Anda di halaman 1dari 2

Industrialization has led to the development of various machines.

Many of the industries have power press, hand press, lathe, drilling, polishing, milling etc. Though these machines have saved a lot of human efforts and time, but on the other hand they also affect workers in a negative significant way. Mechanization leads to the increased noise levels which harms human health and deteriorate their performance. Fatigue, nervousness and sleeplessness are generally recorded by workers exposed to noise [1]. Noise level of 85dbA considered to be safe for 40 hr a week, but more than that lead to physiological changes and hearing loss [2, 3, and 4]. Hearing loss is one of the major and common disorders which take place due to damage of hair like cells in inner ear because of excessive noise for a long period [5]. Initially hearing loss occurs at high and then low frequencies [6]. Lack of data is available for the effect of noise exposure over industrial worker performance therefore there is a strong need of this study. In this paper noise level of various lock industries at Aligarh were measured and it was tried to find that whether these noise levels have any effect over the human performance.

1.

U.S. DEPT. Of LA BOR, Noise Control A Guide for Workers

and Employers, Occup. Safety & Health Administration, p119 (no date). 2. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, NIOSH, (1998). Criteria for a recommended standard: Occupational noise exposure. Revised Criteria 1998. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention,

Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

3. Melamed, S., Fried, Y. and Froom, P. (2001). The interactive effect of chronic exposure to noise and job complexity on changes in blood pressure and job satisfaction: A longitudinal study of industrial employees. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 6, 182195.

4. Rick, N. (2004). Noise exposure standards around the world [monograph on the internet]. Washington: Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington.

5.

SENSOGUT C. Industrial Noise in Mines and Labour

Health. [In Turkish] Symp. on Labour Health in Mining Industry, Karaelmas University, Zonguldak, pp. 73-77, 1998. 6. CHEN, J.D., TSAI, J.Y. Hearing Loss among Workers at an

Oil Refinery in Taiwan. Archives of Environmental Health, ISSN 003-996, 58, (1), 55, 2003.