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RUMUS 16 TENSES BAHASA INGGRIS

RUMUS 16 TENSES
Kata Kerja
Kata Kerja adalah bagian inti dari Tenses Bahasa Inggris. Kata kerja atau Verb pada ruus!ruus Tenses
di bl"g ini# Kata kerja atau Verb ini sering sa$a singkat V saja. %adi kalau V&ing artin$a saa dengan
Verb&ing# sering juga sa$a tulis sebagai 'Ving( saja agar udah.
Kata kerja dala bahasa Inggris ada ban$ak bentukn$a) V1# V*# V+# Ving.
Kata Kerja bentuk 1 atau sa$a singkat V1# $aitu kata kerja dasar# seperti) drink# g"# ,rite# read# parti-ipate#
learn# stud$# dan sebagain$a. .da kata kerja bentuk ke *# sering sa$a singkat V*. Kata kerja bentuk + $a
V+. Serta Kata Kerja bentuk IN/ atau sa$a singkat Ving. Bagaiana -ara enggunakan bentuk!bentuk
kata kerja tersebut0 .da di asing!asing pelajaran Tenses Bahasa Inggris.
1erubahan Bentuk Kata Kerja
1erubahan bentuk Kata Kerja bentuk 1 2V13 ke bentuk kedua 2V*3 dan bentuk ke + 2V*3 ada $ang beraturan
2ada ruusn$a3 dan ada juga $ang tidak beraturan 2tidak ada ruusn$a3. 4ah eag inilah $ang
ebuat bahasa Inggris ini enjadi ruit bagi kita "rang Ind"nesia# haha.
Kata Kerja Beraturan 2Regular Verb3)
.rtin$a $a epun$ai keteraturan bentukn$a# ada ruusn$a isaln$a ditabah '5( atau 'E5( seperti) li6e
7 li6ed 7 li6ed# pla$# pla$ed# pla$ed.
4alaupun ada aturann$a tetapi aturan perubahan tersebut asih ada beberapa. 5a8tar kata kerja beraturan
ini pun panjang sekali. Sa$a sarankan .nda epun$ai buku /raar Bahasa Inggris ,alaupun $ang
ke-il dan sederhana# biasan$a ada di sana. Meang .nda au enulsin$a disini satu per satu0.
Kata Kerja TI5.K Beraturan 2Irregular Verb3)
Misaln$a kata kerja 'drink( berturut!turut untuk bentuk ke 1 sapai +) drink!drank!drunk. Satu -"nt"h lain
lagi) break!br"ke!br"ken
Masih ingat V1# V*# V+ dan Ving0 %angan lupa apa itu artin$a $a# karena akan sering dipergunakan dala
setiap tenses bahasa inggris
1. Present Tense (Waktu Sekarang)
a. Simpe Present Tense (Waktu Sekarang Se!er"ana)
Ruus )
& 9 S & V1 & :;<
! 9 S & 5";d"es & n"t & V1 & :;<
0 9 5";d"es & S & V1 & :;<
E=aple )
& 9 Sis-a Reads b""k e6er$da$
! 9 Sis-a d"es n"t Read b""k e6er$da$
0 9 d"es Sis-a Read b""k e6er$da$
>es ?e d"es ; N" ?e d"es n"t 2d"esn@t3
A"r I# 4e# >"u# The$ B d"
?e# She# It B 5"es
<"nt"h kaliat )
2&3 She is a ne, pe"ple here.
2&3 ?e pla$s 8""tball e6er$ "rning
2!3 She isn@t a ne, pe"ple here.
2!3 ?e d"es n"t pla$ing 8""tball e6er$ "rning.
203 Is she a ne, pe"ple here0
203 ?", pla$ing 8""tball e6er$ "rning0
#$ Present %&ntinu&us Tense (Waktu Berangsung Sekarang)
Menerangkan suatu perbuatan $abg sedang berlangsungpada ,aktu sekarang.
Ruus )
& 9 S & Be & V1 & ing & :;< CC & 9 The$ are pla$ing badint""n n",
! 9 S & Be & n"t & V1 & ing & :;< CC 7 9 The$ are n"t pla$ing badint""n n",
0 9 Be & S & V1 & ing & :;< CC 0 9 .re the$ pala$ing badint""n n", 0
>es The$ are ; n" the$ are n"t
A"r I B a
The$# ,e# $"u B are
?e# She# It B Is
<"nt"h dala kaliat )
2&3 ?e is pla$ing badint"n n",
2!3 ?e isn@t pla$ing badint"n n",.
203 Is he pla$ing badint"n n",.
'$ Present Per(e't Tense (Waktu Sempurna Sekarang)
Ruus )
subje-t&au=iliar$ 6erb&ain 6erb
<"nt"h )
2&3 $"u ha6e eaten ine.
2!3 she has n"t been t" R"e
203 ha6e $"u 8inished0
!$ Present Per(e't %&ntinu&us Tense (Waktu Berangsung Sempurna Sekarang)
Ruus )
2&3) S & ha6e;has & been & Ving
2!3) S & ha6e;has & n"t & been & Ving
203) ?a6e;has & S & been & Ving
<"nt"h )
2&3 She has been g"ing t" Malang sin-e e6ening.
2&3 4e ha6e been riding a h"rse 8"r three da$s
2!3 She hasn@t been g"ing t" Malang sin-e e6ening.
2!3 4e ha6en@t been riding a h"rse 8"r three da$s.
203 ?as she been g"ing t" Malang 0
203 ?a6e ?e been riding a h"rse 8"r three da$s 0
)$ Past Tense (Waktu *ampau)
a$ Simpe Past Tense (Waktu *ampau Se!er"ana)
Ruus )
&9 S&Be&4as;4ere&:;<
!9 S&Be&4as;4ere&n"t&:;<
09 Be&4as;4ere& S&:;<
E=aple )
&9 4e ,ere at s-h""l $esterda$
!9 4e ,ere n"t at s-h""l $esterda$
09 ,ere ,e at s-h""l $esterda$ 0
A"r I# ?e# She# It B 4as
The$# ,e# $"u B ,ere
<"nt"h )
2&3 I sa, a g""d 8il last night
2&3 ?e -ae here last "nth
2!3 I sa, n"t a g""d 8il last night
2!3 ?e -ae n"t last "nth
203 Sa, I a g""d 8il last night
203 <ae ?e here last "nth
#$ Past %&ntinu&us Tense (Waktu Berangsung *ampau)
Ruus )
2&3) S & ,as;,ere & Ving
2!3) S & ,as;,ere & N:T & Ving
203) 4as;4ere & S & Ving
<"nt"h )
2&3 ?e ,as ,at-hing tele6isi"n all a8tern""n last ,eek
2&3 The$ ,ere talking ab"ut sp"rt ,hen I et hi
2!3 ?e ,asn@t ,at-hing tele6isi"n all a8tern""n last ,eek
2!3 The$ ,eren@t talking ab"ut sp"rt ,hen I et hi
203 4as ?e ,at-hing tele6isi"n all a8tern""n last ,eek
203 4ere the$ talking ab"ut sp"rt ,hen I et hi
'$ Past Per(e't Tense (Waktu Sempurna *ampau)
Ruus )
subje-t&au=iliar$ 6erb ?.VE&ain 6erb
2&3) S & had & V+
2!3) S & had & n"t & V+
203) ?ad & S & V+
<"nt"h )
2&3 4hen $ br"ther arri6ed # I had painted $ "t"r -$-le
2&3 The ship had le8t be8"re I arri6ed
2!3 4hen $ br"ther arri6ed # I hadn@t painted $ "t"r -$-le
2!3 The ship hadn@t le8t be8"re I arri6ed
203 ?ad I $ "t"r -$-le # ,hen $ br"ther arri6ed 0
203 ?ad the ship le8t be8"re I arri6ed0
!$ Past Per(e't %&ntinu&us Tense (Waktu Berangsung Sempurna *ampau)
Ruus )
subje-t&au=iliar$ 6erb ?.VE&au=iliar$ 6erb BE&ain 6erb
<"nt"h )
2&3 The$ had been li6ing there 8"r t," "nth
2&3 4hen the$ ,ashed $ drees # $"ur 8ather had been pla$ing badint"n
2!3 The$ hadn@t been li6ing there 8"r t," "nth
2!3 4hen the$ ,ashed $ dress # $"ur 8ather hadn@t been pla$ing badint"n
203 ?ad the$ been li6ing there 8"r t," "nth0
203 4hen the$ ,ashed $ dress # had $"ur 8ather been pla$ing badint"n 0
+$ ,uture Tense (Akan -atang)
a$ Simpe ,uture Tense (Waktu Akan -atang Se!er"ana)
Ruus )
subje-t&au=iliar$ 6erb 4IDD&ain 6erb
<"nt"h )
2&3 I ,ill 6isit t" $"g$akarta t""rr",.
2&3 he ,ill et girl 8riend b$ se6en "@-l"-k
203 4ill he g" t" .eri-a ne=t "nth0
2&3 1resident shall at Nederland the da$ a8ter t""rr",.
2!3 1resident shall n"t at Nederland the da$ a8ter t""rr",.
203 Shall 1resident at Nederland the da$ a8ter t""rr",0
#$ ,uture %&ntinu&us Tense (Waktu Berangsung Akan -atang)
Ruus )
subje-t&au=iliar$ 6erb 4IDD&au=iliar$ 6erb BE&ain 6erb
<"nt"h )
2&3 I ,ill be ,riting a -"i-.
2&3 I ,ill be stud$ing t""rr", night.
2!3 I ,ill n"t ,riting a -"i-.
2!3 I ,ill n"t be stud$ing t""rr", night.
203 4ill I be ,riting a -"i- 0
203 4ill I be stud$ing t""rr", night 0
'$ ,uture Per(e't Tense (Waktu Sempurna Akan -atang)
Ruus )
subje-t&au=iliar$ 6erb 4IDD&au=iliar$ 6erb ?.VE&ain 6erb
<"nt"h )
2&3 I,ill ha6e8inishedb$ 1Ea.
2&3 >"u,ill ha6e8"rg"ttene b$ then.
2!3 She,illn"tha6eg"net" s-h""l.
2!3 4e,illn"tha6ele8t.
203 4ill$"u ha6earri6ed0
203 4illthe$ ha6ere-ei6edit0
!$ ,uture Per(e't %&ntinu&us Tense (Waktu Berangsung Sempurna Akan -atang)
Ruus )
subje-t&au=iliar$ 6erb 4IDD&au=iliar$ 6erb ?.VE&au=iliar$ 6erb BE&ain 6erb
<"nt"h )
2&3 I ,ill ha6e been reading a ne,s paper.
2&3 ?e ,ill ha6e been listening usi-.
2!3 I ,ill ha6en@t been reading a ne,s paper.
2!3 ?e ,ill ha6en@t listening a usi-.
203 4ill I ha6e been riding a ne,s paper 0
203 4ill ?e ha6e listening a usi- 0
.$ Past ,uture Tense (Akan -atang -i Waktu *ampau)
a$ Past ,uture Tense (Waktu Akan -atang -i Waktu *ampau)
Ruus )
1"siti8) S & ,"uld & V1
Negati8) S & ,"uld & n"t & V1
Tan$a) 4"uld & S & V1
<"nt"h )
2&3 ?e ,"uld -"e i8 $"u in6ited hi.
2&3 The$ ,"uld bu$ a h"e the pre6i"us da$.
2!3 ?e ,"uldn@t -"e i8 in6ited hi.
2!3 The$ ,"uldn@t bu$ a h"e the pre6i"us da$.
203 4"uld ?e -"e i8 in6ited hi 0
203 4"uld the$ bu$ a h"e the pre6i"us da$ 0
#$ Past ,uture %&ntinu&us Tense (Waktu Akan Se!ang Ter/a!i -i0aktu *ampau)
Ruus )
1"siti8) S & ,"uld & be & Ving
Negati8) S & ,"uld & n"t & be & Ving
Tan$a) 4"uld & S & be & Ving
<"nt"h )
2&3 I sh"uld be s,iing at this tie the 8"ll",ing da$.
2&3 I shall be sliping at 1E "@-l"-k t""rr",.
2!3 I sh"uldn@t be s,iing at this tie the 8"ll",ing da$.
2!3 I shalln@t be sleeping at 1E "@-l"-k t""rr",.
203 Shall I be s,iing at this tie the 8"ll",ing da$ 0
203 Shall I be sleeping at1E "@-l"-k t""rr", 0
'$ Past ,uture Per(e't Tense (Waktu Akan Su!a" Seesai -i Waktu *ampau)
Ruus )
1"siti8) S & ,"uld & ha6e & V+
Negati8) S & ,"uld & n"t & ha6e & V+
Tan$a) 4"uld & S & ha6e & V+
<"nt"h )
2&3 ?e ,"uld ha6e graduated i8 he had studies hard.
2&3 N"n"k ,ill ha6e studied "th b$ the end "8 this ,eek.
2!3 ?e ,"uldn@t ha6e g"ne i8 he had et his darling
2!3 N"n"k ,ill ha6e n"t studied "nth b$ the end "8 this ,eek
203 4"uld ?e ha6e g"ne i8 he had et his darling 0
203 4ill N"n"k ha6e studied "nth b$ the end "8 this ,eek 0
!$ Past ,uture Per(e't %&ntinu&us Tense
24aktu >ang Sudah Sedang Berlangsung 1ada 4aktu Dapau3
Ruus )
1"siti8) S & ,"uld & ha6e & been & Ving
Negati8) S & ,"uld & n"t & ha6e & been & Ving
Tan$a) 4"uld & S & ha6e & been & Ving
<"nt"h )
Riana,ati ,"uld ha6e been speaking English 8"r t," $ears
2&3 Mrs. .nisa Muni8 ,"uld ha6e been ,alking here 8"r se6enteen $ears
2&3 Riana,ati ,"uld ha6e been speaking English 8"r t," $ears
2!3 Mrs. .nisa Muni8 ,"uldn@t ha6e been ,alking here 8"r se6enteen $ear
2!3 Riana,ati ,"uldn@t ha6e been speaking English 8"r t," $ears
203 4"uld Mrs. .nisa Muni8 ha6e been ,alking here 8"r se6enteen $ears0
203 4"uld Riana,ati ha6e been speaking English 8"r t," $ears0