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6-8 The Complex Numbers (continued)


6
Example 3 Simplify

Solution —5— - —1 ' .,-.?«. Multiply the numerator and


1 + 3i I + 3i 1 - 3« denominator by the conjugate
of the denominator. This will
rationalize the denominator.
m, 6 -
1 - 9(-l)
1. 9. Give your answer in the form
10 5 T'
a + bi.

Simplify each quotient.


16. 17. 12 4 + /
3i 18. 19.
1-i 4 -i -2 - <V5

j Example 4 Find the reciprocal of 2 - i.


i .'

\ Solution The reciprocal of 2 - i is" * .. The denominator must be rationalized.


• '- Z "•** I '
1 » 1 2+i 2JL^ . _JL A
2- / 2- i ' 2+ * 5

Find the reciprocal of each complex number.


20- 3 + 2/ 21. 2 - Si 22. 4 23. - V5 +

Example S If fa) - 2* - -1,findA3 + 2i).


Solution A3 -f 20 - 2(3 + 20 —r Substitute 3 + 2i for x.
3 + 2i
3 _— 2/ Rationalize the
3 + 2i 3 — 2* - denominator.
- 6 + K _ 3 -2i Multiply.
9 - (-4)

_ 78 + 52i 3 - 21 Find a common


13 13 denominator.
„„ 75 54 . Simplify.
13 13*

24. If A*) * -}~ + 2x, findAl -»• «)• 25. - iV3).

Study Quid*, AtQEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY, Structure and Method, Book 2


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