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Exe geting

Genesis 39 vv 6-9
Joseph is tempted
by his master‘s wife

*
PCJB
PP Presentation
devised and prepared
at
Gujranwala Theological Seminary
may be copied for non-commercial use only
February 2007
Why PowerPoint?

 Clarity of outline
Central formatting
Use few words per frame
One unit of thought to each line

 Ease of editing / manipulating text


 Force of impact
This Presentation…

 Is prepared for use in the classroom


(using a multimedia projector beamed onto a white
wall or screen; or a wide screen monitor for small
groups (2-10))
 Can be easily adapted by the teacher
 Allows for class interaction with the text
(using the edit mode for class suggestions, e.g.
for “best” lay out of the Scripture text)
PRAY…

 For God to speak to you


 For His Spirit to guide your
thoughts
 For Jesus to be glorified through
this study
Genesis 39:6-9 The TEXT

So he left in Joseph’s care everything he had; with


Joseph in charge, he did not concern himself with
anything except the food he eat.
Now Joseph was well built and handsome, and after a
while his master’s wife took notice of Joseph and
said, “come to bed with me!”
But he refused. He told her, “With me in charge, my
master does not concern himself with anything in the
house; Everything he owns he has entrusted to my
care. No-one is greater in this house than I am.
My master has withheld nothing from me except you,
because you are his wife. How then could I do such a
wicked thing and sin against God?”
Analysing The Passage

So he left in Joseph’s care everything he had; with Joseph in charge, he did


not concern himself with anything except the food he eat.
Now Joseph was well built and handsome, and after a while his master’s wife
took notice of Joseph and said, “come to bed with me!”
But he refused. He told her, “With me in charge, my master does not concern
himself with anything in the house; Everything he owns he has entrusted to
my care. No-one is greater in this house than I am. My master has
withheld nothing from me except you, because you are his wife. How then
could I do such a wicked thing and sin against God?”

How is this passage structured?


Step 1:
Listing the IDEAS

a) What are
the units of thought?

Rearrange the text so as to


LIST each new IDEA on a separate line
as you come to it in your reading of the
passage
List: Units of Thought
So he left in Joseph’s care [1st idea]
everything he had; [2nd idea]
with Joseph in charge, [3rd idea, etc]
he did not concern himself with anything
except the food he eat.
Now Joseph was well built and handsome,
and after a while his master’s wife took notice of Joseph
and said, “come to bed with me!”
But he refused.
he told her, “With me in charge,
my master does not concern himself with anything in the house;
Everything he owns he has entrusted to my care.
No-one is greater in this house than I am.
My master has withheld nothing from me except you,
because you are his wife.
How then could I do such a wicked thing
and sin against God?”
Step 2:
Shaping The STRUCTURE

b) What is
its shape?

Shift the position of each idea in such a way as to


show the relationship of each idea
in the total structure
Step 2:
Shaping The STRUCTURE

By “shaping the structure“ is meant


arranging the text of the passage
to show visually
how the passage has been structured.

Note: this refers to the grammatical structure of the


translaton, not necessarily that of the original text.
Example of “Shaping”
The Text ’ s STRUCTURE

So he left in Joseph’s care [ 3 statements about


everything he had; how J’s master
with Joseph in charge, left matters ]
he did not concern himself with anything
except the food he ate.

[“he” x 2: aspects of the master’s arrangement


put Positively
& aspects of that arrangement
put Negatively]
“Shaping” the Text’s Structure

Positioning the text


to show how the passage is constructed
is the most difficult part of the task
of
exposing the message of the passage.

It is also the most subjective part


since
there is usually no one way
of
arranging the sentences, clauses and phrases
that make up the whole.
“Shaping” the Text’s Structure

What matters is that


you discover for yourself
how the various parts relate to each other
– and how to show this depends on
the arrangement of the text
that clarifies the content for you.
“Shaping” the Text’s Structure

We will use
the following arrangement of the text
for our study of the passage

Note: It is
only one possible way to shape
the structure of the passage.

.
The STRUCTURE
So he left in Joseph’s care
everything he had;
with Joseph in charge,
he did not concern himself with anything
except the food he ate.
Now Joseph was well built and handsome,
and after a while his master’s wife took notice of Joseph
and said, “come to bed with me!”
But he refused.
he told her, “With me in charge,
my master does not concern himself with anything in the house;
Everything he owns he has entrusted to my care.
No-one is greater in this house than I am.
My master has withheld nothing from me
except you,
because you are his wife.
How then could I do such a wicked thing
and sin against God?”
Step 3 ANALYSIS

What is happening?
a) Who are
the people involved?

[ Look for the personal nouns


and underline with bold letters,
or write them in capital letters,
so that they stand out ]
The Persons
So he left in Joseph’s care
everything he had;
with Joseph in charge,
he did not concern himself with anything
except the food he ate.
Now Joseph was well built and handsome,
and after a while his master’s wife took notice of Joseph

and said, “come to bed with me!”


But he refused.
he told her, “With me in charge,
my master does not concern himself with anything in the house;
Everything he owns he has entrusted to my care.
No-one is greater in this house than I am.
My master has withheld nothing from me
except you,
because you are his wife.
How then could I do such a wicked thing
and sin against God?”
ANALYSIS (Cont)

What is happening?
b) What are these persons
doing?

[ Look now for the verbs


and put them in italics,
or underline them with a different colour ]
The Action
So he left in Joseph’s care
everything he had;
with Joseph in charge,
he did not concern himself with anything
except the food he ate.
Now Joseph was well built and handsome,
and after a while his master’s wife took notice of Joseph
and said, “come to bed with me!”
But he refused.
he told her, “With me in charge,
my master does not concern himself with anything in the house;
Everything he owns he has entrusted to my care.
No-one is greater in this house than I am.
My master has withheld nothing from me
except you,
because you are his wife.
How then could I do such a wicked thing
and sin against God?”
ANALYSIS (Cont)

What is each section about?

What are
the topics?

[ Note them as headings on the right ]


The Topics
So he left in Joseph’s care HOUSEHOLD RESPONSIBILITIES
everything he had;
with Joseph in charge,
he did not concern himself with anything
except the food he ate.
Now Joseph was well built GOOD LOOKS
and handsome,
and after a while his master’s wife took notice of Joseph
and said, “come to bed with me!” ENTICEMENT
But he refused. REFUSAL / REBUTTAL
he told her, “With me in charge,
my master does not concern himself with anything in the house;
Everything he owns HIS MASTER’S TRUST
he has entrusted to my care.
No-one is greater in this house than I am.
HIS MASTER’S CONFIDENCE
My master has withheld nothing from me
except you, HIS M’S INTIMACY
because you are his wife.

How then could I do such a wicked thing


and sin against God?” RESPONSIBILITY TOWARDS GOD
Step 4 The Over-All SUBJECT

What is
the over-all subject
of this passage?
Over-all SUBJECT (Cont)

Sexual Temptation:
Answering
a tempter to sexual sin

How to deal verbally with sexual


enticement by a temptress
Over-all Subject (Cont)

Sexual Temptation:
Is this too a delicate subject
to talk about in public?
Note:
 God has caused this incident to be
recorded in His Word for our learning
 Originally God‘s Word was read out in
public to a mainly illiterate
congregation
 Studying the Bible privately is a recent
custom
Step 5 The TEACHING
[An important one!]

What does the passage say


about
the over-all subject
of
responding to sexual temptation?
What does the passage say
about this over-all subject?
Note 1

Note the limited scope of this question


 The question is not asking for everything
that the passage may teach (i.e. About this
and other topics also)
What does the passage say
about this over-all subject?
Note 2

 The question is not asking for everything


that is taught in the Bible about the
subject
What does the passage say
about this over-all subject?
Note 3:

 The question is not asking about


 how to deal with temptation itself, e.g.
 by avoiding it (see v.10b: never alone with the tempter!)
or
 by running away from it (see v.12)
but about
 how to answer the one who is tempting
TEACHING
about the over-all subject: 1

So he left in Joseph’s care HOUSEHOLD RESPONSIBILITIES


everything he had;
with Joseph in charge,
he did not concern himself with anything
except the food he ate.
Now Joseph was well built ATTRACTION & TEMPTATION
and handsome.
______________________________________________
 People can be particularly subject to
temptation who are
 In positions of prominence
 In positions of great trust
 Blessed with good looks
TEACHING
about the over-all subject: 2

and after a while his master’s wife took notice of Joseph


and said, “come to bed with me!”

___________________________________________________
 Familiarity with people at work can create
situations of temptation
TEACHING
about the over-all subject: 3

But he refused. REFUSAL / REBUTTAL

___________________________________________________
 The first step in dealing with temptation is
to say “No!“
TEACHING
about the over-all subject: 4

he told her, “With me in charge,


my master does not concern himself with anything
in the house;

______________________________________
It is wise to bring a third party into the
situation (either physically or, as when
Joseph referred to his master, mentally)
TEACHING
about the over-all subject: 5

My master has withheld nothing from me HIS MASTER’S CONFIDENCE


except you, HIS M’S INTIMACY
because you are his wife.

How then could I do such a wicked thing


and sin against God?” RESPONSIBILITY TOWARDS GOD

___________________________________________________
 Rather than denouncing the tempter, it is more
tactful to defend
 one‘s own integrity
and
 the interests of others
TEACHING
about the over-all subject: 6
My master has withheld nothing from me
except you,
because you are his wife.
How then could I do such a wicked thing
and
sin against God?”

_________________________________
 There are God-made boundaries in human
affairs: to cross them results in
 wronging others as well as
 seriously sinning against God
TEACHING
about the over-all subject: 7
Everything he owns HIS MASTER’S TRUST
he has entrusted to my care.
No-one is greater in this house than I am.

HIS MASTER’S CONFIDENCE


My master has withheld nothing from me
except you, HIS M’S INTIMACY
because you are his wife.

__________________________________
 Succumbing to sexual temptation
 destroys relationships because it
 betrays trust
TEACHING
about the over-all subject: 8
Everything he owns HIS MASTER’S TRUST
he has entrusted to my care.
No-one is greater in this house than I am.

HIS MASTER’S CONFIDENCE


My master has withheld nothing from me
except you, HIS M’S INTIMACY
because you are his wife.

___________________________________
 Faithfulness in other areas of life
strengthens our resolve against the
temptations of extra-marital affairs
TEACHING
about the over-all subject: 9

Everything he owns HIS MASTER’S TRUST


he has entrusted to my care.
No-one is greater in this house than I am.

HIS MASTER’S CONFIDENCE


My master has withheld nothing from me
except you, HIS M’S INTIMACY
because you are his wife.

_______________________________________________________________
 It is wise to have reasons prepared beforehand
against particular temptations
 Not to betray his master‘s confidence in him
 Not to spoil his relationship with his master
 Not to spoil the intimacy between husband & wife
 Not to sin against God
Total TEACHING
about the over-all subject:
 There are God-made boundaries in human affairs that must never be
crossed
 People can be particularly subject to temptation who are
 In positions of prominence
 In positions of great trust
 Blessed with good looks
 Familarity with people at work can create situations of temptation
 The first step in dealing with temptation is to say “No!“
 It is wise mentally to bring a third party into the situation (Joseph
refers to his master)
 It is tactful, rather than denouncing the tempter, to defend one‘s own
integrity and the interests of others
 Succumbing to sexual temptation destroys relationships as it betrays
trust
 Faithfulness in other areas of life strengthens our resolve against the
temptations of extra-marital affairs
 It is wise to have reasons prepared against particular temptations
 Not to betray his master‘s confidence in him
 Not to spoil his relationship with his master
 Not to spoil the intimacy between husband and wife
 Not to sin against God
The TEACHING
about the over-all subject

Note:
Just as a three-fold cord
is not easily broken,
so
having several ways of resisting temptation
strengthens our resolve not to give in.
If we rely on one defence alone
(e.g. remembering that to give in is sinning)
we are more likely to fall into temptation
Step 6 The HEART-BEAT

What is the main lesson


that this passage teaches?
What is
the heart-beat
of the passage?
Finding The HEART-BEAT

The main lessons


 God has made boundaries in human
affairs which we must never cross
 Bring a third party into a situation of
temptation
 Have reasons for resisting temptation
before the temptation arises
 Learn to be faithful in all situations
The HEART-BEAT

Suggestion A

Saying “No!“ to temptation


is easier
if you can also say
“Why Not“!

(Integrity in the face of temptation


involves
having good reasons for not complying)
The HEART-BEAT

Suggestion B

When facing sexual temptation


bring into the situation
an affected third party

(Integrity in the face of temptation


involves
having in mind the consequences for
others)
Analysis > Application

The exegetical task


is now complete

The homiletical business of


expounding and applying the message
can now be undertaken
Application

Lessons in
Resisting Temptation
not only for
(negatively)
 Resisting Seducers outside of marriage
but also for
(positively)
 Maintaining Healthy Relationships inside and
outside of Marriage
Application

Healthy Relationships
Outside of Marriage

1.
Involve Others
In situations of temptation bring in
the rightfully concerned parties:
Spouse - Fiancée – Master - God
Application

Healthy Relationships
Outside of Marriage

2.
Be Accountable
Never do, say, or think anything
which you would not wish
the rightfully concerned parties
to know about
Application

Healthy Relationships
Outside of Marriage

3.
Rehearse Biblical Reasons
for righteous behaviour

Why the wrong behaviour is wicked


and offends God as well as wronging others
Additional Note:
dealing with sexual temptation

The passage context concerns why


the righteous Joseph was thrown
into prison.
The immediate context includes two
additional examples of how to deal
with sexual temptation
Dealing with sexual temptation

 Avoid being alone with a person of


the opposite sex

 Run away from those who would


tempt you to sin
The End