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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN..........................................................................
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KATA PENGANTAR......................................................................................
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INTISARI.........................................................................................................
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ABSTRACT...................................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR ISI .................................................................................................... viii
DAFTAR GAMBAR .......................................................................................
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DAFTAR TABEL............................................................................................. xi
BAB I. PENDAHULUAN..........................................................................
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1.1 Latar Belakang .......................................................................
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1.2 Perumusan Masalah ...............................................................
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1.3 Tujuan Penelitian.....................................................................
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1.3.1 Tujuan Umum...............................................................
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1.3.2 Tujuan Khusus..............................................................
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1.4 Manfaat Penelitian ..................................................................
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1.4.1 Bagi Institusi Pelayanan...............................................
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1.4.2 Bagi Institusi Pendidikan..............................................
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1.4.3 Bagi Penderita..............................................................
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1.4.4 Bagi Peneliti.................................................................
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BAB II. TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ................................................................
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2.1 Asma ......................................................................................
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2.1.1 Definisi..........................................................................
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2.1.2 Epidemiologi.................................................................
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2.1.3 Patogenesis....................................................................
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2.1.4 Faktor Resiko................................................................ 10
2.1.5 Penegakan Diagnosis.................................................... 11
2.1.6 Klasifikasi..................................................................... 12
2.1.7 Pengobatan................................................................... 12
2.2 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)............................ 13
2.2.1 Patofisiologi.................................................................. 14
2.2.2 Gambaran Klinis........................................................... 16
2.2.3 Pemeriksaan Penunjang................................................ 17
2.2.4 Pengobatan................................................................... 18
2.3 GERD Hubungannya dengan Asma........................................ 19
2.3.1 Patofisiologi.................................................................. 20
2.3.2 Gambaran Klinis........................................................... 23
2.3.3 Penatalaksanaan............................................................ 23
2.3.4 Epidemiologi................................................................ 24
2.4 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GERDQ).
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2.5 Kerangka Teori........................................................................ 27
BAB III. METODE PENELITIAN .............................................................. 28
3.1 Alur Penelitian........................................................................ 28
3.2 Desain Penelitian .................................................................... 28
3.3 Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian ................................................ 28
3.4 Populasi dan Sampel .............................................................. 29

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3.5 Kriteria Inklusi dan Eksklusi ..................................................


3.6 Cara Pemilihan Sampel ..........................................................
3.7 Besar Sampel...........................................................................
3.8 Variabel Penelitian .................................................................
3.9 Instrumen Penelitian................................................................
3.10 Sumber Data............................................................................
3.11 Definisi Operasional ..............................................................
3.11.1 Asma Persisten ...........................................................
3.11.2 GERD .........................................................................
3.11.3 Usia .............................................................................
3.11.4 Jenis Kelamin..............................................................
3.11.5 Skor GERDQ...............................................................
3.12 Pengolahan dan Penyajian Data ............................................
3.13 Etika Penelitian....................................................................
BAB IV. HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN......................................................
4.1 Hasil Penelitian........................................................................
4.1.1 Usia.................................................................................
4.1.2 Jenis Kelamin..................................................................
4.1.3 Gambaran Hasil GERDQ................................................
4.2 Pembahasan...............................................................................
4.2.1 Usia.................................................................................
4.2.2 Jenis Kelamin..................................................................
4.2.3 Gambaran Hasil GERDQ................................................
BAB V. KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN..........................................................
5.1 Kesimpulan...............................................................................
5.2 Saran.........................................................................................
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ......................................................................................
LAMPIRAN .....................................................................................................

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DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar 1.
Gambar 2.
Gambar 3.
Gambar 4.
Gambar 5.

Patogenesis Asma..........................................................................
Reaksi Inflamasi Saluran Napas ...................................................
Kerangka Teori .............................................................................
Alur Penelitian ..............................................................................
Perbandingan Hasil GERDQ pada Pasien Asma Persisten di RSU
dr. Soedarso Pontianak Berdasarkan Usia.................
Gambar 6. Perbandingan Hasil GERDQ pada Pasien Asma Persisten di RSU
dr. Soedarso Pontianak Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin
Gambar 7. Distribusi Hasil GERDQ pada Pasien Asma Persisten di RSU
dr. Soedarso Pontianak Berdasarkan Masing-Masing
Variabel Pertanyaan......................................................................
Gambar 8. Gambaran Penjumlahan Hasil GERDQ pada Pasien Asma
Persisten di RSU dr. Soedarso Pontianak..........
Gambar 9. Distribusi Heartburn Berdasarkan Frekuensi Kejadian Tiap
Minggu pada Pasien Asma Persisten di RSU dr. Soedarso
Pontianak ..............................................................................
Gambar 10. Distribusi Regurgitasi Berdasarkan Frekuensi Kejadian Tiap
Minggu pada Pasien Asma Persisten di RSU
dr. Soedarso Pontianak..........................................................
Gambar 11. Distribusi Nyeri pada Bagian Tengah Perut Atas Berdasarkan
Frekuensi Kejadian Tiap Minggu pada Pasien Asma Persisten
di RSU dr. Soedarso Pontianak.
Gambar 12. Distribusi Mual Berdasarkan Frekuensi Kejadian Tiap Minggu
pada Pasien Asma Persisten di RSU dr. Soedarso Pontianak...
Gambar 13. Distribusi Kenyamanan Tidur Malam Terganggu
Berdasarkan Frekuensi Kejadian Tiap Minggu pada Pasien
Asma Persisten di RSU dr. Soedarso Pontianak.......................
Gambar 14. Distribusi Konsumsi Obat Maag Berdasarkan Frekuensi Kejadian
Tiap Minggu pada Pasien Asma Persisten di RSU
dr. Soedarso Pontianak..................................................................

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DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 1.
Tabel 2.
Tabel 3.

Klasifikasi Derajat Berat Asma Berdasarkan Gambaran


Klinis (Sebelum Pengobatan)............................................
Tatalaksana Asma Berdasarkan Derajatnya..
Interpretasi Hasil GERDQ berdasarkan penelitian oleh
DIAMOND ...

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