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Body fluid Regulation &

abnormalities
Lec 11
Intravenous fluid types
1. Crystalloids;
Normal saline (0.9% NaCl), Dextrose 5 %,
Hartmans solution (Na lactate)
2. Colloids;
Dextran, Gelatin
3. Blood / blood products;
Whole blood, Fresh frozen plasma
Effect of adding isotonic, hypotonic &
hypertonic solutions

Cerebral edema/ Hypertonic sol.

Treatment of cerebral edema;

1. Mannitol 0.25 gm/kg body weight/4-6hr
2. Hypertonic saline solution; 2,3,7.5,10 &23%
3. Diuretics (Furosemide+ mannitol)
4. Corticosteroids