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"Thou", "thee", and Archaic Grammar

"Thou", "thee", "thine" and "thy" are pronouns that have


dropped out of the main dialects of Modern English.
During the period of Early Modern English (1470-1700), they
formed the Second Person Singular of the language, and
were standardized by the time of the King James Bible as
shown below.

Present Te
Subjecti Objectiv Possessiv nse
ve e e Verb Endin
g
1st Pers. Si my/mine[
I me none
ng. 1]
2nd Pers. Si thy/thine[
thou thee -est
ng. 1]
3rd Pers. Si he/she/i him/her/
his/her/its -eth
ng. t it
1st Pers. Pl
we us our none
ural
2nd Pers. Pl ye/you[
you your none
ural 2]
3rd Pers. Pl
they them their none
ural

[1]: "Mine" and "thine" were used before "h" and


vowels, much as "an" was.
[2]: "You" had replaced "ye" for most plural uses by
1600.

Here are the conjugations from that era of two common


irregular verbs:

to be - Present to have - Present


tense tense
I am I have
thou art thou hast
he/she/it is he/she/it hath
we are we have
ye are ye have
they are they have