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DATA OF THE EQUIPMENT V-105-001 (Compressor Knock-out drum)

MDS NO. S0007.105-3.51-150-D, Rev D


Wind load calculation for vertical vessels

V-105-001

Equipment Tag No=


Operating load =

26.43 T

Inner dia. di =

1850

mm

14

mm

1878

mm

Shell thickness =
Outer dia. do =

insulation thk. =
0 mm
dt=dia.total =do+2*insulation
Design wind pressure pd =

1878

mm

2
1680 N/m

1.2*Cf*h'*dt*pd(20%for pipes & nozzles)


Design wind force F =
where
Cf =force coeff.for circular sections
Cf =
0.7
h'/dt=
5.66
F=

2.82

c.g.

T
h' = 10630

Design hor. Shear force at base


Vhbase =
2.82 T
Design Moment at base
Mbase =
20.47 Tm

' = 7265

di = 1850

Note- First use \Wind sheet and then use Design sheet

DESIGN OF VERTICAL EQUIPMENT FOUNDATION MKD V-105-001


MATERIAL USED
PCC

Thickness
Nominal mix

75

mm

RCC

f 'c
gc:

30
24

N/mm 2
3
KN/m

fy

460

N/mm

NET BEARING CAPACITY


FROM SETTLEMENT CRITERION
FROM SHEAR CRITERION

300
300

KN/m 2
KN/m 2

GROSS BEARING CAPACITY


FROM SETTLEMENT CRITERION
FROM SHEAR CRITERION

355.8
355.8

KN/m 2
KN/m 2

18

KN/m 3

RE BAR

SOIL PARAMETERS :

DENSITY OF SOIL

gs:

INPUT DATA
PITCH CIRCLE DIA.
BASE PLATE OUTER DIA.
ANCHOR BOLT NOS.

PCD:

1986

mm

BPOD:

2086

mm

ABN:

12

Nos

MIN. ANCHOR BOLT EDGE DISTANCE

ABED:

150

mm

GROUT THICKNESS

GTHK:

25

mm

COV_F:

75

mm

PEDESTAL MAIN BAR COVER

COV_P:

75

mm =

% OF WIND LOAD WITH TEST COND.

PER_W:

50

FRICT. COEFF.(CONCRETE TO SOIL)

m1:

0.40

EMPTY WEIGHT

We:

89

kN

OPERATING WEIGHT

Wo:

265

kN

TEST WEIGHT

Wt:

265

kN

FOOTING MAIN BAR COVER

LOADING DATA :
EQUIPMENT WEIGHT :

2 of 8

2.955

in

WIND LOAD AT TOP OF PEDESTAL


SHEAR FORCE

Hwl:

28.172

kN(From wind load sheet)

OVERTURNING MOMENT

Mwl:

204.669

kNm(From wind load sheet)

GEOMETRY OF FOUNDATION
UNIT:m

Z
90

UNIT:m

D1

3.3

H3

0.3

D2

2.3

H6=DF-H1

2.6

H1

0.5

Df

3.1

H2=H3+H6

2.9

HF=H1+H2

3.4

D2

D1

Y
PLAN
Z

TOG
HPP

H3
H6

H2
Df

H1

ELEVATION
FOUNDATION WEIGHT
FOOTING AREA

Af=.8284*D1^2

PEDESTAL WEIGHT

Wp=.8284*D2^2*H2*gc

FOOTING WEIGHT

Wf=.8284*D1^2*H1*gc

SOIL WT. ON FOOTING


TOTAL FDN WEIGHT

Af:

9.02

m2

Wp:

305.00

kN

Wf:

108.26

kN

Wso=.8284*(D1^2-D2^2)*H6*gs

Wso:

217.11

kN

Wfd=Wp+Wf+Wso-Vf

Wfd:

630.37

kN

LATERAL FORCE AND OVERTURNING MOMENT AT FOUNDATION LEVEL


CAUSED BY WIND LOAD
LATERAL FORCE
OVERTURNING MOMENT

Hw=Hwl:

28.17

kN

Mw=Mwl+(Hwl*Hf):

300.45

Knm

LOAD CASE AND LOADING CONDITION

CASE
LC1
LC2
LC3
LC4
LC5
LC6

CONDITION
EMPTY
EMPTY+WIND LOAD
OPERATING
OPERATING+WIND LOAD
TEST
TEST WITH

50 %WL

PERM. INCREASE
FACTOR FOR SBC
1.00
1.25
1.00
1.25
1.00
1.25

3 of 8

LOADING CONDITIONS
CASE
LC1
LC2
LC3
LC4
LC5
LC6

CONDITION
EMPTY
EMPTY+WIND
OPERATING
OPERATING+WIND
TEST
TEST+WIND

Wfd(kN)
630.37
630.37
630.37
630.37
630.37
630.37
WHERE Wfd
Wz
Hw/e
Pz
Mw/e
M

Wz(kN)
89
89
265
265
265
265

Hw/e(kN)
28.17
28.17
14.09

Pz(kN)
719.37
719.37
895.37
895.37
895.37
895.37

Mw/e(kNm)
204.67
204.67
102.33

M(kNm)
0.00
300.45
0.00
300.45
0.00
150.23

FOUNDATION WEIGHT
EQUIPMENT WEIGHT(We/Wo/Wt)
LATERAL LOAD DUE TO WIND
TOTAL LOAD AT BASE OF FOOTING
MOMENT AT TOP OF PEDESTAL DUE TO WIND
MOMENT AT BASE OF FOOTING

ECCENTRICITY & INTENSITY OF SOIL BEARING PRESSURE


Zzz=
3.9351015 m3
Zyy=
3.9351015 m3
Note:- pmax_yy is used only for pr. Check. For design pmax_zz is used.

CASE
LC1
LC2
LC3
LC4
LC5
LC6

ECCENTRICITY(e/D)
----------(M/Pz)/D1
0.127
----------(M/Pz)/D1
0.102
----------(M/Pz)/D1
0.051

-----YES
-----YES
-----YES

q1
pmax_zz
79.74
156.09
99.25
175.60
99.25
137.43

q1'
pmin_zz
79.74
3.39
99.25
22.90
99.25
61.07

q1
pmax_yy
79.74
156.09
99.25
175.60
99.25
137.43

q1'
pmin_yy
79.74
3.39
99.25
22.90
99.25
61.07

e/D
-----0.127
-----0.102
-----0.051

F.S.
-----3.951
-----4.917
-----9.834

----->
----->
----->

MIN.F.S.
-----1.80
-----1.80
-----1.80

CHECK
-----OK
-----OK
-----OK

Pz
-----719.37
-----895.37
-----895.37

Hw
-----28.17
-----28.17
-----14.09

F.S.
-----10.21
-----12.71
-----25.43

----->
----->
----->

MIN.F.S.
-----1.50
-----1.50
-----1.50

recommended

GROSS Pr. Pr.CHECK


355.80
OK
444.75
OK
355.80
OK
444.75
OK
355.80
OK
444.75
OK

STABILITY CHECK
(a) FOR OVERTURNING
FACTOR OF SAFETY
F.S. = 0.5/(e/D)
CASE
LC1
LC2
LC3
LC4
LC5
LC6

CONDITION
EMPTY
EMPTY+WIND
OPERATING
OPERATING+WIND
TEST
TEST+WIND

(b) FOR SLIDING


FACTOR OF SAFETY
F.S. = Pz*m1/Hw
CASE
LC1
LC2
LC3
LC4
LC5
LC6

CONDITION
EMPTY
EMPTY+WIND
OPERATING
OPERATING+WIND
TEST
TEST+WIND

4 of 8

CHECK
-----OK
-----OK
-----OK

K_zz
-----0
-----0
-----0

K_yy
-----0
-----0
-----0

D1

(A) FOOTING

D2

Section critical for


wide beam shear

MEMBER DESIGN

Inscribed square for purpose


of computing stresses

Z
L2

d/2

Z
A1
A2

A3

q1'
q1
q3 q4

q2

SOIL PRESSURE FOR STRENGTH DESIGN OF FOOTING


D1 :
D2 :
L2 :
d :

SIDE OF EQUIVALENT SQUARE


OF PEDESTAL SECTION INSCRIBED
EFFECTIVE DEPTH

A1 :
A2 :
A3 :
K=K_zz
q1 :
q1' :
q2 =
q2' =
=
q3 =
q4 =

LENGTH FOR BENDING MOMENT


LENGTH FOR ONE-WAY SHEAR
LENGTH FOR TWO-WAY SHEAR

CASE
LC1
LC2
LC3
LC4
LC5
LC6

CONDITION
EMPTY
EMPTY+WIND
OPERATING
OPERATING+WIND
TEST
TEST+WIND

=
=

=0.7071*D2

3.3 m =
2.3 m

=
=
=
=
=
=

1.626
0.407
16.024
0.837
0.430
0.633

m =
m(Assume
in
m
m
m

129.921 in

64.03 in
12
DIA BAR)

MAX PRESSURE
MIN PRESSURE
q1-(A1*(q1-q1')/(1-K)*D1)
q1'+((A1-K*D1)*(q1-q1'))/((1-K)*D1)
0.0 (IF A1<K*D1)
q1-(A2*(q1-q1'))/((1-K)*D1)
q1-(A3*(q1-q1'))/((1-K)*D1)

SECTION FORCE
qs :
=
=
Mi =
Vi =
Mi' =

q2'

K
0
0
0
0
0
0

q1
79.74
156.09
99.25
175.60
99.25
137.43

q1'
79.74
3.39
99.25
22.90
99.25
61.07

q2
79.74
117.37
99.25
136.88
99.25
118.06

(FOR 1.0 METER WIDTH)

PRESSURE DUE TO UNIT WEIGHT OF FOOTING AND SOIL


H1*gc+H6*gs-Vf/Af
58.8
kN/m2
q2*A1^2/2+A1^2*(q1-q2)/3-qs*A1^2/2
q3*A2+A2*(q1-q3)/2-qs*A2
q1'*A1^2/2+(q2'-q1')*(A1-K*D1)^2/6-qs*A1^2/2

(+moment for bottom reinf.)


(shear force)
(-moment for top reinf.)

REQUIRED STRENGTH
Mui =
Vui =
Mui' =

(Df*Mdi+Wf*Mwi)
(Df*Vdi+Wf*Vwi)
(Df*Mdi'+Wf*Mwi')

WHERE

Mui,Vui,Mui'
Df,Wf
Mdi,Mwi
Vdi,Vwi
Mdi',Mwi'

=REQUIRED STRENGTH
=LOAD FACTORS FOR DL,WL
=BOTTOM MOMENT DUE TO DL,WL
=SHEAR DUE TO DL,WL
=TOP MOMENT DUE TO DL,WL

5 of 8

q2'
79.74
42.11
99.25
61.62
99.25
80.44

q3
79.74
136.20
99.25
155.71
99.25
127.48

q4
79.74
126.79
99.25
146.30
99.25
122.77

BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE


CAN BE CALCULATE BY THE FOLLOWING MANNER
(STATIC LOAD+DYNAMIC LOAD)-(STATIC LOAD)
STATIC LOAD : EMPTY,OPERATION AND HYDROSTATIC LOAD
DYNAMIC LOAD : WIND LOAD
CASE

CONDITION

LC1
LC2a
LC2b
LC3
LC4a
LC4b
LC6
LC7a
LC7b

EMPTY
EMPTY+WIND
EMPTY+WIND
OPERATING
OPER.+WIND
OPER.+WIND
TEST
TEST+WIND
TEST+WIND

LOAD FACTOR
Df
Wf
1.50
1.50
1.50
0.90
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
0.90
1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50
0.90
1.50

SECTION FORCE AND FACTORED SECTION FORCE


CASE
LC1
LC2a
LC2b
LC3
LC4a
LC4b
LC6
LC7a
LC7b

CONDITION
Mi
7.33
29.55
29.55
14.16
36.38
36.38
14.16
25.27
25.27

EMPTY
EMPTY+WIND
EMPTY+WIND
OPERATING
OPER.+WIND
OPER.+WIND
TEST
TEST+WIND
TEST+WIND

SECTION FORCE
Vi
9.00
37.55
37.55
17.39
45.93
45.93
17.39
31.66
31.66

Mi'
7.33
-14.88
-14.88
14.16
-8.05
-8.05
14.16
3.06
3.06

REQUIRED STRENGTH
Mui
Vui
Mui'
11.00
13.50
11.00
44.32
56.32
-22.32
39.92
50.92
-26.72
21.25
26.08
21.25
54.57
68.90
-12.08
46.07
58.46
-20.58
21.25
26.08
21.25
37.91
47.49
4.58
29.41
37.06
-3.91

GOVERNING CONDITION
Mu = fMn
=
Vu
=
Mu' = fMn'
=

54.57
68.90
26.72

kNm =
kN =
kNm =

40.380
15.502
19.775

ft-kips
kips
ft-kips

Vuface

122.31

kN =

27.520

kips

97.04

kN =

21.834

kips

m=

39.37
66700
4350

in
psi
psi

Vud/2

=
=

FLEXURAL REINFORCEMENT
(PER 1M. WIDTH)
Width of footing bw =
1.00
fy =
460 N/mm2
f 'c =
30 N/mm2
Strength reduction factor f (Flexure) =

=
=
0.90

BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT IN FOOTING


SOLVING EQUATIONS fMn=f As fy(d-0.59As fy / f 'cb)=KnF
where
2
F = bw d /12,000 =
0.842
Find Kn =fMn/F =

47.936

Now Kn =f f 'c w(1-0.59w)


Solving quadratic equation to find value of w
Let A=f f 'c=
3915
Kn =
A w(1-0.59w)
2310 w2 -3915 w + Kn =0
w=
0.0123

-0.012

-1.68

Now w = r fy/ f 'c


Reinforcement Ratio =
As =

r=

0.00080

0.5061 sq in.

MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT %age


Asmin =3 f'c bwd/fy =

1.871

Asmin =200bwd/fy =

1.892

Hence Asmin =
,min =
PROVIDED STEEL
Dia of Bar =
Spacing of Bars =
No. of Bars =
Provided steel As =
rw =

1.892 sq in.
0.00300

4.603491

0.47 in
5.91 in
23.00
4.04 sq in.
0.0064

6 of 8

SHEAR AT FACE
Vfacei
Vufacei
17.52
26.29
65.22
97.82
65.22
87.31
33.85
50.78
81.54
122.31
81.54
102.00
33.85
50.78
57.70
86.54
57.70
66.23

SHEAR AT DISTANCE d/2


Vd/2i
Vud/2i
13.263
19.894
52.339
78.508
52.339
70.550
25.619
38.428
64.695
97.042
64.695
81.671
25.619
38.428
45.157
67.735
45.157
52.364

TOP REINFORCEMENT IN FOOTING


SOLVING EQUATIONS fMn'=f As fy(d-0.59As fy / f 'cb)=KnF
where
F = bw d2/12,000 =
0.842
Find Kn =fMn'/F =

23.475

Now Kn =f f 'c w(1-0.59w)


Solving quadratic equation to find value of w
Let A=f f 'c=
3915
Kn =
A w(1-0.59w)
w=

0.0061

Now w = r fy/ f 'c


r=

Reinforcement Ratio =
As =

0.00040

0.2510 sq in.

MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT %age


Asmin =3 f'c bwd/fy =

1.871

Asmin =200bwd/fy =

1.892

Hence Asmin =
,min =

1.892 sq in.
0.00300

PROVIDED STEEL
Dia of Bar =
Spacing of Bars =
No. of Bars =
Provided steel As =
rw =

0.47 in
5.91 in
23.00
4.04 sq in.
0.0064

SHEAR CHECK
DESIGN FOR ONE-WAY SHEAR
Factored shear force =
Vu =
Nominal Shear Strength provided
by concrete = 2 f 'c bw d = Vc =
Vc =

15.502

kips

83214.664
83.215

lbs
kips

Strength reduction factor f (Shear) =


fVc =
fVc/2 =

0.75
62.411
31.205

kips =
kips

21.834

kips

62410.998 lbs

No need to provide shear Reinf.


DESIGN FOR TWO-WAY SHEAR
Factored shear force at distance d/2 = Vud/2 =
bo = 4(L2 + d/2 +d/2) =

320.21

in

c = long side of the column/short side of the column =


s =

40

Vc = ( 2 + 4 / c )

f 'c bo d

Vc = ( sd / bo + 2 )
Vc = 4

f 'c bo d

( For columns the centre of Footing)


=

f 'c bo d

Nominal Shear strength = Vc =

1522.83 kips
=

1015.63 kips
1015.22 kips
1015.22 kips

No need to Revise Depth

7 of 8

DESIGN OF PEDESTAL
Pedestal shall be designed as Equivalent Square Column
Breadth of Equivalent Square, b =
Depth of Equivalent Square, h =

1.626 m =
1.626 m =

64.03 in
64.03 in

Effective Length, lu =
k =
r =

2.9 m =
114.173 in
2 ( For cantilever)
16.01 in

k lu / r =

14.27 Short Column

Design of Short Column


Vertical Load at the bottom of Pedestal =
Factored Load = Pu
Moment at the bottom of Pedestal =
Factored Moment = Mu
fy =
460 N/mm2
f 'c =
30 N/mm2
Strength reduction factor f =
Provide Steel
No. of Main bar =
Dia of Main bar =
Area of each Main bar =
Dia of shear stirrup =

56
0.985 in
2
0.762 in
0.315 in

0.882

pt =

0.010

Ag =

4099.66 in

e =

895.37
1343.05
300.45
450.68
=
=
0.65

KN =
KN =
KN.m =
KN.m =
66.7
4.35

(25 mm dia bar)

Mu / Pu =

e/h =

13.24 in

0.207

Pn / Ag = Pu / Ag =

0.07 ksi

Mn / Ag h = Mu / Ag h =

0.015 ksi

From interaction diagram A-11 for = 0.9


pt =
Ast =

0.01
2
40.997 in

Check the maximum load capacity


Pn,max = 0.80 [ 0.85 f 'c ( Ag - Ast ) +fy ( Ast) ] =

9225.525 kips

Since Pn,max > Pu , Hence OK .

8 of 8

201.46
302.19
222.34
333.50
ksi
ksi

kips
kips
ft-kips
ft-kips