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15608930 Road Map Jembatan Indonesia 2

15608930 Road Map Jembatan Indonesia 2

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Penyusunan Road Map Jembatan
Indonesia

Kelompok Bidang Keahlian Jembatan dan Bangkapja

Apa sih itu road map ?

Road map : a detailed plan to guide progress
toward a goal

Terjemahan bebas : suatu rencana detail untuk
membimbing pengembangan mencapai suatu
sasaran(Sumber : Merriam Webster Collegiate
Dictionary Tenth Edition,1996)

A technology roadmap is a plan that matches
short-term and long-term goals with specific
technology solutions to help meet those goals.

Sandia National Laboratories

While it has been used by some companies and
industries, the focus has always been on the
technology roadmap as a product, not on the
process.
The main benefit of technology roadmapping is that
it provides information to make better technology
investment decisions by identifying critical
technologies and technology gaps and identifying
ways to leverage R&D investments.
technology roadmapping, as described in this paper,
is an effective technology planning tool to help
identify product needs, map them into technology
alternatives, and develop project plans to ensure
that the required technologies will be available when
needed.

Sandia National Laboratories

At both the individual corporate and industry levels,
technology roadmapping has several potential uses
and resulting benefits. Three major uses are:
First, technology roadmapping can help develop a
consensus about a set of needs and the
technologies required to satisfy those needs.
Second, it provides a mechanism to help experts
forecast technology developments in targeted areas.
Third, it can provide a framework to help plan and
coordinate technology developments both within a
company or an entire industry.

Sandia National Laboratories

The main benefit of technology roadmapping is that
it provides information to help make better
technology investment decisions. It does this by:
First, identifying critical technologies or technology
gaps that must be filled to meet product
performance targets.
Second, identifying ways to leverage R&D
investments through coordinating research activities
either within a single company or among alliance
members.

Sandia National Laboratories

Technology roadmapping is a needs-driven
technology planning process to help identify, select,
and develop technology alternatives to satisfy a set
of product needs. It brings together a team of
experts to develop a framework for organizing and
presenting the critical technology-planning
information to make the appropriate technology
investment decisions and to leverage those
investments.

Sandia National Laboratories

A technology roadmap is the document that is
generated by the technology roadmapping process.
It identifies (for a set of product needs) the critical
system requirements, the product and process
performance targets, and the technology
alternatives and milestones for meeting those
targets. In effect, a technology roadmap identifies
alternate technology “roads” for meeting certain
performance objectives.

Sandia National Laboratories

Phase I. Preliminary activity
1. Satisfy essential conditions.
2. Provide leadership/sponsorship.
3. Define the scope and boundaries for the
technology roadmap.

Sandia National Laboratories

The intended use of the roadmap determines the planning horizon and
the level of detail. The time horizon for roadmaps varies, but for
industry roadmaps it is typically at least 10 to 15 years, although there
are intermediate points every three to five years.
This step is important for roadmapping at both the corporate and
industry level.However, it is more difficult, complex, and time-
consuming at the industry level for two reasons:
·First, there are many levels of needs, which must be decomposed,
and different levels of product, subsystems, and/or components that
can be roadmapped. The level selected must have a commonality for
the various participants.
·Second, since many U.S. companies do not know how to effectively
collaborate, thisstep (and the previous two) involves a major learning
effort, so this phase of industry roadmapping can easily take at least
six months. The involvement of an industry umbrella organization,
such as a consortium or a trade association, can improve the speed
and efficiency of the process and can often provide some of the
support resources

Sandia National Laboratories

Phase II. Development of the Technology Roadmap
1. Identify the “product” that will be the focus of the
roadmap.
2. Identify the critical system requirements and their
targets.
3. Specify the major technology areas.
4. Specify the technology drivers and their targets.
5. Identify technology alternatives and their time

lines.

6. Recommend the technology alternatives that
should be pursued.
7. Create the technology roadmap report.

Sandia National Laboratories

Phase III. Follow-up activity
1. Critique and validate the roadmap.
2. Develop an implementation plan.
3. Review and update.

Konsep Road Map Lean Construction , Manajemen Konstruksi ITB

Konsep Road Map Performance Based –Struktur ITB

Background Distribusi jembatan berdasarkan bentang dan
jenis bangunan atas jembatan di jalan nasional (Vasa, 2008)

No

Bentang
(meter)

Panjang

Buah

km

%

buah

%

1
2
3
4
5

0 -20
20 -40
40 -60
60 -100
> 100

93,9
42,6
68,6
39,3
71,8

30
13
22
12
23

12.068
1.849
1.741
544
385

73
11
10
3
2

316,2

100

16.587

100

No

Jenis
Jembatan

Panjang

Buah

km

%

Buah

%

1
2
3
4

Culvert
Gelagar
Rangka
Lain-lain

20,6
164,4
100,5
30,7

7
51
32
10

2.823
11.384
1.589
791

17
69
10
5

316,2

100

16.587

100

Background Distribusi jembatan berdasarkan bentang dan jenis
bangunan atas jembatan di jalan nasional (Vasa, 2008)

No

Tahun

Panjang

Jumlah

km

%

Buah

%

1

<1970

50.4

16

3.388

20

2

1970-1980

54.9

17

3.910

24

3

1980-1990

86.1

27

4.508

27

4

1990-2000

112.7

36

4.481

27

5

> 2000

11.8

4

300

2

316.2

100

16.587

100

No

Kondisi

Panjang

Jumlah

Jembatan

km

%

Buah

%

1

0

157.0

49

7.980

48

2

1

58.9

19

3.708

22

3

2

44.2

14

2.629

16

4

3

25.4

8

1.253

8

5

4

13.2

4

619

4

6

5

17.5

6

398

2

316.2

100

16.587

100

Background

Indonesia sebagai negara tropis yang terdiri dari banyak pulau dan
memiliki banyak sungai besar dan kecil tercatat telah membangun
tidak kurang 89.000 buah jembatan atau ekivalen panjang kurang lebih
1.050 km baik permanen maupun yang masih bersifat lintasan-basah
(wet-crossing).
Dari jumlah tersebut tidak kurang dari 35.000 buah jembatan berada
pada sistem jaringan jalan utama yang mendukung perekonomian
secara langsung yaitu pada ruas jalan nasional dan provinsi. Ini
ekivalen panjang kurang lebih 660 km dan sisanya berada di ruas jalan
kabupaten, desa dan jalan di daerah perkotaan.
Pada ruas jalan nasional terdapat kurang lebih 16.587 buah jembatan
dengan ekivalen panjang 316,2 km dengan populasi jembatan rangka
baja kurang lebih 1.589 jembatan (10%) dengan ekivalen panjang 100,5
km. Dari jembatan-jembatan yang berada pada ruas jalan nasional dan
provinsi, jumlah jembatan yang melintasi sungai-sungai dengan lebar
lebih dari 100 meter kurang dari 2%.

Background

Jembatan adalah elemen kunci dalam sebuah sistem transportasi
karena tiga buah alasan (Saduran dari “Design of Highway Bridges Based on
AASHTO LFRD Bridge Design Specification", Barker. Richard M., Puckett, Jay
A., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997, New York, pp 2), yaitu :
a)Jembatan mengatur kapasitas sistem transportasi

b)Jembatan mempunyai biaya per meter yang paling tinggi

c)Jika jembatan gagal dalam mengatur sistem transportasi, maka sistem
secara keseluruhan akan gagal.

Jika lebar jembatan tidak cukup untuk memikul sejumlah jalur yang
diperlukan untuk menampung volume lalu lintas, maka jembatan akan
merupakan konstruksi penghambat dalam aliran arus lalu lintas.

Jembatan itu mahal. Biaya tipikal per km jembatan adalah sekitar
sepuluh kali harga per km dari jalan. Investasi harus dilakukan dengan
serius ketika budget yang ada disalurkan untuk sistem transportasi
efisien dan efektif

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