Anda di halaman 1dari 39

BAB III

Gayagaya yang bekerja pada tubuh bendung :

1. Tekanan air,
2. Tekanan lumpur,
3. Tekanan berat sendiri bendung,
4. Gaya gempa,
5. Gaya angkat (uplift pressure).

3.1 Tekanan Air

3.1.1 Tekanan Air Normal
y

MAN + 223,40 m

x
Pa2

P = 3,40 m

Pa1

+220,000 m
2.000

2.000

+219,304 m
1.500
1.000

0.580

1.000

1.000

1.000

2.896
1.304
1.500

0.500

3.200

1.000
1.500

2.500
2.000

46

air = 1 ton/m3
Pa1 =

. air . h2

Pa2 =

. b . h . air =

. (1) . ( 3,40)2

= 5,780 ton

Bagian
Pa1
Pa2
JUMLAH

Gaya (t)
V
H
5,780
1,957
1,957
5,780

Lengan (m)
x
y
5,029
6,420
-

Momen (tm)
Mr
Mo
29,068
12,564
12,564 29,068

y
MAB + 225,623 m

2.223

Pf4

MAN + 223,40 m

Pf3

P = 3,40 m

Pf2
Pf5
Pf1
+220,000 m

Pf6

2.000

2.000

+219,304 m
1.500
1.000

0.580

1.000

1.000

1.000

2.896
1.304
1.500

0.500

3.200

1.000
1.500

2.500
2.000

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

47

Pf1 =

. air . h2

Pf2 = h . air . h
Pf3 =

. b . h . air

Pf4 = b . h .air

. (1) . (3,40)2

= 5,780 ton

= 7,558 ton

Pf5 =

. b . h . air

Pf6 =

. air . h2

= 3,624 ton

. (3,04) . ( 3.029) . (1) = 4,604 ton

. (1) . ( 3.029)2

= 4,587 ton

Bagian
Pf1
Pf2
Pf3
Pf4
Pf5
Pf6
JUMLAH

Gaya (t)
V
H
5,780
7,558
1,957
3,624
4,604
-4,587
10,185
8,751

Lengan (m)
x
y
5,029
5,596
6,420
5,989
1,013
4,211

Momen (tm)
Mr
Mo
48,072
42,295
12,564
21,704
4,664
19,316
58,248 71,362

3.2 Tekanan Lumpur

lumpur = 0,6 ton/m3

= 30o

Ka

= tan2 (45o /2)

= tan2 (45o 30o/2)
= 0,333

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

48

Keterangan :
lumpur = berat volume lumpur (t/m3)

Ka

y

MAN + 223,40 m

Pl2

P = 3,40 m

Pl1
+220,000 m
2.000

2.000

+219,304 m
1.500
1.000

0.580

1.000

1.000

1.000

2.896
1.304
1.500

0.500

3.200

1.000
1.500

2.500
2.000

Gambar 3.3 Diagram Tekanan Akibat Lumpur

Pl1 =

. Ka . lumpur . h2 =

= 1,155 ton

Pl2 =

. b . h . lumpur

= 1,174 ton

49

Gaya (t)
V
H
1,155
1,174
1,174
1,155

Bagian
Pl1
Pl2
JUMLAH

Lengan (m)
x
y
5,029
6,420
-

Momen (tm)
Mr
Mo
5,808
7,537
7,537
5,808

3.3 Tekanan Berat Sendiri Bendung

Berat volume pasangan batu pasangan
Mr

W.x

Mo

W.y

Di mana :

Mr

= 2,2 t/m2

W

50

1.103

2.364

0.527

0.143

0.810

2.000

w12
1.286

w11
w9

0.810

3.255
2.114

w8
w1

w2

1.304
2.000

w10
w7

1.896

w4

3.396

w5

3.200

0.500

w3
w6

2.500

2.000

2.304

1.000

51

A = 2/3 . L . H

5/8H
H

3/8H

3/8L

5/8L
L

Gambar 3.5 Pehitungan Bentuk Parabola

W1 =

. b . h . pasangan =

. (1,103) . (3,257) . (2,2) = 3,952 ton

W2 = b . h . pasangan

= (0,527) . (3,257) . (2,2)

= 3,776 ton

W3 = b . h . pasangan

= (2,5) . (3,396) . (2,2)

= 18,678 ton

W4 = b . h . pasangan

= (2,304) . (1,896) . (2,2)

= 9,610 ton

W5 = b . h . pasangan

= (1) . (0,5) . (2,2)

= 1,100 ton

W6 = b. h . pasangan

= (2) . (3,2) . (2,2)

= 14,080 ton

W7 =

. b . h . pasangan =

W8 = b. h . pasangan
W9 =

= 4,400 ton

= (0,810) . (1,304) . (2,2)

= 2,324 ton

. b . h . pasangan =

W10 = b. h . pasangan
W11 =

= 10,994 ton

52

W12 =

Bagian

b (m)

h (m)

Berat
(t)

Lengan

Momen

(m)

(tm)

Mr

W1

1,103

3,257

3,952

6,069

23,983

W2

0,527

3,257

3,776

5,438

20,535

W3

2,500

3,396

18,678

5,554

103,738

W4

2,304

1,896

9,610

3,152

30,292

W5

1,000

0,500

1,100

2,500

2,750

W6

2,000

3,200

14,080

1,000

14,080

W7

2,000

2,000

4,400

1,333

5,865

W8

0,810

1,304

2,324

2,405

5,589

W9

0,810

0,810

0,722

2,540

1,833

W10

2,364

2,114

10,994

3,992

43,890

W11

2,364

1,286

4,459

4,288

19,119

W12

0,527

0,143

0,111

5,372

0,594

JUMLAH

74,206

272,268

53

0.143

gv12
gh12
gv11

1.286
gv2
gh11
gv9

gv1
gv10

0.810

3.255

gh9

gh2
gv8

2.114
gh1

gh10

1.304
gh8

gv7

2.000
gv4

gh7

gv3

1.896
gh4
gv6

3.396
gh3

gv5
gh5

3.200

0.500

gh6

2.500

2.000

2.304

1.000

54

Bagian

b (m)

h (m)

Berat (t)

W1
W2
W3
W4
W5
W6
W7
W8
W9
W10
W11
W12
JUMLAH

1,103
0,527
2,500
2,304
1,000
2,000
2,000
0,810
0,810
2,364
2,364
0,527

3,257
3,257
3,396
1,896
0,500
3,200
2,000
1,304
0,810
2,114
1,286
0,143

3,952
3,776
18,678
9,610
1,100
14,080
4,400
2,324
0,722
10,994
4,459
0,111
74,206

Lengan (m)
x
y
6,069
4,882
5,438
5,425
5,554
2,198
3,152
2,948
2,500
1,750
1,000
1,600
1,333
3,867
2,405
4,548
2,540
5,470
3,992
4,953
4,288
6,492
5,372
7,207

Momen (tm)
Mov
Moh
23,983 19,292
20,535 20,486
103,738 41,054
30,292 28,332
2,750
1,925
14,080 22,528
5,865
17,015
5,589
10,568
1,833
3,948
43,890 54,456
19,119 28,947
0,594
0,797
272,268 249,347

3.4.1 Gempa Horizontal

Gaya Horizontal (H) = Kh . W
= 0,10 . 74,206
= 7,421 ton
Momen akibat gempa horizontal :
Momen (Mo) = Kh . Moh
= 0,10 . 249,347 = 24,935 tm
Keterangan :
H

Kh

Mo

55

3.4.2 Gempa Vertikal

Gaya Vertikal (V)

= Kv . W
= 0,05 . -74,206
= -3,710 ton

Momen akibat gempa vertikal :

Momen (Mo) = Kv . Mov
= 0,05. 272,268
= 13,613 tm
Keterangan :
V

Kv

Mr

56

3.5 Gaya Angkat (Uplift Pressure)

3.5.1 Air Normal
L

= Lh + Lv
= 12,384 + 14,096
= 26,48 m

H (Tinggi Air Normal) = 3,40 m

Ux = Hx

Lx
. H
L

Ux = Hx

Lx
.(3,40)
26,48

Ux = Hx 0,1284 Lx

Keterangan :
Hx

Lx

Ux

57

MAN + 223,40 m

P = 3,40 m

+220,000 m

Hx
+219,304 m

Titik guling
tinjauan
Lx

U1

U2

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

58

Tabel 3.6 Perhitungan Uplift Pressure di Titik X Akibat Muka Air Normal
Titik

Hx

Lx

Ux

4,096

26,480

0,696

7,296

23,280

4,307

7,296

21,280

4,564

5,796

19,780

3,256

5,796

18,780

3,385

5,296

18,280

2,949

5,296

16,976

3,116

6,796

15,476

4,809

6,796

12,976

5,130

3,900

10,080

2,606

59

Bagian

Gambar

a-b
a

Gaya angkat per 1 m Panjang (t)

0.696

e=
H=
e

= 1,215
= 8,005

Y = 1,215

b
4.307

b-c
c

e=
V=

4.307

4.564

= 0,990
= 8,871

X = 2 0,990 = 1,010

c-d

3.256

H=

e
4.564

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

e=

= 0,792
= 5,865

Y = 0,792

60

d-e

e=
V=

3.256

3.385

= 0,497
= 3,320

X = (1 0,497) + 2 = 2,503

e-f
e=

= 0,256

2.949

H=

= 1,583

3.385

f-g

2.949

3.116

e=

= 0,646

V=

= 3,954

g-h

3.116

e=

= 0,697

H=

= 5,944

4.809

61

h-i

e=
V=

4.809
5.130

= 1,237
= 12,423

i-j
2.606

e=

= 1,605

H=

= 11,201

5.130

62

Titik
a

Hx
(m)
4,096

Lx
(m)
26,132

Ux
(t/m2)
0,696

V
H

1,215
b

7,296

23,280

7,296

21,280

-8,005
-8,871

5,596

19,780

5,596

18,780

5,865

6,596

18,280

6,596

16,976

-3,320

2,503
1,583

5,096

15,476

5,096

12,976

-3,954

10,080

2.780

3,658
-5,944

14.466
1,197

7,113

3,083
-12,423

5,567

69.167

3,408
1,605

j
3,900
JUMLAH

1,756

4,387

1,237
i

8.312

4,218

0,697
h

4.644

3,153

0,646
g

0,792

3,023

0,256
f

8.956

4,527

0,497
e

9,726

1,010

0,792
d

1,215

Momen
Mr
Mo

4,267
0,990

Lengan (m)
x
y

11,201

2,105

23.584

2,589
-28,569

4,701

16,839 131,909

Gaya Angkat :
H

= fu . H

= 0,50 . (4,701)

= fu . V

= 2,351 t

M0 = fu . M0 = 0,50 . (131,909) = 65,954 tm

Mr =

fu . Mr = 0,50 . (16,839)

= 8,419 tm

63

3.5.2 Air Banjir

H (Tinggi Air Banjir) = 5,623 m
Ux = Hx

Lx
. H
L

Ux = Hx

Lx
.(5,623)
26,48

Ux = Hx 0,2123 Lx

Keterangan :
Hx

Lx

Ux

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

64

Tabel 3.9 Perhitungan Uplift Pressure di Titik X Akibat Muka Air Banjir
Titik

Hx

Lx

Ux

6,319

26,480

0,696

9,519

23,280

4,576

9,519

21,280

5,000

8,019

19,780

3,819

8,019

18,780

4,031

7,519

18,280

3,637

7,519

16,976

3,914

9,019

15,476

5,733

9,019

12,976

6,264

6,123

10,080

3,983

65

Bagian

Gambar

a-b

Gaya angkat per 1 m Panjang (t)

0.696

e=

= 1,207

H=
e

= 8,434

Y = 1,207

4.576

b-c

e=
V=

4.576
5.000

= 0,985
= 9,576

X = 2 0,985 = 1,015

c-d

3.819

e=
H=

= 0,783
= 6,614

c
5.000

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

Y = 0,783

66

d-e

e=
V=

3.819

4.031

= 0,495
= 3,925

X = (1 0,495) + 2 = 2,505

e-f
e=

= 0,254

3.637

H=

= 1,917

4.031

f-g

3.637

3.914

e=

= 0,644

V=

= 4,924

g-h
e=
g

= 0,703

3.914

H=

= 7,235

h
5.733

67

h-i

5.733
6.264

e=

= 1,232

V=

= 14,995

i-j
3.983

e=

= 1,555

H=

= 14,836

i
6.264

68

Ux
(t/m2)
26,132 0,696

a

4,096

V
H

1,207
b

7,296

23,280

7,296

21,280

-8,434
-9,576

5,596

19,780

5,596

18,780

6,614
-3,925

6,596

18,280

6,596

16,976

5,096

15,476

5,096

12,976

-4,924

10,080

1,754

3.363

3,660
-7,235

18.020
1,203

8,703

3,083
-14,995

5,572

83.560

3,408
1,555

j
3,900
JUMLAH

9.830

4,387

1,232
i

5.182

2,505
1,917

0,703
h

0,783

4,218
0,644

9.717

3,153
0,254

1,015

3,023
0,495

1,207 10,185

4,527
0,783

Momen
Mr
Mo

4,267
0,985

Lengan (m)
x
y

14,836

2,055

30.495

2,589
-33,419

7,698

18,888 160,168

Gaya Angkat :
H

= fu . H

= 0,50 . (7,698)

= fu . V

= 3,849 t

M0 = fu . M0 = 0,50 . (160,168) = 80,084 tm

Mr =

fu . Mr = 0,50 . (18,888)

= 9,444 tm

69

Tabel 3.12 Akumulasi Beban Beban Pada Bendung

No

Bagian

1
2
Tekanan Air
a
Air Normal
b
Air Banjir
c
Tekanan Lumpur
d
Berat Sendiri Bendung
Gaya Gempa
e
Gempa Horizontal
f
Gempa Vertikal
Gaya Angkat
g
Air Normal
h
Air Banjir

Gaya (t)
Vertikal Horizontal
3
4

Momen (tm)
Mr
Mo
5
6

1,957
10,185
1,174
74,206

5,780
8,751
1,155
-

12,564
58,248
7,537
272,268

29,068
71,362
5,808
-

-3,710

7,421
-

24,935
13,613

-14,285
-16,710

2,351
3,849

8,419
9,444

65,954
80,084

3.6 Kontrol Stabilitas Bendung

Kombinasi gaya gaya yang bekerja pada bendung :

3.6.1 Tanpa Gempa

Tegangan ijin tanah = 24,5 t/m2
1. Keadaan Air Normal dengan Uplift Pressure
H

= a(4) + c(4) + g(4)

= 5,780 + 1,155 + 2,351 = 9,286 t

= a(3) + c(3) + d(3) + g(3)

= 1,957 + 1,174 + 74,206 14,285 = 63,052 t

Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5) + g(5)

= 12,564 + 7,537 + 272,268 + 8,419 = 300,788 tm
M0 = a(6) + c(6) + g(6)
= 29,068 + 5,808 + 65,954 = 100,830 tm

70

Kontrol :
SF

300,788
Mr
=
100,830
M0

(OK!)

SF

0,70 . 63,052
f V
=
9,286
H

4,753

....... 1,20

(OK!)

keterangan : f = koefisien geser

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)
Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

300,788 100,830
Mr M0
=
63,052
V

3,171 m

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
3,171 0,231 m
2
2

e = 0,231 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern
=

V M. x

A
Iy
V
V . e . 0,5 . b x

1
3
bx . by
. bx . by
12

V
6.V.e

2
bx . by
bx . by

71

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

Tegangan izin tanah dasar () =2,45 kg/cm2 = 24,5 t/m2

Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 meter panjang bendung :
min

63,052 6 . 0,231
2
1
= 7,382 t/m
6,804. 1
6,804

max

63,052 6 . 0,231
2
2
1
= 11,152 t/m < = 24,5 t/m (OK!)
6,804. 1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

H

= b(4) + c(4) + h(4)

= 8,751 + 1,155 + 3,849 = 13,755 t

= b(3) + c(3) + d(3) + h(3)

= 10,185 + 1,174 + 74,206 16,710 = 68,855 t

Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5) + h(5)

= 58,248 + 7,537 + 272,268 + 9,444 = 347,496 tm
M0 = b(6) + c(6) + h(6)
= 71,362 + 5,808 + 80,084 = 157,254 tm
Kontrol :
SF

347,496
Mr
=
157,254
M0

2,210 ................ 1,50

(OK!)

0,70 . 68,855
f V
3,504 ....... 1,20
=
13,755
H

(OK!)

SF

72

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

347,496 157,254
Mr M0
=
68,855
V

2,763 m

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
2,763 0,639 m
2
2

e = 0,639 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern
=

V M. x

A
Iy
V
V . e . 0,5 . b x

1
3
bx . by
. bx . by
12

V
6.V.e

2
bx . by
bx . by

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

Tegangan izin tanah dasar () =2,45 kg/cm2 = 24,5 t/m2

Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 meter panjang bendung :
min

68,855 6 . 0,639
1
= 4,417 t/m2
6,804. 1
6,804

max

68,855 6 . 0,639
1
= 15,823 t/m2 < = 24,5 t/m2 (OK!)
6,804.1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

73

3.6.2 Dengan Gempa Horizontal

Tegangan ijin tanah = 24,5 t/m2
1. Keadaan Air Normal dengan Uplift Pressure
H

= a(4) + c(4) + e(4) + g(4)

= 5,780 + 1,155 + 7,421 + 2,351 = 16,706 t

= a(3) + c(3) + d(3) + g(3)

= 1,957 + 1,174 + 74,206 14,285

= 63,052 t

Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5) + g(5)

= 12,564 + 7,537 + 272,268 + 8,419 = 300,788 tm
M0 = a(6) + c(6) + e(6) + g(6)
= 29,068 + 5,808 + 24,935 + 65,954 = 125,765 tm
Kontrol :
SF

300,788
Mr
2,392 ................ 1,50
=
125,765
M0

(OK!)

SF

0,70 . 63,052
f V
2,642 ....... 1,20
=
16,706
H

(OK!)

keterangan : f = koefisien geser

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)
Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

300,788 125,765
Mr M0
2,776 m
=
63,052
V

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
2,776 0,626 m
2
2

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

74

e = 0,626 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern
=

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

min

63,052 6 . 0,626
2
1
= 4,150 t/m
6,804. 1
6,804

max

63,052 6 . 0,626
2
2
1
= 14,384 t/m < = 24,5 t/m
6,804. 1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

(OK!)

H

= a(4) + c(4) + e(4)

= 5,780 + 1,155 + 7,421 = 14,356 t

= a(3) + c(3) + d(3)

= 1,957 + 1,174 + 74,206 = 77,337 t

Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5)

= 12,564 + 7,537 + 272,268 = 292,369 tm
M0 = a(6) + c(6) + e(6)
= 29,068 + 5,808 + 24,935 = 59,811 tm
Kontrol :
SF

292,369
Mr
4,888 ................ 1,50
=
59,811
M0

(OK!)

SF

0,70 . 77,337
f V
3,771 ....... 1,20
=
14,356
H

(OK!)

75

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

292,369 59,811
Mr M0
3,007 m
=
77,337
V

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
3,007 0,395 m
2
2

e = 0,395 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern
=

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

min

77,337 6 . 0,395
1
= 7,408 t/m2
6,804. 1
6,804

max

77,337 6 . 0,395
1
= 15,325 t/m2 < = 24,5 t/m2
6,804. 1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

(OK!)

H

= b(4) + c(4) + e(4) + h(4)

= 8,751 +1,155 + 7,421 + 3,849 = 21,176 t

= b(3) + c(3) + d(3) + h(3)

= 10,185 + 1,174 + 74,206 16,710 = 68,855 t

Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5) + h(5)

= 58,248 + 7,537 + 272,268 + 9,444 = 347,496 tm
M0 = b(6) + c(6) + e(6) + h(6)
= 71,362 + 5,808 + 24,935 + 80,084 = 182,189 tm

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

76

Kontrol :
SF

347,496
Mr
1,907 ................ 1,50
=
182,189
M0

(OK!)

SF

0,70 . 68,855
f V
2,276 ....... 1,20
=
21,176
H

(OK!)

keterangan : f = koefisien geser

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)
Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

347,496 182,189
Mr M0
2,401 m
=
68,855
V

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
2,401 1,001 m
2
2

e = 1,001 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern
=

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

min

68,855 6 . 1,001
1
= 1,185 t/m2
6,804 . 1
6,804

max

68,855 6 . 1,001
1
= 19,054 t/m2 < = 24,5 t/m2
6,804 . 1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

(OK!)

77

H

= b(4) + c(4) + e(4)

= 8,751 + 1,155 + 7,421 = 17,327 t

= b(3) + c(3) + d(3)

= 10,185 + 1,174 + 74,206 = 85,565 t

Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5)

= 58,248 + 7,537 + 272,268 = 338,053 tm
M0 = b(6) + c(6) + e(6)
= 71,362 + 5,808 + 24,935 = 102,105 tm

Kontrol :
SF

338,053
Mr
3,311 ................ 1,50
=
102,105
M0

(OK!)

SF

0,70 . 85,565
f V
3,457 ....... 1,20
=
17,327
H

(OK!)

keterangan : f = koefisien geser

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)
Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

338,053 102,105
Mr M0
=
85,565
V

2,758 m

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
2,758 0,644 m
2
2

e = 0,644 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

78

=

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

min

85,565 6 . 0,644
2
1
= 5,429 t/m
6,804. 1
6,804

max

85,565 6 . 0,644
2
2
1
= 19,722 t/m < = 24,5 t/m
6,804. 1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

(OK!)

3.6.3 Dengan Gempa Vertikal

Tegangan ijin tanah = 24,5 t/m2
1. Keadaan Air Normal dengan Uplift Pressure
H

= a(4) + c(4) + g(4)

= 5,780 + 1,155 + 2,351 = 9,286 t

= a(3) + c(3) + d(3) + f(3) + g(3)

= 1,957 + 1,174 + 74,206 3,710 14,285 = 59,342 t

Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5) + g(5)

= 12,564 + 7,537 + 272,268 + 8,419 = 300,788 tm
M0 = a(6) +c(6) + f(6) + g(6)
= 29,068 + 5,808 + 13,613 + 65,954 = 114,444 tm\

Kontrol :
SF

300,788
Mr
2,628 ................ 1,50
=
114,444
M0

(OK!)

SF

0,70 . 59,342
f V
4,474 ....... 1,20
=
9,286
H

(OK!)

79

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

300,788 114,444
Mr M0
3,140 m
=
59,342
V

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
3,140 0,262 m
2
2

e = 0,262 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern
=

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

min

59,342 6 . 0,262
1
= 6,708 t/m2
6,804. 1
6,804

max

59,342 6 . 0,262
1
= 10,735 t/m2 < = 24,5 t/m2
6,804. 1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

(OK!)

2. Keadaan Air Normal Tanpa Uplift Pressure

H

= a(4) + c(4)
= 5,780 + 1,155 = 6,935 t

= a(3) + c(3) + d(3) + f(3)

= 1,957 + 1,174 + 74,206 3,710 = 73,626 t

Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5)

= 12,564 + 7,537 + 272,268 = 292,369 tm
M0 = a(6) + c(6) + f(6)
= 29,068 + 5,808 + 13,613 = 48,489 tm

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

80

Kontrol :
SF

292,369
Mr
6,030 ................ 1,50
=
48,489
M0

(OK!)

SF

0,70 . 73,626
f V
7,432 ....... 1,20
=
6,935
H

(OK!)

keterangan : f = koefisien geser

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)
Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

292,369 48,489
Mr M0
3,312 m
=
73,626
V

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
3,312 0,090 m
2
2

e = 0,090 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern
=

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

min

73,626 6 . 0,090
1
= 9,966 t/m2
6,804. 1
6,804

max

73,626 6 . 0,090
1
= 11,676 t/m2 < = 24,5 t/m2
6,804. 1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

(OK!)

81

H

= b(4) + c(4) + h(4)

= 8,751 + 1,155 + 3,849 = 13,755 t

= b(3) + c(3) + d(3) + f(3) + h(3)

= 10,185 + 1,174 + 74,206 3,710 16,710 = 65,145 t

Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5) + h(5)

= 58,248 + 7,537 + 272,268 + 9,444 = 347,496 tm
M0 = b(6) + c(6) + f(6) + h(6)
= 71,362 + 5,808 + 13,613 + 80,084 = 170,868 tm

Kontrol :
SF

347,496
Mr
2,034 ................ 1,50
=
170,868
M0

(OK!)

SF

0,70 . 65,145
f V
3,315 ....... 1,20
=
13,755
H

(OK!)

keterangan : f = koefisien geser

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)
Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

347,496 170,868
Mr M0
2,711 m
=
65,145
V

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
2,711 0,691 m
2
2

e = 0,691 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern

Perancangan Irigasi dan Bangunan Air

82

=

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

min

65,145 6 . 0,691
2
1
= 3,743 t/m
6,804 . 1
6,804

max

65,145 6 . 0,691
2
2
1
= 15,406 t/m < = 24,5 t/m
6,804 . 1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

(OK!)

4. Keadaan Air Banjir Tanpa Uplift Pressure

H

= b(4) + c(4)
= 8,751 + 1,155 = 9,906 t

= b(3) + c(3) + d(3) + f(3)

= 10,185 + 1,174 + 74,206 3,710 = 81,854 t

Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5)

= 52,248 + 7,537 + 272,268 = 338,053 tm
M0 = b(6) + c(6) + f(6)
= 71,362 + 5,808 + 13,613 = 90,783 tm
Kontrol :
SF

338,053
Mr
3,724 ................ 1,50
=
90,783
M0

(OK!)

SF

0,70 . 81,854
f V
5,784 ....... 1,20
=
9,906
H

(OK!)

keterangan : f = koefisien geser

c) Terhadap daya dukung tanah (over stressing)
Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O.
a =

338,053 90,783
Mr M0
3,021 m
=
81,854
V

83

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung.

B = panjang dasar pondasi
e =

B
6,804
a =
3,021 0,381 m
2
2

e = 0,381 m <

B 6,804

6
6

e < 1,134 m
Jarak e masih terletak di dalam Bidang Kern
=

V 6.e
1

b x . b y
b x

min

81,854 6 . 0,381
2
1
= 7,987 t/m
6,804 . 1
6,804

max

81,854 6 . 0,381
2
2
1
= 16,074 t/m < = 24,5 t/m
6,804. 1
6,804

>0

(OK!)

(OK!)

Tabel 3.13 Akumulasi Kombinasi Gaya Gaya yang Bekerja pada Tubuh Bendung
bendung

No,
1
a
b
2
a
b
c
d
3
a
b
c
d

Tanpa gempa
Air normal + gaya angkat
Air banjir + gaya angkat
Dengan gempa Horizontal
Air normal + gaya angkat
Air normal
Air banjir + gaya angkat
Air banjir
Dengan gempa vertikal
Air normal + gaya angkat
Air normal
Air banjir + gaya angkat
Air banjir

SF
Guling
> 1,5

Geser
> 1,2

Tegangan tanah
Max
Min
< 24,5
>0

2,983
2,210

4,753
3,504

11,152
15,823

7,382
4,417

2,392
4,888
1,907
3,311

2,642
3,771
2,276
3,457

14,384
15,325
19,054
19,722

4,150
7,408
1,185
5,429

2,628
6,030
2,034
3,724

4,474
7,432
3,315
5,784

13,044
11,676
15,406
16,074

7,090
9,966
3,743
7,987

84