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26-10-2011

:
:
1

- :
(1) /,
. FORTRAN 90/95.
/.
(2) : (i) ,
, (ii) o
, (iii) , (iv) .
(i) (.. Microsoft Word). (ii), (iii) (iv) ( /
) . ,
. 3
(, .. ).
(3) : , . . .
(4) : 24-11-2011 . .

1
, Pcr, :

Pcr = EI

4 2
2

(1)

f ( ) =
(2) :

31
1 6 EI
+

= 0 , rad
tan

(2)

=
=
=
=

Pcr :
= 15700+ KN/cm2, I = 0.50AM cm4, = 0.25AM cm, . ,
= = 24/ ,
.
(2) :
() Newton-Raphson, () Newton-Raphson, () () .
4 5 , .
,
, Pcr .
.
: ,
( , ) .

2
Iz, ,
, , :

1
4 (1 cos a )
I z = r 4 (a + sin a ) r 4
a
8
9
A=

(1)

1 2
ar
2

(2)

Y
K.B.

Z
r

(1) (2) : r cm, a rad, z cm4 cm2. Iz A,


a r cm 3 ,
(1) (2) a r. E
a rad.
(1) (2) a r:

0< a <

0 < r < 150 cm

H () Newton-Raphson, ()
. Iz : z = 35 cm4 = 0.30 cm2, .
, a r
.
.

3
,
s,
b = 20 m h (. ).
H = 3 m L = 3.50 m,
.
Q = 0.001 m3/sec,
h, m, .
:

s 3 (bh )
Q=

n
(b + 2h )2
5

s=

H
L

n, Manning,
. , ,
. n = 0.03.
h () Halley (aylor 3 ), () uller
() Laguerre, 5 .

, h .
.