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Tabel Produksi, Konsumsi, Impor dan Expor Sorbitol

Tahun

Produksi (ton)

2009
2010
2011
2012
2013

234144.725
198973.209
191414.901
197923.000
204652.000

pertumbuhan rata-rata

0
-0.15021272
-0.037986561
0.03399996
0.03399807
-0.030050313

Tabel Produksi Tepung Tapioka


Tahun Produksi (ton)
2009
3833000
2010

3283000

2011

3399000

2012
2013

3308200
3289000

kebutuhan
(ton)
191779.413
191669.093
191622.398
198137.000
204874.000

0
-0.000575244
-0.000243623
0.03399708
0.034001726
0.0168

proyeksi perkembangan sorbitol


kebutuhan

produksi

(ton/tahun)

tahun
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

208314.856
211813.501
215370.905
218988.056
222665.957
226405.628
230208.108

198502.143
198502.143
186751.292
181139.357
175696.063
170416.341
165295.277

kapasitas terpasang
(konsumsi+ekspor)-(produksi+impor)
77565.613

Proyeksi
Produksi
Konsumsi
Ekspor
Impor

Impor (ton)
900.597
1750.065
3277.815
2054.980
2958.222

ekspor

Expor (ton)
0
0.943228
0.872968
-0.37306
0.439538
0.376534

100188.484
84181.728
89065.496
82899.200
67608.159

0
-0.16
0.06
-0.07
-0.18
-0.07

141653.199
89735.779
85580.184
80630.220
64427.937

impor
62802.04998
58337.59623
54190.51026
50338.23112
46759.80168
43435.75458
40348.00637

Berat (ton)
181139
218988
50338
10621

4072.093
5605.373
7715.986
10621.316
14620.602
20125.753
27703.780

Tahun
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Impor (ton/tahun)
4072
5605
7716
10621
14621
20126
27704

Tepung
Tapioka

Mixer

Tanki
Liquifikasi

Reaktor
Dekstrinasi

Tanki
Adsorbsi

Reaktor
Hidrogenasi
Katalitik

Evaporator

Ion
Exchanger

Filter Press

Kation
Exchanger

Evaporator

Tanki
Produk

Reaktor
Sakarifikasi

Filter Press

Tahun
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
Pertumbuhan
rata-rata

DAFTAR ISI

Kata Pengantar......................................................................................
Daftar Isi................................................................................................
BAB I. PENDAHULUAN........................................................................
I.1 Latar Belakang.........................................................................
I.2 Penentuan Kapasitas Produksi................................................
BAB II. TINJAUAN PUSTAKA...............................................................
II.1 Tinjauan Bahan Baku..............................................................
II.1.1 Proses Produksi menjadi Glukosa di Industri ...................
II.1.1.1 Hidrolisa menggunakan Katalis Asam...........................
II.1.1.2 Hidrolisa menggunakan Katalis Asam-Enzim................
II.1.1.3 Hidrolisa menggunakan Katalis Enzim-Enzim...............
II.2 Definisi dan Kegunaan Sorbitol...............................................
II.3 Macam-macam Proses Pembuatan Sorbitol...........................
II.3.1 Proses Reduksi Elektrolitik................................................
II.3.2 Proses Hidrogenasi...........................................................
II.4 Seleksi Proses Pembuatan Sorbitol........................................
BAB III. RANCANGAN PABRIK............................................................
III.1 Uraian Proses........................................................................
III.1.1 Proses Hidrogenasi Pati menjadi Glukosa......................
III.1.2 Proses Hidrogenasi Katalitik...........................................
III.1.3 Proses Pemurnian...........................................................
III.2 Spesifikasi Bahan Baku dan Produk......................................
III.2.1 Tepung Tapioka..............................................................
III.2.2 Sorbitol............................................................................
III.3 Sifat-sifat Kimia dan Fisika Bahan Penunjang dan Produk...
III.3.1 Enzim Amiloglukosidase.................................................
III.3.2 Hidrogen (H2).................................................................
III.3.3 Asam Klorida (HCl)........................................................
III.3.4 Kalsium Klorida (CaCl2)..................................................
III.3.5 Karbon Aktif...................................................................

III.3.6 Katalis Raney Nikel........................................................


III.3.7 Sorbitol...........................................................................
Daftar Pustaka......................................................................................

Produksi
234145
198973
191415
173403
157086

Konsumsi
191779
191669
191622
191544
191387

Impor
901
1750
3278
2055
2958

Expor
100188
84182
89065
82899
67608

-0.094

-0.0004

0.377

-0.071

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