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PACETE V . COM M ISION ON APPOINTM ENTS (1971) F ernand o, J. : F AC TS: -O n Apri l 14 , 1 96 6, Pe ti ti one r F el i zardo Pace te , al l e gi ng that he a!

appoi nte d "# the Pre !i de nt a! the $%ni ci pal J %dge o& Pi gca a#an, C ota"ato, &i le d a !%i t &or 'anda '%! and prohi "i ti on to co'pe l the Se cre tar# o& C o''i !!i on on Appoi nt'e nt! to i !!%e hi ' ce rti &i cate o& con&i r'ati o n. -Pe ti ti one r a! appoi nte d on A%g%!t ( 1, 19 64 . )e a!!%'e d o&&i ce on Se pte '"e r 1 1, 1 96 4 and di !char ge d hi ! d%ti e ! a! !%ch. -)i ! appoi nt'e n t a! 'ade d%ri ng re ce !! o& C ongre !! "and a! !%"'i tte d at i t! ne *t !e !!i on i n 19 6+ , O n $a# ,- , 19 6+ , )i ! appoi n t'e nt a! %nani 'o %!l # con&i r'e d. -O n F e "r%ar# ., 19 66 , The Se cre tar# o& J %!ti ce !e nt hi ' a le tte r orde ri ng hi ' to /acate hi ! po!i ti on "e ca%!e hi ! con&i r'ati o n a! "#-pa!!e d. -0 he n he i n1%i re d a"o%t i t, he l e arne d that on $a# ,1 , 1 96 +, one da# a&te r hi ! con&i r'ati on, Se n. 2o&ol &o 3anzo n, 'e '"e r o& C o''i !!i on on App oi nt'e n t!, rote to C hai r'an o& the C o''i !!i on on Appoi nt'e nt! to &i le &or a 'oti on &or re con!i de rati on on pe ti ti one r4 ! con&i r'ati o n i n /ie o& de rogator# i n&or'ati o n re ce i /e d "# Se n. 3anzo n. -The Se cre tar# o& C o''i !!i on on Appoi nt'e nt! noti &i e d Se cre tar# o& J %!ti ce re gardi n g the practi ce that a 'oti on o& re con!i de rati on a%to' ati cal l # cance l ! the con&i r'ati o n o& appoi nt 'e nt in 1%e !ti on. -Pe ti ti one r C o''i !!i on e *e rci !e ! po conte nd! that the on App oi nt'e n t! e r to appro/e or re5 e ct

appoi nt 'e nt! thr% 'a5 ori t# /ote ! o& 'e '"e r! i n the 1%or%' and not thr% 'e '"e r! i ndi /i d%al l # a! pro/i de d "# Se c. 1 - o& i t! 2%l e !. -2e !ponde nt! conte nd that the S%pre 'e C o%rt ha! no 5 %ri !di cti on "e ca%!e the ca!e onl # i n/ol /e ! i nte rnal r%l e ! o& C o''i !!i on on Appoi nt 'e nt!. The re are no con!ti t%ti onal 1%e !ti on! i n/ol /e d. 6 SS78S A9 : 27; 6 9 3: 6 SS78 <1 : 0 O 9 S7P28$8 C O 72T )AS J726 S:6 C T6 O9 =e !. The ca!e i n/ol /e ! i nte rpre tati on o& the C on!ti t%ti on re gardi n g the po e r! o& C o''i !!i on on Appoi nt 'e nt!. 6 SS78 <, : 0O9 P8T6 T6O 9 824 S APPO 6 9 T$89 T $7ST > 8 C O 9F 6 2$8: =e !. The control l i ng pri nci pl e i! Al tare 5 o! /. $ol o hi ch i nte rpre te d 2%l e , 1 o& the 2e /i !e d 2%l e ! o& C o''i !!i on on Appoi nt 'e nt!. 6t hel d that 'e re &i li ng o& 'oti on &or re con!i de rati on di d not ha/e the e&&e ct o& !e tti ng a!i de a con&i r'ati on. 6 n!te ad, i t i l l onl # re ope n the appoi nt 'e nt and !%"'i t it &or appro/al or di !appr o/al "# the 'a5 ori t# o& 'e '"e r! o& the C o''i !!i on on Appoi nt 'e nt!. $ore o/e r, the re i! di !ti ncti on "e t e e n appoi nt 'e nt! 'ade d%ri ng re ce !! o& C ongre !! and appoi n t'e nt! hil e C ongre !! i ! i n !e !!i on. 0 he n C ongre !! i ! i n !e !!i on, pre !i de nti al no'i ne e ! can onl # a!!%'e o&&i ce once con&i r'e d "# the C o''i !!i on on Appoi nt 'e nt!. 0 he n C ongre !! i ! i n re ce !!, the Pre !i de nt 'a?e ! ad i nte ri ' appoi nt 'e nt! hi ch ta?e e&&e ct at once . The i ndi /i d%al cho!e n 'a# 1%al i &# and pe r&or' hi ! &%ncti on. The appoi nt 'e nt i ! e&&e cti /e %nti l the di !appro/ al o& the C o''i !!i on on

Appoi nt'e nt! or ne *t ad5 o%rn'e nt o& C ongre !!.

Minat Terkait