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ALUMNO: JESUS ASMETH PEREZ CAMACHO

ING.SISTEMAS COMPUTACIONALES

GAUSS-SEIDEL
1.- Una compaa de electrnica produce transistores, resistores y chips de computadora. Cada
resistor requiere cuatro unidades de cobre, una de zinc y dos de vidrio. Cada resistor requiere tres,
tres y una unidades de dichos materiales respectivamente y cada chip de computadora requiere
dos, una y tres respectivamente. En forma de tabla, esta informacin queda as;
Componente
Transistores
Resistores
Chips de computadora

Cobre
4
3
2

Zinc
1
3
1

Vidrio
2
1
3

Los suministros de estos materiales varan de una semana a la otra, de modo que la compaa
necesita determinar una corrida de produccin diferente cada semana. Por ejemplo las cantidades
disponibles de materiales son 960 unidades de cobre, 510 unidades de zinc y 610 unidades de
vidrio. Plantee el sistema de ecuaciones que modela la corrida de produccin y utilice Excel y la
informacin que se da en este captulo sobre la solucin de ecuaciones algebraicas lineales con
Excel pera resolver cual es el nmero de transistores, resistores y chips de computadora por
manufacturar esta semana.

GAUSS-SEIDEL
DEFINIMOS LAS ECUACIONES:
4t+3r+2c=960
t+3r+c=510
2t+r+3c=610
DESPEJAMOS LAS VARIABLES

960 3 2
4
510
3
610 2
3

ALUMNO: JESUS ASMETH PEREZ CAMACHO

ITERACION

t
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41

ING.SISTEMAS COMPUTACIONALES

r
100
115
110.8333333
120.9722222
114.7453704
122.7121914
116.1349023
123.0511617
116.7131952
122.9777729
117.0394607
122.7982989
117.2823426
122.6011608
117.4908937
122.4102855
117.6795294
122.2313885
117.8529431
122.0652355
118.0131241
121.9113151
118.1612839
121.7688301
118.2983771
121.6369578
118.4252441
121.5149147
118.5426511
121.4019699
118.6513044
121.2974455
118.751857
121.2007139
118.8449128
121.1111942
118.9310308
121.0283487
119.0107282
120.9516798
119.0844838

c
100
103.333333
97.2222222
102.314815
97.3302469
102.224794
97.6316015
102.138274
97.8608801
102.011224
98.039328
101.872043
98.1914836
101.735735
98.3280763
101.607264
98.453223
101.487694
98.5686796
101.376849
98.6754288
101.274216
98.7741924
101.179222
98.8655855
101.091306
98.9501629
101.009943
99.0284341
100.934647
99.1008696
100.864964
99.1679047
100.800476
99.2299419
100.740796
99.2873539
100.685566
99.3404855
100.634453
99.3896558

Error
100
103.333333
92.2222222
97.037037
88.5802469
94.3930041
87.4502743
93.366198
87.253134
92.9042432
87.3444102
92.6272502
87.510453
92.4146104
87.6873146
92.2300454
87.8573884
92.0625727
88.0165096
91.9084781
88.1642266
91.7661077
88.3010511
91.6344133
88.427706
91.5125534
88.5449262
91.399783
88.6534091
91.2954212
88.7538046
91.1988405
88.8467151
91.1094604
88.9326987
91.0267442
89.0122718
90.9501949
89.0859123
90.8793527
89.1540624

13.04%
-3.76%
8.38%
-5.43%
6.49%
-5.66%
5.62%
-5.43%
5.09%
-5.07%
4.69%
-4.70%
4.34%
-4.35%
4.02%
-4.02%
3.72%
-3.72%
3.45%
-3.43%
3.20%
-3.17%
2.96%
-2.93%
2.74%
-2.71%
2.54%
-2.51%
2.36%
-2.32%
2.18%
-2.14%
2.02%
-1.98%
1.87%
-1.83%
1.73%
-1.70%
1.60%
-1.57%

ALUMNO: JESUS ASMETH PEREZ CAMACHO


42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84

120.8807269
119.1527405
120.815064
119.2159082
120.7542965
119.2743665
120.6980597
119.3284664
120.6460155
119.3785329
120.5978516
119.4248666
120.5532785
119.4677459
120.5120286
119.5074283
120.4738541
119.5441522
120.4385257
119.5781381
120.4058313
119.6095902
120.3755744
119.6386973
120.3475733
119.6656344
120.3216598
119.6905632
120.2976783
119.7136334
120.2754848
119.7349835
120.2549459
119.7547419
120.2359383
119.7730273
120.2183479
119.7899493
120.2020688
119.8056097
120.1870035
119.8201026
120.1730614

ING.SISTEMAS COMPUTACIONALES
100.587151
99.4351603
100.543376
99.4772721
100.502864
99.5162443
100.465373
99.5523109
100.430677
99.5856886
100.398568
99.6165777
100.368852
99.6451639
100.341352
99.6716189
100.315903
99.6961015
100.29235
99.7187587
100.270554
99.7397268
100.250383
99.7591316
100.231716
99.7770896
100.21444
99.7937088
100.198452
99.8090889
100.183657
99.8233224
100.169964
99.8364946
100.157292
99.8486848
100.145565
99.8599662
100.134713
99.8704065
100.124669
99.8800684
100.115374

90.8137922
89.2171316
90.7531196
89.2754987
90.6969705
89.3295142
90.6450076
89.3795025
90.5969188
89.425764
90.5524152
89.4685764
90.5112297
89.5081969
90.4731148
89.5448634
90.4378415
89.5787963
90.4051981
89.6101993
90.3749884
89.6392611
90.3470309
89.6661561
90.3211579
89.691046
90.2972139
89.7140802
90.275055
89.735397
90.2545481
89.7551246
90.2355702
89.7733814
90.2180072
89.790277
90.2017536
89.805913
90.1867117
89.8203833
90.1727914
89.8337747
90.1599088

1.49%
-1.45%
1.38%
-1.34%
1.27%
-1.24%
1.18%
-1.15%
1.09%
-1.06%
1.01%
-0.98%
0.94%
-0.91%
0.87%
-0.84%
0.80%
-0.78%
0.74%
-0.72%
0.69%
-0.67%
0.64%
-0.62%
0.59%
-0.57%
0.55%
-0.53%
0.50%
-0.49%
0.47%
-0.45%
0.43%
-0.42%
0.40%
-0.39%
0.37%
-0.36%
0.34%
-0.33%
0.32%
-0.31%
0.29%

ALUMNO: JESUS ASMETH PEREZ CAMACHO


85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127

119.8335149
120.1601587
119.8459272
120.148218
119.8574142
120.1371676
119.8680447
120.126941
119.8778827
120.1174769
119.8869872
120.1087183
119.8954129
120.1006128
119.9032105
120.0931116
119.9104266
120.0861696
119.9171048
120.0797452
119.9232851
120.0737997
119.9290046
120.0682976
119.9342977
120.0632056
119.9391962
120.0584933
119.9437294
120.0541323
119.9479247
120.0500965
119.9518072
120.0463615
119.9554002
120.042905
119.9587254
120.0397062
119.9618026
120.0367459
119.9646504
120.0340063
119.9672859

ING.SISTEMAS COMPUTACIONALES
99.8890099
100.106772
99.8972848
100.098812
99.9049428
100.091445
99.9120298
100.084627
99.9185885
100.078318
99.9246581
100.072479
99.9302753
100.067075
99.9354736
100.062074
99.9402844
100.057446
99.9447366
100.053163
99.9488567
100.0492
99.9526697
100.045532
99.9561985
100.042137
99.9594641
100.038996
99.9624863
100.036088
99.9652831
100.033398
99.9678715
100.030908
99.9702668
100.028603
99.9724836
100.026471
99.9745351
100.024497
99.9764336
100.022671
99.9781906

89.8461676
90.1479868
89.8576367
90.1369536
89.8682506
90.1267429
89.8780733
90.1172936
89.8871636
90.1085487
89.8955761
90.1004558
89.9033615
90.0929663
89.9105664
90.0860351
89.9172342
90.0796208
89.9234048
90.0736846
89.9291154
90.068191
89.9344002
90.063107
89.939291
90.058402
89.9438172
90.0540479
89.948006
90.0500183
89.9518824
90.0462892
89.9554698
90.0428381
89.9587898
90.0396442
89.9618622
90.0366886
89.9647056
90.0339532
89.967337
90.0314218
89.9697722

-0.28%
0.27%
-0.26%
0.25%
-0.24%
0.23%
-0.22%
0.22%
-0.21%
0.20%
-0.19%
0.18%
-0.18%
0.17%
-0.16%
0.16%
-0.15%
0.15%
-0.14%
0.14%
-0.13%
0.13%
-0.12%
0.12%
-0.11%
0.11%
-0.10%
0.10%
-0.10%
0.09%
-0.09%
0.09%
-0.08%
0.08%
-0.08%
0.07%
-0.07%
0.07%
-0.06%
0.06%
-0.06%
0.06%
-0.06%

ALUMNO: JESUS ASMETH PEREZ CAMACHO


128
129

120.0314709
119.969725

ING.SISTEMAS COMPUTACIONALES
100.020981
99.9798166

90.0290792
89.9720258

0.05%
-0.05%

La iteracion 120 es la que mas se aproxima a 0%


es decir:
Numero de transistores
120.031471 120 transistores
Numero de resistores
100.020981 100 resistores
Numero de chips
90.0290792 90 chips

GAUSS SIMPLE

2.- Un ingeniero elctrico supervisa la produccin de tres tipos de componentes elctricos. Para
ello se requieren tres clases de material: metal, plstico y caucho. A continuacin se presentan las
cantidades necesarias para producir cada componente.

Componente

Metal g/componente

1
2
3

15
17
19

Plstico
g/componente
.30
.40
.55

Hule g/componente
1.0
1.2
1.5

Si cada da se dispone de un total de 3.89, 0.095 y 0.282 Kg. de metal, plstico y caucho,
respectivamente, Cuntos componentes produce por da?
1kg=1000g
3.89kg=3890g
0.095kg=95g
0.282kg=282g

GAUSS SIMPLE

ALUMNO: JESUS ASMETH PEREZ CAMACHO

(
(
(
(

ING.SISTEMAS COMPUTACIONALES

X
15
0.3

17
0.4

19
0.55

3890
95

1.2

1.5

282

1
0.3

1.2
0.4

1.5
0.55

282
95

15

17

19

3890

1
0

1.2
0.04

1.5
0.1

282
10.4

-1

-3.5

-340

1
0

1.2
0.04

1.5
0.1

282
10.4

-1

-80

SUSTITUCIONES:
-Z=-80
Z=80
0.04Y+0.1(80)=10.4
0.04Y+8=10.4
10.4 8
=
0.04
= 60
X+1.2(60)+1.5(80)=282
X+192=282
X=282-192
X=90
RESPUESTA
COMPONENTE 1 =
COMPONENTE 2=
COMPONENTE 3=

90
60
80
COMPONENTE AL DIA 230

)
)
)
)

R2=-.3*R1+R2
R3=-15*R1+R3

R3=1/.04*R2+R
3

ALUMNO: JESUS ASMETH PEREZ CAMACHO

ING.SISTEMAS COMPUTACIONALES