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PERHITUNGAN

A. Pengukuran Panjang Gelombang pada difraksi celah tunggal


tan =

Y
L

= arc

1 = arc tan

Y
L

0,6 10 2
= 0,078
4,42

2 = arc tan

n =

tan

1,1 10 2
= 0,142
4,42

3 = arc tan

1,6 10 2
= 0,207
4,42

4 = arc tan

2,2 10 2
= 0,285
4,42

a sin n
mn
1 =

0,6 10 3 sin 0,078


= 8,16 10 7 m
1

2 =

0,6 10 3 sin 0,142


= 7,43 10 7 m
2

3 =

0,6 10 3 sin 0,207


= 7,22 10 7 m
3

4 =

0,6 10 3 sin 0,285


= 7,46 10 7 m
4

(8,16 10 7 ) + (7,43 10 7 ) + (7,22 10 7 ) + (7,46 10 7 )


4
=7,56 10 7 m

2 = (8,16 10 7 ) 2 + (7,43 10 7 ) 2 + (7,22 10 7 ) 2 + (7,46 10 7 ) 2


= 2,29 10 12 m

2 n( ) 2
n( n 1)
=

2,29 10 12 4(7,56 10 7 ) 2
4(4 1)

=1,7 10 8 m

KR =

1,7 10 8
100%
7,56 10 7
= 2,37%

B Pengukuran lebar celah difraksi celah tunggal

a=

1 = arc tan

0,8 10 2
= 0,103
4,42

2 = arc tan

1,6 10 2
= 0,207
4,42

3 = arc tan

2,4 10 2
= 0,311
4,42

4 = arc tan

3 10 2
= 0,389
4,42

m
sin
a1 =

(6,328 10 7 ).1
= 3,52 10 4 m

sin 0,0103

a2 =

(6,328 10 7 ).2
= 3,50 10 4 m
sin 0,207

a3 =

(6,328 10 7 ).3
= 3,49 10 4 m
sin 0,311

a4 =

(6,328 10 7 ).4
= 3,72 10 4 m
sin 0,389

a=

(3,52 10 4 ) + (3,50 10 4 ) + (3,49 10 4 ) + (3,72 10 4 )


4
=3,55 10 4 m

2 = (3,52 10 4 ) 2 + (3,50 10 4 ) 2 + (3,49 10 4 ) 2 + (3,72 10 4 ) 2


=5,06 10 7 m

a =

a 2 n(a ) 2
n( n 1)
=

5,06 10 7 4(3,55 10 4 ) 2
4( 4 1)

=1,25 10 5 m

KR =

a
__

100%

1,25 10 5
100%
3,56 10 4

= 3,51%

C. Mengukur lebar celah pada kisi difraksi

d=

1 = arc tan

4,3
= 21,35
11

2 = arc tan

8,2
= 36,70
11

m
sin
d1 =

(6,328 10 7 ).1
=1,738 10 6 m
sin 21,35

d2 =

(6,328 10 7 ).2
= 2,117 10 6 m

sin 36,70

D. Mengukur panjang gelombang pada kisi difraksi

n =

1 = arc tan

3,1
= 21,18
8

2 = arc tan

6,5
= 39,09
8

d sin n
mn
1 =

1,667 10 6 sin 21,18


= 6,02 10 7 m
1

2 =

1,667 10 6 sin 39,09


= 5,25 10 7 m
2