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Site Title: Campbell Biology

Book's Title: Biology


Book's Author: Campbell and Reece
Quiz Location: 1: Exploring Life > Chapter Quiz

1. What is the appropriate term for an interacting group of individuals of a


single type? population

2. Which series of terms is in the sequence of biological organization from the


simplest to the most complex? cell, tissue, organ, population, community

3. Which of the following is the fundamental unit of structure and function in


living organisms? cell

4. The chemical energy used by (most) organisms for metabolism and growth
ultimately comes from _____. the sun

5. What is the molecular commonality that is the basis of life's variety? DNA

6. Emergent properties of living systems are defined as properties that _____.


are due to the arrangement and interactions of parts as complexity increases

7. The properties exhibited by a group of similar cells that are not characteristic
of the individual cells are known as _____. emergent properties

8. Actinosphenia elegans is a unicellular, photosynthetic, eukaryotic organism.


To which domain does it belong?
Eukarya

9. In which kingdom can multicellular eukaryotic, photosynthetic organisms be


found? Plantae

10. Kingdom Protista can be distinguished from the kingdoms Plantae, Animalia,
and Fungi because _____. protists are eukaryotic and generally unicellular

11. Which of the following domains is not prokaryotic? Eukarya

12. Which kingdom within the domain Eukarya is composed of organisms that
are generally unicellular (single-celled)? Protista

13. Eukaryotic organisms that decompose dead organisms and absorb the
nutrients are generally found in which kingdom? Fungi

14. Natural selection tends to act at which of the following levels? population

15. Which of the following observations and inferences led Charles Darwin to his
theory of natural selection as the mechanism for evolution? Darwin
synthesized his theory of natural selection from all of the above observations and
inferences.

16. Experimentation is only one part of the process of scientific inquiry, but it is a
very important step because it _____. allows rejection of some alternative
hypotheses

17. Radon is a radioactive gas that seeps into homes from the soil. It is thought to
be a leading cause of lung cancer. A research team investigates this theory.
They gather large amounts of data on basement radon concentrations and
lung cancer rates and conclude that the more radon there is in a home, the
more likely is lung cancer. After the study is published, other researchers
criticize it by asserting that the studied neighborhoods with higher radon
concentrations also have a higher percentage of older people and a higher
percentage of cigarette smokers than the low-radon neighborhoods. Both
advanced age and cigarette smoking increase the risk of lung cancer. This
criticism, if correct, shows that the radon study suffered from _____.
uncontrolled variables

18. Which one of the following statements is most clearly inductively derived? If
the animals observed require organic molecules as nutrients, then it can be
concluded that all animals require organic molecules as nutrients.
19. A man states that he saw Bigfoot in an isolated forest. He was alone and did
not take pictures or collect any physical evidence of Bigfoot. His observation
would be given little scientific credence because it _____. was not repeatable

20. A theory is _____. a well-supported concept that has broad explanatory power

21. Two garden plots were planted with corn. The soil was similar in each, and
equal amounts of water were applied to each plot. One plot was fertilized,
and the other was not. The experimenters measured the yield as bushels of
corn from each plot. The plot that did not receive the fertilizer was the _____.
control plot

22. A hypothesis must be testable and falsifiable to be scientifically valid. Being


testable and falsifiable means that _____. some conceivable observation or
experiment could reveal whether a given hypothesis is correct or incorrect

23. At which point is a scientific investigator most likely to use deductive


reasoning? in establishing a test of a hypothesis

24. Science itself is not capable of _____. addressing questions of ethical dilemmas

25. A company was testing a new drug it thought would help decrease the risk of
transmission of viruses from mother to fetus. In an experiment to test the
compound, an investigator gave 400 pregnant female rats a small dose of the
experimental drug and inoculated each with a type of virus known to cause
disease in rats. At the same time, 400 other pregnant rats were given only the
virus. Of the rat pups born to the females that received both the virus and the
drug, 203 showed no symptoms of the disease; 205 rat pups born to the virus-
only females showed symptoms. From this test, we can best conclude _____.
that the drug seems to have little effect on viral transmission at the dosage given

26. The best method for determining whether bean plants require sodium is to
_____. grow bean plants with and without sodium

27. In experimental procedures, repetition of the procedures _____. is necessary


before assuming that a given set of results is correct
28. Should an experiment test only one variable at a time? Why or why not? Yes,
an experiment should only test one variable at a time. This ensures that the
experimental outcome is clearly due to one identifiable factor.

29. What is the correct order for the hierarchy of biological organization from
the least to the most complex?
molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population,
community, ecosystem

30. Which of the following statements concerning prokaryotic cells and


eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
Eukaryotic cells lack a membrane-enclosed nucleus and are generally smaller
and simpler than prokaryotic cells.

31. Which of the following statements is true about chemical nutrients in an


ecosystem?
They recycle within the ecosystem, being constantly reused.

32. Which of the following statements concerning a molecule of DNA


(deoxyribonucleic acid) is not correct?
The DNA molecule is composed of many amino acids joined together to form a
functional protein.

33. No amino acid molecule by itself can speed up or catalyze reactions between
other molecules; however, when amino acids are joined together to make a
protein with catalytic properties, the new structure (enzymatic protein) can
speed up the rate of a specific chemical reaction. This type of phenomenon is
an illustration of _____.
emergent properties

34. Which taxonomic domain includes multicellular photosynthetic organisms?


Eukarya

35. The evolutionary process of natural selection does not depend on _____.
random mating
36. Scientists discard a model of biological or other natural processes when
_____.
new experimental results are obtained that cannot be explained by the old model

37. To be of value to science, hypotheses must be _____.


testable and falsifiable

39. Which is not part of the process of scientific inquiry?


proving a hypothesis to be true