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Section 2.

6, Problem 26 Write Up
2 1 y + y = 1 t, y (0) = y0 3 2 Find the value of y0 so that the solution just touches, but does not cross, the taxis. SOLUTION: First, if y (t) touches, but does not cross, the taxis at some point, t, then: y (t) = 0, y (t) = 0 y (t) = 0
2 Secondly, the dierential equation, y + 3 y =1 1 2 t, must hold for y at all t, and in particular, for t. Putting this together, 2 1 0 + 0 = 1 t t = 2 3 2 Now, our solution also satises: y (2) = 0 and y (2) = 0. We solve the dierential equation using an integrating factor to get:

Problem: Given that

ye 3

2t

2t 1 2t = e 3 te 3 2

Integrate the right hand side by Integration by Parts to get: ye 3 = Simplifying, we get that: y= and, using y (0) = y0 , we get that C = y0 y= Finally, using y (2) = 0, we solve for y0 : 0= From which we get that: y0 = 3 4/3 21 e + (1 e4/3 ) 1.64 2 8
2 21 3 21 2 + (y0 )e 3 2 8 4 8 2 21 3 t + C e 3 t 8 4 2t

3 2t 1 e3 2 2

3 2t 9 2t te 3 e 3 2 4

+C

21 8 .

So,

2 21 21 3 t + (y0 )e 3 t 8 4 8