.2
φ . Pn
0.85
x
122904
Pakai Rumus :
Pu
Mux
+
+
φc . Pn
φb
2 x
x
Mnx
Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :
Cmx
Sbx =
≥ 1
Nu
1
- (
)

;Cm =

1

=
x

### kg
0.75
=

x

51.21

x

51.21

1.57

Muy
φb

x

Mny

1

- (

)
Ncrbx
1
Sbx =
=
696.5
1
- (
)
116040.87
Mux = Mntx . Sbx
Mux = ###
x
1.006
=
### kgm

1.006

1

Regel 2
untuk arah x :
Lkx = 600
cm
Lkx
600
λx =
=
=
97.24
ix
6.17
fy
λx
97.24
2400
λc =
=
x
=
1.07
2000000
E
π
π
π2 . E . A
π2
x
2000000
Ncrbx
=
=
2
λx
97.24 2
=
56024.77 kg
untuk Arah y :
Lky = 100
cm
Lky
100
λy =
=
=
42.19
iy
2.37
fy
λy
42.19
2400
=
x
=
0.47
λc =
2000000
E
π
π
π2 . E . A
π2
x
2000000
Ncrby
=
=
λy 2
42.19 2
=
297583.57 kg
λy
Tekuk Kritis Adalah Arah ====> X karena λx
>
λc
0.25
<
<
1.2
1.43
1.43
=
=
ω=
1.6 - 0.67 λc
1.6
0.67
x
1.07
Pn = Ag . fy =
26.84
x
2400
=
64416
kg
Pu
464.38
=
=
0.01 <
0.2
φ . Pn
0.85
x
64416
Pakai Rumus :
Pu
Mux
+
+
φc . Pn
φb
2 x
x
Mnx
Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :
Cmx
Sbx =
≥ 1
Nu
1
- (
)
Ncrbx
1
Sbx =
=
464.4
1
- (
)
56024.77
Mux = Mntx . Sbx
Mux = 437.4
x
1.008
=
### kgm
2.4.5 Menentukan Mnx
Regel 5
* Penampang Profil
Untuk Sayap :
bf
170

2
tf
fy

1.008

;Cm =

1

1

Untuk Badan :
h
1680

tw
fy

x

26.84

x

26.84

λ

0.25 <
c <
1.2

1.62

Muy
φb

x

Mny

1

175
2

11
7.95


OK

170
240
10.97

136
7.5
18.1



OK

1680
240
108.4

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
* Kontrol Lateral Buckling
Lateral Bracing = L B =
1000
LP =

mm

x

iY

x

= 1.76

x

100

x

LB

<

LP

0

x

Mnx = Mpx = Zx . Fy =
Mny = Zy ( satu sayap ) * fy
= 1/4 x tf x bf 2 x fy
= 0.25
x
0
= 0 kgm

x

Regel 2
Penampang Profil
untuk Sayap

=

maka : Mnx
p

02

###

cm

=

Mpx

=

0

x

p

Kgm

=

0

kgcm

untuk Badan

b 170

2tf
fy
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

100 cm

E
fy
200000
2400

1.76

Ternyata :

=

h 1680

t
fy
170

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

≤ #REF!
≤ #REF!

#REF!

1680

≤ #REF!
≤ #REF!

#REF!

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
Lateral BracingLb =

Lp = 1.76 * iy

E
fy

100

cm

Lp = #REF! cm

Ternyata Lp > Lb

maka Mnx = Mpx

Mnx = Mpx = Zx. Fy = #REF!
*
#REF! = #REF! Kgm
Mny = Zy ( 1 flen ) * fy
= (1 / 4 * tf * bf 2) * fy
= 0.25 x#REF! x#REF! x#REF! = #REF! kgcm
= #REF! kgm
2.4.6 Persamaan Interaksi
Pu

+

Mux

+

Muy

<

1

2

φc . Pn

x

+

φb

x

Mnx

+

Regel 5
#REF!
0.17 x x
#REF!

+

598.94
0.9 x#REF!

+

#REF!
#REF!

+

0
0.9 x#REF!

+
<

1

OK

Regel 2
#REF!
0.17 x#REF!

+

#REF!

+

#REF!
0.9 x#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

+

0
0.9 x#REF!

+
<

1

OK

2.5 Perencanaan Penggantung Gording Dinding Samping dan Gevel
2.5.1 Data Penggantung Gording
Jarak Kuda - Kuda
=
400 cm
Jumlah Penggantung Gording
=
2 buah
Jumlah Gording Gevel =
7 buah
Jumlah Gording Dinding=
3 buah
Jarak Penggantung gording
=
### cm
Jarak antara Gevel
=
300 cm
Jarak Antar Gordng Horizontal 125
Dinding
cm =
Jarak Antar Gordng Horizontal 100
Gevel
cm=
2.5.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan
Dinding Samping
Beban Mati
Berat Sendiri Gording
=
Berat Seng Gelombang
=
=
Alat Pengikat dll 10 =% 0.1 x 4.15
=
=
Ra = q * JarakKuda − Kuda

Gevel
Beban Mati
Berat Sendiri Gording
Berat Seng Gelombang
Alat Pengikat dll 10 =% 0.1 x 4.15

0 kg/m
4.15 kg/m
4.15 kg/m
0 kg/m
4.15 kg/m

=

16.6 kg

=
=
=
=
=

0 kg/m
4.15 kg/m
4.15 kg/m
0.42 kg/m
4.57 kg/m

φb

x

Mny

<

1

Ra = q * JarakGevel

=

13.7 kg

2.5.3 Perhitungan Gaya
2.5.3.1 Penggantung Gording Tipe A
Dinding Samping
Ra
=

`
23.24 kg

Ra Total = Ra * jumlah Gording
Ra

=

69.72 kg

=

`
19.17 kg

Gevel
Ra

Ra Total = Ra * jumlah Gording
Ra
=
### kg
2.5.3.2 Penggantung Gording Tipe B
Dinding Samping
arctgnβ = 0.94
β = 0.75
β = 43.14 o

RB =

RA
Sinβ

Rb

=

69.72
0.68

=

###

kg

###

kg

Gevel

arctgnβ =
β=

1.4
0.95
β = 54.44 o

RB =

RA
Sinβ

Rb

=

###
0.81

=

2.5.4 Perencanaan Batang Tarik
Dinding Samping
Pu = ### kg
BJ 37 fu = 0 kg/cm2
fy =
0 kg/cm3
Gevel
Pu = ### kg
BJ 37 fu = 0 kg/cm2
fy =
0 kg/cm3
2.5.4.1 Kontrol Leleh
Dinding Samping
Pu = φ fy Ag dengan φ = 0.9
Ag perlu = Pu/φ fy
=

d=

Ag * 4
π

###
0

Gevel
Pu = φ fy Ag dengan φ = 0.9

=

### cm2
###

Ag perlu = Pu/φ fy
=

d=

Ag * 4
π

###
0

=

### cm2
###

2.5.4.2 Kontrol Putus
Dinding Samping
Pu = φ fu 0.75 Ag dengan φ = 0.75
Ag Perlu = Pu
φ fu 0.75

=

Ag = 1 / 4π d=2

### cm2

=

### x 4
3.14

###
0

=

### cm2
###

d=

### cm

Pakai d = 10 mm

Dinding Samping
Pu = φ fu 0.75 Ag dengan φ = 0.75
Ag Perlu = Pu
φ fu 0.75

=

Ag = 1 / 4π d=2

### cm2

=

### x 4
3.14

###
0

=

### cm2
###

d=

### cm

Pakai d = 10 mm

2.5.5 Kontrol Kelangsingan
Dinding Samping
Jarak Penggantung Gording
### cm
=

PanjangRb = JrkPenggantungGording 2 + JrkantarGordingHorizontal 2
Panjang Rb = ###
Panjang Rb =

+

15625

### cm

PanjangRb
d≥
500

1

>

###
500

1

>

0.37

OK
Gevel
Jarak Penggantung Gording
100 cm
=

PanjangRb = JrkPenggantungGording 2 + JrkantarGordingHorizontal 2
Panjang Rb = 10000
Panjang Rb =

+

10000

### cm

PanjangRb
d≥
500

1

>

###
500

1

>
OK

0.28

2.6 Perencanaan Ikatan Angin Dinding
2.6.1 Data Perencanaan Ikatan Angin Dinding
Tekanan Angin W =0 kg/m2
Koefisien Angin C0.9
=
a1 =
300 cm
a2 =
200 cm
=
00
α= 0
2.6.2 Perhitungan Tinggi Ikatan Angin ( h )
h1 =
9m
h2 =
9
+
2 x tg x 0.44
=
h3 =
9
+
4 x tg x 0.44
=
h4 =
9
+
6 x tg x 0.44
=
h5 =
9
+
9 x tg x 0.44
=

9.93
10.87
11.8
13.2

m
m
m
m

2.6.3 Perhitungan Gaya - Gaya yang Bekerja
R = 1/2 W C a h
R1 = 0.50 x 0 x#REF! x 1 x 9
=
R2 = 0.50 x 0 x#REF! x 2 x 9.93
=
R3 = 0.50 x 0 x#REF! x 2 x10.87
=
R4 = 0.50 x 0 x#REF! x 2.5 x 11.8
=
R5 = 0.50 x 0 x#REF! x 3 x 13.2
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

Rtotal = ( R1+R2+R3+R4+(R5/2)) = #REF!

kg

2.6.4 Perencanaan Dimensi Ikatan Angin

tg φ

=
=

1
4
0.25

φ

=

0.24 rad

R1
Rtotal

=
=

2.6.4.1 Menghitung gaya Pada Titik Simpul
Pada Titik Simpul A
ΣV = 0
Rtotal + S1 = 0
S1 = - Rtotal
S1 = #REF! kg
ΣH = 0
S2 = 0

Pada Titik Simpul B
EV = 0
R1 + S1 +S3 Cos Φ = 0

S3 =

− ( R1 − S1 )
Cosφ

S3 = #REF! kg
2.6.5 Perencanaan Batang Tarik
Pu = #REF! kg
Pu = S 3 *1.6 * 0.75
BJ 37 fu = 0 kg/cm2
fy =
0 kg/cm3
2.6.5.1 Kontrol Leleh
Pu = φ fy Ag dengan φ = 0.9
Ag perlu = Pu/φ fy
=

#REF!
0

=

#REF! cm2
#REF!

2.6.5.2 Kontrol Putus
Pu = φ fu 0.75 Ag dengan φ = 0.75
Ag Perlu = Pu
φ fu 0.75

=

Ag = 1 / 4π d=2

#REF! cm2

Ag * 4
=
π

#REF! x 4
3.14

d=

#REF!
0

=

#REF!
#REF!

d = #REF! cm

#REF! kg
#REF! kg

Pakai d = 12 mm
2.6.6 Kontrol Kelangsingan
Jarak Kuda - Kuda
400
= cm

PanjangS 3 = JrkantarKuda − Kuda 2 + Jrkantar 2 Re gelHorizontal 2
Panjang S3 =

0

Panjang S3 =

+

0

0 cm

d≥

PanjangS 3
500

1.2

>

0
500

1.2

>
OK

0

Start

Masukkan Data - Data Perencanaan Bondex dan Balok Anak :
Panjang Bentang Beban Bondex Yang Dipikul Balok Anak = ?
Panjang Balok Anak = ?
Berat Sendiri Beton = ?
Berat Sendiri Bondex = ?
Berat Spesi per cm Tebal = ?
Berat Tegel = ?
Beban Berguna = ?

Hitung Pembebanan terhadap Balok Anak :
Beban Mati
Beban Hidup

Hitung Tebal Lantai Bondex
Tebal Lantai Bondex Dicari dengan Menggunakan Tabel yang
ada dengan memperhitungkan Beban Berguna yang akan
Disalurkan Bondex ke Balok Anak sebagai Dasar Perencanaan.
T=?

Hitung Luasan Tulangan Negatif Bondex
Luasan Tulangan Negatif Bondex Dicari dengan Menggunakan
Tabel yang ada dengan memperhitungkan Beban Berguna yang
akan Disalurkan Bondex ke Balok Anak sebagai Dasar
Perencanaan.
A=?

Asumsikan Diamter Tulangan Negatif
Bondex :
φ = ? Mm

Hitung Banyaknya Tulangan Yang Diperlukan Tiap 1 m :
A/As = ?
Hasilnya Dibulatkan Keatas

Hitung Jarak Tulangan Tarik :
Jarak Tulangan Tarik = Jarak Tulangan yang Diperlukan ( 1
m ) Dibagi dengan Banyaknya Tulangan yang diperlukan
dengan Jarak yang Telah Ditetapkan Diatas

Perencanaan Pembebanan
Beban Mati
Beban Hidup

Hitung qU, Mu Max dan Du Max :
qU = 1.2 qD + 1.6 qL

Mu max =

1
qu l 2
8

Du max =

1
qu l
2

PERHITUNGAN Ix PROFIL MINIMUM
Dimana Y ijin = L/360

Ix >

5 ( qD + qL ) * l 4
384
EY

Pilih Profil Baja Dimana Ix-nya Harus > Ix Minimum :
A = ? ; W = ? ; a = ? ; bf = ? ; iy = ? ;tf = ? ; Ix = ? Iy = ? ; tw = ? ; Zx = ? ; Zy
= ? ; h = ? ; fu = ? ; Fy = ?

Perencanaan Pembebanan + Berat Profil
Beban Mati
Beban Hidup

Hitung qU, Mu Max dan Du Max ( Berat Profil Dimasukkan ) :
qU = 1.2 qD + 1.6 qL

Mu max =

1
qu l 2
8

Du max =

1
qu l
2

KONTROL LENDUTAN BALOK
Dimana Y ijin = L/360

Y max =

Perbesar Profil

KO

5 (qD + qL) * l 4
384
EIx

Y mak < Y ijin
OK

KONTROL LOKAL BUCKLING
Hitung λp, λr Penampang Sayap dan λp, λr Penampang Badan :
Sayap
Badan
170

λp =

fy

370

λr =

f y − fr

b
2tf

b
≤ λp
2tf

b
2tf

λr =

2550

fy

fy

1

2

Sayap

Badan

KO

λp ≤

≤ λr

Profil Tak Kompak

OK

Mn = Mp − ( Mp − Mr )

KO

KO

Profil Langsing

Profil Langsing

Mn = Mr (λr / λ ) 2

Profil Tak Kompak

λ − λp
λr − λp

h
≤ λr
t

OK

λ − λp
λr − λp

Mn = Mr (λr / λ ) 2

Mn = Mp − ( Mp − Mr )

h ≤λ
p
t
OK

Profil Kompak
Mnx = Mnp

KO

λp ≤

1680

h
t

OK

Profil Kompak
Mnx = Mnp

λp =

Mnx Sayap > Mnx
Badan

2
OK

KO

Ambil Mnx Badan
Local Buckling

Ambil Mnx Sayap
Local Buckling

KONTOL LATERAL BUCKLING
Hitung λp dan λr daripada Lateral Buckling

E
fy

Lp = 1.76 * iy

Lr = ry (

X1
2
) 1+ 1+ X 2 fL
fL
G=

X1 =

E
2(1 + µ)

π
Sx

X 2 = 4(

EGJA
2

S 2 Iw
)
GJ
Iy

Jarak Lateral Bracing λb :
λb = ?

KO

KO

λ p ≤ λb ≤ λr

λb ≤ λ p

OK

OK
Bentang Pendek
Mnx = Mpx

Bentang Menengah

Mn = Cb( Mr + ( Mr − Mp )(

Lr − L
) ≤ Mp
Lr − Lp

Bentang Panjang

Mn = Mcr = Cb

π
πE
E _ I y GJ + ( ) 2 I y I w ≤ Mp
L
L

Mnx Local Buckling > Mnx Lateral
Buckling
OK

KO

Ambil Mnx Lateral Buckling

Ambil Mnx Local Buckling

Hitung : 0.9 Mnx

Perbesar Profil

KO

0.9 Mnx > Mu max
OK

KONTROL KUAT RENCANA GESER
h
Hitung

tw

Vn = 0.6 fy Aw

OK

h
1100

tw
fy

KO

1100

h 1370

tw
fy

Vn =

900000 Aw
( h )2
tw

fy

KO

Hitung 0.9 Vn

Perbesar Profil

KO

0.9 Vn > Vu Max
OK

Profil Dapat Dipakai

OK

Vn = 0.6 f y Aw

1100t w
h fy

Pre - Eliminary Design
3 Perencanaan Bondex dan Balok Anak
3.1 Data - Data perencanaan
Beban Hidup
:
Beban Finishing
:
Beban Berguna
:

400 Kg/m2
90 Kg/m2
490 Kg/m3

Berat Beton Kering
:
2400 kg/m3
Panjang Bentang Beban Bondex yang Dipikul Oleh Balok Anak
Panjang Balok Anak
:
4
m

:

3

m

288 Kg/m2
10.1 Kg/m2
42 Kg/m2
48 Kg/m2
388.1 Kg/m2
400 Kg/m2
90 Kg/m2
490 Kg/m2

3.2 Perencanaan Pelat Lantai Bondex
3.2.1 Data Perencanaan
Berat Sendiri Beton
Berat Sendiri Bondex
Berat Spesi per cm Tebal
Berat Tegel

=
=
=
=

3.2.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan
Beban Mati
Berat Beton
=
2400
Berat Bondex
Berat Spesi 2 Cm
=
21
Berat Tegel 2 Cm
=
24

2400 kg/m3
10.1 kg/m2
21 kg/m2
24 kg/m2

*

0.12

*
*

2
2
qD

=
=
=
=
=

qL

=
=
=

Beban Hidup
Beban Hidup Lantai gudang
Beban Finishing

3.2.3 Perencanaan Tebal Lantai Beton dan Tulangan Negatif
3.2.3.1 Perencanaan Tebal Lantai
qL =
490
kg/m2
Beban Berguna yang Dipakai =
Jarak Antar Balok
=
Jarak Kuda - Kuda
=

500
kg/m2
300 cm
400 cm

Dari Tabel Brosur ( Bentang Menerus dengan Tulangan Negatif ),didapat :
t
=
12
mm
A
=
3.57
cm2/m
3.2.3.2 Perencanaan Tulangan Negatif
Direncanakan Tulangan Dengan φ =
As =

10 mm
0.79 mm2

Banyaknya Tulangan Yang diperlukan Tiap 1 m =

Jarak Tulangan Tarik =

A
As

200

=
=
=
cm

3.57
0.79
4.55
5

Buah
Buah

Pasang Tulangan Tarik φ10 - 200
3.3 Perencanaan Dimensi Balok Anak
3.3.1 Perencanaan Pembebanan
Beban Mati ( D )
Bondex
=
3
Plat Beton
=
3
Tegel + Spesi
=
3

10.1
0.12
90

=
=
=
=

2400

qD

Beban Hidup ( L )
qL
=

3

490

=

3.3.3 Perhitungan qU , Mu Max dan Du Max
qU = 1.2 qD + 1.6 qL
qU
=
1.2
1164.3

1470 kg/m

1.6

1470

=

3749.16 Kg/m
7498.32 Kgm

Mu max =

1
qu l 2
8

=

0.13

3749.16

16

=

Du max =

1
qu l
2

=

0.5

3749.16

4

=

3.3.4 Perhitungan Ix Profil Yang Diperlukan
Y=
L
=
400
360
360

30.3 kg/m
864 kg/m
270 kg/m
1164.3 kg/m

=

1.11

11.64
2100000

14.7
1.11

7498.32 Kg

5 ( qD + qL ) * l 4
Ix >
384
EY
Ix

>

5
384

Ix

>

3763.29

(

)

2.56E+10

cm4

3.3.5 Perencanaan Profil WF untuk Balok Anak
250
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =
Mutu Baja =
fu =
fy =

x

37.66 cm2
29.6 kg/m
250 mm
125 mm
2.79 cm

125
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

x

6

x

9 mm
4050 cm4
294 cm4
6 mm
10.4 cm

9
Zx =
Zy =
h=
r=

351.86 cm3
72.02 cm3
208 mm
12 mm
351.86
72.02

BJ 37
3700 kg/cm2
2400 kg/cm2

3.3.6 Perencanaan Pembebanan + Beban Profil
Beban Mati ( D )
Bondex
=
3
10.1
Plat Beton
=
3
0.12
Tegel + Spesi
=
3
90
Berat Profil
=

2400

=
=
=
=

30.3 kg/m
864 kg/m
270 kg/m
29.6 kg/m

qD

Beban Hidup ( L )
qL
=

3

490

=

=

1470

3.3.7 Perhitungan qU , Mu Max dan Du Max ( Berat Profil Dimasukkan )
qU = 1.2 qD + 1.6 qL
qU
=
1.2
1193.9
1.6
1470
=

Mu max =

1
qu l 2
8

=

0.13

3784.68

16

=

Du max =

1
qu l
2

=

0.5

3784.68

4

=

400
360

=

1.11

11.94
2100000

14.7
4050

3.3.8 Kontrol Lendutan Balok
Y=
L
=
360

Y max =

1193.9 kg/m

3784.68 Kg/m
7569.36 Kgm

7569.36 Kg

5 ( qD + qL) * l 4
384
EIx

=

5
384

=

1.04

(

<

)

2.56E+10

1.11

OK
3.3.9 Kontrol Kuat Rencana Momen Lentur
3.3.9.1 Kontrol Penampang
untuk Sayap

untuk Badan

b
170

2tf
fy
125
18
6.94

h 1680

t
fy
170
15.49
10.97


208
6
34.67


OK

OK

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
Mp = fy * Zx
= 2400
*
= 844466.4 kgcm
= 8444.66 kgm

351.86

3.3.9.2 Kontrol Lateral Buckling
Jrk Pengikat Lateral :

Lp = 1.76 * iy

E
fy

1000 mm

Lp =

=

141.75 cm

100

cm

1680
15.49
108.44

Lp = 1.76 * iy

E
fy

Ternyata

Lp > Lb

maka

Mnx = Mpx = Zx. Fy = 351.86
Mny = Zy ( 1 flen ) * fy
= (1 / 4 * tf * bf 2) * fy
x 156.25 x
=
0.25 x
0.9
=
843.75 kgm
0.9 Mp =

0.9

*

8444.66

0.9 Mp
7600.2

>
>
OK

Mu
7569.36

*

2400

2400

=

=

3.3.9.3 Kontrol Kuat Rencana Geser

h
1100

tw
fy
208
6

<

1100
15.49

34.67

<
Plastis

71

Vn = 0.6 fy Aw
=
0.6
2400
=
21600 Kg
Vu
7569.36
7569.36

<
<
<
OK

ФVn
0.9
19440

0.6

21600

Mnx = Mpx

25

7600.2 kgm

=

8444.66 Kgm

84375 kgcm

4 Perencanaan Tangga Baja
4.1 Data Perencanaan
Tinggi tangga
Lebar injakan (i)
Panjang Tangga
Lebar Pegangan Tangga

=
=
=
=

250 cm
28 cm
600 cm
10 cm

4.2 Perencanaan Jumlah Injakan Tangga
4.2.1 Persyaratan - Persyaratan Jumlah Injakan Tangga
60 cm
25 o

<
<

( 2t + I )
a

<
<

65 cm
40 o

Dimana : t = tinggi injakan (cm)
i = lebar injakan (cm)
a = kemiringan tangga
4.2.2 Perhitungan Jumlah Injakan Tangga
Tinggi tanjakan (t)
Jumlah Tanjakan

=
=
=
=

65
18.5 cm
250
=
18.5
14
buah

Jumlah injakan (n)

=

14

Lebar Bordes
Lebar Tangga

=
=

600
200

a

=
392

28

/

2

13.51 buah

buah


392
20

32.54 0
cm

180 cm

180 cm

4.3 Perencanaan Pelat Tangga
4.3.1 Perencanaan Tebal Pelat Tangga
Tebal Pelat Tangga
=
4
mm
Berat Jenis Baja
=
7850
kg/m3
Tegangan Leleh Baja
=
2400
kg/m2
4.3.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan Pelat Tangga

=
=
=

208
180

cm
cm

0.57 rad
208

cm

Beban Mati
Berat Pelat
=
Alat Penyambung (10 %)

x

0

1.8

x 7850
qD

Beban Hidup
qL =
500

x

1.8

=

=
=
=

56.52 kg/m'
5.65 kg/m'
62.17 kg/m'

900 kg/m'

4.3.3 Perhitungan M D dan ML

MD =

1
qDl 2
8

MD

ML =

=

0.13

x 62.17 x

0.08

=

0.61

kgm

=

0.13

x

0.08

=

8.82

kgm

1
qLl 2
8

MD

900

x

4.3.4 Perhitungan Kombinasi Pembebanan M U
MU = 1.4 MD
Mu =
1.4

x

0.61

=

MU = 1.2 MD + 1.6 ML
Mu =
1.2
x 0.61

+

0.85
kgm
Tidak Menentukan
1.6

x 8.82

=

14.84 kgm
Menentukan

4.3.5 Kontrol Momen Lentur

Zx =

1 2
bh
4

=

0.25

x

180

x

0.16

=

7.2

cm3

=

0.9

x

7.2

x 2400

=

15552

kgcm

kgm

>
>
OK

Mu
14.84

kgm

=

28
360

=

0.08

1
bh 3
12

=

0.08

=

0.96

cm4

0.96

cm4

φMn = φ Zx * fy
φMn =
Syarat ->

155.52 kgm
φMn
155.52

4.3.6 Kontrol Lendutan
f =

Ix =
Ix =

L
360

5 ( qD + qL) * l 4
Y max =
384
EIx

x

180

x

0.06

Y max =

5 ( qD + qL) * l 4
384
EIx

=

5
384

=

0.04

(

<

0.62
2100000 x

9
0.96

)

6.15E+05

0.08

OK
Ambil Pelat Tangga dengan Tebal =

4

mm

4.4 Perencanaan Penyangga Pelat Injak
4.4.1 Perencanaan Pembebanan
Beban Mati
Berat Pelat
=
Berat Baja Siku
=

0.14
45

x
x

0
45

x 7850
7
x

Alat Penyambung ( 10 % )

x

0.14

4.4 kg/m'
4.6 kg/m'
9 kg/m'
0.9 kg/m'
9.9 kg/m'

=
=

qD
Beban Hidup
qL =
500

=
=

=

70

kg/m'

.
4.4.2 Perhitungan M D dan ML

MD =

1
qDl 2
8

MD

ML =

=

0.13

x

9.9

x

3.24

=

4.01

kgm

=

0.13

x

70

x

3.24

=

28.35

kgm

1
qLl 2
8

MD

4.4.3 Perhitungan Kombinasi Pembebanan M U
MU = 1.4 MD
Mu =
1.4

x

4.01

=

MU = 1.2 MD + 1.6 ML
Mu =
1.2
x 4.01

+

5.61
kgm
Tidak Menentukan
1.6

x 28.35

=

50.17 kgm
Menentukan

4.4.4 Kontrol Momen Lentur
Dari Perhitungan Sap 2000 Version 8.2.3 Didapat untuk Profil Siku 45x45x7 :
Zx =
6.14
cm3
( Modulus Plastis )
φMn = φ Zx * fy
φMn =
Syarat ->

=

0.9

kgm

>
>

x

6.14

x 2400

Mu
50.17

kgm

132.62 kgm
φMn
132.62

=

13262.4

kgcm

OK

4.4.5 Kontrol Lendutan
f =

L
360

=

180
360

=

0.5

Dari Tabel Profil Baja Didapat :
Ix =

10.42

Y max =

cm4

5 ( qD + qL) * l 4
384
EIx

=

5
384

=

0.5

(

<

0.1
0.7
2100000 x 10.42

)

1.05E+09

0.5

OK
Ambil Profil Baja Siku Sama Kaki

45

x

45

x

7

4.5 Perencanaan Pelat Bordes
4.5.1 Perencanaan Tebal Pelat Bordes
Tebal Pelat Tangga
Berat Jenis Baja
Tegangan Leleh Baja
Lebar Pelat Bordes

=
=
=
=

8
7850
2400
2

mm
kg/m3
kg/m2
m

4.5.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan Pelat Bordes
Beban Mati
Berat Pelat
=
0.01 x
2
Alat Penyambung (10 %)

x 7850
qD

Beban Hidup
qL =
500

x

2

=

=
=
=

125.6 kg/m'
12.56 kg/m'
138.16 kg/m'

1000 kg/m'

4.5.3 Perhitungan M D dan ML

MD =

1
qDl 2
8

MD

ML =
MD

=

0.13

x 138.16 x

0.48

=

8.3

kgm

=

0.13

x 1000 x

0.48

=

60.09

kgm

1
qLl 2
8

4.5.4 Perhitungan Kombinasi Pembebanan M U

MU = 1.4 MD
Mu =
1.4

x

8.3

=

MU = 1.2 MD + 1.6 ML
Mu =
1.2
x

8.3

+

11.62
kgm
Tidak Menentukan
1.6

x 60.09

=

106.1 kgm
Menentukan

4.5.5 Kontrol Momen Lentur

Zx =

1 2
bh
4

=

0.25

x

200

x

0.64

=

32

cm3

=

0.9

x

32

x 2400

=

69120

kgcm

kgm

>
>
OK

Mu
106.1

kgm

=

69.33
360

=

0.19

1
bh 3
12

=

0.08

=

8.53

cm4

8.53

cm4

φMn = φ Zx * fy
φMn =
Syarat ->

691.2 kgm
φMn
691.2

4.5.6 Kontrol Lendutan
f =

Ix =
Ix =

L
360

Y max =

x

x

0.51

1.38
2100000 x

10
8.53

200

5 ( qD + qL) * l 4
384
EIx

=

5
384

=

0.19

(

<

0.19

OK
ambil Tebal Pelat Bordes =

8

mm

4.6 Perencanaan Balok Bordes
4.6.1 Perencanaan Balok Bordes dengan Profil I

)

2.31E+07

100
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

x

100

21.9 cm2
17.2 kg/m
100 mm
100 mm
2.47 cm

x

tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

4.6.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan
Beban Mati
Berat Pelat =
0.01 x
Berat Profil I =

0.69

6

x

8 mm
383 cm4
134 cm4
6 mm
4.18 cm

Zx =
Zy =
h=

x 7850

=
=
=
=
=

qD

1
q D L2
8
1
PD = q D L
2

Beban Hidup

1
q L L2
8
1
PL = q L L
2

ML =

84.18 cm3
40.61 cm3
84 mm
84.18
40.61

Alat Penyambung ( 10 % )

MD =

8

43.54 kg/m'
17.2 kg/m'
60.74 kg/m'
6.07 kg/m'
66.82 kg/m'

=

0.13

x 66.82 x

4.33

=

36.13

kgm

=

0.5

x 66.82 x

4.33

=

144.54

kg

qL =

500

x

0.69

=

346.67 kg/m'

.
=

0.13

x 346.67 x

4.33

=

187.48

kgm

=

0.5

x 346.67 x

4.33

=

749.91

kg

4.6.3 Perhitungan Kombinasi Pembebanan
MU = 1.4 MD
Mu =
1.4
=
50.59
kgm
x 36.13
Pu =
1.4
=
202.35
kgm
x 144.54
Tidak menentukan
MU = 1.2 MD + 1.6 ML
Mu =
1.2
+
1.6
x 36.13
x 187.48
Pu =
1.2
+
1.6
x 144.54
x 749.91
4.6.4 Kontrol Kekuatan Profil
4.6.4.1 Penampang Profil

fy =

untuk Sayap

=
=

343.32 kgm
1373.3 kgm
Menentukan

2400 kg/m2
untuk Badan

b
170

2tf
fy
100
16
6.25

h 1680

t
fy
170
15.49
10.97


84
6
14


OK

OK

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
4.6.4.2 Kontrol Lateral Buckling
Jarak Baut Pengikat :

Lp = 1.76 * iy

E
fy

250 mm

=

25 cm

1680
15.49
108.44

E
fy

Lp = 1.76 * iy

Lp =

Ternyata

125.49 cm

Lp > Lb

maka

Mnx = Mpx = Zx. Fy = 84.18
Mny = Zy ( 1 flen ) * fy
= (1 / 4 * tf * bf 2) * fy
x 100 x
=
0.25 x
3.2
=
1920 kgm

Mnx = Mpx

*

2400

2400

=

=

2020.42 Kgm

192000 kgcm

4.6.5 Kontrol Momen Lentur
Zx =

84.18

cm3

φMn = φ Zx * fy
φMn =
Syarat ->

x 84.18 x 2400

=

0.9

kgm

>
>
OK

Mu
343.32

kgm

180
360

=

0.5

=

181837.44

1818.37 kgm
φMn
1818.37

4.6.6 Kontrol Lendutan
f =

Ix =

L
360

=

84.18

cm4

Y max =

5 ( qD + qL) * l 4
384
EIx

=

5
384

=

0.32

(

<

0.67
3.47
2100000 x 84.18

)

1.05E+09

0.5

OK

4.7 Perhitungan Balok Induk Tangga
4.7.1 Data - Data Perencanaan
h min = I sin α =
28
x

sin

32.54

=

15.06

cm

kgcm

4.7.2 Perencanaan Balok Induk Dengan Menggunakan Profil WF
250
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

Syarat -->

x

32.68 cm2
25.7 kg/m
250 mm
125 mm
2.79 cm

h
25

>
>
OK

125
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

x

5

x

8 mm
3540 cm4
255 cm4
5 mm
10.4 cm

8
Zx =
Zy =
h=
r =

310.45 cm3
63.71 cm3
210 mm
12
310.45
63.71

hmin
15.06

4.7.3 Perencanaan Pembebanan

4.7.3.1 Perencanaan Pembebanan Anak Tangga
Beban Mati
Berat Pelat =
0
x 1.04 x 7850
Berat Profil siku =
4.6
2
x
x 0.9
Berat Sandaran Besi
Berat Profil WF =
32.68
/
cos

0.28
32.54

=
=
=
=

32.66 kg/m'
29.57 kg/m'
15 kg/m'
38.76 kg/m'

mm

Alat Penyambung (+ 10 %)

=
=

qD1
Beban Hidup
qL1
=

500

Beban q1 Total =
=
=

x

1.04

1.2 qD + 1.6 qL
1.2
x 127.59
985.1
kg/m'

=

520

+

1.6

kg/m'

x

4.7.3.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan Bordes
Beban Mati
Berat Profil WF =
Berat Pelat Bordes =
Berat Profil I =

0.01
17.2

x
x

1
1

x

x 7850

=
=

Alat Penyambung (+ 10 %)

=
=

Pd

Beban Hidup
qL2 =

500 kg/m2

520

=
0.69

25.7

=
=

jadi q2 total = 1.2 qD + 1.6 qL
=
1.2
x 25.7
= 830.84
kg/m'

+

1.6

x

jadi P total = 1.2 PD + 1.6 PL
=
1.2
x 66.82
= 634.85
kg

+

1.6

x 346.67

500

kg/m'

43.54 kg
17.2 kg
60.74 kg
6.07 kg
66.82 kg

500 x 0.69
346.67 kg

PL2

4.7.4 Perhitungan Gaya - Gaya pada Tangga

115.99 kg/m'
11.6 kg/m'
127.59 kg/m'

x

1

Lab =
Lbc =

Σ Ma = 0

1
1
2
( q 1 l ab ) + ( p (3l ab + 1.5l bc )) + (q 2 l cb ( l cb + l ab )) − ( Rc(l ab + l bc )) = 0
2
2
492.552
15.366 + 634.845 ( 11.76 + 3.120 ) + 1728.147 ( 1.040 +

3.92 m
2.08 m

3.92

)

RC

6

Rc =

4264.48 kg

ΣV=0

Rva = q1l ab + q 2 l bc + 3P − Rc
Rva = ( 985.10
3.92 ) +( 830.84
Rva = 3229.81 kg

2.08 ) + 1904.54 _ 4264.48

B

C
+

+
A
5092.12
5294.72

kgm

kgm

3229.81

RAh
Bidang M
Pers :

Mx1 =
Mx1 =

=

0

RVA x
3229.81 x

X1
X1

-

x
0.5
492.55 x

q1
X12

x

X12

dMx1
=

0

985.1

dX1
X1
Xmax
X1

=
=
=

0
3.28
3.92

m
m
m

X1
X1
MA =
Mmax=
MB =
B

4.65
A

a=

32.5444

=
=

3229.81
3.28

m

0
5294.72
5092.12

Kgm
Kgm
Kgm

tangga
tangga

C

Rav cos a

3.92 m

Rav sin a

2.08 m

Rav
X1

X2

-532.68
-2944
2722.65

kg

kg
-4264.48 kg

Bidang D
Permisalan gayaDari kiri : searah jarum jam gaya dianggap positif
X=
0
m
DA =
Rva
cos a
x
32.544
= 3229.81
cos
= 2722.65
kg
X=
3.92
m
Dbkiri =
Rva
cos a
x
= -532.68
kg

q1

x

LAB
cos a

Dbkanan =
P
= 634.85
=
-2944
X=
6
m
Dc =
= -4264.48

x

LBC
2.08
kg

-

RC
4264.48

RC
kg

726.51

kg

+

q1

+

-

-1737.49

kg

Bidang N
NA =
=
=
NBkiri =

-RVA
-3229.81
-1737.49

sin a
sin 32.544
kg

-RVA

sin

a

L1

=

726.51

kg
sin a

NBkanan -C =

0

4.7.5 Kontrol Kekuatan Profil
4.7.5.1 Penampang Profil

fy =

untuk Sayap

2400 kg/m2
untuk Badan

b
170

2tf
fy
125
16
7.81

h 1680

t
fy
170
15.49
10.97


210
5
42

1680
15.49
108.44

=

7450.68 Kgm

OK

OK

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
4.7.5.1 Kontrol Lateral Buckling
Jarak Baut Pengikat :

Lp = 1.76 * iy

250 mm

E
fy

=

Lp =

Ternyata

25 cm

0 cm

Lp > Lb

maka

Mnx = Mpx = Zx. Fy = 310.45
Mny = Zy ( 1 flen ) * fy
= (1 / 4 * tf * bf 2) * fy
=
0.25 x 2.56 x 0.64 x
=
9.83 kgm

Mnx = Mpx

*

2400

2400

=

983.04 kgcm

4.7.5 Kontrol Momen Lentur
Zx =

310.45

cm3

φMn = φ Zx * fy
φMn =
Syarat ->

x 310.45 x 2400

=

0.9

kgm

>
>
OK

Mu
5294.72

kgm

600
360

=

1.67

6705.61 kgm
φMn
6705.61

4.7.6 Kontrol Lendutan
f =

Ix =

L
360

=

3540

cm4

=

670561.2

kgcm

Y max =

5 ( qD + qL) * l 4
384
EIx

=

5
384

=

1.53

(

<

OK
Profil yang Dipakai untuk Balok induk Adalah
Profil WF
250
x
125

1.53
2100000 x

5.2
3540

)

1.30E+11

1.67

x

5

x

8

5. Pembebanan
5.1 Perencanaan Beban Atap
Beban Mati
Berat Gording =
9.3
Berat Asbes Gelombang =

x

4
11.33 x

=
=
=
=
=
=

4

Alat Pengikat dll (+10 %)
Berat Profil Kuda - Kuda =
Beban Hidup
Ph
=

0

19.94 x

P Ultimate = 1.2 P D+ 1.6 PL =

Pm
0.44
Pmtot

cos

+

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

90.77

4
108.93

37.2
45.32
82.52
8.25
90.77
0

127.61

=

79.76

kg

=

236.53

kg

5.2. Perencanaan Beban Angin (Gudang Tertutup)
- 0,4

(- 0,02α - 0,4)

0,9

W

- 0,4

=

30 kg/m2

Beban Tekan Atap

=

0.1

x

30

x

4

=

12

kg/m

Beban Sedot Atap

=

-0.4

x

30

x

4

=

-48

kg/m

BebanTiup Kolom

=

0.9

x

30

x

4

=

108

kg/m

Beban Sedot Atap

=

-0.4

x

30

x

4

=

-48

kg/m

5.3 Perencanaan Beban Akibat Plat Lantai, Kolom Memanjang dan Melintang
P4
I
I

P3

memanjang

I
I

P3

600

P2

P5
I
I

P6

P6

P1

600

melintang

P2
I
I
600 I

P3
P4

I
V

B
400

400

400

.

C
A
B

A

( Balok Induk Melintang )
0
x
0
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

B

0 cm2
0 kg/m
0 mm
0 mm
0 cm
( Balok Anak )
250
x

A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =
C

x
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

125

37.66 cm2
29.6 kg/m
250 mm
125 mm
2.79 cm

tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

( Balok Induk Memanjang)
0
x
0
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

Beban Mati
- Bondex
- Beton
- Beban Finishing

0 cm2
0 kg/m
0 mm
0 mm
0 cm

=

0
0 mm
0 cm4
0 cm4
0 mm
0 cm

x

x

9 mm
4050 cm4
294 cm4
6 mm
10.4 cm

tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

0

2400
qM

0 cm3
0 cm3
0 mm
0 mm
0
0
9

Zx =
Zy =
h=
r=

x

0 mm
0 cm4
0 cm4
0 mm
0 cm

x

0
Zx =
Zy =
h=
r=

6

x

0.12

x

351.86 cm3
72.02 cm3
208 mm
12 mm
351.86
72.02
0

Zx =
Zy =
h=
r=

=
=
=
=

0 cm3
0 cm3
0 mm
0 mm
0
0
10.1
288
90
388.1

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2

Beban Hidup
qL

=

400

kg/m2

5.3.1 Perencanaan Pembebanan Portal Melintang
5.3.1.1 Beban P1
Beban Mati
Berat Pelat =
Balok induk melintang =
Balok anak =

Beban Hidup
Ph1
=
5.3.1.2 Beban P2
Beban Mati
Berat Pelat =
Balok induk memanjang =
Balok induk melintang =

Beban Hidup
Ph2
=
5.3.1.3 Beban P3
Beban Mati
Berat Pelat =
Balok induk melintang =
Balok anak =

Beban Hidup
Ph3
=
5.3.1.4 Beban P4
Beban Mati
Berat Pelat =
Balok induk memanjang =
Berat Dinding =
Balok induk melintang =

Beban Hidup
Ph4
=

388.1 x
29.6

x

3
0
4

x
x

4
3
Pm1

=
=
=
=

4657.2
0
118.4
4775.6

kg
kg
kg
kg

x

3

x

4

=

4800

kg

388.1 x

3
0
0

x
x
x

4
4
6
Pm2

=
=
=
=

4657.2
0
0
4657.2

kg
kg
kg
kg

x

3

x

4

=

4800

kg

388.1 x

3
0
6

x
x

4
6
Pm1

=
=
=
=

4657.2
0
177.6
4834.8

kg
kg
kg
kg

400

400

29.6

400

x

x

388.1 x
4.15

x

400

x

3

x

4

=

4800

kg

1.5
0
4.5
6

x
x
x
x

4
4
4
0
Pm4

=
=
=
=
=

2328.6
0
74.7
0
2403.3

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

1.5

x

4

=

2400

kg

x
x
x

2
6
2
Pm5

=
=
=
=

4657.2
0
0
4657.2

5.3.2 Perencanaan Pembebanan Portal Memanjang
5.3.2.1 Beban P5
* Beban
Beban Mati
Mati
Berat Pelat
Balok induk melintang =
Balok induk memanjang =

388.1 x

6
0
0

kg
kg
kg
kg

* Beban
Beban Hidup
Hidup
Ph5
=

x

6

x

2

=

4800

388.1 x

4
0
0

x
x
x

6
4
6
Pm5

=
=
=
=

9314.4
0
0
9314.4

x

4

x

6

=

9600

400

5.3.2.2 Beban P6
* Beban
Beban Mati
Mati
- Berat Pelat =
- Balok induk memanjang =
- Balok induk melintang =
* Beban
Beban Hidup
Hidup
Ph5
=

400

5.3.3 Beban Portal - Portal Melintang
P1
Pm1
=
Ph1
=

4775.6 kg
4800 kg

P2

Pm3
Ph3

=
=

4657.2 kg
4800 kg

P3

Pm2
Ph2

=
=

4834.8 kg
4800 kg

P4

Pm4
Ph4

=
=

2403.3 kg
2400 kg

5.3.4 Beban - beban Portal Memanjang
P5
Pm5
=
Ph5
=
P6

Pm6
Ph6

4657.2 kg
4800 kg

=
=

9314.4 kg
9600 kg

5.4 Perencanaan Beban Gempa ( Arah X )

F2

2

4
4.5

F1
5

6
Data Gempa:
- Zone Gempa =
- tanah lunak
C
=
-I
=

6

6

6
0.95
1

9

kg

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

4

F
1

4
4

6

6

6

18

Kolom
0
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

x
0 cm2
0 kg/m
0 mm
0 mm
0 cm

0

x
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

5.4.1 Perencanaan Beban Lantai (W1)
5.4.1.1
- BebanBeban
Mati: Mati
Berat Plat
=
388.1 x
Balok Induk Memanjang =
Balok Induk Melintang
=
Berat Dinding
=
8.3
x
Kolom
=
0
x
0

5.4.1.2 Beban Hidup
Balok + Plat

Beban Lantai ( W1 tot)

=
=
=
=
=

0

x

0 mm
0 cm4
0 cm4
0 mm
0 cm

18
0
0
4
4.5
4.5

x
x
x
x
x
x

4
4
18
4.5
2
1

0
Zx =
Zy =
h=
r=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0 cm3
0 cm3
0 mm
0 mm
0
0

27943.2
0
0
149.4
0
0
28092.6

Ph1 + 2 x Ph2 + 2 x Ph3 + 2 x Ph4
4800 + 9600 + 9600 + 4800
28800
Kg
28092.6
56892.6

5.4.2 Perencanaan Beban Atap ( W2)
5.4.2.1 Beban Mati
Berat Atap
=
22.69
Cosα
x Cosα x
Balok Kuda-kuda =
0
x
x
Kolom
=
0
2
x
Berat Dinding
=
8.3 x
2

+
Kg

4
18
2
4

28800

x

18

=
=
=
=
=

1802.8 Kg
0 Kg
0 Kg
14.3 Kg
1817.1 Kg

Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg

5.4.2.2 Beban Hidup
Ph1
=

Beban Atap ( W2 tot)

19.94 x

4

x

18

=
=

1817.1
3252.7

+
Kg

1435.59

=
=
=

W1
56892.6
60145.3

+
+
Kg

W2
3252.7

x
x

H3/4

=

1435.59

=

1

kg

5.4.3 Berat Total Wt
Berat Total ( W tot )

5.4.4 Perencanaan Gaya Gempa
T

Tanah Lunak
C
R

=
=
=

0.09
0.09
0.44

=
=

0.95
4.5

V = (C x I x Wt )/R

9 3/4

I

0.95 x
1
12697.34 Kg

=
=

Lantai

=

W1

x

h1

Atap

=

W2

x

H

Σ Wi Hi

F1

56892.6
284463
3252.7
29274.27

x
Kgm
x
Kgm

=

313737.27

Kgm

W1 h1
S Wi hi

x

V

=

284463
313737.27

x

12697.34

11512.57

Kg

=

W2 h2
S Wi hi

x

V

=

29274.27
313737.27

x

12697.34

=

1184.77

Kg

4.5

=
=
=
=

=

=

F2

x 60145.3

5
9

5.4.5 Gambar Perencanaan Beban Akibat Gempa ( Arah X )

F2
1184.77 kg
4
F1
11512.57 kg
5

6

6

6

5.5 Perencanaan Beban Gempa ( Arah Y )
Data Gempa:
- Zone Gempa =
- tanah lunak
C
=
-I
=
Balok Kuda-Kuda
0
x
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

x
0 cm2
0 kg/m
0 mm
0 mm
0 cm

0.95
1

0

0 cm2
0 kg/m
0 mm
0 mm
0 cm
Kolom
0

6

x
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

0

0
0 mm
0 cm4
0 cm4
0 mm
0 cm

x
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

5.5.1 Perencanaan Beban Lantai (W1)
5.5.1.1
- BebanBeban
Mati: Mati
Berat Plat
=
388.1 x
Balok Induk Memanjang =

x
Zx =
Zy =
h=
r=

0

x

0 mm
0 cm4
0 cm4
0 mm
0 cm

6
0

x
x

0

40
40

0
Zx =
Zy =
h=
r=

=
=

0 cm3
0 cm3
0 mm
0 mm
0
0

0 cm3
0 cm3
0 mm
0 mm
0
0

93144
0

Kg
Kg

Balok Induk Melintang
Berat Dinding
Kolom

5.5.1.2 Beban Hidup
Beban Hidup Merata

Beban Lantai ( W1 tot)

=
=
=

x
x

0
6
4.5
4.5

x
x
x
x

40
4.5
2
4.5

=
=
=
=
=

250 x
60000

40
Kg

x

6

Kg

8.3
0
0

=
=
=
=

93368.1
153368.1

5..2 Perencanaan Beban Atap ( W2)
5.5.2.1 Beban Mati
Berat Atap
=
22.69 x
6
x Cosα
Balok Kuda-kuda =
0
x
Kolom
=
0
2
x
Berat Dinding
=
8.3
6

5.5.2.2 Beban Hidup
Ph1
=

Beban Atap ( W2 tot)

+
Kg

x
x
x
x

40
40
2
2

19.94 x

6

0
224.1
0
0
93368.1

Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg

60000

=
=
=
=
=

x

40

5446.32 Kg
0 Kg
0 Kg
16.3 Kg
5462.62 Kg

=

4785.31

I

=

1

x163616.03

4.5

=
=
=
=

153368.1
766840.5
10247.93
92231.33

=
=

5462.62
10247.93

+
Kg

4785.31

=
=
=

W1
153368.1
163616.03

+
+
Kg

W2
10247.93

kg

5.4.3 Berat Total Wt
Berat Total ( W tot )

5.4.4 Perencanaan Gaya Gempa
T

Tanah Lunak
C
R

=
=
=

0.09
0.09
0.44

=
=

0.95
4.5

V = (C x I x Wt )/R

=
=

x
x

H3/4
9 3/4

0.95 x
1
34541.16 Kg

Lantai

=

W1

x

h1

Atap

=

W2

x

H

x
Kgm
x
Kgm

5
9

Σ Wi Hi

F1

=

W1 h1
S Wi hi

x

V

=

766840.5
859071.83

x

34541.16

=

F2

=

30832.77

W2 h2
S Wi hi

x

V

=

92231.33
859071.83

x

34541.16

3708.39

Kgm

Kg

=

=

859071.83

Kg

5.4.5 Gambar Perencanaan Beban Akibat Gempa ( Arah Y )

F2
3708.39 kg

P4

F1
30832.77 kg

P3

P2

P2

P1

P3

Kombinasi Pembebanan
* Beban Mati + Beban Hidup
Pm
Ph

=
=

90.77 kg
79.76 kg

200

P4

P3

P2

P1

P2

P3

P4

P4

P3

P2

P2

P1

6

P3

6

P4

6

Pm1 =
Ph1 =

4775.6 kg
4800 kg

Pm2 =
Ph2 =

4657.2 kg
4800 kg

Pm3 =
Ph3 =

4834.8 kg
4800 kg

Pm4 =
Ph4 =

2403.3 kg
2400 kg

* Beban Mati + Beban Hidup + Beban Angin

q =

12

P4

q =

kg/m

P3

q =

P2

P2

P1

108 kg/m
6

-48

kg/m

P3

q =
6

P4

-48

kg/m

6

* Beban Mati + Beban Hidup + Beban Gempa

1184.77 kg
P4

P3

P2

P1

P2

P3

P4

11512.57 kg

6

6

6

melintang

P4

6 Perencanaan Dimensi Struktur Utama
6.1 Kontrol Dimensi Kuda -Kuda
Dari Hasil Sap 2000 Diperoleh Mmax dan N max pada Frame 9:
(U-G)

Beban Ultimate - Beban Gempa
Mutx = -3679.74 Kgm
Muty =
0 Kgm
Nu = -2677.93 Kg
Vu = -1184.35 kg
Ma =
Mb =
Ms =

-3679.4 Kgm
-466.19 Kgm
301.67 Kgm

6.1.1 Profil Baja yang Didapatkan Di SAP 2000 8.2.3 :
200
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

x

200

63.53 cm2
49.9 kg/m
200 mm
200 mm
5.02 cm

Mutu Baja =
fu =
fy =

x

tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

8

12 mm
4720 cm4
1600 cm4
8 mm
8.62 cm

x

12
Zx =
Zy =
h=
Sx =

513.15 cm3
216.32 cm3
150 mm
37.5 mm
513.15
216.32

BJ 37
3700 kg/cm2
2400 kg/cm2

6.1.2 Kontrol Lendutan
f ijin =

L
360

=

993.2
360

=

2.76

cm

0.1

-3679.4

-466.19

5 L2
f =
( Ms − 0.1( Ma − Mb))
48 EI
f=

5
48

f=

98.64
200

301.67
4720

0.68 cm
f

<
OK

f ijin

6.1.3 Kontrol Tekuk
untuk arah x :
kcx =
1.2
L=
993.2

(jepit-rol tanpa putaran sudut)
cm

Lkx =

λx =

1191.84

Lkx
ix

=

138.26 cm

π 2 EA
λx 2

Ncrbx =

cm

Ncrbx =
Ncrbx =

untuk arah y :
kcy =
0.8
L=
110
Lky =
88

λy =

Lky
iy

Ncrby =

(MENENTUKAN)
9.87

x 2000000 x 63.53

19117.07
65593.62 kg

(jepit-Sendi)
cm
cm

=

17.53 cm

π 2 EA
λy 2

Ncrby =

9.87

x 2000000 x 63.53
307.3

Ncrby =

### kg

Maka dipakai λx karena λx > λy

λc =

λx
π

fy
E

λc =

138.26
3.14

λc =
λc

>

ω = 1.25 λc2

Pn =

1.52

1.2
ω=

Ag fy
w

Pu
=
ϕcPn

=

2677.93
0.85 x 52474.9

2.91

63.53

=

X Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :

Cmx =
Sbx =

*
2.91

2400

0.06

Pu
Mux
Muy
+
+
≤1
2ϕcPn ϕbMnx ϕbMny

Pakai Rumus =

Sbx =

2400
2000000

Cmx
≥1
Nu
1− (
)
Ncrbx
1
1

1
-

2677.93

<

=

52474.9 kg

0.2

65593.62
Sbx =

1.04

Sbx =

1.04

Mux = Mutx * Sbx
Mux =
-3679.74 x

<

1

1.04

=

-3836.36 kgm

Y Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :

Sby =

Cmy
≥1
Nu
1− (
)
Ncrby

Cmy =
Sby =

1
1

1
-

Sby =

1.04

<

Sby =

1.04

Muy = Muty * Sby
Muy =
0

2677.93
65593.62

x 1.04

1

=

0 kgm

6.1.4 Menentukan Mnx
6.1.4.1 Kontrol Penampang profil
untuk Sayap

b
170

2tf
fy
200
24
8.33

untuk Badan

h 1680

t
fy

OK

170
15.49
10.97

150
8
18.75

Kgm


OK

1680
15.49
108.44

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
Lateral Bracing

Lb =

E
fy

Lp = 1.76 * iy

110

Lp =

Ternyata

cm

255.05 cm

Lp > Lb

maka

Mnx = Mpx = Zx. Fy = 513.15
Mny = Zy ( 1 flen ) * fy
= (1 / 4 * tf * bf 2) * fy
x 400 x
=
0.25 x
1.2
=
2880 kgm

Mnx = Mpx

*

2400

2400

=

=

12315.65 kgm

288000 kgcm

6.1.5 Persamaan Interaksi

Pu
Mux
Muy
+
+
≤1
2ϕcPn ϕbMnx ϕbMny

2677.93
1.7 x 52474.9
0.03

+

3836.36
x 12315.65
0.9

+

0.35

+

+
0.38

<
OK

6.1.6 Kontrol Kuat Rencana Geser

h
1100

tw
fy
150
2400

<

1100
15.49

0.06

<
Plastis

71

Vn = 0.6 fy Aw
=
0.6
2400
=
23040 Kg
Vu
1184.35

<
<

ФVn
0.9

0.8

23040

0

0.9

20

x 2880
0

1

1184.35

<
OK

20736

6.2 Kontrol Dimensi Kolom
Dari Hasil Sap 2000 Diperoleh Mmax dan N max pada Frame 13:
(U-G)
Sbx -->

Beban Ultimate - Beban Gempa
Mutx = 10123.25 Kgm
Nu = -28026.45 Kg
Vu = 3834.45 kg
Max = 9049.01 Kgm
Mbx = 10123.25 Kgm
Msx =
537.12 Kgm

Sby -->

Muty =
Nu =
Vu =

-8137 Kgm
-27466 Kg
3149 kg

Max =
Mbx =
Msx =

8137 Kgm
7611.48 Kgm
262.96 Kgm

6.2.1 Profil Baja yang Didapatkan Di SAP 2000 8.2.3 :
300
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

x

300

119.8 cm2
94 kg/m
300 mm
300 mm
7.51 cm

Mutu Baja =
fu =
fy =

tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

BJ 37
3700 kg/cm2
2400 kg/cm2

f=

25.00
200

<
OK

f =

700 kg/cm2

500
360

=

1.39

cm

537.12

0.1

9049.01

10123.25

500
360

=

1.39

cm

0.1

8137

7611.48

f ijin

=

25.00
200

262.96
6750

0.04 cm
f

<
OK

6.2.3 Kontrol Tekuk
untuk arah x :
kcx =
0.8
L=
500
Lkx =
400

Ncrbx =

1464.75 cm3
652.5 cm3
234 mm
1360 cm3
1464.75
652.5

5 L2
( Ms − 0.1( Ma − Mb))
48 EI

5
48

f=

Lkx
ix

Zx =
Zy =
h=
Sx =

20400

6.2.1.2 Kontrol Lendutan Arah Y
f ijin =
L
360

λx =

15

0.04 cm
f

f=

x

5 L2
( Ms − 0.1( Ma − Mb))
48 EI

5
48

f=

=

10

15 mm
20400 cm4
6750 cm4
10 mm
13.1 cm

fr =

6.2.1 Kontrol Lendutan
6.2.1.1 Kontrol Lendutan Arah X
f ijin =
L
360

f =

x

=

π 2 EA
λx 2

(jepit-Sendi)
cm
cm
30.53 cm

f ijin

π 2 EA
Ncrbx =
λx 2

Ncrbx =

9.87

932.35
### kg

Ncrbx =
untuk arah y :
kcy =
0.8
L=
500
Lky =
400

λy =

Lky
iy

Ncrby =

x 2000000 x 119.8

(jepit-Sendi)
cm
cm

=

53.26 cm

π 2 EA
λy 2

Ncrby =
Ncrby =

(MENENTUKAN)

9.87

x 2000000 x 119.8

2836.87
833529.23 kg

Maka dipakai λy karena λy > λx

λc =

λy
π

fy
E

λc =

53.26
3.14

λc =
0.25

ω=

<

Ag fy
w

Pu
=
ϕcPn

0.59
<

ω=

1.43
1,67-0,67λc
Pn =

λc

=

28026.45
0.85 x256656.17

1.2

1.12

119.8

=

X Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :

Cmx =
Sbx =

Sbx =

*
1.12

2400

0.13

Pu
Mux
Muy
+
+
≤1
2ϕcPn ϕbMnx ϕbMny

Pakai Rumus =

Sbx =

2400
2000000

Cmx
≥1
Nu
1− (
)
Ncrbx
1
1

1
-

1.01

<

28026.45
###
1

<

=

256656.17 kg

0.2

Sbx =

1.01

Mux = Mutx * Sbx
Mux =
10123.25 x

1.01

=

10236.37 kgm

Y Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :

Sby =

Cmy
≥1
Nu
1− (
)
Ncrby

Cmy =
Sby =

1
1

1
-

Sby =

1.01

<

Sby =

1.01

Muy = Muty * Sby
Muy =
-8137

28026.45
###
1

x 1.01

=

-8227.92 kgm

6.2.4 Menentukan Mnx
6.2.4.1 Kontrol Penampang profil
untuk Sayap

untuk Badan

b
170

2tf
fy
300
30
10

h 1680

t
fy
170
15.49
10.97


234
10
23.4

OK


OK

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
Lateral Buckling

Lp = 1.76 * iy

Kgm

Lb =

E
fy

Lp =

500

cm

381.56 cm

Lr = iy . [x1/(fy-fr)] . Sqrt{1+[sqrt(1+(x2 . fl2))]}
J = Σ(1/3).b.(t^3) =

76.5 cm4

Iw = Iy.((h^2)/4)

### cm6

=

x1 = [π/s]*[sqrt((EGJA)/2)] =

197694.62 kg/cm2

1680
15.49
108.44

x2 = 4.[(S/GJ)^] =
Lr =

4.01E-07 cm2/kg

1372.41 cm

Lp

<

Lb

<

Lr

(INELASTIC BUCKLING)

Mnx = Cb.[Mr+[(Mp-Mr).((Lr-Lb)/(Lr-Lp))]]

Cb =

12,5 Mmax
2,5Mmax + 3Ma + 4Mb + 3Mc

Cb =

Mr =
Mp =
My =
1,5 . My

Sx(fy-fr) =
Zx . fy =
Sx . fy =
=

Mnx =

2312000 kgcm
3515400 kgcm
3264000 kgcm
4896000 kgcm

### kgcm

Mnx=Mp=

2.25

< 1,5My
> Mp

> Mp

3515400 kgcm

Mny = Zy * fy
= 652.5 x 2400
= 1566000
kgcm
=
15660
kgm

6.2.5 Persamaan Interaksi

Pu
Mux
Muy
+
+
≤1
2ϕcPn ϕbMnx ϕbMny

28026.45
1.7 x256656.17
0.06

+

+

10236.37
x 35154
0.9
0.32

+

+
0.97

<
OK

6.2.6 Kontrol Kuat Rencana Geser

h
1100

tw
fy

8227.92
0.9 x 15660
0.58
1

234
2400

<

1100
15.49

0.1

<
Plastis

71

Vn = 0.6 fy Aw
=
0.6
2400
=
43200 Kg
Vu
3834.45
3834.45

<
<
<
OK

ФVn
0.9
38880

1

30

43200

6.3 Kontrol Dimensi Balok Melintang
Dari Hasil Sap 2000 Diperoleh Mmax dan N max pada Frame 5 :
(U-G)

Beban Ultimate - Beban Gempa
Mutx = -15837.38 Kgm
Muty =
0 Kgm
Nu = -8457.09 Kg
Vu = 9218.69 kg
Ma =
970.4 Kgm
Mb = 15837.88 Kgm
Ms = 11818.69 Kgm

6.3.1 Profil Baja yang Didapatkan Di SAP 2000 8.2.3 :
340
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =
Mutu Baja =

x

101.5 cm2
79.7 kg/m
340 mm
250 mm
6 cm
BJ 37

250
tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

x
14 mm
21700 cm4
3650 cm4
9 mm
14.6 cm

9

x

14
Zx =
Zy =
h=
Sx =

1360.02 cm3
439.2 cm3
276 mm
1280 cm3
1360.02
439.2

fu =
fy =

3700 kg/cm2
2400 kg/cm2

fr =

700 kg/cm2

6.3.1 Kontrol Lendutan
f ijin =

f =

f=

L
360

500
360

=

1.39

cm

0.1

970.4

15837.88

5 L2
( Ms − 0.1( Ma − Mb))
48 EI

5
48

25.00
200

f=

=

11818.69
21700

0.8 cm
f

<
OK

f ijin

6.3.3 Kontrol Tekuk
untuk arah x :
kcx =
1
L=
600
Lkx =
600

λx =

Lkx
ix

Ncrbx =

=

(Sendi-Sendi)
cm
cm
41.1

π 2 EA
λx 2

Ncrbx =

9.87

1688.87
### kg

Ncrbx =
untuk arah y :
kcy =
1
L=
600
Lky =
600

λy =

Lky
iy

x 2000000 x 101.5

(Sendi-Sendi)
cm
cm

=

100

π 2 EA
Ncrby =
λy 2

Ncrby =
Ncrby =

(MENENTUKAN)

9.87

x 2000000 x 101.5

10000
200341.15 kg

Maka dipakai λy karena λy > λx

λc =

λy
π

fy
E

λc =

100
3.14

λc =
0.25

<

λc

2400
2000000
1.1

<

1.2

ω=

1.43
1,67-0,67λc
Pn =

ω=

Ag fy
w

Pu
=
ϕcPn

=

8457.09
0.85 x158629.17

1.54

101.5

=

*
1.54

2400

0.06

Pu
Mux
Muy
+
+
≤1
2ϕcPn ϕbMnx ϕbMny

Pakai Rumus =

X Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :

Sbx =

Cmx
≥1
Nu
1− (
)
Ncrbx

Cmx =
Sbx =

1
1

1
-

Sbx =

1.01

<

1

Sbx =

1.01

1.01

=

Mux = Mutx * Sbx
Mux =
15837.38 x

8457.09
###

15951.1 kgm

Y Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :

Sby =

Cmy =
Sby =

Cmy
≥1
Nu
1− (
)
Ncrby
1
1

1
-

Sby =

1.01

<

Sby =

1.01

Muy = Muty * Sby
Muy =
0

x 1.01

8457.09
###
1

=

0 kgm

<

=

158629.17 kg

0.2

6.3.4 Menentukan Mnx
6.3.4.1 Kontrol Penampang profil
untuk Sayap

untuk Badan

b
170

2tf
fy
250
28
8.93

h 1680

t
fy
170
15.49
10.97


276
9
30.67

OK

Kgm


1680
15.49
108.44

OK

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
Lateral Buckling

Lb =

E
fy

Lp = 1.76 * iy

Lp =

600

cm

304.84 cm

Lr = iy . [x1/(fy-fr)] . Sqrt{1+[sqrt(1+(x2 . fl2))]}
J = Σ(1/3).b.(t^3) =
Iw = Iy.((h^2)/4)

=

53.32 cm4
969768.5 cm6

x1 = [π/s]*[sqrt((EGJA)/2)] =
x2 = 4.[(S/GJ)^] =
Lr =
Lp

161407.01 kg/cm2
3.60E-09 cm2/kg

806.68 cm
<

Lb

<

Lr

(INELASTIC BUCKLING)

Mnx = Cb.[Mr+[(Mp-Mr).((Lr-Lb)/(Lr-Lp))]]
Cb =
Cb =

Mr =
Mp =
My =
1,5 . My

Sx(fy-fr) = 2176000 kgcm
Zx . fy = 3264057.6 kgcm
Sx . fy = 3072000 kgcm
4608000 kgcm
=

< 1,5My
> Mp

12,5 Mmax
2,5Mmax + 3Ma + 4Mb + 3Mc
1.81

Mnx =

### kgcm

> Mp

Mnx=Mp= 3264057.6 kgcm
Mny = Zy ( 1 flen ) * fy
= (1 / 4 * tf * bf 2) * fy
x
=
0.25 x
1.4
=
5250 kgm

625

x 2400

=

525000 kgcm

6.3.5 Persamaan Interaksi

Pu
Mux
Muy
+
+
≤1
2ϕcPn ϕbMnx ϕbMny

8457.09
1.7 x158629.17
0.03

+

15951.1
x 32640.58
0.9

+

0.54

+

+
0.57

<
OK

6.3.6 Kontrol Kuat Rencana Geser

h
1100

tw
fy
276
2400

<

1100
15.49

0.12

<
Plastis

71

Vn = 0.6 fy Aw
=
0.6
2400
=
44064 Kg
Vu
9218.69
9218.69

<
<
<
OK

ФVn
0.9
39657.6

0.9

44064

0

0.9

34

x 5250
0

1

6.3 Kontrol Dimensi Balok Memanjang
Dari Hasil Sap 2000 Diperoleh Mmax dan N max pada Frame 5 :
(U-G)

Beban Ultimate - Beban Gempa
Mutx =
6219 Kgm
Muty =
0 Kgm
Nu =
-28073 Kg
Vu =
-2663 kg
Ma =
Mb =
Ms =

6219 Kgm
4435 Kgm
891 Kgm

6.3.1 Profil Baja yang Didapatkan Di SAP 2000 8.2.3 :
300
A=
W=
a=
bf =
iy =

x

200

72.38 cm2
56.8 kg/m
300 mm
200 mm
4.71 cm

Mutu Baja =
fu =
fy =

x

tf =
Ix =
Iy =
tw =
ix =

BJ 37
3700 kg/cm2
2400 kg/cm2

8

12 mm
11300 cm4
1600 cm4
8 mm
12.5 cm

fr =

x

12
Zx =
Zy =
h=
Sx =

843.55 cm3
248.32 cm3
240 mm
771 cm3
843.55
248.32

700 kg/cm2

6.3.1 Kontrol Lendutan
f ijin =

f =

f=

=

500
360

=

1.39

cm

0.1

6219

4435

5 L2
( Ms − 0.1( Ma − Mb))
48 EI

5
48

f=

L
360

25.00
200

891
11300

0.08 cm
f

6.3.3 Kontrol Tekuk

<
OK

f ijin

untuk arah x :
kcx =
1
L=
600
Lkx =
600

λx =

Lkx
ix

(Sendi-Sendi)
cm
cm

=

48

π 2 EA
λx 2

Ncrbx =

Ncrbx =

2304
Ncrbx =

untuk arah y :
kcy =
1
L=
600
Lky =
600

λy =

Lky
iy

x 2000000 x 72.38

9.87

620069.3 kg

(Sendi-Sendi)
cm
cm

=

127.39

π 2 EA
Ncrby =
λy 2

Ncrby =
Ncrby =

(MENENTUKAN)

x 2000000 x 72.38

9.87

16227.84
88036.35 kg

Maka dipakai λy karena λy > λx

λc =

λy
π

fy
E

λc =

127.39
3.14

λc =
0.25
ω=

λc

<

1.43
1,67-0,67λc
Pn =

Pu
=
ϕcPn

1.4
<

ω=

Ag fy
w

0.85

Pakai Rumus =

=

28073
x88538.49

1.2
1.96

72.38

=

*
1.96

2400

0.37

Pu
Mux
Muy
+
+
≤1
2ϕcPn ϕbMnx ϕbMny

X Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :

Sbx =

2400
2000000

Cmx
≥1
Nu
1− (
)
Ncrbx

<

=

88538.49 kg

0.2

Sbx =

Cmx
≥1
Nu
1− (
)
Ncrbx

Cmx =
Sbx =

1
1

1
-

Sbx =

1.05

<

Sbx =

1.05

Mux = Mutx * Sbx
Mux =
-6219

28073
620069.3
1

x 1.05

=

-6513.91 kgm

Y Batang Dianggap Tidak Bergoyang Maka :

Sby =

Cmy
≥1
Nu
1− (
)
Ncrby

Cmy =
Sby =

1
1

1
-

Sby =

1.05

<

Sby =

1.05

Muy = Muty * Sby
Muy =
0

28073
620069.3

x 1.05

1

=

0 kgm

6.3.4 Menentukan Mnx
6.3.4.1 Kontrol Penampang profil
untuk Sayap

untuk Badan

b
170

2tf
fy
200
24
8.33

h 1680

t
fy

170
15.49
10.97

240
8
30

OK


OK

Penampang Profil Kompak, maka Mnx = Mpx
Lateral Buckling

Kgm

Lb =

600

cm

1680
15.49
108.44

E
fy

Lp = 1.76 * iy

Lp =

239.3 cm

Lr = iy . [x1/(fy-fr)] . Sqrt{1+[sqrt(1+(x2 . fl2))]}
J = Σ(1/3).b.(t^3) =
Iw = Iy.((h^2)/4)

=

53.32 cm4
969768.5 cm6

x1 = [π/s]*[sqrt((EGJA)/2)] =

226284.21 kg/cm2

x2 = 4.[(S/GJ)^] =
Lr =

3.60E-09 cm2/kg

806.68 cm

Lp

<

Lb

<

Lr

(INELASTIC BUCKLING)

Mnx = Cb.[Mr+[(Mp-Mr).((Lr-Lb)/(Lr-Lp))]]
Cb =
Cb =

Mr =
Mp =
My =
1,5 . My

Sx(fy-fr) = 1310700 kgcm
Zx . fy = 2024524.8 kgcm
Sx . fy = 1850400 kgcm
2775600 kgcm
=

Mnx =

### kgcm

12,5 Mmax
2,5Mmax + 3Ma + 4Mb + 3Mc
1.81

< 1,5My
> Mp

> Mp

Mnx=Mp= 2024524.8 kgcm
Mny = Zy ( 1 flen ) * fy
= (1 / 4 * tf * bf 2) * fy
x
=
0.25 x
1.2
=
2880 kgm

400

x 2400

=

288000 kgcm

6.3.5 Persamaan Interaksi

Pu
Mux
Muy
+
+
≤1
2ϕcPn ϕbMnx ϕbMny

28073

+

6513.91

+

0

1.7

x 88538.49
0.19

0.9
+

x 20245.25
0.36

0.9
+

0.54

<
OK

6.3.6 Kontrol Kuat Rencana Geser

h
1100

tw
fy
240
2400

<

1100
15.49

0.1

<
Plastis

71

Vn = 0.6 fy Aw
=
0.6
2400
=
34560 Kg
Vu
2663
2663

<
<
<
OK

ФVn
0.9
31104

0.8

34560

30

x 2880
0

1

7 Sambungan
A
B

D

C

7.1 Sambungan Kuda - Kuda ( Detail A )

60
420

80
180
100
200

7.1.1 Data Perencanaan Sambungan
Dari hasil perhitungan SAP diperoleh:
Mu
Pu

=
=

1279.27
1152

kgm
kg

=

Baut Tanpa Ulir ( Bor ) Diameter φ =
Tebal Plat
=
10
mm

8

7.1.2 Kontrol Kekuatan Baut
7.1.2.1 Perhitungan Ruv yang Diterima Setiap Baut
Ruv
=
Pu
=
1152
n
6

127927 kgcm

mm

=

192 kg

7.1.2.2 Perhitungan Kuat Geser Baut
f Rnv
=
0.75
0.5
=
0.75
0.5
=
772.44 kg

fu
4100

Ab
0.5

n
1

7.1.2.3 Perhitungan Kuat Tumpu Baut
f Rn
=
2.4
d
=
2.4
0.8
=
5904 kg

tp
1

fu
4100

0.75
0.75

7.1.2.4 Perhitungan Kuat tarik Baut
f Rnt
=
0.75
0.75
=
0.75
0.75
=
1158.66 kg

fu
4100

Ab
0.5

7.1.2.5 Rumus Interaksi Geser dan Kuat Tarik Baut

(

Ruv 2
R
) + ( ut ) 2 ≤ 1
φRnv
Rnt

192
772.44
Rut = T =

+

Rut
1158.66

<

1

870.66 kg

7.1.2.6 Kontrol Momen Sambungan
Letak Garis Netral a:
60

2T

80

2T
d3

180

d2

2T
d1

100

a

200

a =

ΣT
fy B

=
=

d1 =
d2 =
d3 =
Sdi =

870.66
x
2500
x
0.1 cm

9.9 cm
27.9 cm
35.9 cm
73.69 cm

6
20

f Mn =

0.9

fy

a2

B

+

S T di

20

+

128311.88

2
=

0.9

2500

0.01
2

=

128557.49 kgcm

>
OK

127927 kgcm

7.2 Sambungan Kuda - Kuda dan Kolom ( Detail B )

Pu

60

Mu
420

80
180
100
200

7.2.1 Data Perencanaan Sambungan
Dari hasil perhitungan SAP diperoleh:
Mu
Pu

=
=

3240
1344.96

kgm
kg

=

Baut Tanpa Ulir ( Bor ) Diameter φ =
Tebal Plat
=
10
mm

12

7.2.2 Kontrol Kekuatan Baut
7.1.2.1 Perhitungan Ruv yang Diterima Setiap Baut
Ruv
=
Pu
=
1344.96
n
6

324000 kgcm

mm

=

224.16 kg

7.2.2.2 Perhitungan Kuat Geser Baut
f Rnv
=
0.75
0.5
=
0.75
0.5
=
1737.99 kg

fu
4100

Ab
1.13

n
1

7.2.2.3 Perhitungan Kuat Tumpu Baut
f Rn
=
2.4
d
=
2.4
1.2
=
8856 kg

tp
1

fu
4100

0.75
0.75

7.2.2.4 Perhitungan Kuat tarik Baut
f Rnt
=
0.75
0.75
=
0.75
0.75
=
2606.99 kg

fu
4100

Ab
1.13

7.2.2.5 Rumus Interaksi Geser dan Kuat Tarik Baut

(

Ruv 2
R
) + ( ut ) 2 ≤ 1
φRnv
Rnt

224.16
1737.99
Rut = T =

+

Rut
2606.99

<

1

2270.75 kg

7.2.2.6 Kontrol Momen Sambungan
Letak Garis Netral a:
60

2T

80

2T

180

2T

d3
d2
d1

100

a

200

a =

ΣT
fy B

=
=

d1 =
d2 =
d3 =
Sdi =

f Mn =

0.9

2270.75
x
2500
x
0.27 cm

6
20

9.73 cm
27.73 cm
35.73 cm
73.18 cm

fy

a2

B

+

S T di

20

+

332357.74

2
=

0.9

2500

0.07
2

=

334028.37 kgcm

>
OK

7.3 Sambungan Balok dan Kolom ( Detail C )

324000 kgcm

Pu
57
60

Mu
576

60
60
198
141

200
7.3.1 Data Perencanaan Sambungan
Dari hasil perhitungan SAP diperoleh:
Mu
Pu

=
=

12614
12203

kgm
kg

=

Baut Tanpa Ulir ( Bor ) Diameter φ =
Tebal Plat
=
10
mm

18

7.3.2 Kontrol Kekuatan Baut
7.3.2.1 Perhitungan Ruv yang Diterima Setiap Baut
Ruv
=
Pu
=
12203
n
10

1261400 kgcm

mm

=

1220.3 kg

7.3.2.2 Perhitungan Kuat Geser Baut
f Rnv
=
0.75
0.5
=
0.75
0.5
=
3910.48 kg

fu
4100

Ab
2.54

n
1

7.3.2.3 Perhitungan Kuat Tumpu Baut
f Rn
=
2.4
d
=
2.4
1.8
=
13284 kg

tp
1

fu
4100

0.75
0.75

7.3.2.4 Perhitungan Kuat tarik Baut
f Rnt
=
0.75
0.75
=
0.75
0.75
=
5865.72 kg

fu
4100

7.3.2.5 Rumus Interaksi Geser dan Kuat Tarik Baut

(

Ruv 2
R
) + ( ut ) 2 ≤ 1
φRnv
Rnt

1220.3
3910.48

+

Rut
5865.72

<

1

Ab
2.54

Rut = T =

4035.27 kg

7.3.2.6 Kontrol Momen Sambungan

57
60
576

2T
2T

60
60

2T
d4

2T
2T

198
141

d5

d3
d1

d2

a
200
ΣT
fy B

a =

=
=

d1
d2
d3
d4
d5

=
=
=
=
=
Sdi =

f Mn =

0.9

4035.27
x
2500
x
0.81 cm

10
20

13.29 cm
33.09 cm
39.09 cm
45.09 cm
51.09 cm
181.66

fy

a2

B

+

S T di

20

+

###

2
=

0.9

2500

0.65
2

=

### kgcm

>
OK

1261400 kgcm

7.4 Sambungan Balok dan Kolom ( Detail D )
Pu

Pu

Pu

Pu
57

Mu

Mu

576

60
60
60
198
141

7.4.1 Data Perencanaan Sambungan
Dari hasil perhitungan SAP diperoleh:
Mu
Pu

=
=

12976
7343

kgm
kg

=

Baut Tanpa Ulir ( Bor ) Diameter φ =
Tebal Plat
=
10
mm

18

7.4.2 Kontrol Kekuatan Baut
7.4.2.1 Perhitungan Ruv yang Diterima Setiap Baut
Ruv
=
Pu
=
7343
n
10

1297600 kgcm

mm

=

734.3 kg

7.4.2.2 Perhitungan Kuat Geser Baut
f Rnv
=
0.75
0.5
=
0.75
0.5
=
3910.48 kg

fu
4100

Ab
2.54

n
1

7.4.2.3 Perhitungan Kuat Tumpu Baut
f Rn
=
2.4
d
=
2.4
1.8
=
13284 kg

tp
1

fu
4100

0.75
0.75

7.4.2.4 Perhitungan Kuat tarik Baut
f Rnt
=
0.75
0.75
=
0.75
0.75
=
5865.72 kg

fu
4100

7.4.2.5 Rumus Interaksi Geser dan Kuat Tarik Baut

(

Ruv 2
R
) + ( ut ) 2 ≤ 1
φRnv
Rnt

734.3
3910.48
Rut = T =

+

Rut
5865.72

4764.27 kg

<

1

Ab
2.54

7.4.2.6 Kontrol Momen Sambungan

57
60

2T
2T

60
60

2T

198
141

d4

2T
2T

d5

d3
d1

d2

a

200

ΣT
fy B

a =

=
=

d1
d2
d3
d4
d5

=
=
=
=
=
Sdi =

f Mn =

0.9

4764.27
x
2500
x
0.95 cm

10
20

13.15 cm
32.95 cm
38.95 cm
44.95 cm
50.95 cm
180.94

fy

a2

B

+

S T di

20

+

###

2
=

0.9

2500

0.91
2

=

### kgcm

>
OK

1297600 kgcm

7.5 Kontrol Kekuatan Sambungan Las
7.5.1 Perencanaan Tebal Las Efektif pada Sambungan
7.5.2 Perhitungan Tebal Las Efektif Pada Web

aeff max Di Web

aeff max Di end plate

=

0.71

x

=

0.71

x

=

5.32

mm

=

1.41

x

=

1.41

=

11.75

fu
70
3700
70

70.3
10
70.3

fu
70
4100
70

x

70.3
10
70.3

mm

7.5.3 Perhitungan Gaya yang Bekerja Pada Sambungan Las
Misal te =

1

A

=

72.2

+

34.8

=

d2
3

x

1

x

2

=

72.2

+
3

34.8

x

1

=

2544.22 cm3

Sx =

cm
107

cm2

x

2

fv =

Pu
A

=

7343
107

=

68.63 kg/cm2

fh =

Mu
Sx

=

1297600
2544.22

=

510.02 kg/cm2

f total

=
=
=

fv2
+
2
68.63 +
514.61 kg/cm2

fh2
510.02 2

7.5.4 Kontrol Kekuatan Las
φ fn =
φ fn

0.75

0.6

>
OK

f total

70

70.3

=

2214.45 kg/cm2

=

514.61
2214.45

=

0.23 cm

7.5.5 Perhitungan Tebal efektif
te perlu

=

f total
f fn

7.5.6 Perhitungan Lebar Perlu
a perlu

=

0.87
0.71

=

1.23 mm

<
OK

5.89 mm

7.5.7 Perhitungan Tebal Efektif Dengan Lebar Minimum
a minimum =
te perlu =

4
4

mm
x

0.71

=

2.83

mm

7.5 Sambungan Kolom Pondasi
7.5.1 Data Perencanaan

Rencana Panjang Plat Dasar kolom L
Rencana Lebar Plat Dasar kolom B
fc' beton
Momen yang bekerja pada dasar kolom Mu
Lintang yang bekerja pada dasar kolom Du
M Normal yang bekerja pada dasar kolom Pu
a
a1
b
c
d
s pelat

P

a1

a

a1

c
b
d1

B

b
c
L

7.5.2 Kontrol Pelat Landasan Beton ( Pondasi )
fc' beton =
20
Mpa
Pu yang bekerja =
Kekuatan nominal tumpu beton
Pn = 0.85 fc' A

=
22617

200 kg/cm2
kg

40 cm
40 cm
20 Mpa
1093100 kgcm
3854 kg
22617 kg
300 mm
50 mm
150.0 mm
50 mm
300 mm
1600 kg/cm2

A =
Pn =
Pu

40
0.85
<=
<=
<=

22617
22617

x
200

40
1600

=
=

f Pn
0.6
x
163200

1600 cm2
272000

kg

272000
OK

7.5.2 Perencanaan Tebal Pelat Baja Pondasi
7.5.2.1 Perhitungan Tegangan Yang Bekerja Akibat Adanya Eksentrisitas
e =

M
P
A =
40
W = 1/6 B L 2

σ =

=
x
=

P
A

=

+
22617
1600

1093100
22617
40
=
1/6
40

M
W
+

σ maks =

116.61 kg/cm2

σ min =
Jadi, q =

88.34 kg/cm2
116.61 kg/cm2

=

48.33 cm

1600 cm2
40 2 =

10666.67 cm3

1093100
10666.67

2
3
1
7.5.2.2 Perhitungan Momen Yang Bekerja
~ Daerah 1
M = 1/2 q L2
=
1/2
116.61
52
= 1457.67 kgcm
~ Daerah 2
a/b
=
a1
=
Ma

Mb

~ Daerah 3

30
0.1

/

15
a2

=
=

2
0.05

=
=

a1 q b2
0.1
116.61

15 2 =

2623.81 kgcm

=
=

a2 q b2
0.05
116.61

15 2 =

1206.95 kgcm

a/b

=

5

/

M3

=
=

1/2 q a12
1/2

116.61

7.5.2.3 Perhitungan Tebal Pelat Baja
s =
6 M
t2

30

=

0.17

52 =

1457.67 kgcm

t=

6 M
s plat

=

6 x

=

2.34

1457.67
1600

~

3

7.5.3 Perencanaan Diameter Angker
7.5.3.1 Perhitungan Tegangan Yang Bekerja Pada Angker

M
P

40
y

x

M
σ min

20

P
σ max
1/3x

σ min
x
x =

=

C

1/3y

σ max
B-x
σ min B

=

88.34

<

x

40

cm

0.5

σ min + σ max

88.34
+
17.24 cm

=
y =B - x
S min

=

=
=
=

40

1.5 d
1.5

-

116.61

17.24

=
2

1.5 ( 2 x tf )
x
1.2

=

22.76 cm

3.6 cm

1/3 x =

5.75 cm

>

S min

1/3 y =

7.59 cm

>

S min

=

20

-

7.59

=

12.41 cm

-

7.59

-

5.75

=

26.67 cm

r = 20 - 1/3 y
C =
T =

40
M - P r
C

=

1093100

-

22617

12.41

26.7
=

30424.65

kg

=

Pu

7.5.3.2 Perencanaan Diameter Angker
φ fy Ag
- Leleh:
Pu =
Ag perlu =

- Putus:

30424.65
0.9
4100

8.25 cm2
#DIV/0!

φ 0.75 fu Ag

Pu =

Ag perlu =
0.75
- A baut perlu =

=

30424.65
0.75

30424.65
1120

=
0
=

#DIV/0! cm2
#DIV/0!

27.16 cm2

#DIV/0!

Untuk tiap sisi A baut perlu =
27.16
/
2 sisi
=
13.58
Direncanakan menggunakan angker D30 ( A =
7.07 cm2 )
Jumlah angker dalam 1 sisi
=
#DIV/0!
/
7.07
=
#DIV/0!
~
#DIV/0! buah
Dipasang 3 D 30
A
=
21.2 cm2
Abaut
>
Aperlu
OK

cm2

7.5.4 Perencanaan Panjang Angker
Kekuatan Baut untuk menerima beban tarik pada tiap sisi adalah:
30424.65
/
#DIV/0!
baut

=

#DIV/0! kg

2 sisi
l =

#DIV/0!
2p

4.47

=

#DIV/0! cm

1.5

7.5.5 Perencanaan Sambungan Las

t plat

=

3

Profil Baja Bj 52
fu las E70 xx

fu =
=
=

Syarat tebal plat:
a min
=
a max
=

af max

3
t - 0.1

=

=

Akibat Pu :

70
70

a
te
b
d
Sx

fvp

0 kg/cm2

ksi
x

70.3

kg/cm3

mm
=
=

3
2.9

1.41 x fu elemen t
fu las
1.41
x
70
x
0 cm

=

Pakai

cm

0
70.3
=

=
=
=
=
=
=

3 mm
0.707 a
30 cm
30 cm
b * d + ( d2 / 3)
30
30

=

1200 cm3

=

Pu

-

0.1

x

3

cm

0 mm

=

+

2.12 mm

900
3

2 ( 2 b + d ) te
=
=
Akibat Mu:

fhm

=

22617
2
2
30
592.41 kg/cm2
Mu
Sx

=

=
=

f total

=
=
=
=

0.75
2214.45

x

fv2 + fh2
2
+
592.41
###
kg/cm2
1086.61
kg/cm2

0.6

910.92
<=
<=

30

2.12

1093100
1200
910.92 kg/cm2

=
f las

+

x

70

x

70.3

2

0.75 0.6 fu las
2214.45
kg/cm2

OK !!

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