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SEMINAR

ON
AUTOMATION
SUMBITTED BY:
DIKSHA VAID
AUTOMATION-DEFINATION
Delegation of human control function to
technical equipments
 to increase production

 to reduce cost

 to reduce manpower

 to improve safety working conditions

 to reduce power consumption

 to improve quality
TYPES OF AUTOMATION

AUTOMATION

SCIENTIFIC INDUSTRIAL OFFICE


AUTOMATION AUTOMATION AUTOMATION
LAYOUT OF INDUSTRIAL
AUTOMATION
ROLE OF COMPUTERS

 When an automated machine is placed under


the control of a computer a large number of
operations can be performed. The computer
can analyze a vast number of sensory inputs
from a system and decide which of many
responses it should make.
SMALL COMMUNITIES

ENDLESS CHALLENGES
 Remoteness of site
 Limited financial resources
 Limited staff
 Limited access to technology and supplies
 Limited access to training
ADVANTAGES

REPLACING
HUMAN OPERATOR

ECONOMY
IMPROVEMENT

MAKING TASK
BEYOND HUMAN CAPABILITIES
SUPERVISORY CONTROL AND
DATA ACQUISITION(SCADA)
WHAT IS SCADA

SCADA stands for Supervisory Control And


Data Acquisition.
SCADA refers to a system that collects data
from various sensors at a factory, plant or in
other remote locations and then sends this data
to a central computer which then manages and
controls the data.
TYPES OF PROCESSES
INDUSTRIAL
PROCESSES

FACILITY INFRASTRUCTURE
PROCESSES PROCESSES
WHAT IS DATA ACQUISITION

Data acquisition is the process of retrieving


control information from the equipment which
is out of order or may lead to some problem or
when decisions are need to be taken according
to the situation in the equipment. So this
acquisition is done by continuous monitoring
of the equipment to which it is employed. The
data accessed are then forwarded onto a
telemetry system ready for transfer to the
different sites.
HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE
SCADA AS A SYSTEM
 TYPICAL SCADA SYSTEM
SUBSYSTEMS OF SCADA SYSTEM
 Human-Machine Interface is the apparatus
which presents process data to a human
operator, and through this, the human operator
monitors and controls the process.
 Remote Terminal Units connecting to
sensors in the process,
converting sensor signals to digital data and
sending digital data to the supervisory system.
 Programmable Logic Controller used as field
devices because they are more economical,
versatile, flexible, and configurable than special-
purpose RTUs.
 Communication infrastructure connecting the
supervisory system to the Remote Terminal Units
SYSTEM COMPONENTS OF SCADA
SYSTEM

MULTIPLE REMOTE
TERMINAL UNIT

COMMUNICATION
CENTRAL HOST
INFRASTRUCTURE
COMPUTER
FEATURES OF SCADA

 REAL TIME AND HISTORICAL TREND

The trend play very important role in the process


operation. If your batch fails or the plant trips, you
can simply go to the historical trend data and do the
analysis. You can have better look of the parameters
through the trend.
 ALARMS
have a very critical role in automation.
Generally we have alarm states for each
inputs/outputs. . Most of the SCADA software
support four types of alarms like LOLO,LO,HI
and HIHI.
 RECIPE MANAGEMENT

When you have different products to


manufacture, you just have to load the recipe
of the particular product.
 SECURITY
You can allocate certain facilities or features to
the operator, process people, engineering dept
and maintenance dept.
 DEVICE CONNECTIVITY

SCADA software should have connectivity to


the different hardware used in automation.
USEFULNESS OF SCADA

 Production department
 Quality department
 Maintenance department
 Enterprise information
 Engineering department
 Manufacturing department
GENERAL TERMINOLOGY

 TAG
 ANALOG TAGS
 DISCRETE TAGS
 SYSTEM TAGS
 STRING TAGS
 TOUCH PUSH BUTTONS
 COLOUR LINKS
 VISIBILITY
 BLINK
 ORIENTATION
 DISABLE
 VALUE DISPLAY LINK
 PERCENTAGE FILL
 APPLICATION SCRIPT
 WINDOW SCRIPT
 KEY SCRIPT
 CONDITION SCRIPT
 APPLICATION SECURITY
Flow control and continuous totalizer

 Transportation belt
application
 Speed or mass control with
adjustable PID
 Weight totalization of
product transported
 ± 1% accuracy with 1s
sample rate and 1 to 10
speed max/min ratio
Packaging Weigher
 One scale dosing of a preset load for
 99 recipes
 Dosing with an intermediate hopper or within
the packaging operation
 Automatic correction of dose values
Tuning and production alternated cycles

Automatic in-flight error correction at the

end of tuning cycle


Rate optimization at every cycle

Adaptable reset frequency

 Average and standard deviation calculation at


the end of tuning cycle
 Printing during production cycle
 Rate example : 1200 bags of 25 kg per hour
(on one scale)
WHAT IS INTOUCH

 Wonderware InTouch provides a single


integrated view of all your controls and
information resources. Intouch enables
engineers, supervisors, operators and managers
to view and interact with the working of entire
operation through graphical representations of
their production processes.
MAJOR PROGRAMS OF INTOUCH

INTOUCH

INTOUCH
APPLICATION WINDOWMAKER WINDOWVIEWER
MANAGER
WONDERWARE SCADA SOFTWARE

 Easy-to-use, easy to implement


 Easy configuration, simplified maintenance
 High security and availability
 Virtually unlimited scalability
PRACTICAL USES OF SCADA

 SCADA used as a control mechanism for


chemical plants, electricity generation, electric
power transmission, electricity distribution,
district heating.
 Control mechanisms are described in Process
Control.
ADVANTAGES

CHEAPER

CONTINOUS
OPERATION

RELIABLE
IMPROVES MAINTAINANCE,
OPERATION,
CUSTOMER SERVICE
FEW OPERATORS CONTROL LARGE NO. OF
INDIVIDUAL ASSETS

PROVIDE RAPID RESPONSE TO EMERGENCIES


DISADVANTAGES

TROUBLED
ALARMS

LACK OF TRAINED
PERSONS

INITIAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT


SCADA MANUFACTURER AND
NAME OF THE SOFTWARE
WONDERWARE Intouch
ALLEN BRADLEY R.S View
SIEMENS Wincc
MODICON Moriecon
G E FANUC Cimplicity
INTELLUSION I Fix
KPIT Ashtra
BENEFITS OF SCADA

 Long distance monitoring


 Long distance training
 Protection against terrorism/vandalism-alarm
 Data management (engineering and
operations)
 Automated operations with real time control
CONCLUSION
SCADA is a control system with
● More interfaces and efficient storage
● More record or device oriented configuration
● But system wide configuration tools are
needed
● Are less expensive than DCS, but offer
different functionality than DCS
● And finally various applications
THANK YOU