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DAFTAR ISI

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN
KATA PENGANTAR .................................................................................... i
DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................................... ii
DAFTAR TABEL .......................................................................................... iv
DAFTAR GAMBAR ...................................................................................... v
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ................................................................................. vi
Intisari ............................................................................................................. vii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang Proyek, Ekonomi dan Statistik .................................. 1
1.2. Dasar Proses Pengolahan ....................................................................... 3
1.3. Peluang Pasar Produk ............................................................................ 3
BAB II TEORI DASAR PENGOLAHAN
2.1. Pengetahuan Bahan Baku Utama dan Bahan Baku Penunjang......... 6
2.2. Pengetahuan Bahan Pengemas .............................................................. 34
2.3. Pengetahuan Produk ............................................................................... 47
2.4. Pengetahuan Pengolahan ....................................................................... 49
BAB III SPESIFIKASI BAHAN DAN PRODUK
3.1. Spesifikasi Bahan Baku Utama .............................................................. 51
3.2. Spesifikasi Bahan Baku Penunjang ....................................................... 52
3.3. Spesifikasi Produk................................................................................... 59
BAB IV PROSES PENGOLAHAN
4.1. Proses Pengolahan ................................................................................... 61
4.2. Deskripsi Pengolahan dan Kondisi Proses ............................................ 61
4.3. Flow Sheet Proses Pengolahan ............................................................... 66
4.4. Neraca Bahan dan Panas ........................................................................ 67
4.5. Flow Sheet Neraca Bahan....................................................................... 76
BAB V MESIN DAN PERALATAN PROSES
5.1. Rancangan Mesin dan Peralatan Utama .............................................. 78
5.2. Spesifikasi dan Gambar Mesin Utama Proses ..................................... 82
5.3. Rancangan Alat Bantu Proses ............................................................... 104
5.4. Spesifikasi dan Gambar Peralatan Penunjang .................................... 106
BAB VI RENCANA SISTEM PRODUKSI
6.1. Tata Letak Alat dan Mesin .................................................................... 116
6.2. Tata Letak Pabrik ................................................................................... 118
6.3. Diagram Isometri .................................................................................... 126

BAB VII MANAJEMEN TENAGA KERJA


7.1. Deskripsi Kerja ....................................................................................... 128
7.2. Kebutuhan Tenaga Kerja ....................................................................... 134
7.3. Struktur Pengupahan dan Penggajian .................................................. 137
7.4. Struktur Organisasi ................................................................................ 138
BAB VIII RENCANA INDUSTRI
8.1. Lokasi Pabrik .......................................................................................... 139
8.2. Rencana Pengembangan......................................................................... 142
BAB IX ANALISIS KEUANGAN DAN KELAYAKAN INDUSTRI
9.1. Modal Tetap dan Modal Kerja .............................................................. 143
9.2. Penentuan Biaya Produksi ..................................................................... 144
9.3. Penentuan Harga Jual ............................................................................ 144
9.4. Cash Flow Penentuan Modal Kerja....................................................... 146
9.5. Cash Flow Umur Pabrik ......................................................................... 146
9.6. Analisis Harga Penjualan Produk ......................................................... 146
9.7. Internal Rate of Return (IRR) ................................................................. 147
9.8. Return of Investment (ROI) .................................................................... 148
9.9. Analisis Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) .......................................................... 148
KESIMPULAN ............................................................................................... 150
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ..................................................................................... 151
LAMPIRAN-LAMPIRAN

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1. Diagram Alir Pembuatan Abon Cabai ..................................... 61


Gambar 2. Flow Sheet Proses Pembuatan Abon Cabai ............................. 66
Gambar 3. Flow Sheet Neraca Bahan Proses Pembuatan Abon Cabai .... 76
Gambar 4. Diagram Perpipaan Proses Pembuatan Abon Cabai .............. 77
Gambar 5. Timbangan .................................................................................. 83
Gambar 6. Meja Trimming ............................................................................ 85
Gambar 7. Pencucian ..................................................................................... 87
Gambar 8. Mesin Blansing ............................................................................ 89
Gambar 9. Size Reduction .............................................................................. 91
Gambar 10. Mesin Penghalusan Bumbu ..................................................... 93
Gambar 11. Pemarutan ................................................................................. 95
Gambar 12. Pemerasan ................................................................................. 97
Gambar 13. Pemasakan ................................................................................. 99
Gambar 14. Spinner ....................................................................................... 101
Gambar 15. Pengemasan ............................................................................... 103
Gambar 16. Sekop .......................................................................................... 107
Gambar 17. Trolley......................................................................................... 109
Gambar 18. Pisau ........................................................................................... 111
Gambar 19. Jolang ......................................................................................... 113
Gambar 20. Forklift ....................................................................................... 115
Gambar 21. Tata Letak Alat Proses Pembuatan Abon Cabai ................... 117
Gambar 22. Tata Letak Pabrik Abon Cabai ............................................... 124
Gambar 23. Flow Sheet Engineering Abon Cabai ...................................... 125
Gambar 24. Diagram Isometric Proses Pembuatan Abon Cabai .............. 127
Gambar 25. Peta Lokasi Pabrik Abon Cabai (Sukabumi) ......................... 141
Gambar 26. Peta Lokasi Pabrik Abon Cabai (Kadudampit) .................... 141

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1. Peramalan Konsumsi Abon di Indonesia ...................................... 5


Tabel 2. Produksi Cabe Rawit dan Cabe Merah Provinsi Jawa Barat .... 5
Tabel 3. Kandungan Gizi Cabai Merah Besar Segar/100 g ....................... 13
Tabel 4. Komposisi Kimia dan Mikrobiologi Air ........................................ 20
Tabel 5. Kandungan Gizi Bawang Putih/100 g ........................................... 22
Tabel 6. Kandungan Kimia dalam 100 g Umbi Bawang Merah ............... 23
Tabel 7. Kandungan Kimia Daun Salam ..................................................... 24
Tabel 8. Kandungan Kimia/100 g Biji Ketumbar ....................................... 34
Tabel 9. Spesifikasi Cabai Merah ................................................................. 51
Tabel 10. Spesifikasi Cabai Rawit ................................................................ 52
Tabel 11. Spesifikasi Air ................................................................................ 52
Tabel 12. Spesifikasi Bawang Putih.............................................................. 53
Tabel 13. Spesifikasi Bawang Merah ........................................................... 54
Tabel 14. Spesifikasi Daun Dalam ................................................................ 55
Tabel 15. Spesifikasi Serai ............................................................................. 55
Tabel 16. Spesifikasi Lengkuas ..................................................................... 56
Tabel 17. Spesifikasi Gula Aren .................................................................... 57
Tabel 18. Spesifikasi Garam ......................................................................... 57
Tabel 19. Spesifikasi Santan .......................................................................... 58
Tabel 20. Spesifikasi Asam Jawa .................................................................. 59
Tabel 21. Spesifikasi Produk ......................................................................... 59
Tabel 22. Luas Lantai Alat dan Mesin (Ruang Produksi) ......................... 118
Tabel 23. Luas Lantai Perkantoran ............................................................. 119
Tabel 24. Luas Lantai Fasilitas Kantor ....................................................... 121
Tabel 25. Deskripsi Tenaga Kerja Proses .................................................... 128
Tabel 26. Deskripsi Tenaga Kerja Non Proses ............................................ 130
Tabel 27. Deskripsi Tenaga Kerja Administrasi ......................................... 132
Tabel 28. Kebutuhan Tenaga Kerja Proses ................................................. 134
Tabel 29. Kebutuhan Tenaga Kerja Non Proses ......................................... 135
Tabel 30. Kebutuhan Tenaga Kerja Administrasi ...................................... 135
Tabel 31. Perhitungan Gaji Pegawai Proses ................................................ 137
Tabel 32. Perhitungan Gaji Pegawai Non Proses ........................................ 137
Tabel 33. Perhitungan Gaji Pegawai Administrasi ..................................... 137
Tabel 34. Kriteria Pemilihan Lokasi di Sukabumi ..................................... 140

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran Perpipaan ...................................................................................... 152


Lampiran Perhitungan Alat .......................................................................... 155
Lampiran Gambar Proses Pembuatan Abon Cabai ................................... 164
Lampiran Cash Flow Penentuan Modal Kerja ........................................... 166
Lampiran Tabel Rencana Cash Flow Umur Pabrik ................................... 169
Lampiran Tabel Analisis Internal Rate of Return...................................... 171