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Stage 1 Identify Desired Results Established Goals: SOL 4.

.5 Living Systems The students will understand and investigate how plants and animals in an ecosystem interact with one another and the nonliving environment. Key concepts include: a) Behavioral and structural adaptations b) Organization of communities c) Flow of energy through food webs d) Habitats and niches e) Life cycles f) Influence of human activity on ecosystems

What Essential Questions will be considered? 1. What evidence provides examples of the impact humans have on the life around them? (Explanation) 2. What can you do to reduce your carbon footprint? (Application) 3. Why can certain animals belong to certain habitats and niches? (Explanation) 4. How do characteristics that help an animal survive in its environment and actions animals take to survive in their environment relate to their habitat? (Interpret)

Students will understand that: 1. Humans have positive and negative influences on living things. 2. Humans have control over the health of our environment. 3. Species live in a particular habitat because they have evolved to survive in the conditions of that habitat. 4. Species structural and behavioral adaptations help determine where an animals habitat is.

What key knowledge and skills will students acquire as a result of this unit? Students will know Key Terms: Nonrenewable resource resource that cannot be replaced by natural processes Renewable resource resource that can be replaced by natural processes Natural resource resource that can be replaced by natural processes Recycle to break down and reuse materials Ecosystem a system of organisms and their interaction with each other and with nonliving factors. Carbon foot print- he total amount of CO2 you create. A big carbon footprint is bad for the planet. Reduce- make smaller or less in amount, degree, or size. Reuse- Use again or more than once

Biodegradable packaging materials- this material breaks down itself in the environment Habitat: The home or location where an organism lives. In a habitat, an organism must find: food, water, shelter, and space. Niche: A niche is an organisms role (job) in the ecosystem. It includes what it eats, where it lives, and what it does. No two species can occupy the exact same niche, because no two species do the exact same ting. Ecosystem: a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.

Adaptation: A trait/behavior that helps an organism survive in its environment Structural adaptation: A characteristic in a plant or in an animals body that helps it to survive in its environment. Examples are protective coloration (camouflage) and the ability to retain water. Behavioral adaptations: Actions animals take to survive in their environments. Examples are hibernation, migration, and instincts. Example: Birds fly south in the winter because they can find more food.

Positive Impacts humans can have on the environment and living species o Recycle o Reduce your carbon footprint o Conserve Energy and switch to renewable energy o Eat locally grown food o Use less water and keep it clean o Have fewer children o National parks and wildlife refuge systems have helped preserve ecosystems o Biodegradable packaging material is being used

o Help protect animals habitats/niches Negative Impacts humans can have on the environment and living species o Pollution in the form of noise, water, and air o Littering or not recycling trash- the trash can end up in the wilderness and harm animals habitats/ niches o The construction of roads, houses, towns, and cities in areas where animals live o Increasing population means more buildings and more food to be grown o Humans are using a lot of nonrenewable resources o Much of the trash taken to landfills could have been recycled All humans have an impact on the environment and living species whether it is a positive or negative impact, big or small. Students can help create a positive impact on the environment and living species by reducing their carbon footprint. Different organisms habitats Different organisms niches Structural and behavioral adaptations for different organisms Students will be able to Compare and contrast positive and negative effects humans have on the environment/living things. Give examples of things they can do to reduce their carbon footprint. Describe why it is important to reduce your carbon footprint in terms of the environment and living species Give examples of structural and behavioral adaptations for species. Compare and contrast different animals habitats and niches of several different organisms.