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MATHEMATICS 55 Exercises

2nd Semester 2011-2012

Do as indicated. Show complete and clear solution to get full points. Box your nal answers. 1. Find the gradient of the following functions. (a) f (x, y ) = xy . x2 y 2 x 2y + z 2 .

(b) f (x, y, z ) = ln

(c) g (x, y, z ) = ez (sin x + sec(xy )). x+z (d) h(x, y, z ) = + xy ln z . 2x y 2. Find the directional derivatives of the following functions. (a) Find Du f (2, 0), where f (x, y ) = xexy + y and u has the same direction as v = 2, 1 . (b) Find Du f (x, y, z ), where f (x, y, z ) = x2 y + y 3 z 2 xyz in the direction of v = 1, 0, 3 . (c) Find Du f (2, 1, ), where f (x, y, z ) = sin(yz ) + ln(x y 2 ) z x in the direction of v = 1, 1, 1 . 3. Find the direction for which f (x, y ) = ex sin y + ey cos x has maximum rate of change at the point (1, 0). 4. Find the maximum value of Du f (3, 1, 2) for f (x, y, z ) = x2 + y 2 4xz . 5. Suppose that the temperature T (x, y, z ) in degrees at any point (x, y, z ) in the 3-dimensional space is given 60 . Find the direction and magnitude of the greatest rate of change in T at by T (x, y, z ) = 2 x + y2 + z2 + 3 the point (3, 2, 2), where distance is measured in inches from the origin. 6. Find the equation of the tangent plane and normal line to the following surfaces. x2 y2 + at the point (3, 4). 9 16 (b) y = ex cos z at the point (1, e, 0). (c) x + y + z = 4 at the point (1, 4, 1) (a) z = 3 + (d) The surface of revolution, generated by y = tan x at the point (e) R(u, v ) = sin v, v 1, eu at the point where u = v = 0. (f) R(s, t) = s2 , t2 , s + t at the point (1, 4, 3). 7. Find the local extrema and saddle point/s of the following (a) f (x, y ) = x3 y + 12x2 8y (b) f (x, y ) = e4yx (c) f (x, y ) = xy +
2

3 1 , , 4 2 2

y 2

1 1 + x y
2

(d) f (x, y ) = (x2 + y 2 )ey

x2

8. Find the absolute extrema of f (x, y ) = x3 3x y 3 + 12y over the triangle with vertices (2, 3), (2, 3) and (2, 2). 9. Find the absolute extrema of f (x, y ) = 4x + 6y x2 y 2 over the region {(x, y )|0 x 4, 0 y 5}. 10. Evaluate the following double integrals (a)
D

(2x + y )8 dA, where D = [0, 2] [0, 1]

(b)
D

y sin(xy )dA, where D = [2, 4] [0, ] 1 + x2 dA, where D = {(x, y ) : 0 x 1, 0 y 1} 1 + y2


D

(c)

(d)
D

xyex y dA, where D = {(x, y ) : 0 x 1, 0 y 2} x cos y dA, where D is bounded by y = 0, y = x2 and x = 1.


D

(e)

(f)
D 1

6x2 24xy 3 dA, where D is the triangle with vertices (0, 3), (1, 1), and (5, 3).
3 0 1 1 y

(g)
0

x4 + 1 dx dy . x3 sin(y 3 ) dy dx.
0 4 x2 2 y

(h) (i)
0

ex dx dy .

11. Set-up the iterated double integral needed to nd what is asked. (a) The volume of the tetrahedron (4 faced polyhedra) bounded by x + 2y + z = 2, x = 2y , x = 0, and z = 0. (b) The volume of the solid bounded by the coordinate planes and the plane 3x + 2y + z = 6. (c) The volume of the solid bounded by z = x, y = x, x + y = 2 and z = 0.

c dabsaddi 2011