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kambing001

Investigating

LIVING THINGS

MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 4

Basic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas Manusia

Food / Makanan Air Udara Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat 1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas. Water Air Drinks / Minuman Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Shelter Tempat perlindungan To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger bahaya - extreme weather cuaca melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan

To breathe Untuk bernafas

nest Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan Food Makanan Shelter / Tempat Perlindungan Air Udara Water Air To breathe / Untuk bernafas To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada

- danger Bahaya

- extreme weather cuaca melampau

- Sun & rain Matahari dan hujan

Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar

Stay healthy / Sihat 1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas. Types / Jenis :

- holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang - beehive / sarang lebah

Plants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas Air Udara

Sunlight Cahaya matahari Water Air With water / Ada air :

- grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - not wilted / tidak layu Without water / Tanpa air:

- wilted / layu - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - die / mati 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asas.

ear lidah nose mata 2.1 Analysing life processes in humans. Menganalisa proses hidup manusia.

Life Processes of Humans Proses Hidup Dilalui Manusia Respond To Stimuli Bergerak balas Terhadap Ransangan Breathing Pernafasan Reproduce Membiak Organs Organ Inhale take in air ambil udara

Tarik nafas Exhale

give out air

Hembus nafas - keluarkan udara Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paru A process to produce their young or offspring Proses untuk menghasilkan anak Rate of breath Kadar pernafasan

Number of chest movements in a period of time Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam sesuatu masa Organs Organ Eyes Sight

Mata - Melihat Nose Smell

Hidung - Menghidu Tongue Taste

Lidah - Merasa Ears Sound

Telinga - Mendengar bunyi Skin Touch

Kulit - Sentuhan

Excrete Berkumuh Defecate Bernyahtinja Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral ) Faeces Najis

Purpose / Tujuan :

- avoid danger

elak bahaya - avoid getting hurt elak dapat luka - avoid getting injured elak dapat cedera - to survive untuk terus hidup Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral )

lung http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0S020obmf9JhJIAFdSjzbkF/SIG=131refu6t/EXP=1241574043/ **http%3A/www.piperreport.com/archives/Images/Medicaid%2520Drug%2520Coverage.jpg langgar 2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes. Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidup. Smoking / Merokok Drinking Alcohol / Minum Alkohol Effects / Kesan

- Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru - Coughing Batuk Effects / Kesan

- Delay respond to stimuli Lambatkan tindak balas terhadap ransangan

- Lose ability to walk in a straight line Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurus

- Can cause accidents Menyebabkan kemalangan How to avoid Bagaimana untuk hindari Participate in campaigns Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya

Occupy time with beneficial activities Memenuhi masa dengan aktiviti berfaedah Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup Taking Drug Mengambil Dadah

107 small_Animal%201002 rama2 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals. Menganalisa proses hidup haiwan. Animals Life Processes Proses Hidup Haiwan Breathe Bernafas Excrete Berkumuh Reproduce / Membiak Lay Eggs / Bertelur Give Birth Lahirkan anak Organs Organ Lungs Paru-paru

- monkey monyet - bird burung - whale paus Gill Insang

- fish

ikan - prawn udang Book Lungs

- crab ketam Moist skin Kulit lembap

- frog katak - earthworm cacing tanah Trachea Structure Sistem Trakea

- insects serangga Defecate / Bernyahtinja To get rid of waste product from their bodies Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari badan cat kucing

tiger harimau

bat kelawar

whale paus butterfly rama-rama bird burung

Life processes plants undergo Proses hidup tumbuhan Plants respond to stimuli. water, sunlight, touch, gravity. Tumbuhan bergerak balas terhadap ransangan air,cahaya matahari,sentuhan,graviti

2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants. Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan.

the part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap graviti

roots akar

the part of plant that responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindak

balas terhadap ransangan

roots akar the part of plant that responds to sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap cahaya matahari

shoot pucuk

Permulaaan eksperimen Akhir eksperimen Plants reproduce. tumbuhan membiak

Seeds durian

balsam, corn,

Biji benih- keembung, jagung,durian Spores fern, mushroom

Spora - paku-pakis,cendawan Suckers banana,

pineapple Anak pokok- pisang,nenas

Stem cutting tapioca

hibiscus, rose,

Keratan batang- bunga raya , ubi kayu Leaves bryophyllum, begonia

Daun - setawar,begonia Stem - potato, onion, ginger Batang - kentang,bawang,halia Various ways plants reproduce through seeds, spores, suckers, stem cutting, leaves, underground stem. Berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak melalui .bji benih, spora, anak pokok,keratan batang, daun, batang bawah tanah

the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap sentuhan

Why plants need to reproduce to ensure the survival of the species.? Mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak? untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya?

3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to pr otect themselves from danger. Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya.

Specific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing ) Thick and hard skin ( rhinoceros ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu ) Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Hard scales ( pangolin, crocodiles ) Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) Cangkerang keras ( kura-kura, siput ) Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang ) Pretend to be dead ( beetle, )

Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang ) Camouflage ( cameleon ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Poisonous sting or fang ( centipede, snake ) Sengat atau taring berbisa ( kala jengking, ular ) Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam ( sotong ) Special characteristics Ciri-ciri khas

Special behaviour Tingkah-laku khas

Specific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Hot weather Cuaca panas Cold weather Cuaca sejuk Wrinkled Skin (Elephant ,hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Kulit berkedut (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) Wallowing (Elephant, hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Berkubang (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) Humps (Elephant, hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Berkubang (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) Thick Fur (Polar bears)

Berbulu tebal (Beruang kutub) Fat Layers Under Their Skins (Penguins, seals, and whales)

Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit

(Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus) Small Ears (Seals and Walruses) Telinga kecil (Anjing laut, singa laut) Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub)

The specific characteristics Sifat-sifat khas Have thorns Berduri

Poisonous Beracun Have fine hairs Berbulu halus Produces latex Keluarkan getah Close leaflets when touch Daun tertutup bila disentuh 3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselve s from enemies.

Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh.

95 64 108 strong wind angin kuat dry region kawasan kering Eg : cactus kaktus

Long roots to absorb water Akar panjang untuk serap air Succulent stems can store water Batang boleh menyimpan air Thorns can can prevent the excessive loss of water Duri boleh mencegah kehilangan banyak air . Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree, pokok kelapa, pokok buluh

a. Have stems that bend easily Batang yang mudah bengkok b. Have buttress roots Akar banir c. Have separated leaves Daun berbilah-bilah

d. Needle- shaped leaves Daun berbentuk jarum

Specific characteristics of plants to protect themselves Sifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk melindungi diri 3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselve s

from dry region and strong wind. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat.

http://www.ankn.uaf.edu/Curriculum/Athabascan/Athabascans/images/AA3.jpg http://blogs.jetbrains.com/pti/images/FreeCheese.gif The Basic Needs of Human and Animals Keperluan Asas Manusia dan Haiwan

One evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search for food, it sta rted to rain heavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to its shelter, a hole near a wooden ho use. Cik Ti was tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find some food but there was no fo od left in the hole. Oh no I will die without food. said Cik Ti frustrated. Cik Ti moved into the kitchen . Arghh I am hungry!. Cik Ti screamed. Wow, cheese . Emmm . Delicious. After she had her food, she was thirsty. She saw a cup of water on the table. Cik Ti drank the water. Tap! Tap! Tap! Without her knowing, Mamat was ready to trap her into a plastic b ag. He tighten the bag tightly. Help! Help! I can t breath where is the air. Shouted Cik Ti .. Her vo ice slowed down . Finally Cik Ti died without air ..

Suatu petang ketika Cik Ti merangkak di luar rumahnya untuk mencari makanan, ti ba-tiba

hujan turun dengan lebatnya. Cik Ti bergerak pantas untuk kembali semula ke kedi amannya, sebuah lubang di tepi sebuah rumah kayu. Cik Ti penat. Dia mula rasa lapar. Cik Ti cuba mencari makanan tetapi dia tidak menemuinya di lubang itu. Matilah aku kalau tak ada makanan. rung ut Cik Ti . Cik Ti terus ke dapur rumah itu. Arghh .. laparnya. Tiba-tiba Cik Ti menjerit, wow, keju .. em mm sedapnya. Selepas makan Cik Ti terasa dahaga. Dia ternampak secawan air di atas m eja tersebut. Cik Ti minum air tersebut dengan gelojohnya. Tap! Tap! Tap! Tanpa disedarinya Mamat telah bersedia untuk menangkap Cik Ti. Cik Ti terperangkap. Mamat memasukkan Cik Ti ke dalam se buah beg plastik dan mengikat beg itu dengan kuatnya. Tolong! Tolong! Aku tak boleh bernafas .. man a udara ni. Jerit Cik Ti .. Suaranya semakin perlahan...... akhirnya Cik Ti mati tanpa udara.. ...

wonder.jpg (13166 bytes) hose.jpg (3063 bytes) wonder.jpg (13166 bytes) wonder.jpg (13166 bytes) wonder.jpg (13166 bytes) Go to fullsize image Go to fullsize image What Plants Need to Stay Healthy?

Thank you for giving me enough water. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya air yang cukup. Saya akan gunakannya untk membuat makanan.

Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you grow healthy soon. Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak.

Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak.

Thank you for keeping me under direct sunlight. Now I get enough light. I can use it to make my food.

Terima kasih kerana meletakkan saya di bawah cahaya matahari. Kini saya telah mendapat cahaya yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan.

Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak.

Thank you for giving me enough fertilizer. Now I can get enough minerals. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya cukup baja. Kini saya telah mendapat baja yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan.

Emmm I feel fresh. I can breath easily. Thank you. Now I can get enough air. I can use it to make my food. Emmm....saya rasa segar. Terima kasih. Kini saya telah mendapat udara yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak.

http://tbn2.google.com/images?q=tbn:wfoytN8kNA8ZZM:http://www.sciencequiz.net/jc science/jcbiology/excretion/excretion3.gif http://tbn3.google.com/images?q=tbn:jHhTY2K_21hn_M:http://nihseniorhealth.gov/lu ngcancer/lungcancerdefined/images/1775_72dpi_r.jpg THE EXCRETION PROCESS PROSES PERKUMUHAN

No. Bil Organs Diagram Gambarajah Organ Waste Products Bahan Buangan 1. Kidney / Buah Pinggang

Urine + water vapour

Air Kencing + wap air

2.

Lungs / Paru-Paru

Carbon Dioxide + water vapour

Karbon dioksida + wap air

3.

Skin / Kulit

Sweat + Water Vapour + Mineral salt

Peluh + wap air + garam mineral

Kidney Ureter

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Plants Respond To Stimuli Tumbuhan bergerakbalas terhadap ransangan (Pussy Cat Song)

Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots where are going ? I want to go down to meet my gravity.

Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots why are you here? I.m going down to the soil to absorb water.

Oh Green Shoot, Oh Green Shoot why are you going up? I can go up to search for sunlight.

The shoot responds to sunlight Pucuk bergerakbalas terhadap cahaya matahari..

The roots respond to water. Akar bergerakbalas terhadap air.

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The Breathing Structure of Animals

Air Passage Peredaran Udara Nose Wind Pipe Lungs Hidung Trakea Paru-paru Nose Hidung Windpipe Salur Trakea Lung Paru-paru Gill Insang

Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea

Lung Paru-paru

Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea

Moist Skin Kulit Lembab

Lung Paru-paru

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Animal Defense From Extreme Weather Long Ears Desert Fox

Wallowing In Mud Rhinoceroses WEATHER EXTREME

Thick Fat In Tails Kangaroo Rats

Thick Layers Of Fat Penguins Thick Furs - Polar

Rest

Desert Animals

Hump - Camels

Small Ears Animals

Cold Region

Penguin Camel Kangaroo Rat

TR00110_ Go to fullsize Go to fullsize Go to fullsize Go to fullsize Go to fullsize Go to fullsize Go to fullsize Go to fullsize Go to fullsize Go to fullsize TR00110_ How I Survived My Story

image image image image image image image image image image An Animal Which Live in a Pond

I am a _____________________ who lives in the pond. The pond that I live in

is full of____________________ and _______________________. Some days it is

using my wax and poisonous skin. hard to stay alive! I protect myself from other animals by _____________________ __.

I also have to have four basic things in order to live. They are _____________

____________, ________________, and ____________________. I also

catching my preys with my long tongue. stay alive by __________________________________. It.s easy for me to catch and eat.

Another animal that lives in the pond with me is the _______________. He

likes to eat _________________. Sometimes he hides from other animals by ___________________. gliding quietly

But sometimes he is seen by the ___________________ and is eaten! He has to be v ery quick to stay alive. I like living in the pond.

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NATURAL DEFENSE IN PLANTS PERLINDUNGAN SECARA SEMULAJADI OLEH TUMBUHAN

I have sharp thorns. Don.t come near me. Saya ada duri yang tajam.Jangan dekati saya.

I am sensitive. I will fold my leaflets. Please don.t touch me Saya sensitive.Saya akan menguncupkan daun-daun saya apabila disentuh.

I have latex. I will stick on you. Saya ada getah. Saya akan melekat pada awak.

My fine hairs will cause itchiness. Don.t come near me. I will make you itchy. Bulu halus pada saya boleh menyebabkan kegatalan. Jangan dekati saya. Saya akan menggatalkan awak.

http://thm-a01.yimg.com/image/aaa65b526cf13e44 Go to fullsize image ADAPTATION TO NATURE PENYESUAIAN DIRI TERHADAP ALAM SEMULAJADI

Cactus, how do you get water in this dry region? Kaktus, bagaimana awak mendapat air di kawasan kering seperti ini?

My thick stem can store more water for me. Batang tebal saya membolehkan menyimpan lebih banyak air untuk saya.

I have long roots. So I can go deep in the soil to get water. Saya ada akar yang panjang. Jadi saya boleh pergi jauh ke dalam tanah untuk mendapatkan air

I have needle shaped leaves. So I lose less water. Saya mempunyai daun berbentuk jarum,jadi saya kurang hilang air.

Coconut tree, how do you survive from strong winds? Pokok kelapa, bagaimana awak bertahan daripada angin kencang?

My leaves are divided so that they do not break easily. The trunk helps them to sway with the wind. Daun-daun saya adalah berbilah-bilah jadi mereka tidak terpecah dengan mudah. Batang pokok saya membantu mereka bergoyang bersama angin.

Oh, I have strong buttress roots. It is easy for me to defend from strong winds. Oh, saya ada akar banir yang kuat. Ia memudahkan saya untuk menahan angin yang kuat.

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Investigating

FORCE AND ENERGY

MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 4

1.7 Standard units Unit seragam

1.5 Mass Berat 1.6 Time Masa

1.2 Area Luas

1.3 Volume Isipadu 1.3 Solid Pepejal 1.4 Liquid Cecair

1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang Measurement Ukuran 1.1 Length Panjang

Length Panjang Terminology Istilah -The distance between two points/ place / position Jarak di antara dua titik/tempat/kedudukan Ways to measure Cara menyukat Measuring tape Pita pengukur Cubit Hasta Arm span Depa String Tali Ruler Pembaris Standard Tools Alat Piawai Measuring tape Pita pengukur Ruler

Pembaris Unit Unit mm mm cm sm m m km km Correct technique Teknik yang betul -The eye must be directly above the end of object Mata mesti tepat pada bahagian bawah hujung benda

1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang

1.2 Understanding how to calculate area Memahami cara mengira luas

1.2 Area Luas

Standard unit Unit piawai

Terminology Istilah

-Square millimetres (mm2) Milimeter persegi (mm) -Square centimetres (cm2) Sentimeter persegi (cm) -Square metres (m2) Meter persegi (m) -Square kilometres (km2) Kilometer persegi (km)

-Area is the amount of space taken up by the surface of an object. Luas ialah jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi pada permukaan sesuatu objek

Different ways to measure area Cara- cara untuk menyukat luas

- by placing uniform objects such as tiles, books and stamps on the surface of the objects dengan meletakkan objek seperti jubin, buku dan setem pada permukaan objek

-Using formula Guna rumus

= 4cm X 2 cm = 8cm2 Area = length X width Luas = panjang X lebar 2cm 4cm -Using square card with a sides of 1 centimetre Menggunakan kad segi empat dengan tepinya 1 sentimeter 3cm 1cm 1cm

3cm

Volume Isipadu Terminology Istilah The amount of space that something takes up Jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi oleh sesuatu 1.3 Solid Pepejal

1.4 Liquid Cecair Formula Rumus Length x width x height Panjang x lebar x tinggi Standard Units Unit seragam Tools Alat Measuring cylinder Silinder penyukat ml, l ml, l Correct technique Teknik yang betul a) taking the reading at the lowest part of the meniscus. mengambil bacaan pada bahagian paling rendah pada meniskus b) eyes must be at the same level as the lowest part of the

meniscus mata mesti sama pada aras paling rendah pada meniskus Standard Units Unit piawai mm, cm, m mm, sm, m

1.2/1.3 Understanding how measure the volume of solid and liquid Memahami cara mengira isipadu pepejal dan cecair

1.5 Understanding how measure mass Memahami cara menyukat berat

Mass Berat Terminology Istilah Amount of matter in an object Jumlah benda dalam objek Tools Alat Electronic balance Neraca elektronik Beam balance Neraca palang Kitchen scale Penimbang dapur Bathroom scale Penimbang berat badan Lever balance Neraca tuas Standard unit Unit piawai Mg mg

g g kg kg Correct technique Teknik yang betul

Time Masa Terminology Istilah Duration between two moment Tempoh antara dua ketika Way to measure Cara untuk mengukur -Sundial , sand clock , candle clock -Jam bayang, jam pasir, jam lilin A process that repeats uniformly can be used to measure time Proses yang berulang secara sekata boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa -swinging of a pendulum ayunan bandul -pulse rate denyutan nadi -water dripping titisan air -change day and night perubahan siang dan malam Tool Alatan

Standard unit Unit piawai Second , minute , hour Saat, minit, jam -Digital clock, watch, wrist watch Jam digital, jam, jam tangan Old clock Jam lama Events that can be used measure time Kejadian boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa

1.6 Understanding how to measure time Memahami cara mengukur masa

The Importance of Standard Units Kepentingan unit piawai for accuracy and consistency untuk tepat dan konsisten easy to communicate and understand mudah untuk berkomunikasi dan difahami

1.7 Realising importance of using standard units Menyedari kepentingan menggunakan unit yang piawai

Go to fullsize image Go to fullsize image MEASUREMENT SONG ( Sing To : When I go to school tune )

When I want to measure the length Then I use my hand -3x

When I want to measure the length Then I use my hand All are in my body parts

The arm span, cubit, foot and span Are the measurement I use - 3x All are my body parts Bila nak mengukur panjang saya guna tangan 3x

Bila nak mengukur panjang saya guna tangan Semuanya anggota badan

Depa, hasta,kaki dan jengkal Anggota yang (digunakan 3x Semua anggota badan

Bila nak mengukur panjang Saya guna pita 3x

Bila nak mengukur panjang Saya guna pita 3x Inilah unitnya

Milimeter, sentimeter, meter, dan kilometer Unit yang (digunakan 3x Semua unit piawai When I want to measure the length I use the tape - 3x

When I want to measure the length I use the tape All are the unit I use

The milimetre, centimetre, metre, and kilometre are the unit I use 3x All are in standard units

Bila nak mengukur jisim Saya guna alat 3x

Miligram dan gram dan kilogram 3x Inilah unitnya

The beam and lever balance, kitchen and the bathroom scale 3x Semua tuk mengukur berat

When I want to measure the mass Then I use the tools 3x

The milligram and gram and the kilogram 3x All are the unit I use

The beam and lever balance, kitchen and the bathroom scale 3x All are used to measure mass

Unit 4/Lesson 1 Measuring Length/Mass Defense Of Plants

Go Go Go Go Go Go

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THE STORY OF TIME CERITA TENTANG MASA

Galileo Galilei was the first person to use events that repeat uniformly to measure time such as the pendulum clock. From then onwards, the wall clock and modern clock were invented.

Galileo Galilei merupakan orang pertama menggunakan peristiwa yang berulang secara seragam untuk mengukur masa seperti jam bandul. Daripada situ, jam dindin g dan jam moden telah dicipta.

Ancient Clocks

Sand Clock Sundial Clock Candle Clock

Modern Clock

Wall clock Stop Watch Watch

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Investigating

MATERIAL

MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 4

Properties of materials Sifat bahan

Insulator Penebat

Penebat Float on water Terapung atas air Conduct electricity Mengalirkan elektrik

Mengalirkan arus elektrik metal logam Conduct heat Mengalirkan haba Sink in water Tenggelam dalam air Light to pass through Cahaya boleh melaluinya

Cahaya melaluinya Can be stretch Boleh diregangkan wood kayu

stone batu rubber band gelang getah glass kaca carbon karbon plastics plastik metal logam wood kayu 1.1 The properties of materials Sifat bahan

Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Suggest ways to keep things hot

Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda panas Covered with insulators Balut dengan bahan penebat Suggest ways to keep things cold

Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda sejuk hot thing benda panas cold thing benda sejuk to prevent heat loss untuk menghalang kehilangan haba prevent from absorbing heat halang daripada serap haba 1.2 Applying knowledge of properties of materials in everyday life Mengaplikasi pengetahuan tentang sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian

Uses of materials based on their properties Penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan transparent lutsinar glass kaca glasses gelas soft lembut wood kayu tissue tisu hard keras metal logam spoon sudu properties sifat materials bahan object objek cheap murah easy to get

senang didapati strength kuat good quality kualiti baik 1.3 Synthesising the knowledge about uses of materials based on their properties Mensintesis pengetahuan mengenai penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan List of object and materials that they are made of Senarai objek dan bahan yang dibuat daripada: Reasons why particular materials are used to make an object Keterangan mengapa bahan tertentu digunakan untuk membuat objek

Natural materials Bahan semulajadi

Bahan semulajadi Man-made materials Bahan buatan

Bahan buatan wood kayu metal logam rubber getah cotton kapas plastics plastik synthetic cloth kain sintetik glass kaca State that man-made materials are made by man from natural materials Nyatakan bahan buatan dibuat dari bahan semulajadi reducing mengurangkan reusing guna semula recycling

kitar semula public transport pengangkutan awam plastic bag beg plastik bottle botol plastics plastik glass kaca The importance of reuse, reduce and recycle of materials Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan

Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan 1.4 Knowing the importance of reusing, reducing and recycling. Memahami kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan

cat

Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah Different ways to prevent objects from rusting Cara berbeza untuk menghalang objek daripada berkarat Coating with non rusting materials Menyadurkan dengan bahan tidak berkarat *paint cat *minyak

*grease gris The necessity to prevent rusting Keperluan mencegah pengaratan *Longlasting Live Tahan lebih lama *Save natural resources Selamatkan bahan asal *Save cost Jimat kos *Looks good Mencantikkan *Conclusion; Rusting can be avoided by preventing iron contact with air and wate r. * Kesimpulan;Pengaratan boleh dihindarkan dengan menghalang ia bertindak balas dengan air dan udara

1.5 Understanding that some materials can rust Memahami sesetengah bahan boleh perkarat

Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah Rusty objects

Objek berkarat Non rusty objects Objek tidak berkarat Objects made of iron and steel Objek yang diperbuat daripada besi

dan keluli Object made of glass, plastic, wood, clay and silk Objek yang diperbuat daripada kaca,plastik, kayu, tanah liat dan sutera *Nail Paku

*Spoon Sudu

*Knife Pisau

*Needle Jarum *Glass

Kaca

*Bottle Botol

*Cup Cawan

*Pencil Pensil

1.6 Understanding the rusting can be prevented Memahami pengaratan boleh dicegah

MATERIALS AROUND YOU

Organization Chart

MATERIALS WOOD RUBBER PLASTIC GLASS

METAL COTTON

-The Properties Of Materials-

Insulator -Can be stretched -Insulator -Floats on water

Insulator -Can absorbs water -Insulator -Conducts electricity -Conducts heat -Conductor -Allow light to pass t through them -Insulator

Penebat -Boleh menyerap air -Penebat -Boleh diregang

-Penebat

-Terapung di atas air -Penebat

-Mengalirkan elektrik -Mengalirkan haba -Konduktor Membenarkan cahaya menembusinya -Penebat

Go Go Go Go Go Go

to to to to to to

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image image image image image image

Opaque, Translucent and Transparent Legap, Lutsinar dan Lutcahaya

Wooden Door (opaque)

I can.t see you. Saya tak nampak awak.

I can see you but not clear.

Saya nampak awak tapi kurang jelas.

Glass Door (Translucent)

I can see you clearly.

Saya nampak awak dengan jelas. Clear glass Door (Transparent)

Unit 5/Lesson 4 Fantastic materials

NATURAL AND MAN MADE BAHAN SEMULAJADI DAN BUATAN MANUSIA

METAL LOGAM

RUBBER GETAH

GLASS KACA

COTTON KAPAS SILK SUTERA NATURAL

MATERIALS CLAY TANAH LIAT

LEATHER

KULIT

BAHAN FUR BULU WOOD KAYU SEMULAJADI

SYNTHETC CLOTH KAIN SINTETIK

RAYON RAYON MAN-MADE MATERIALS

BAHAN BUATAN MANUSIA

NYLON

NILON

PLASTIC PLASTIK

Unit 5/Lesson7 Natural and Man made

Berlepas01

Investigating THE EARTH & UNIVERSE

MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 4

WEEK : 19 TOPIC : Investigating The Earth & Universe Year 4 Menyiasat & Alam Semesta Tahun 4

Mind Map / Mind Power Peta Minda / Kuasa Minda TIME : 3 hour / 3 jam

Listen and understand teacher s explanation about the mind map and mind power. Dengar dan fahamkan penerangan guru tentang peta minda dan kuasa minda.

The solar system Sistem Solar List of constituents Senarai ahli List of planets

Senarai planet Planets move around the Sun Planet beredar mengelilingi matahari -Nine Planets Sembilan planet -Natural satellites Satelit semulajadi -Meteors Meteor -Comets Komet -Asteroids Asteroid 1.1 Understanding the Solar System Memahami Sistem Solar Mercury Utarid Venus Zuhrah Earth Bumi Mars Marikh Jupiter Musytari Saturn Zuhal Served Just Mother Excellent Very My

Uranus Uranus Neptune Neptun Pluto Pluto

Us

Nine

Pudding

(4:1) (100:1) The relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Saiz dan jarak relatif di antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari Size of the Sun relative to the size of the Earth. Saiz Matahari relatif saiz Bumi Size of the Earth relative to the size of the Moon. Saiz Bumi relatif saiz Bulan The relative distance from the Earth to the Sun compared to the relative distance from the Earth to the Moon. Jarak relatif dari Bumi ke Matahari berbanding jarak relative dari Bumi ke Bulan the Sun Matahari 1 the Earth Bumi 100 the Earth Bumi

1 the Moon Bulan 4

the Sun Matahari the Earth Bumi the Moon Bulan

150 000 000 km 382 500 km 1 : 400 1.2 Understanding the relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami perbandingan saiz dan jarak antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari

Earth in the Solar System Bumi dalam Sistem Solar Why certain planets are not conducive for living things. Mengapa sesetengah planet tidak sesuai untuk benda hidup Effect Kesan The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has living things. Hanya planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar yang mempunyai benda hidup

The nearer a planet is to the Sun, the hotter is the surface of the planet. Planet yang dekat dengan matahari mempunyai permukaan yang paling panas The further a planet is from the Sun, the colder is the surface of the planet. Planet yang paling jauh dari matahari mempunyai perrmukaan yang paling sejuk. Do not have enough air and water. Tidak mempunyai air dan udara yang mencukupi Much nearer :

Lebih dekat The temperature on Earth rise. Suhu di bumi akan meningkat Water on Earth would evaporate. Air di bumi akan tersejat No water and the temperature be very hot. Tiada air, suhu akan jadi lebih panas. Much further : Lebih jauh The temperature on Earth would drop. Suhu di bumi akan menurun Water would freeze into ice. Air akan membeku menjadi ais. All living things would die. Semua benda hidup akan mati.

Earth is the third planet from the Sun, it receives enough light and heat from the Sun. Bumi adalah planet ketuga dari matahari, ia menerima cahaya dan haba secukupnya It is not too hot or too cold. Ia tidak terlalu sejuk atau panas. The atmosphere of the Earth contains air and there is water on Earth.

Atmosfera bumi mengandungi udara dan air di bumi 1.3 Appreciating the perfect placement of the planet Earth in the Solar System Menghargai kedudukan yang sempurna planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM SISTEM SOLAR KITA

MERCURY MAKAN MY VERY EASY METHOD JUST STOP USING NINE PLANET

VENUS VITAMIN EARTH E MARS MULUT JUPITER JADI SATURN SENGET URANUS URAT NEPTUNE NAK PLUTO PUTUS

The nine planets from the sun. Sembilan Planet daripada Matahari.

kereta03

Investigating

TECHNOLOGY

MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 4

Development Of Technology Pembangunan teknologi

Examples Contoh

Technology Teknologi 1.2 Understanding the development of technology Memahami pembangunan teknologi Agriculture Pertanian e.g;

hoe plough tractor combine harvester

Lubang bajak traktor mesin penuai

Transportation Pengangkutan

Land/ Darat Animal bicycle car train

Haiwan basikal kereta kereta api

Air/Udara

Hot air balloon airship glider aeroplane

Belon panas kapal udara glider kapal terbang

Water/Air Canoe raft sampan ferry ship

Kenu rakit sampan feri kapal Construction Pembinaan

Cave hut wooden house apartment

Gua pondok rumah kayu rumah pangsa

Communication Komunikasi

Drawing carrier pigeon telephone

Lukisan pembawa utusan telefon

Importance of technology in everyday life Kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian

Examples of human limitations are Contoh had keupayaan manusia

Unable to see fine objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang kecil

Unable to speak very loud Tidak boleh bercakap dengan kuat

Unable to walk for long distances Tidak boleh berjalan jauh

Unable to see far away objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang jauh

Microscope Mikroskop

- The usage of lens to see fine features of objects and microbes Penggunaan kanta untuk melihat benda dan mikrob yang halus

Microphone

Mikrofon -To increase the voice volume Untuk meninggikan suara

Telephone Telefon -To communicate from long distance Untuk berkomunikasi dari jarak yang jauh

Bicycle, motorcycle, airplanes Basikal,motosikal , kapal terbang

-Can travel long distance in a shorter time Boleh pergi ke tempat jauh dalam masa yang singkat

Telescope, binoculars Teleskop, binocular

-To see far away objects Untuk melihat objek yang jauh Limitation of human ability Had keupayaan manusia Devices to overcome human limitations Alat mengatasi had keupayaan manusia 1.1 Understanding the importance of technology in everyday life Memahami kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian

Problems encounter in our daily life Masalah yang dihadapi dalam kehidupan sehari Ideas to solve the problems identified Idea untuk menyelesaikan masalah dikenal pasti Technology to solve problems Teknologi menyelesaikan masalah Cannot move and lift heavy things Tidak boleh beregerak dan angkat benda berat

Cannot move Tidak boleh bergerak jauh

Sketch the model Lakar model

Brain storming Mencari idea

Wheel barrow Kereta sorong

1.3 Synthesising how technology can be used to solve problem Sintesis bagaimana teknologi boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah

Device to solve the problem identified. Alat untuk menyelesaikan masalah dikenalpasti

Lever Tuas

Demonstrate that the device invented can be used to solve the problem identified Demontrasi bahawa alat yang dicipta boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah yang dikenal pasti

Wheel barrow easily

can move heavy things

Kereta sorong-boleh mengangkat benda berat dengan senang

Pulley Takal

can lift anything boleh mengangkat apa sahaja

Advantages of Technology Kelebihan teknologi Disadvantages of Technology Kelemahan teknologi Communication Komunikasi Enable human to learn more about things happening around the world Membolehkan manusia mengetahui benda yang berlaku di seluruh dunia

Transportation Pengangkutan Enable human to travel to far away places in a shorter time Membolehkan manusia pergi ke tempat yang jauh dalam masa yang singkat

Agriculture Pertanian Machines make it easier to plant and harvest the crops Mesin memudahkan untuk menanam dan menuai

Construction Pembinaan Roads, highways, bridges and Buildings are easier and faster to build

Memudahkan pembinaan jalan, lebuh raya, jambatan dan bangunan Environmental pollution from increase in waste materials Pencemaran alam daripada penambahan sisa buangan

Environmental destruction results from excessive usage of natural resources Kemusnahan alam kesan daripada penggunaan sumber semulajadi yang berleluasa

Social problem Masalah sosial

Bad effects on health result from environmental pollution and excessive use of chemicals Kesan buruk kepada kesihatan kesan daripada pencemaran sekitar dan penggunaan bahan kimia secara berleluasa 1.4 Analysing that technology can benefit mankind if used wisely Menganalisa bahawa teknologi memberi manfaat jika digunakan secara bijaksana

Go to Go to Go to Go to Go to Go to Go to car

fullsize fullsize fullsize fullsize fullsize fullsize fullsize

image image image image image image image

HUMAN LIMITATIONS AND WAYS TO OVERCOME KETIDAKUPAYAAN MANUSIA DAN CARA MENGATASINYA

Can we save the data? Boleh tak kita simpan data ini? We can.t fly. Kami tak boleh terbang. I can.t walk, anymore. Saya tak boleh berjalan lagi. I can.t contact you. Saya tak dapat menghubungi awak

HOW TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM? Bagaimana menyelesaikannya ?

Use the phone Use the car Use the aeroplane Use the computer Guna telefon Guna kereta Guna kapal terbang Guna komputer

GIRAFFS

Investigating

LIVING THINGS

MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 5

1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things. Memahami mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup. Virus Virus Cannot be seen with The naked eyes Tidak boleh dilihat dengan mata kasar Grow Membesar Move Bergerak Breathe Bernafas Characteristics Ciri.Ciri Rotten oranges limau busuk Mouldy rice Nasi berkulat microganism Mikroorganisma Bakteria Fungi Kulat Protozoa Mengepam air,Cause the dough to rise Menyebabkan adunan tepung menaik.

Halus

1.2 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful. Memahami beberapa mikroorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna. Some Organisms Are Harmful And Some Are Useful Beberapa mikoorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna

Useful berguna Harmful Berbahaya Disease Penyakit Cough batuk Conjunctivitis Sakit mata

Washing hands Membasuh tangan Drinking boiled water Minum air yang dimasak -In making food buat makanan (bread/tapai/tempe/yogurt) ( roti,tapai,tempe, yogurt )

-In making fertilizer buat baja -In making medicine buat ubat Covering mouth & nose when coughing & sneezing Menutup mulut dan hidung apabila batuk dan bersin cause Menyebabkan

Penyakit Sumbersumber TenagaFood Poisoning Keracunan makanan

Tooth Decay Gigi mereput ach upset Sakit perut Tooth decay Gigi mereput Prevention Cara mencegah PPaakkssiiFood to go bad

Makanan basi

Examples of animals that take care of their eggs and young. Contoh haiwan yang menjaga telur dan anak. HOW ANIMALS TAKE CARE OF THEIR EGGS AND YOUNG. Bagaimana haiwan menjaga telur dan anak mereka . Why animals take care of their eggs and young? Mengapa haiwan melindungi telur dan anaknya? Bird Burung Frog Katak have eggs with shell . Telur disaluti oleh cangkerang have thick and shiny eggs l Telur tebal,berlendir

Spider - kept their in a bag underneath thier bodies. Labah-labah badan Fish - keep their young in their mouths Ikan - Memasukkan anaknya ke dalam mulut Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect their eggs Ular,harimau menyerang untuk menyelamatkan telur Turtle - hide their eggs Penyu Menyembunyikan telurnya simpan dalam beg di bawah

Kangaroo - carry their young in their

pouches Kanggaru kantung Membawa anaknya di dalam

Elephant - stay in herds Gajah - Tinggal dalam kumpulan

bird, spider, fish,snake, burung,labah-labah,ikan,ular turtle, kangaroo, elephant penyu,kanggaru,gajah

2.1 Understanding that different animals have their own ways to ensure the survi val of their species.

Memahami bahawa haiwan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya.

KiambangShortage of food resources Sumber makanan berkurangan Animal and plant species may face extinction. Spesis haiwan dan tumbuhan akan mengalami kepupusan. Kepentingan

Survival of Animal

Species

Kemandirian Spesis Haiwan To ensure the survival of their species Memastikan kemandirian spesisnya.

Survival of Plant Species Kemandirian spesies tumbuhanMicroo Water Air Explosive mechanism Mekanisme letupan Wind Angin Animal haiwan Light / Ringan Air Space in the fruits Ruang udara di dalam buah - Not water absorbent Air tidak boleh diserap Light / Ringan Small in size / saiz kecil Winged /

berkepakCan Dry when ripe Kering apabila masak Explodes when matured Meletup apabila matang . Brightly coloured Warna yang terang . Edible Boleh dimakan . Have pleasents . mells berbau . Have hooks bercangkuk Coconut kelapa Water Lily

Shorea Angsana Lalang Rubber fruit

buah getah Balsam fruit keembong okra kacang bendi

Rambutan Mango mangga Love grass kemuncup Mimosa duri semalu Agents of dispersal Agen Pencaran Special characteristic Ciri-ciri istimewa Examples Contoh

2.2 Understanding that different plants have their own ways to ensure the surviv al

of their species.

Memahami bahawa tumbuhan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya.

kam Food Chain Rantai Makanan Animals and the food they eat Haiwan dan makanannya Classify animals Pengkelasan haiwan Producer Pengeluar Consumer Pengguna Construct by a food chain Membina rantai makanan Green plant obtain energy from the sun to make food. Green Plant are producers

Tumbuhan hijau Memerlukan tenaga daripada Matahari untuk membuat makanan. Tumbuhan adalah pengeluar Herbivore : Animals that eat plants

only. e.g.: cow, goat, deer Herbivor Haiwan makan tumbuhan sahaja Cth: lembu,kambing,rusa Carnivore: Animals that eat other animals. e.g.: tiger, lion Karnivor Haiwan yang makan haiwan lain Cth : harimau,singa Omnivore: Animals that eat plants and other animals e.g. chicken,cat Omnivor Haiwan makan tumbuhan dan haiwan lain. Cth; ayam,kucing The food relationship among living things can be shown by a food chain.

Hubungan antara makanan dan benda hidup ditunjukkan melalui

rantai makanan All living things need food to survive.Green plant can make their own food. However animals cannot make their own make their own food.

Semua benda hidup perlu makanan untuk hidup. Tumbuhan hijau boleh membuat makanan sendiri.

3.1 Understanding food chains. Memahami rantai makanan. Animals that eat plants or other animals are called consumers.

Haiwan yang makan tumbuhan atau haiwan lain dipanggil pengguna. chain It must start with plant as a producer.

Untuk membina rantai makanan ia bermula daripada tumbuhan sebagai pengeluar. eaten by. Dalam rantai makanan anak panah bermaksud dimakan oleh

snake ular Synthesizing food chains to construct food webs Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan

Food web Siratan makanan What will happen If there is a change in population of a certain species in a food web? Apa akan berlaku jika terdapat perubahan spesies dalam siratan makanan?Bacteria Food web of different habitats Siratan makanan daripada berlainan habitat. What will happen if thry animals if they eat only one type of food?

Apa akan berlaku kepada haiwan yang hanya makan satu jenis makanan sahaja? Protozoa A change in the population of a certain species will effect the population of other species

Perubahan populasi beberapa haiwan memberi kesan kepada

populasi haiwan lain. They will face difficulty to survive if the source of food runs out

Mereka akan mengalami kesukaran jika sumber makanan kehabisan. 3.2 Synthesizing food chains to construct food web. Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan.

Paddy field Sawah padi paddy plants tanaman padi caterpillar ulat beluncas birds burung eagles helang snakes ular mouse tikus grasshoppers belalang frogs katak

Garden Taman spinach bayam grasshopper belalang frog katak bird burung caterpillar ulat beluncas eagle helang snail siput

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Microorganism

Mikroorganisma

One day, while reading a book, Ali comes across one word. The word is microorganisms . He doesn.t understand what it is and he ask his mother immediately. (Suatu hari, semasa Ali sedang membaca buku, dia ternampak satu perkataan. Perkataan itu ialah mikroorganisma . Dia tidak faham dan terus bertanya kepada ibunya.)

Ali : Mother, what is a microorganism? ( Ibu, apa itu mikro organisma? )

Mother : Microorganisms are tiny living things that can only be seen through a microscope. There are four types of microorganisms. (Mikro organisma adalah benda hidup yang sangat halus dan hanya boleh dilihat melalui mikroskop. Terdapat empat jenis mikro organisma.)

Ali : What are they? ( Apa itu? )

Mother : Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi and Virus. (Bakteria, Protozoa, Fungus dan Virus.)

Ali : What is that picture, mother? ( Gambar apa tu, ibu? )

Mother : It is bacteria. It exists in different shapes, sizes and colours. ( Itu ialah bakteria. Ia wujud dalam berlainan bentu, saiz dan warna. )

Ali : That picture is ( Gambar itu )

Mother : It is protozoa. It is found mainly in ponds, lakes and rivers. ( Itu ialah Protozoa. Kebanyakkan daripadanya dijumpai di kolam, tasik dan sungai. )

Ali : That must be fungi. Isn.t it,mother? ( Itu pasti fungus. Betul tak, ibu? )

Mother : Yes, it is. I know you have seen it many times on mouldy bread, rotten food and trees. ( Ya. Ibu tahu kamu selalu lihatnya di atas roti yang berkulat, buah yang busuk dan pokok-pokok..)

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Mother : It is a virus. Virus is the tiniest microorganism. ( Itu ialah virus. Virus ialah mikro organisma yang paling halus. )

Ali : Wow, that.s interesting. Tell me more, mother. ( Wow, menariknya. Ceritalah lagi ibu. )

Mother : Okay. Yeast is an example of microorganisms. Since a microorganism is a living things, it can breathe, grow and move. ( Okay. Yis ialah satu contoh mikro organisma. Memandangkan mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup, ia boleh bernafas, membesar dan bergerak.)

Ali : Thank you, mother. ( Terima kasih, ibu .)

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USEFULNESS KEBAIKAN

Making yogurt Membuat yogurt

Making cheese Membuat keju

Producing antibiotics Menghasilkan antibiotic Making fertilizer Membuat baja

THE USEFUL AND THE HARMFUL OF MICROORGANISMS KEBAIKAN DAN KEBURUKAN MIKROORGANISMA

HARMFUL EFFECTS Keburukan Chicken pox Demam Campak Conjunctivitis Sakit mata Measles

Demam Cacar

Food poisoning Keracunan makanan Mumps Beguk Flu Selesema Tooth decay Kerosakan gigi

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ANIMAL SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN HAIWAN

Bird Burung

Frog Katak

Penguin Penguin

We take care of our eggs Kami menjaga telur kami

Snake Ular

Sea horse Kuda laut

Crocodile Buaya

Cockroach Lipas

Kangaroo Kanggaru

Dolphin Ikan lumba-lumba

Elephant Gajah

Bat Kelawar

Cow Lembu

We take care of our youngs Kami menjaga anak kami

Tiger Harimau

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AGENT AGEN EXAMPLE CONTOH CHARACTERISTICS CIRI-CIRI

Lotus Teratai

Coconut Kelapa

Pong-pong Pong-pong

We are dispersed by water because we are light, covered with a waxy skin, waterproof, have air spaces and have spongy receptacles.

Kami dipencarkan melalui air kerana kami ringan, diselaputi dengan kulit yang berlilin, kalis air dan mempunyai rongga yang berspan.

Shorea Meranti

Lallang Lallang

Angsana Angsana

Cotton Kapas

We are dispersed by wind because we are small, light, dry, have wing-like structure, have hairs and fine hairs. Therefore we are easily carried by wind.

Kami dipencarkan melalui angin kerana kami kecil, ringan, kering, mempunyai struktur seperti sayap, ada bulu yang halus. Sebab itu kami senang dibawa oleh angin.

WATER AIR WIND ANGIN

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Mango Mangga

Watermelon Tembikai

Mimosa Semalu

Lovegrass Kemucup

We dispersed by animal because we have brightly colour, fleshy, edible and have smells. Our seed is also hard.

Kami dipencarkan oleh haiwan kerana kami mempunyai warna yang terang, berisi, boleh dimakan dan mempunyai bau. Biji benih kami juga keras.

We are also dispersed by animal because have hooks that can be attached to animals.

Kami juga dipencarkan oelah haiwan kerana kami mempunyai cangkuk yang boleh melekat kepada haiwan

Flame of forest Semarak api

Balsam Keembung

Okra Bendi

Rubber seed Biji getah

We dispersed by explosive mechanism because we dry up when we ripe and burst to push the seeds out from the fruits.

Kami dipencarkan melalui mekanisma letupan kerana buah kami menjadi kering apabila masak ranum dan seterusnya meletup dan biji benih kami terpelanting keluar.

ANIMAL HAIWAN

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bottom bawah trees pokok sun matahari grass rumput chain rantai

Plants such as grass and trees are at the bottom of the food chain. Plants get t heir energy from the sun. Tumbuhan seperti rumput dan pokok adalah di bahagian bawah rantai makanan. Tumbu han mendapat tenaga daripada matahari.

deer rusa herbivores herbivor rabbits arnab carnivores karnivor

Animals such as deer and rabbits get their energy by eating plants. They are cal led herbivores, which means 'plant eaters.' There are more herbivores on our planet than carnivores, which are animals that eat meat. Haiwan seperti rusa dan arnab mendapat tenaga dengan memakan tumbuh-tumbuhan. Me reka dikenali sebagai herbivor, yang bermaksud makan tumbuhan.. Terdapat banyak herbivor daripa da karnivor iaitu haiwan yang makan daging di planet kita

predators pemangsa hunt memburu prey mangsa top atas lions singa

Predators such as wolves and lions are at the top of the food chain. Predators a re animals that hunt other animals. The animals that they hunt are called prey. Some animal

s are both predator and prey. Pemangsa seperti serigala dan singa adalah di bahagian atas rantai makanan. Pema ngsa adalah haiwan yang memburu haiwan lain. Haiwan yang diburu dikenali sebagai mangsa. Ses etengah haiwan adalah kedua-duanya; pemangsa dan mangsa.

connected berhubung energy tenaga web jaringan more lebih

Most animals belong to more than one food chain, which means many food chains ar e connected together. Many food chains together form a food web. The food web show s how the sun's energy moves to plants and from plants to animals . Kebanyakan haiwan mempunyai lebih daripada satu rantai makanan, iaitu banyak ran tai makanan dihubung bersama. Rantai makanan berhubung bersama membentuk jaringan makanan. J aringan makanan menunjukkan bagaimana matahari memindahkan tenaganya kepada tumbuhan dan seterusnya daripada tumbuhan kepada haiwan.

pk022

Investigating FORCE AND ENERGY

MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 5

1.1 Understanding the uses of energy Menyedari kegunaan tenaga

ENERGY TENAGA

Importance INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY Menyiasat Daya dan TenagaTo construct food The Uses of Energy Kegunaan Tenaga Why energy is needed? Mengapa tenaga diperlukan - for living things to carry out life processes. Ex : moving, breathing, growing - bergerak,bernafas membesarIllness The Sources of Energy -main source of energy sumber utama tenaga - produces light and heat menghasilkan cahaya dan haba

-food contains stored energy -mengadungi tenaga tersimpan Sun Matahari - Moving air Udara bergerak - Used to pump water - to move, to boil, to melt, or to bounce non-living things - menggerakkan ,didih,cair atau melantun benda bukan hidup -wood, coal, petroleum, natural gas -Kayu,arang batu, petrol,gas asli - moving or falling water produces energy -Air yang bergerak menghasilkan tenaga Food makanan Wind Angin

Fuel Bahan api Batteries Bateri Water air - Device that generated electrical energy from chemical energy -Alat yang menghasilkan tenaga elektrik daripada tenaga kimia

Energy can be transformed from one form to another Tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk kepada bentuk lain.

Form of energy Bentuk Tenaga Sound energy Tenaga bunyi Heat energy Tenaga Haba Electrical energy Tenaga Elektrik Kinetic energy Tenaga Kinetik Potential energy Tenaga Keupayaan

Energy can be transformed Tenaga boleh diubahkan a) lighting a candle/Nyalaan lilin Chemical energy heat energy + light energy Tenaga kimia Tenaga haba + Tenaga Cahaya b) Kicking a ball / Menendang bola Chemical energy kinetic energy heat energy Tenaga kimia Tenaga Kinetik Tenaga haba

Example of appliance that make use of energy transformation. Contoh alatan yang menggunakan perubahan tenaga

a) Electric iron / Seterika elektrik

Electrical energy heat energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga haba b) Radio Electrical energy sound energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi c) Television Electrical energy sound energy + light energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi + tenaga cahaya 1.2 Understanding that energy can be transformed from one form to another Memahami bahawa tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk ke bentuk yang lain Light energy Tenaga Cahaya Chemical energy Tenaga Kimia

Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan tidak boleh diperbaharui Renewable energy Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui

Energy that cannot be replaced Tenaga yang tidak boleh diganti Resources solar, wind ,biomass fuel,water Sumber- Matahari, angin,minyak,air, biomass

Non-renewable energy Tenaga yang tidak boleh diperbaharui Energy that be replenished when it is used up Tenaga yang boleh diganti

Resources -natural

gas,petroleum,coal Sumber gas asli,

petroleum, arang.

Use energy wisely Gunakan tenaga dengan bijak

How to save energy Bagaimana menjimatkan tenaga

Some energy resources cannot be replenished when used up.

Sesetengah sumber tenaga tidak boleh diganti bila habis Save cost Menjimatkan kos

Avoid wastage Mengelakkan pembaziran

Reduce pollution Mengurangkan pencemaran.

Turn off the television when no one is watching it. Tutup TV jika tidak menonton.

Switch off the lights if not in use. Tutup lampu jika tidak mengunakannya.

1.3 Understanding renewable and non renewable energy Memahami tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan tidak boleh diperbaharui

solar1

Sources Sumber Dry cell Sel Kering Accumulator Sel Basah Dynamo Dinamo Solar cell Tenaga Solar 2.1 Knowing the sources of electricity Mengetahui sumber elektrik

Type of circuit Jenis litar Name Nama Symbol Simbol Dry cell Sel Kering Connecting wire Wayar penyambung Switch / Suis Bulb / Mentol Symbol and component Simbol dan komponen

Parallel circuit litar selari Series circuit litar bersiri Differences Perbezaan The bulb in the parallel circuit is brighter then the bulb in the series circuit Mentol dalam litar selari lebih terang daripada mentol dalam litar bersiri 2.2 Understanding a series circuit and a parallel circuit Memahami litar bersiri dan litar selari

budak Precautions Langkah keselamatan

Danger of mishandling electrical appliances Bahaya kecuaian mengendali peralatan elektrik Fire Api Burn Bakar Electric shock Kejutan elektrik Electrocution Renjatan elektrik Safety precautions to be taken when using appliances Langkah-langkah keselamatan ketika mengunakan peralatan Do not touch electrical appliances with wet hand Jangan sentuh alatan elektrik dengan tangan basah Do not repair electrical appliances on your own Jangan baiki alatan elektrik jika tidak tahu. 2.3 Understanding the safety precautions to be taken when handling electrical

appliances Memahami langkah pencegahan yang perlu diambil semasa menggunakan peralatan elektrik

lighthouse ray ray2

3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line Memahami bahawa cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus Light Cahaya Travels in straight line Cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus search light from helicopter cahaya dari helikopter pencari prove bukti the beam of light from motorcycle alur cahaya dari motosikal the beam of light from lighthouse alur cahaya dari rumah api the ray of Sun,passing through a hole in the roof alur cahaya Matahari melalui lubang atap rumah How shadow is formed Bagaimana bayang-bayang terbentuk

When light is completely or partially blocked by an opaque object Bila cahaya disekat sepenuhnya atau separuh oleh objek legap Shadow form Objek terbentuk

Opaque object Objek legap

Light Cahaya

Light Cahaya Can be reflected Boleh dipantulkan How ? Bagaimana? Uses of reflection Kegunaan pantulan Side mirror of a car Cermin sisi kereta Periscope Kaleidoscope The light that falls on objects bounces off. the objects and comes to your eyes Cahaya yang jatuh ke atas objek melantunkannya ke dalam mata mirror/ cermin 3.2 Understanding that light can be reflected Memahami cahaya boleh dipantulkan

Heat haba Gain bertambah Loss berkurang Cooler Sejuk Warmer panas How to measure temperature using the correct technique Bagaimana untuk mengukur suhu menggunakan cara yang betul The effects of heat on matter Kesan haba ke atas bahan Matter expands when heated Bahan mengembang bila dipanaskan Matter contract when cooled Bahan mengecut bila sejuk 4.1 Understanding that temperature as an indicator of degree of hotness. Memahami bahawa suhu adalah penunjuk darjah kepanasan thermometer termometer

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SOURCES OF ENERGY PUNCA-PUNCA TENAGA

SUN WIND DRY CELL FUELS FOOD Matahari Angin Sel kering Bahan bakar Makanan

FORMS OF ENERGY BENTUK-BENTUK TENAGA

Chemical energy light energy + heat energy Tenaga kimia tenaga cahaya tenaga haba

Electrical energy light energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga cahaya

Electrical energy heat energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga haba

Electrical energy sound energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga bunyi

Electrical energy kinetic energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga kinetik

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SOURCES OF ELECTRICITY PUNCA-PUNCA ELEKTRIK

DRY CELL ACCUMULATOR DYNAMO SOLAR CELL HYDROELECTRIC SERIES CIRCUIT LITAR SESIRI PARALLEL CIRCUIT

LITAR SELARI Sel kering Sel Basah Dinamo Sel solar Hidroelekrik

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LIGHT CAHAYA

( Song : This old man)

Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya Light travels Cahaya boleh gerak Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus Therefore it can form a shadow Ia membentuk bayang

Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya Light reflects Cahaya boleh pantul Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan Can see image in mirror Boleh lihat di cermin

Campuran1

Investigating

MATERIAL

MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 5

Solid Pepejal Liquid Cecair

gas has mass mempunyai berat Properties of solid Sifat-sifat pepejal

Properties of liquid Sifat sifat cecair Properties of gas Sifat-sifat gas fixed volume isipadu tetap

fixed shape bentuk tetap has mass mempunyai berat Examples Contoh Water

Air Milk Susu Air Udara no permanent shape bentuk tidak tetap fixed volume isipadu tetap

Steam wap

Wood Kayu Stone batuStom No fixed shape Tidak mempunyai bentuk tetap has mass mempunyai berat Tiny No fixed volume Isipadu tidak tetap can be compressed

boleh dimampatkan

1.1 Matter exist in the form of solid, liquid or gas Bahan wujud dalam bentuk pepejal,cecair atau gas

Matter Bahan

CHANGING STATES OF WATER Perubahan Bentuk Air gas liquid

gas - cecair liquid gas

cecair - gas liquid gas

Cecair - gas Melting Peleburan Boiling Pendidihan Condensation Kondensasi Freezing Pembekuan

1.2 Understanding that matter can change from one state to another Memahami bahawa benda boleh berubah bentuk dari satu ke bentuk yang lain

solid

liquid

Pepejal - cecair

Evaporation Penyejatan

eva3

The water cycle. Kitaran air Circulation of water in the environment. Kitaran air dalam persekitaran Formation of clouds and rain. Pembentukan awan dan hujan Importance of water Kepentingan air. Changes in the states of matter in the water cycle Perubahan bentuk bahan dalam kitaran air

Liquid to gas (evaporation) Cecair kepada gas ( Penyejatan )

Evaporation Penyejatan

Condensation Kondensasi

Gas . liquid (Condensation) Gas Cecair ( Kondensasi ) 1.3 Understanding the water cycle

Memahami kitaran air

Droplets of water will become bigger and heavier . rain Titisan air menjadi besar dan berat hujan

Importance of water resources. Kepentingan sumber air

To prevent aquatic lives from being destroyed and undergoing extinction Untuk mengelakkan hidupan air musnah dan mengalami kepupusan

Reasons to keep our water resources clean. Sebab untuk mengekalkan sumber air yang bersih To ensure the cleanliness of water supply Memastikan air yang bersih dibekalkan

To regulate the formation of clouds and rain Untuk mengekalkan pembentukan awan dan hujan

To avoid infections diseases Mengelakkan penyakit berjangkit

Ways to keep our water resources clean Cara mengekalkan sumber air bersih Keep the rivers clean Jadikan sungai besih Cleanliness campaign Kempen kebersihan 1.4 Appreciating the importance of water resources Menghargai kepentingan sumber air

The properties of acid, alkaline and neutral substances. Ciri-ciri asid , alkali dan bahan nutral Identify the taste of acidic and alkaline food. Mengenal pasti rasa makanan yang berasid dan berakali Identify acidic, alkaline and neutral substances using litmus paper. Mengenal pasti keasidan,alkali dan nutral bahan menggunakan kertas litmus

Conclution about the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances. Kesimpulan ciri-ciri bahan asid, alkali dan neutral . Changes in colour of litmus papers Menukarkan warna kertas litmus

blue to red biru ke merah red to blue merah ke biru no change tidak berubah Bitter Pahit Sour masam

Properties of alkaline substance Ciri-ciri alkali Properties of acidic substance Ciri-ciri asid Properties of neutral substances Ciri-ciri bahan neutral

Taste bitter & change red litmus paper to blue Rasa pahit dan menukarkan Kertas litmus merah kepada biru No changes in litmus paper Tidak menukarkan warna kertas litmus

Acid asid Alkaline alkali neutral neutral 2.1 Understanding the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances Memahami sifat asid, alkali dan bahan neutral

SkorpioTaste sour & change blue litmus paper red Rasa masam dan menukarkan

kertas litmus merah

Go Go Go Go Go

to to to to to

fullsize fullsize fullsize fullsize fullsize

image image image image image

STATE OF MATTER KEADAAN BAHAN

Abu wants like to drink some cold water. He needs some ice cubes. He put some water in the freezer. Freezing turns liquid to solid.

Abu ingin minum air sejuk. Dia perlukan ais batu. Dia masukkan air ke dalam peti sejuk. Proses pembekuan menukarkan cecair kepada pepejal.

Solid Liquid

Ali is eating an ice cream. After a while, the ice cream melts. The melting process changes solid to liquid.

Ali sedang makan ais krim. Selepas beberapa ketika, ais krim itu menjadi cair. Proses pencairan menukarkan pepejal kepada cecair.

Ah Seng forgot to drink his iced lemon tea because his mother asked him to go to the shop. When he came back, he saw many water droplets on the glass. Condensation turned gas to liquid.

Ah Seng terlupa untuk minum airnya kerana ibunya menyuruhnya ke kedai. Setelah pulan, dia dapati banyak titisan air di luar gelas. Kondensasi menukarkan gas kepada cecair.

Upin.s mother wants to boil some water. She knows that the water is boiling because it produces steam or water vapour. Boiling changes liquid to gas.

Ibu Upin ingin menjerang air. Dia tahu bahawa air itu sudah mendidih kerana terhasilnya wap air atau stim. Pendidihan menukarkan cecair kepada gas.

Ipin.s mother hangs clothes on the cloth line. After a while, the cloth dries. This is because the evaporation process occurs. Evaporation turns liquid to gas.

Ibu Upin menjemur kain di ampaian.Setelah bebepa jam ,kain itu kering.Proses penyejatan berlaku. Penyejatan menukarkan cecair kepada gas.

ag00180_ sun_shine_md_clr ag00435_ ag00434_

I am a droplet of water. Saya setitis air

Ouch! Where I am. Wow! It is big. Opss! Mmm , this is a sea my new place. I came from a river.

cold and fresh. Where am I? Oh, I see

Ouch! Di mana saya. Wow! Besarnya. Opss! Mmm sejuk dan segar. Di mana saya? Oh, sa ya tahu, saya di laut tempat baru untuk saya. Saya datang dari sungai.

Arghh! Hot, very hot Oh no! I.m moving up. What is happening??? It is very hot. Th e sun makes me very hot. It evaporates me to the sky. Evaporation change me as a water vapour.

Arghh! Panasnya, sangat panas Tidak! Saya sedang bergerak ke atas. Apa dah jadi n ih??? Sangat panas. Matahari membuatkan saya panas. Ia menyejat saya ke langit. Penyejatan menukarka n saya menjadi wap air.

Oh no! I.m shivering. It cold now. The condensation process turn me into water d roplet. Wow! There are many droplets like me. Hey! Lets join together. Lets form cloud. Ahh it is better now.

Oh no! Saya sedang menggigil. Ia sejuk sekarang. Proses kondensasi menukar saya menjadi titisan air. Wow! Banyaknya tiisan air macam saya. Hey! Jom bergabung. Jom bentuk awan. Ahh leganya dah jadi awan.

Opss! I.m heavy now. Let me out. Ahh! I.m out now as rain. Ouch! I fall down int o the river again. My home sweet home. Yea!

Opss! Saya semakin berat sekarang. Saya nak keluar. Ahh! Saya dah keluar sebagai hujan sekarang. Ouch! Saya jatuh kembali kedalam sungai. Rumah saya yang dirindui. Yea!

Fill in the missing letters. Lengkapkan perkataan dengan huruf yang betul.

E _ a _ _ _ a _ _ _ n C _ _ d _ _s _ _ i o _ S __ _ R _ v _ _ C _ _ _ _

Astro06

Investigating

THE EARTH & UNIVERSE

MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 5

Indicates Seasons Menunjukkan musim A group of stars that form a certain pattern in the sky Gugusan bintang-bintang di langit yang membentuk corak tertentu Importance of Constellation Kepentingan buruj Identify Constellation Kenal pasti buruj What constellation is ? Apa itu buruj ? Constellation Buruj Big dipper Biduk Scorpion Orion Belantik Southern Cross Pari North Utara North Utara South

Selatan April June Kite or Cross Layang-layang atau Palang Scorpion Kala jengking Hunter Pemburu Water dipper Gayung

South Selatan December - February June - August Planting Musim menanam Harvesting Musim menuai Desert Padang pasir Sea Laut

1.1 Understanding the constellation

Memahami buruj Show Directions

Menunjukkan arah

The movements of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Pergerakan Bumi,Bulan dan Matahari

Earth rotates on its axis Bumi berputar pada paksinya

The Earth rotates and at the same time moves around the sun Bumi berputar dan pada masa yang sama bergerak mengelilingi matahari

Moon rotates on its axis Bulan berputar pada paksinya The Moon rotates and at the same time moves around the Earth Bulan berputar dan pada masa yang sama

beredar mengeliligi Matahari The Moon and the Earth move round the Sun at the same time Bulan dan Bumi bergerak mengeliligi Matahari pada masa yang sama

The earth rotates on its axis from west to east Bumi berputar pada Paksinya dari barat ke timur

Cause the changes in length and position of the shadow throughout the day Perubahan panjang dan kedudukan bayang-bayang sepanjang hari 2.1 Understanding the movement of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami pergerakan Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari

The occurrence of day and night Kejadian siang dan malam

It is day time for the part of the Earth facing the Sun. Pada waktu siang sebahagian Bumi menghadap Matahari

It is night time for the part of the Earth not facing the sun Pada waktu malam sebahagian Bumi tidak menghadap matahari

Day and night occur due to the rotation of the Earth on its axis. Kejadian siang dan malam berlaku kerana putaran Bumi pada paksinya.

the Sun Matahari

NNiigghhtt--ttiimmee WWaakkttuu mmaallaamm DDaayyttiimmee WWaakkttuu ssiiaanngg

AAxxiiss

WWeesstt EEaasstt TTiimmuurr

2.2 Understanding the occurrence of day and night Memahami kejadian siang dan malam

the Earth Bumi

Phases Of The Moon Fasa-fasa Bulan The Moon Does Not Emit Light Bulan tidak mengeluarkan cahaya

The Moon appears bright when it reflects sunlight Bulan jadi terang akibat pantulan cahaya matahari.

Describe the phases of the moon Menerangkan fasa-fasa bulan

1-New moon, 3- New half moon, 5- Full moon 1- Anak Bulan 3 - Bulan separa baru 5. Bulan penuh

7- Old half moon Bulan separa lama

2.3 Understanding the phases of tne Moon Memahami fasa bulan

TUNNTERM

Investigating

TECHNOLOGY

MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 5

The shape of objects Bentuk-bentuk benda Identify shape in structure Mengenal pasti bentuk di dalam struktur Cuboid Kuboid Cube Kiub Cylinder Silinder Sphere Sfera Cone Kon Pyramid Piramid Sphere sfera Cylinder Silinder 1.1 Knowing the shapes of objects in structures. Mengetahui bentuk objek di dalam struktur

Strength and Stability Kekuatan dan KestabilanIn a food chainthe arrow means Shapes of objects that are stable Bentuk benda yang stabil The factors that affect stability of objects Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan kestabilan objek The factors that affect the strength of a structure Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan

Cube, cone, cylinder Kiub.kon,silinder Height , base area Ketinggian , luas tapak Bigger base area more stable Semakin luas tapak bertambah kestabilan Smaller base area less stable Semakin kecil luas tapak kurang kestabilan Lower object more stable Semakin rendah objek bertambah kestabilan Higher object less stable Tinggi objek kurang kestabilan 1.2 Understanding the strength and stability of a structure. Memahami kekuatan dan kestabilan struktur. Types of materials used Steel, iron, wood Jenis bahan yang digunakan

Keluli, besi, kayu

ELEPHNTS

Investigating

LIVING THINGS

MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 6

eagle eli Group Berkumpulan Solitary Bersendirian Ants, lions Semut, singa Tigers, bears Harimau, beruang To avoid competition for food and space Untuk hindari persaingan mendapatkan makanan dan ruang For safety and food Untuk keselamatan dan makanan Group animals and solitary animals Haiwan berkumpulan dan haiwan bersendirian

1.1 Understanding that some animals live in group and others live in solitary. Memahami bahawa sesetengah haiwan hidup berkumpulan dan selebihnya bersendirian . Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup

Compete for Bersaing untuk Among animals Antara haiwan Among plants Antara tumbuhan INTERACTION AMONG LIVING THINGS Interaksi antara benda hidup Competition Persaingan Food Makanan Water Air Mate Pasangan Shelter Tempat perlindungan Space / territory Ruang / kawasan Compete for Bersaing untuk Sunlight Cahaya matahri Water Air Space

Ruang Mineral Mineral Intraspecies Intraspesis Interspecies Interpesis Competition between the same species Persaingan di antara spesis yang sama Competition between the different species Persaingan di antara spesis yang berbeza Type Jenis

1.2 Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things. Memahami bahawa persaingan membentuk interaksi antara benda hidup.

Protecting endangered species Melindungi spesis yang terancam Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup

1.3 Understanding the responbility of human beings in protecting endangered

species. Memahami tanggungjawab manusia untuk melindungi spesis yang terancam. Extinct animals Haiwan pupus Dinosaurs, dodos Dinosour, dodo Endangered animals and plants Haiwan dan tumbuhan yang terancam Orang utan, tiger, Raflesia, pitcher plant Orang utan, harimau, bunga pakma,pokok periuk kera Factors Faktor Illegal or excessive logging Pembalakan haram atau berleluasa Hunting Pemburuan Development Pembangunan Ways to prevent

Cara untuk mencegah Campaign Kempen Educating the public Mendidik orang awam Enforcing law Kuat kuasa undangundang

cemar sampah4

Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup Impact of human activities Kesan daripada aktiviti manusia Destructions of the environment Kemusnahan alam sekitar Erosion Hakisan Landslides Runtuhan Flash floods Banjir kilat Water pollution Pencemaran air Activities Aktiviti Illegal and excessive logging Pembalakan haram dan berleluasa Illegal and excessive hunting Pemburuan haram dan berleluasa Improper management of development Kelemahan pengurusan pembangunan

1.4 Knowing the impact of human activities on environment.

Memaham kesan daripada aktiviti manusia ke atas alam sekitar. Air pollution Pencemaran udara

pk010

Investigating

FORCE AND ENERGY

MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 6

INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA FORCE DAYA Effects Kesan Concept Konsep A push or a pull Tolakan atau tarikan Can move a stationary object Boleh gerakkan objek yang pegun Cannot be seen but the effects can be felt Tidak boleh dilihat tetapi boleh dirasa Changes the shapes of an object Mengubah bentuk objek An object become flatten, stretched, bent, twisted or squashed Objek menjadi kemek, regang, bengkok,berpintal atau penyek Changes the motion of an object Mengubah pergerakan objek Stops a moving object Memberhentikan objek yang bergerak Changes the direction of a moving object Mengubah arah pergerakan objek yang bergerak Makes an object move faster or slower Membuat objek lebih cepat atau perlahan

1.2 Understanding the effect of a force Memahami kesan daya 1.1 Understanding that push and pull are forces Memahami bahawa tolak dan tarik adalah daya

fric fric2 FRICTION GESERAN Effects of friction Kesan geseran Produces heat Hasilkan haba Opposes motion Berlawanan gerakan Causes wear and tear Menyebabkan haus dan koyak Slows down and stops a moving object Memperlahankan dan memberhentikan objek yang bergerak Disadvantages Kekurangan Advantages Kelebihan Factors that affect friction Faktor yang mempengaruhi geseran Condition of the surface Keadaan permukaan Weight of the object Berat objek Ways to reduce friction Cara kurangkan geseran

Use rollers or marbles Guna penggelek atau guli Smoothen surfaces Permukaan licin Use oil, wax, grease, talcum powder, air cushion Guna minyak, pelicin, gris,bedak wangi, pak udara 1.3 Analysing friction Analisa geseran

Movement Pergerakkan Speed Laju Calculation of speed Pengiraan Kelajuan How fast an object moves Berapa laju objek bergerak Formula : Rumus

Seed = Distance Time Laju = Jarak Masa A faster object travels a longer distance in a given time Objek yang lebih laju melalui jarak yang lebih panjang mengikut masa yang diberi A faster object takes a shorter time to travel a given distance Objek yang laju mengambil masa yang singkat untuk melalui jarak yang diberi Units : . km/h km/j . m/s m/s . cm/s

cm/s 2.1 Understanding speed Memahami laju

CIRCUIT

Investigating

MATERIAL

MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 6

FOOD PRESERVATION Pengawetan makanan

Food spoilt Kerosakan makanan Characteristics of spoilt food Ciri-ciri makanan yang rosak The conditions for microorganisms to grow Keadaan untuk mikroorganisma membesar Unpleasant smell Bau tidak menyenangkan Unpleasant taste Rasa tidak menyenangkan Change colour Berubah warna Changed texture Berubah jalinan Mouldy Berkulat Air Udara Water Air Nutrients Zat makanan Suitable temperature Suhu yang sesuai Suitable acidity Keadaan asid yang sesuai

1.1 Understanding spoilt food . Memahami kerosakan makanan

sardin oreo Food Preservation Pengawetan makanan Drying Pengeringan Fish, prawns, cuttlefish, fruits Ikan, udang, sotong, buah Boiling Pemanasan Cooling Pendinginan Vacuum packing Pembukusan vakum Pickling Penjerukan Freezing Penyejukbekuan Bottling/Canning Pembotolan/ pengetinan Pasteurising Pempausteran Salting Pengasinan Smoking Pengasapan Waxing Pelilinan Vegetables, fruits

Sayur, buah Nuts, crackers, powder milk Kacang, biskut, susu tepung Fruits, vegetables Buah, sayur Chicken, meat, prawns, Ayam, daging, udang, Meat, fish, fruits, vegetables Daging, ikan, buah, sayur Milk, juices, ice cream Susu, jus, ais krim Fish, meat, eggs, vegetables, fruits Ikan, daging, telur, sayur, buah Vegetables, fruits Sayur, buah Meat, fish Daging, ikan 1.2 Synthesising the concept of food preservation Mensintesis konsep pengawetan makanan

The importance of preserving food Kepentingan pengawetan makanan 1.3 Realising the importance of preserving food Menyedari kepentingan pengawetan makanan Food Preservation Pengawetan makanan To make last longer Tahan lebih lama To store food easily Makanan lebih mudah disimpan To reduce food wastage Mengurangkan makanan terbuang

Waste Management Pegurusan bahan buangan Plastics, glass, chemical waste, organic waste, metal Plastik, kaca, sisa kimia, sisa organik, logam Homes, factories, agriculture, motor vehicles Rumah, kilang, pertanian, kenderaan bermotor Proper Betul Improper Tidak betul 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Types of waste Jenis bahan buangan Sources of waste Sumber bahan buangan Ways of disposing waste Cara buang bahan buangan Dispose of waste in the right place Buang bahan buangan di tempat yang betul Treat waste before disposing it into the drain Rawat bahan buangan sebelum ia mengalir keluar Bury waste that can decay in soil

Bakar bahan buangan yang boleh reput dalam tanah Reuse of recycle waste Guna semula bahan kitar semula Littering Membuang sampah merata-rata Open burning Pembakaran terbuka Release of waste into the rivers Melepaskan bahan buangan ke dalam sungai Release of smoke into the air Melepaskan asap ke udara

recy Air pollution Pencemaran udara Water pollution Pencemaran air

diseases penyakit Damages our lungs, initiates our eyes Merosakkan paru-paru,merengsa mata. Thypoid, dengue fever demam denggi

Acid rain Hujan asid Flash floods Banjir kilat Can kill plants and erode building Boleh membunuh tumbuhan dan menghakis bangunan Damage property Merosakkan harta benda Can kill fish and water plants Boleh membunuh ikan dan tumbuhan laut 2.2 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste to the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Harmful effects of improper disposal of waste Kesan buruk daripada pembuangan

bahan buangan yang tidak betul

Waste that can decay Bahan buangan yang boleh reput Waste that does not decay Bahan buangan yang tidak boleh reput Food, paper, wood Makanan, surat khabar, kayu Plastics, glass, metal Plastik, gelas, logam 2.3 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste to the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Advantage : To make the soil fertiile Kelebihan : Untuk menyuburkan tanah Disadvantage : Gives out poisonous gases Kelemahan : Mengeluarkan gas beracun

Planet04

Investigating

THE EARTH & UNIVERSE

MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 6

Eclipse of The Moon Gerhana bulan Eclipse of The Sun Gerhana matahari Eclipse Gerhana The Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and the three of them lie in a straight line. Bumi berada di antara Matahari dan Bulan dan ketiga-tiganya berada dalam satu garis yang lurus The Moon is between the Sun and the Earth and the three of them lie in a straight line. Bulan berada di antara Matahari dan Bumi dan ketiga-tiganya berada dalam satu garis yang lurus The Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the Moon Bumi menghalang cahaya Matahari daripada sampai ke Bulan Sunlight is blocked by the Moon Cahaya Matahari dihalang oleh bulan The Moon.s shadow falls on the Earth.s surface Bayang-bayang Bulan jatuh ke atas permukaan Bumi

Daylight becomes dark during the total eclipse Hari siang menjadi gelap menjelang gerhana penuh 1.1 Understanding the eclipse of the moon Memahami gerhana bulan

1.2 Understanding the eclipse of the sun

Memahami gerhana matahari

landasan02 Investigating

TECHNOLOGY

MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 6

MACHINES Mesin To carry or move heavy objects easily Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah To cut or separate objects Untuk memotong atau mengasing objek To lift heavy objects easier Untuk mengangkat objek dengan mudah

To fix two objects together Untuk mengetatkan dua benda bersama To move objects easily Untuk menggerakkan objek dengan mudah To carry or move heavy objects easily Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah To carry or to lift objects to higher place Untuk membawa atau mengangkat objek ke tempat tinggi Simple machines Mesin ringkas Lever Tuas Wheel and axle Roda dan gandar Pulley Takal

Wedge Baji Inclined plane Satah condong

condong Screw Skru Gear Gear 1.1 Understanding simple machines Memahami mesin ringkas

trac truck_006

Machine make life easier Mesin membuat kehidupan lebih mudah Made up of more than one simple machine Terdiri lebih dari satu mesin ringkas Crane, lift Kren, lif Aeroplane, bus Kapal terbang, bas Computer, satelite Komputer, satelit Tractor Trektar e.g Wheelbarrow, bicycle, a pair of scissors, fishing rod Kereta sorong. basikal, gunting, rod pancing To carry, move or lift heavy things more easily Untuk membawa atau mengangkat benda dengan mudah To travel from one place to another Untuk pergi dari satu tempat ke tempat yang lain

To make work faster Untuk membuat kerja lebih cepat To make communication with people faster and easier Untuk berkomunikasi dengan manusia lebih cepat dan mudah To treat diseases Untuk mengesan penyakit Dialysis machine Mesin dialisis Complex Machine Mesin kompleks 1.2 Analysing a complex machines Analisa mesin yang kompleks 1.3 Appreciating the invention of machines that make life easier Menghargai mesin yang dicipta membuatkan hidup menjadi senang