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INDIAN CODAL PRACTICES

DESIGN OF RCC MEMBERS


PART A :GENERAL
by VK MEHTA
RCC DESIGN

PART A :GENERAL
PART B: DESIGN ASPECTS
PART C: DETAILING REQUIREMENTS
PART A

GENERAL
CRITERIA FOR MEMBER
DESIGN

 ROBUSTNESS
 SAFETY AND DURABILITY
 FITNESS FOR PURPOSE
 ECONOMICS/COST
 USERS COMFORTS
 EXTERNAL APPEARANCE
CRITERIA FOR MEMBER DESIGN
 ROBUSTNESS: careful planning in choosing a
Stable & strong configuration with lateral stability in
two orthogonal direction ( adequate stiffness
/structural integrity to be ensured for load transfer by
providing columns/beams/horizontal diaphragm,
slab/bracing. Foundation adequacy).
 planned and design so that the local failure of one
member sd. not lead to global collapse of structure .
 Ductility detailing of the structural members.
CRITERIA FOR MEMBER
DESIGN
 SAFETY AND DURABILITY:-
 Structural design to conform to codal & accepted
design practices.
 use of right material ,proper loading , design
detailing, protections measures , fire resistance and
quality construction .
 FITNESS FOR PURPOSE:-
 Over all structural configurations should allow
unrestricted movement with adequate approaches
& escape routes.
CRITERIA FOR MEMBER DESIGN
 ECONOMICS/COST: -
 cost- time economics/ build ability of the selected

configuration.
 Minimize maintenance cost

 USERS COMFORTS:
 minimise vibration/noise level due to vibrating machine in

structure, vertical/lateral deflection to be within limits


 EXTERNAL APPEARANCE:-
 Good aesthetic appearance / avoidance of degradation
cracks/ spalling ,leaking and staining .
INTERNATIONAL CODAL
COUNT NO PRACTICES
TITLE REMARK
RY
INDIAN IS Plain & Reinforced S
456:200
Concrete-code of
0 Practice
BRITISH BS 8110
Structural use of Part 1 to 3
AMERIC ACI 318 concrete
Building Code
AN requirements for
Reinforced Concrete
AUSTRA AS 3600 Concrete structures
LIA
GERMAN DIN Structural use of
EURO 1045 concrete
MATERIAL
 CEMENT
 ORDINARY PORTLAND CEMENT GRADE
33/43/53( IS 269/8112/12269)
 PORTLAND SLAG CEMENT (IS 455)
 SULPHATE RESISTING CEMENT (IS 12330)
 RAPID HARDENING CEMENT (IS 8041)
 PORTLAND POZZOLANA CEMENT(IS 1489).
 CEMENT TYPES AS PER ACI
MATERIAL
 REBARS
 HIGH STRENGTH DEFORMED BARS GRADE FE 500

(IS 1786)
 MILD STEEL (IS 432)

 MAIN SUPPLIER:TATA TISCON(CRS)/SAIL(TMT)

 COATING OF REBARS/OTHER TYPES :-


 FBEC -EPOXY COATED (PSL HOLDING) (IS

13920/ASTM A775)
COATED BARS DEVELOPED BY CECRI(KARAIKUDI).
GAVLANISED/STAINLESS STEEL
CATHODIC PROTECTION OF REBARS
DURABLE CONCRETE
 A DURABLE CONCRETE IS ONE THAT PERFORM
SATISFACTORILY IN THE WORKING
ENVIRONMENT DURING ITS ANTICIPATORY
EXPOSURE CONDITION.
 THE CONRETE USED SHALL PROTECT THE
REBARS CORROSION AND BE IMPERMIABLE .
 ADEQUATE COVER TO REBARS
 GOOD QUALITY CONTROL OF MATERIAL
 SUITABLE CONTROL OF CEMENT AND WC
RATIO
 WORKMANSHIP COMPACTION & PROPER
CURING
CONCRETE GRADES

GROUP GRADE REMARKS

M25 TO USED IN GENERAL


30
STANDARD M35 TO MARINE APPLICATION
GRADE 40
40 TO 55 PRESTRESS CONCRETE

HIGH GRADE 60 TO 80 SPECIALISED


APPLICATIONS
CONCRETE GRADE SELECTION
WITH CEMENT CONTENTS & W/C
RATIO
EXPOSUR EXPOSURE GRAD Cement w/c REMARKS
E CONDITIONS E contents ratio
kg/m3
MILD Protected against M20 300 0.55
weather in general
MODERA Concrete sheltered M25 300 0.50
TE from severe rain
Common
SEVERE Exposed to severe M30 320 0.45
ly used
rain, alternate
wetting & drying
VERY Exposed to sea M35 340 0.45 COASTA
SEVERE water L
EXTREM Tidal zone & M40 360 0.40 ENVIRON
E aggressive MENT
chemical
EXPANSION JOINTS
 Structure should be separated by Expansion
joints:-
 1) Structure with large Plan dimensions.
 2) L shape or Irregular shape in Plan and elevation.
 IS 456 SPECIFY EXPANSION JOINTS
WHEREVER BUILDING EXCEED 45M LENGTH.
 Provide adequate gap and joints should be detailed to
allow free structural movements at these locations.
 Gap of 25-50 mm is generally provided.
 TYPICAL DETAIL
EXPANSION JOINT SPACING
(Technical report #65,Technical research council ,USA)
EXPANSION JOINT SPACING
 SUGGESTED SPACING FOR RCC
FRAMED STRUCTURE:-
 USE ~60M FOR OPEN FRAME
STRUCTURE LIKE TECH STR./PIPE
RACK.
 REDUCE APPROPRIATELY FOR
COVERED MULTISTOREY BUILDING.
 DESIGN FOR THERMAL MOVEMENT IF
LONGER SPACING MORE THAN ABOVE
& IS ESSENTIAL.
ATTACHMENTS
Types of cement as per ACI 318
STRESS STRAIN DIAGRAM FOR
DIFERRENT STEEL GRADES
NOTES:-EXPANSION JOINT
SPACING
TYPICAL BUILDING WITH
EXP JOINTS
TYPICAL EXPANSION JOINT
DETAIL