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Factors Affecting Solubility

By: Louish Oriel P. Victorio

Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent. Solute is the minor component in a solution and also the one to be dissolved while solvent is the substance that dissolves and it is the major component of a solution. The solution is the mixture in which the minor component (solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (solvent). There are some factors that affect solubility. The nature of solute and solvent, the particle size, temperature and stirring.

Nature of solute and solvent

The relation between the solute and solvent is very important in determining solubility. When two substances are similar they can dissolve in each other. The polar solutes dissolve in polar solvents while the non-polar solutes tend to dissolve in non-polar solvents.The stonger solutesolvent attractions the greater the solubility. The general rule to remember is "Like Dissolves Like".

Particle size
The smaller the size of particles of solute the faster will it dissolve in a li!uid solvent. "ou can prove that by putting the same grams of iodized salt and rock salt in same amount of water but it should be in different container. "ou can observe that the iodized salt dissolves faster than the rock salt.

The solubility of water increases with temperature in water the solubility of organic solutes like sugar glucose etc increase with rise in temperature. "ou can conduct an e#periment to prove this by heating water and put some sugar and do this also in cold water. "ou can see that the sugar in the heated water dissolves faster than the sugar in cold water.

$tirring is also a factor of solubility. $tirring increases the speed of dissolving. %ut some sugar in two different bottles stir the other one and don&t stir the other. "ou can observe that the bottle which you disturb dissolves faster than the other bottle. This proves that stirring only increases the process of dissolving.