Anda di halaman 1dari 19

A

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

XA

(-rA)

x1

x2

y.x1

=1-(D18/D11)
=1-(D19/D11)
=1-(D20/D11)
=1-(D21/D11)
=1-(D22/D11)
=1-(D23/D11)

=(D11-D18)/B18
=(D11-D19)/B19
=(D11-D20)/B20
=(D11-D21)/B21
=(D11-D22)/B22
=(D11-D23)/B23

=J24
=M24
=O24

a0
a1
a2

=H24
=K24
=N24

=J24
=D31-(D30*$J$30)
=D32-(D30*$J$31)

a0
a1
a2

=D35
=D36
=D37-(D36*J36)

a0
a1
a2

D.2 Perhitungan Konstanta Reaksi dan Orde Reaksi

Massa urea
D4
Massa formaldehid
D5
Volume formaldehid
D6
BM formaldehid
D7
BM urea
D8
Massa formaldehid (A) : Massa Urea (B) = 5:3
Mol B : mol A
D10
CA0
=D5*1000/(D7*D6)
12 CB0
=1/4*D11
13
CA
14 No
Waktu
Kadar formaldehid
15
(menit)
Bebas
0
B16
C16
16
1
B17
C17
17
18
2
B18
C18
19
3
B19
C19
4
B20
C20
20
5
B21
C21
21
22
6
B22
C22
23
7
B23
C23
24
25
26
27
28 Matriks:
29
30
8.0000 =I24
=I26
=L24
31
=J26
=M24
32
33
34
8.0000 =I24
35
=B31-(B30*$J$30) =C31-(C30*$J$30)
36
37
=B32-(B30*$J$31) =C32-(C30*$J$31)
38
39
40
8.0000 =I24
41
=B31-(B30*$J$30) =C36
=B32-(B30*$J$31) =C37-(C36*J36)
42

gram
gram
ml
g/mol
g/mol

CB

(M)

(M)

=C18*1000/(D7*100)
=C19*1000/(D7*100)
=C20*1000/(D7*100)
=C21*1000/(D7*100)
=C22*1000/(D7*100)
=C23*1000/(D7*100)
JUMLAH

=D10*D18
=D10*D19
=D10*D20
=D10*D21
=D10*D22
=D10*D23

=LOG(G18)
=LOG(D18)
=LOG(E18)
=H18*I18
=LOG(G19)
=LOG(D19)
=LOG(E19)
=H19*I19
=LOG(G20)
=LOG(D20)
=LOG(E20)
=H20*I20
=LOG(G21)
=LOG(D21)
=LOG(E21)
=H21*I21
=LOG(G22)
=LOG(D22)
=LOG(E22)
=H22*I22
=LOG(G23)
=LOG(D23)
=LOG(E23)
=H23*I23
=SUM(H18:H23) =SUM(I18:I23) =SUM(J18:J23) =SUM(K18:K23)

L21
L31

=B31/$B$30
=B32/$B$30

=G30
=G31-(G30*J30)
=G32-(G30*J31)

L32

=C37/C36

=G35
=G36
=G37-(G36*J36)

a0
a1
a2

=(G40-(D40*J42)-(C40*J41))/B40
=(G41-(D41*J42))/C41
=G42/D42

x1.x2

y.x2

x22

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
x12
14
15
16
17
18
=I18^2
19
=I19^2
=I20^2
20
=I21^2
21
22
=I22^2
23
=I23^2
24 =SUM(L18:L23)
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40 k
41 m
42 n

=I18*J18
=H18*J18
=J18^2
=I19*J19
=H19*J19
=J19^2
=I20*J20
=H20*J20
=J20^2
=I21*J21
=H21*J21
=J21^2
=I22*J22
=H22*J22
=J22^2
=I23*J23
=H23*J23
=J23^2
=SUM(M18:M23) =SUM(N18:N23) =SUM(O18:O23)

=10^J40
=J41
=J42

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
log -rA

12
13
12
11
11
11
10
10
10
10
10

14
12
10
8

pH

log CA

0
0
0
0
0
0
Err:509

2
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

Waktu (menit)

Err:509
0
0

0
0

log -rA Vs log CA


0.6
0.5
0.4
log -rA

-rA
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
Err:509
0.00000
0.00000

0.3
0.2
0.1
5.82867087928207E-016
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
-0.1
log CA

-rA

1.00
0.90
0.80
0.70
0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
0

-rA

0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
0

10

12

Waktu (menit)
-rA -Vs- CA
cA

1.00000

XA
0
0
0
0
0
0

Err:509

0
0
0
0
0
0

0.80000
0.60000

-rA

Err:509
0
0

0.40000
0.20000

0
0

0.00000
0

0.2

0.4

CA

-rA

1.00
0.90
0.80
0.70
0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5
XA

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

0.6

0.8

-rA

0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5
XA

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

0.8

viskos
Waktu
(menit)
0
1

Densitas
0.6231
0.7102

0.5740

0.6691

16

0.6701

24

0.6741

32

0.6761

40
48
56
64

0.6811
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

1.1483
1.2410
1.2415
1.2533
1.2461
1.2447

0
1

0
0
11
22
33
6.00
5.00
4.00

0.8000

3.00
viskositas
(cP)

0.7000

densitas (gr/ml)

0.6000

2.00

0.5000
1.00

0.4000

0.00
0

0.3000

0.2

0.4

0.2000
0.1000
0.0000
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

Waktu (menit)
0
1
2
8
16
24
32
40
48
56
64

1.57500
0.735
0.98
1.05
2.275
2.205
2.205
2.205
0
0
0

2.5000

Kadar formaldehid
bebas (gr/cc)
2.0000
1.5000
1.0000
0.5000
0.0000
0

10

20

Wak

1.0000
0.5000
0.0000
0

10

20

Wak

6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
viskositas
(cP)
2.00
1.00
0.00
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

Waktu (menit)

2.5000

ormaldehid bebas
2.0000

(gr/cc)

1.5000

1.0000

0.5000

0.0000
0

10

20

30

40

Waktu (menit)

50

60

70

2.2

1.0000

0.5000

0.0000
0

10

20

30

40

Waktu (menit)

50

60

70

LAMPIRAN E
HASIL PROGRAM KOMPUTER

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

E.1 Perhitungan Densitas, Viskositas, dan Kadar Formaldehid Bebas


Berat piknometer kosong
Volume sampel
Densitas air
Viskositas air
Spesifik graviti air
Waktu alir air
k
Molaritas HCl
Berat piknometer ditambah air
Berat air
Waktu Berat piknometer + sampel
No
(menit)
(gram)
0
0
22.22
1
0
23.09
2
0
21.73
3
10
22.68
4
20
22.69
5
30
22.73
6
40
22.75
7
50
22.8

16
6
0.99568
0.8007
1
0.7
25.94
9.94
Berat sampel
(gram)
6.22
7.09
5.73
6.68
6.69
6.73
6.75
6.80

gram
ml
g/ml
cP

Volume titrasi blanko

detik
N
gram
Densitas
(gr/ml)
0.6231
0.7102
0.5740
0.6691
0.6701
0.6741
0.6761
0.6811

Waktu alir
(detik)
-

spesifik
graviti
0.626
0.713
0.576
0.672
0.673
0.677
0.679
0.684

1
LAMPIRAN E
2
HASIL PROGRAM KOMPUTER
3
4
5
6
Volume titrasi
7 blanko
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17 Viskositas
18
(cP)
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

0 ml

Volume titrasi
(ml)
4.5
2.1
2.8
3
6.5
6.3
6.3
6.3

Kadar Formaldehid bebas


(gram/100 ml larutan)
1.575
0.735
0.980
1.050
2.275
2.205
2.205
2.205

4.5000

4.0000

viskositas (cP)

1.1483
1.2410
1.2415
1.2533
1.2461
1.2447

3.5000

11

3.0000

22

2.5000

33

2.0000
1.5000

3.1896
3.4885
3.4900
3.4812
3.7530
4.1656

1.0000
0.5000
0.0000
0

11

22

Waktu (menit)

5.1750
5.8500
3.8250
2.9250
2.9250
2.9250

XA

(-rA)

0.9132
0.9336
0.9336
0.9336

0
1.2457
0.6228
0.4152

CA
(M)

1.2737
0.9740
0.9740
0.9740

22

Waktu (menit)

33

44

Densitas
0.6231
0.7102
0.574
0.6691
0.6701
0.6741
0.6761
0.6811

Viskositas
cP
1.58
1.94
1.94
1.97
2.11
2.15
2.16
2.2
2.36
2.43

Waktu
(menit)
0
0
0
10
20
30
40
50

Waktu
(menit)
0
0
0
10
20
30
40
50

Waktu
(menit)
0
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70

ph
11
11
11
10
10
10
10
10

Kadar Formaldehid bebas


Waktu
(gram/145 cc larutan)
(menit)
1.575
0
0.735
0
0.98
0
1.05
10
2.275
20
2.205
30
2.205
40
2.205
50

XA

(-rA)

0.9778
0.9762
0.9484
0.95
0.95
0.95

0
1.4327
0.696
0.4647
0.3486
0.2788

CA

(-rA)

(M)
0.3263
0.3497
0.7576
0.7343
0.7343
0.7343

0
1.4327
0.696
0.4647
0.3486
0.2788