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I.

Tujuan
Setelah percobaan ini mahasiswa/praktikan diharapkan dapat:
1. Menghitung rugi-rugi daya motor induksi 3 fasa rotor sangkar
2. Menentukan efesiensi dari perhitungan rugi-rugi
3. Membandingkan efisiensi motor langsung dan efisiensi tak langsung (mencari rugi-rugi
motor)
4. Mencari harga torsi maksimum motor induksi 3 fasa rotor sangkat

II. Data Hasil Percobaan
A. Name Plate Motor Siemens
Tegangan = 380/660 Volt D/Y
Daya = 1,1 KW
Kecepatan = 1410 Rpm
Arus = 2,8/1,62 Ampere
Cos = 0,81
Frekuensi = 50 Hz
IP = 54
B. Pengukuran Tahanan Stator Pada Suhu 20
0
C
U X = 20
V Y = 20
W Z = 20
Rata-rata tahanan/fasa = 20

C. Pengukuran Motor Tanpa Kopel, Motor Terhubung DELTA.
V
L
= 380 Volt
I
L
= 2,5 A
P
in3
= 200 Watt

D. Pengukuran Motor Disambung Dengan Kopel, Motor Terhubung Delta.
V
L
= 380 Volt
I
L
= 2,5 A
P
in3
= 240 Watt
E. Tabel Percobaan Motor Induksi 3 Fasa Rotor Sangkar 2 (Pembebanan)
No V
LL
(Volt)
P
in3
(Watt)
Nr
(Rpm)
T
(Nm)
P
out
(Watt)
rugi
2

(Watt)
% Cos S% Ket
1. 380 440 1450 1,8 265,77 174,23 60,4 0,26 3,33
2. 380 740 1445 3,6 531,55 208,45 71,83 0,45 3,66
3. 380 1000 1420 5,4 797,3 202,7 79,73 0,6 5,33
4. 380 1300 1410 7,2 1063,11 236,89 81,77 0,79 6
5. 380 1400 1400 7,5 1107 293 79,07 0,85 6,66

F. Table Pengukuran Torsi Maksimum
No V
LL
(Volt)
I
L
(A)
P
in3
(Watt)

Nr
(Rpm)
Torsi
(Nm)
Ket
1 228 8,1 11 1255 6

III. Jawaban Pertanyaan
1.
P
out
(Watt)
rugi
2

(Watt)
% Cos S%
265,77 174,23 60,4 0,26 3,33
531,55 208,45 71,83 0,45 3,66
797,3 202,7 79,73 0,6 5,33
1063,11 236,89 81,77 0,79 6
1107 293 79,07 0,85 6,66

2. R
20
0
C =

= 20

R
75
0
C = R
20
0
C



R
75
0
C = 20



R
75
0
C = 24,31











3. Motor Tanpa Kopel
I
L
= 2,5 A
P
in3
= 200 W
R
rata-rata
= 20

P
cu stator
= I
2
R
P
cu stator
= 2,5
2
x 20
P
cu stator
= 125 W

Rugi bocor = 0,01 x P
in
3
Rugi bocor = 0,01 x 200
Rugi bocor = 2 W

P
inti
= P
in3
- P
cu stator
- Rugi bocor
P
inti
= 200 125 2
P
inti
= 73 W

4. P
mekanik
= P
in kopel
- P
in tanpa kopel

P
mekanik
= 240 200
P
mekanik
= 40 Watt

5. P
mekanik
Setiap Perubahan Torsi
T 25 % T 50 % T 75 % T 100 %
P
cu str
(W)

P
cu str
= I
L
2
R
P
custr
= (2,2)
2
x 20
P
custr
= 96,8
P
custr
= I
L
2
R
P
custr
= (2,3)
2
x 20
P
custr
= 105,8
P
custr
= I
L
2
R
P
custr
= (2,4)
2
x 20
P
custr
= 115,2
P
custr
= I
L
2
R
P
custr
= (2,7)
2
20
P
custr
= 145,8
P
bocor
(W)
P
bocor
= 0,01 x P
instr
P
bocor
= 0,01x 440
P
bocor
= 4,4
P
bocor
= 0,01 x P
instr
P
bocor
= 0,01x 740
P
bocor
= 7,4
P
bocor
= 0,01 x P
instr
P
bocor
= 0,01x 1000
P
bocor
= 10
P
bocor
= 0,01 x P
instr
P
bocor
= 0,01x 1400
P
bocor
= 14
P
in rtr
(W)

P
inrtr
= P
in
- P
cu
- P
inti
P
inrtr
= 44096,873

P
inrtr
= 270,2
P
inrtr
= P
in
- P
cu
- P
inti
P
inrtr
= 740-105,8-73

P
inrtr
= 561,2
P
inrtr
= P
in
- P
cu
- P
inti
P
inrtr
= 1000-115,2-73

P
inrtr
= 811,8
P
inrtr
= P
in
- P
cu
- P
inti
P
inrtr
= 1400-145,8-73

P
inrtr
= 1181,2
P
cu rtr
(W)

P
curtr
= P x S
P
curtr
= P


P
curtr
=270,2


P
curtr
=10,8
P
curtr
= P x S
P
curtr
= P


P
curtr
= 561,2


P
curtr
= 20,5
P
curtr
= P x S
P
curtr
= P


P
curtr
=811,8


P
curtr
= 43,3
P
curtr
= P x S
P
curtr
= P


P
curtr
= 1181,2


P
curtr
= 63,02
P
mek
(W)

P
mekanik
= P
inrtr
- P
curtr

P
mekanik
= 270,2- 10,8

P
mekanik
= 259,4
P
mekanik
= P
inrtr
- P
curtr

P
mekanik
= 561,2-20,5

P
mekanik
= 540,7
P
mekanik
= P
inrtr
- P
curtr

P
mekanik
=811,8-43,3

P
mekanik
=768,5
P
mekanik
= P
inrtr
- P
curtr

P
mekanik
= 1181,2-63,02

P
mekanik
=1118,18

6.
rugi-rugi
Setiap Perubahan Torsi Beban

T 25 % T 50 % T 75 % T100 %
rugi
(W)

rugi
= P
in3
- P
out3

rugi
=440-265,77

rugi
= 174,23

rugi
= P
in3
- P
out3

rugi
=740-531,55

rugi
= 208,45

rugi
= P
in3
- P
out3

rugi
=1000-797,3

rugi
= 202,7

rugi
= P
in3
- P
out3

rugi
=1400-1107

rugi
= 293


7. P
out
Setiap Perubahan Torsi Beban
T 25 % T 50 % T 75 % T100 %
P
out 3
(W)
P
out3
= P
in
rugi
P
out3
=440-174,23
P
out3
= 265,77
P
out3
= P
in
rugi
P
out3
=740-208,45
P
out3
= 531,55
P
out3
= P
in
rugi
P
out3
=1000-202,3
P
out3
= 797,3
P
out3
= P
in
rugi
P
out3
=1400-293
P
out3
= 1107

8. (%) Motor Setiap Perubahan Torsi Beban
T (Nm) (%)
1,8
(%) =


100%
(%) =

100%
(%) = 60,4

3,6
(%) =


100%
(%) =

100%
(%) = 71,83

5,4
(%) =


100%
(%) =

100%
(%) = 79,73

7,5
(%) =


100%
(%) =

100%
(%) =79,07



9. Perbandingan nomor 1 dan nomor 8
a.
Rugi1
= P
cu stator
+ P
inti
+ P
bocor
+ P
cu rotor
+ P
mekanik
= 96,8 + 73 + 4,4 + 10,8 + 40
= 225 Watt
P
out1
= P
in
-
rugi

= 440 Watt 225 Watt
= 215 Watt
1 = ( P
out
: P
in
) x 100%
= ( 215: 440 ) x 100%
= 48,86%

b.
Rugi2
= P
cu stator
+ P
inti
+ P
bocor
+ P
cu rotor
+ P
mekanik
= 105,8+ 73 + 7,4 + 20,5+ 40
= 246,7 Watt
P
out2
= P
in
-
rugi

= 740 Watt 246,7 Watt
= 493,3 Watt
2 = ( P
out
: P
in
) x 100%
= ( 493,3 : 740 ) x 100%
= 66,66%

c.
Rugi3
= P
cu stator
+ P
inti
+ P
bocor
+ P
cu rotor
+ P
mekanik
= 115,2+ 73 + 10+ 43,3+ 40
= 281,5 Watt
P
out3
= P
in
-
rugi

= 1000 Watt 281,5 Watt
= 718,5 Watt

3 = ( P
out
: P
in
) x 100%
= ( 718,5 : 1000 ) x 100%
= 71,85%
d.
Rugi4
= P
cu stator
+ P
inti
+ P
bocor
+ P
cu rotor
+ P
mekanik
= 145,8+ 73 + 14 + 63,02 + 40
= 335,82 Watt
P
out4
= P
in
-
rugi

= 1400 Watt 335,82 Watt
= 1064,18 Watt
4 = ( P
out
: P
in
) x 100%
= ( 1064,18: 1400 ) x 100%
= 76,01%

10. Grafik (%) = f (P
out)


11. Analisis Grafik di atas adalah





0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
265.77 531.55 797.3 1107


(
%
)

Pout (Watt)
Grafik % = f (Pout)
secara langsung
secara tidak
langsung
12. Torsi Maksimum



13. Kesimpulan