Anda di halaman 1dari 4

# Faktor Konversi Satuan

Panjang
1 m = 100 cm = 1000 mm = 106 m = 109 nm.
1 km = 1000 m = 0,6214 mil.
1 m = 3,281 ft = 39,37 in.
1 cm = 0,3937 in.
1 in. = 2,540 cm.
1 ft = 30,48 cm.
1 yd = 91,44 cm
1 mil = 5280 ft = 1,609 km
1 = 10-10 m = 10-8 cm = 10-1 nm
1 mil laut = 6080 ft
1 tahun cahaya = 9,461 x 1015 m

Luas
1 cm2 = 0,155 in2
1 m2 = 104 cm2 = 10,76 ft2
1 in2 = 6,452 cm2
1 ft = 144 in2 = 0,0929 m2

Volume
1 liter = 1000 cm3 = 10-3 m3 = 0,03531 ft3 = 61,02 in3
1 ft3 = 0,02832 m3 = 28,32 liter = 7,477 galon
1 galon = 3,788 liter

Waktu
1 menit = 60 s
1 jam = 3600 s
1 hari = 86.400 s
1 tahun = 365,24 hari = 3,156 x 107 s

Sudut
1 rad = 57,300 = 1800/
10 = 0,01745 rad = /1800
1 putaran = 3600 = 2 rad
1 put/menit (rpm) = 0,1047 rad/s

Kecepatan
1 m/s = 3,281 ft/s
1 ft/s = 0,3048 m/s
1 mil/menit = 60 mil/jam = 88 ft/s
1 km/jam = 0,2778 m/s = 0,6214 mil/jam
1 mil/jam = 1,466 ft/s = 0,4470 m/s = 1,609 km/jam
1 furlong/fornight = 1,662 x 10-4 m/s

Percepatan
1 m/s2 = 100 cm/s2 = 3,281 ft/s2
1 cm/s2 = 0,01 m/s2 = 0,03281 ft/s2
1 ft/s2 = 0,3048 m/s2 = 30,48 cm/s2
1 mil/jam.s = 1,476 ft/s2

Massa
1 kg = 103 g = 0,0685 slug
1 g = 6,85 x 10-5 slug
1 slug = 14,59 kg
1 u = 1,661 x 10-27 kg
1 kg mempunyai berat 2,205 lb jika g = 9,80 m/s2

Gaya
1 N = 105 dyne = 0,02248 lb
1 lb = 4,448 N = 4,448 x 105 dyne

Tekanan
1 Pa = 1 N/m2 = 1,450 lb/in2 = 0,209 lb/ft2
1 bar = 105 Pa
1 lb/in2 = 6895 Pa
1 atm = 1,013 x 105 Pa = 1,013 bar
= 14,7 lb/in2 = 2117 lb/ft2
1 mm Hg = 1 torr = 133,3 Pa

Energi
1 J = 107 erg = 0,239 kal
1 kal = 4,186 J (berdasarkan pada 150 kalori)
1 ft.lb = 1,356 J
1 Btu = 1055 J = 252 kal = 778 ft.lb
1 eV = 1,602 x 10-19 J
1 kWh = 3,600 x 106 J

Ekuivalen Massa-Energi
1 kg 8,988 x 1016 J
1 u 931,5 MeV
1 eV 1,074 x 10-9 u

Daya
1 W = 1 J/s
1 hp = 746 W = 550 ft.lb/s
1 Btu/jam = 0,293 W

## Konstanta Dasar Fisika*

Nama
Laju Cahaya
Besar Muatan Elektron
Konstanta Gravitasi
Konstanta Planck
Konstanta Boltzmann
Bilangan Avogardo
Konstanta Gas
Massa elektron
Massa proton
Massa netron
Permeabilitas ruang bebas
Permitivitas ruang bebas

Symbol
c
e
G
h
k
NA
R
me
mp
mn
0
0 = 1/0c2
1/40

Nilai
2,99792458 x 108 m/s
1,60217733 (49) x 10-19 C
6,67259 (85) x 10-11 N.m2/kg2
6,6260755 (40) x 10-34 J.s
1,380658 (12) x 10-23 J/K
6,0221367 (36) x 1023 molekul/mol
8,314510 (70) J/mol.K
9,1093897 (54) x 10-31 kg
1,6726231 (10) x 10-27 kg
1,649286 (10) x 10-27 kg
4 x 10-7 Wb/A.m
8,854187817 x 10-12 C2/N.m2
8,987551787 x 109 N.m2/C2

## Konstanta penting lain*

Nama
Ekuivalen mekanis dari panas
Tekanan Atmosfir standar
Suhu Mutlak
Volt Elektron
Satuan Massa atom
Energi electron diam
Volume gas ideal (00 C dan 1 atm)
Percepatan gravitasi (standar)

Symbol

Nilai
4,186 J/kal (150 kalori)
1 atm
1,01325 x 105 Pa
0K
-273,150 C
1 eV
1,60217733 (49) x 10-19 J
1 u (sma) 1,6605402 (10) x 10-27 kg
mec2
0,51099906 (15) MeV
22,41410 (19) liter/mol
g
9,80665 m/s2

*Sumber: E.R Cohen dan B.R. Taylor, Review of Modern Physics 57, 1121 (1987). Angka dalam
tanda kurung menunjukkan ketidakpastian digit akhir dari angka pokok; sebagai contoh, angka
1,6454 0,0021. Nilai yang ditunjukkan tanpa ketidakpastian adalah angka eksak.