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# Neutrium Absolute Roughness of Pipe Material

http://neutrium.net/fluid_flow/absolute-roughness/

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SUMMARY
Absolute roughness is a measure of the surface roughness of a material which a fluid may flow over. Absolute roughness is important when calculating pressure drop particularly in the turbulent flow regime. This article provides some typical absolute roughness values for common conduit materials.

1. DEFINITIONS
: Absolute roughness

2. INTRODUCTION
The roughness of pipes, ducts and channels impacts on the flow rates and pressure losses for fluids passing through them. This roughness is generally expressed in units of length as the absolute roughness of the conduit material. For use in calculating the friction factor the absolute roughness is divided by the pipe diameter resulting in the relative roughness.

## 3. ABSOLUTE ROUGHNESS FOR COMMON MATERIALS

This table contains typical values of absolute roughness for common construction materials.

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7/18/2013 12:18 PM

## Neutrium Absolute Roughness of Pipe Material

http://neutrium.net/fluid_flow/absolute-roughness/

Material Drawn Tubing, Glass, Plastic Drawn Brass, Copper, Stainless Steel (New) Flexible Rubber Tubing - Smooth Flexible Rubber Tubing - Wire Reinforced Stainless Steel Wrought Iron (New) Carbon Steel (New) Carbon Steel (Slightly Corroded) Carbon Steel (Moderately Corroded) Carbon Steel (Badly Corroded) Asphalted Cast Iron Cast Iron (new) Cast Iron (old, sandblasted) Sheet Metal Ducts (with smooth joints) Galvanized Iron Wood Stave Wood Stave, used Smooth Cement Concrete Very Smooth Concrete Fine (Floated, Brushed) Concrete Rough, Form Marks Riveted Steel Water Mains with Tuberculations Brickwork, Mature Foul Sewers

Roughness (mm) 0.0015-0.01 >0.0015-0.01 0.006-0.07 0.3-4 0.03 0.045 0.02-0.05 0.05-0.15 0.15-1 1-3 0.1-1 0.25 1 0.02-0.1 0.025-0.15 0.18-0.91 0.25-1 0.5 0.025-0.2 0.2-0.8 0.8-3 0.91-9.1 1.2 3

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7/18/2013 12:18 PM

## Neutrium Absolute Roughness of Pipe Material

http://neutrium.net/fluid_flow/absolute-roughness/

ARTICLE TAGS
Friction Factor Material Pipe Roughness

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## Article Created: May 26, 2012

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7/18/2013 12:18 PM

## Neutrium Absolute Roughness of Pipe Material

http://neutrium.net/fluid_flow/absolute-roughness/