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AAY OJAN S CHO OL OF

ARCH ITECTURE

GU ID ED BY: PRE SENT ED BY


:

RASHMI MAM ABBAS KIKALI


BHUPINDERPAL SINGH
JUHI GUPTA
RAHUL KHANDELWAL
DIWAKAR BHATI

A SLIDESHOW AS A PART OF CIRRICULUM OF 5TH SEM B.ARCH UNDER THE SUBJECT


“SOCIOLOGY” IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2008
“SLUMS & THEIR PROBLEMS”
WHAT ARE SLUMS EXACTLY ?

A dirty, unhygienic cluster of impoverished shanties


with long lines of people crowding around a solitary
municipal water tap, bowling babies literally left on
street corners to fend for themselves and endless
cries and found voices emanating from various
corners.

Most of them are engaged in eking out their daily


lives, always below the poverty line, by working as
construction labourers, domestic helps, rag pickers
and chhotus in neighbourhood dhabas.

In spite of poor conditions in slums, second


generation residents who are not nostalgic about
their rural background - feel that life in slum is
reasonably tolerable and city life is probably better
than rural life.
HOW SLUMS WERE FORMED?
“Slums are the products of failed
policies, bad governance,
corruption, inappropriate
regulations, dysfunctional land
markets, unresponsive financial
systems and a fundamental lack of
political will.”
!! PROBLEMS FACED @ SLUMS !!
IM PR OPER SANI TATI ON &
HYGI EN E

Improper sanitation, unhygienic


environmental conditions,
social, economic, health,
educational and cultural
problems and many health
hazards.
LACK OF BASIC AMENITIES

Lack of basic amenities like


safe drinking water, proper
housing, drainage and
excreta disposal services
Lack of s an ita ry
con dit ion s
Poor sanitary conditions and poor quality
of water lead to illnesses like diarrhoea
and other water borne diseases, affecting
the life expectancy of slum dwellers.

Among water borne diseases,


diarrhoea disproportionately
affects children under the age of
five.

Poor health among children


adversely affects the
attendance rate at schools.
Socia l p ro blems
High unemployment

domestic violence

lured by the prospect of oblivion


through alcohol or drug abuse

They fall deeper into poverty and


the cycle continues.
Ch ild lab ou r
Many children in the slums start
work at a very early age with no
prospect of getting any
education

rag picking ,selling newspapers in


traffic jams, peddling drugs or
begging.
risk of exploitation as well as all the
health problems

Incest and abuse can occur and


child marriages are still encouraged
in some areas.
Intern al a nd ex tern al
corr uption

The sheer volume of people living


in slums causes them to be
obvious targets for politicians
wanting to increase their
percentage of the vote.

Slum inhabitants are often promised


all kinds of support and
improvements in return for political
allegiance, but their trust is regularly
abused.
Gen der In equalit y
Male children are seen as a blessing
and indulged in many areas of Indian
society.

girls are seen as a drain on precious


resources as they will one day get
married and their contribution towards
the family will end.

With that kind of start in life, it's


difficult for women within the slums to
find a voice.
Solu tion s
Coun tries nee d to recogn iz e that the urb an
poor ar e a ct iv e ag en ts an d can co ntr ibut e t o
nat ional gr owt h.
Managin g cities req uire
loca l s olu tion s
Lo ca l g overnm ent s sho uld de ve lop
str ategies to preve nt t he f orm at ion
of ne w slums.
Publi c inve stment s m us t fo cus o n
pro vidi ng a ccess to ba sic servic es
and infra struc ture
Role of th e gov ern men t
and t he NGO s.
Proposed regulations which should
be made by the government:

 A minimum wage rate should be created for workers


immigrating to town.
 Computerized ID numbers should be allotted to the laborers for
maintaining records.
 ESI dispensaries and counseling services should be provided in
dwelling areas. All labors should be centrally registered
 Strict rules should be formulated to prevent the misuse of
funds.
 Aim for 1 Lakh units of construction every six months.
 Import high volume construction machinery from China for the
speedy construction.
 Factories with a workforce of more than 100 labors should have
compulsory dwelling units. The accommodation facilities should
be made available before the commencement of any project
Fad in g d ark c lo uds
 Poverty, slums and urban squat can be
controlled in next couple of decades
 Eight percent GDP growths is a good
sign
 With quadrupled GDP in 25 years, there
is a good chance that the new and
upcoming generation may stay away
from slum dwelling.
Silv er li nin g
The problems prevailing in
slums give us the
challenge to rebuild a
society that is more
equitable where equal
opportunities could be
provided to all for living
with dignity.
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