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ABSTRAK

Transformator adalah peralatan tegangan tinggi yang berfungsi mentransformasikan tegangan dari tegangan tinggi ke tegangan rendah maupun sebaliknya. Transformator yang digunakan pada Gas Insulated System Randugarut adalah transformator jenis step down. Sebagai alat yang kerjanya berkaitan dengan sisi tegangan tinggi dan tegangan rendah, transformator seringkali mengalami gangguan baik gangguan eksternal maupun ganggguan internal. Gangguan internal pada transformator dapat menyebabkan kerusakkan parah pada transformator seperti yang terjadi pada GIS Randugarut. Kerusakkan pada transformator tersebut disebabkan adanya gangguan eksternal dengan arus besar yang menyebabkan kerusakkan internal transformator sehingga keseluruhan sistem proteksi transformator bekerja termasuk differential relay. Sesuai karakteristiknya, seharusnya differential relay bekerja apabila ada gangguan di dalam daerah pengamanannya yaitu diantara Current Transformer sisi primer dan sisi sekunder dengan membandingkan arus pada kedua sisi tersebut. Melalui perhitungan setting, hubung singkat dan melihat rekam DFR internal differential relay dapat diketahui penyebab bekerjanya differential relay pada gangguan tersebut. Dari hasil perhitungan maka diketahui bahwa differential relay bekerja sesuai dengan settingnya yaitu sebesar 0,3 Ampere dan setting waktu instant. Keandalan differential relay sebagai pengaman utama transformator dapat ditambah dengan mengaktifkan setting high set sebesar 8 kali I dif yang mengerjakan rele pada arus gangguan yang besar. Kata kunci : Transformator, Proteksi, Rele Differensial.

ABSTRACT
Transformer is a high voltages equipment to transform voltage from high voltage into low voltage or in otherwise. Transformer which functioned in Randugarut Gas Insulated System is a step down transformer. As an equipment which directly connect to high voltage and low voltage, transformers are often had interferences either external or internal interferences. Internal interferences could causes damaged as happened in Randugarut Gas Insulated System. That damaged caused by external interferences with very high current. This interference caused internal damaged so all of protection system in transformer worked, including differential relay. Differential relays characteristic show that differential relay must work if any interference happened in its zone of protection which located between two Current Transformers in both primary and secondary. Its worked by current comparing between primary and secondary. Through setting and short circuit calculation also saw from DFRs internal relay record could found reason for why differential relay worked. From those calculation, founded differential relay worked appropriate with its setting 0,3 Ampere with instant time setting. Differential relay reliability as a main protection of transformer could added by activate high set setting (8 x Idif) which operate relay in interference within high current. Keywords : Transformers, Protection, Differential Relay.