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8

MET

137 m

Ba .

Soddy Rutherford
. t=0
0,
t
:

N ( t ) = N 0 e t

8.1

,

.
1/2 :
=

ln 2 0.693
=
T1 / 2
T1 / 2

8.2


.
R(t) =

dN ( t )
= N ( t )
dt

8.3

137 Cs 30.17
- ( 94.6% )
137 Ba (. 8.1).
661.6 keV,
8.1 2.55min
-
10-10 10-15 s.
(isomeric metastable)
m ( 137 m Ba ). 137 m Ba ( 2.55
min )
. 137 m Ba

0. 137 m Ba
137 m Ba

t .
(8.1):
8.4

R = R 0 e t

lnR=lnR0 - t

8.5

R0 .

(8.5) 8.2.
7/2+

30.17 y

137
55

Cs

900

11/2-

661.6

94.6%
\

1/2+

5.4 %

2.55 m

281

3/2+

137
56
8.1

Ba

137

Cs .


(Tl) (MCA) 1024
(MCS). ( )
t
.

t .
137 m Ba
137 Cs 137 m Ba

.

, 137 Cs (30 y)
2 h ,
137 Cs .
137 m Ba 137 Cs ,
HCl a
( 8.2)

HCl

137

Cs

137

Ba

8.2 Ba Cs.

1. (Tl) MCA
2. 137 Cs , 22 Na , 137 Cs ,

54

Mn

1. , ., , 2002, . 88.


1. 22 Na 54 Mn
.
137 Cs .
2. 661.6 keV
.
LLD (Lower Level Discriminator)
ULD (Upper Level Discriminator)

661.6 keV.

Compton
661.6 keV.
3. ( )
t,
multi channel
scaling menu mode.
4. menu settings MCS. dwell time 1sec.
5. .
Bg.Buffer transfer.
6.
a o . H ,
.
7. Ba
. ,
. ~30min
.
8. Bg subtract
( ) binary file (*.ssf)
tab separated text (*.tsv).
9.

.
10.
.
11. menu mode pulse height
.

1.


. .

) ,
,
.
.
) ,
,
.
, 1/sec.
8.2 .
) ,
ORIGIN, , ,
.
137 m Ba

(editor) notepad.
- *.asc.
2.

. .
3.
137 m Ba
,
137
Cs 5Ci. Ba.

(137Cs Ba ), 137 m Ba ,

.

4.

137 m