Anda di halaman 1dari 4

CARA PENGIRAAN LATIT DAN DIPAT

Jadual pengiraan sebelum pembetulan


GARISAN DARI KE

BERING

JARAK

2-3

245 09 33.5

LATIT

DIPAT

136.09

57.171

123.499

-7.306

3-4

311 16 29

187.08

123.411

4-5

47 17 53

231.59

157.06

5-1

166 00 29

115.96

112.519

1-2

180 00 00

155.12

155.12

-9.261

140.601
-10.044

-12.730

170.194
-12.434

-15.759

37.709

-6.226

-7.891

-8.328

825.85

280.471

-10.556

324.81

207.903

264.1

-44.339

-56.197

-44.339

-56.197

Kiraan untuk Latit = Cos(Bering)*Jarak


i)

Garisan 2-3 =

Cos (245 09 33.5)*136.09

- 57.171

ii)

Garisan 3-4 =

Cos (311 16 29)*187.08

123.411

iii)

Garisan 4-5 =

Cos (47 17 53)*231.59

157.06

iv)

Garisan 5-1 =

Cos (166 00 29)*115.96

- 112.519

v)

Garisan 1-2 =

Cos (180 00 00)*155.12

- 155.12

Kiraan Untuk Dipat = Sin(Bering)*Jarak


i)

Garisan 2-3 =

Sin (245 09 33.5)*136.09

- 123.499

ii)

Garisan 3-4 =

Sin (311 16 29)*187.08

- 140.601

iii)

Garisan 4-5 =

Sin (47 17 53)*231.59

170.194

iv)

Garisan 5-1 =

Sin (166 00 29)*115.96

37.709

v)

Garisan 1-2 =

Sin(180 00 00)*155.12

Pembetulan Latit = (Jarak/jumlah jarak) * jumlah (utara - selatan)


i)

Garisan 2-3 =

(136.09 / 825.85) * (280.471 324.81)

= - 7.306

ii)

Garisan 3-4 =

(187.08 / 825.85) * (280.471 324.81)

= - 10.044

iii)

Garisan 4-5 =

(231.59 / 825.85) * (280.471 324.81)

= - 12.434

iv)

Garisan 5-1 =

(115.96 / 825.85) * (280.471 324.81)

= - 6.226

v)

Garisan 1-2 =

(155.12 / 825.85) * (280.471 324.81)

= - 8.328

Pembetulan Dipat = (Jarak/jumlah jarak) * jumlah (timur - barat)


i)

Garisan 2-3 =

(136.09 / 825.85) * (207.903 264.10)

= - 9.261

ii)

Garisan 3-4 =

(187.08 / 825.85) * (207.903 264.10)

= - 12.730

iii)

Garisan 4-5 =

(231.59 / 825.85) * (207.903 264.10)

= - 15.759

iv)

Garisan 5-1 =

(115.96 / 825.85) * (207.903 264.10)

= - 7.891

v)

Garisan 1-2 =

(155.12 / 825.85) * (207.903 264.10)

= - 10.556

Jadual pengiraan selepas pembetulan


JARAK

LATIT

DIPAT

GARISAN DARI KE

BERING

2-3

245 09 33.5

136.09

3-4

311 16 29

187.08

133.455

4-5

47 17 53

231.59

169.494

5-1

166 00 29

115.96

106.293

45.6

1-2

180 00 00

155.12

146.792

10.556

302.9492

242.1090

825.8480

49.865

302.9492

114.238
127.871
185.953

242.1090

0.0000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Jadual pengiraan (2kali latit dan dipat)


LATIT
U

DIPAT

2KALI LATIT

2KALI DIPAT

114.238

-49.865

-114.238

127.871

33.726

-356.347

185.953

336.675

-298.265

106.293

45.6

399.876

-66.712

146.792

10.556

146.791

-10.556

49.865
133.455
169.494

Cara pengiraan 2kali latit


i)

Garisan 2-3 =

- 49.865

ii)

Garisan 3-4 =

- 49.865 + (- 49.865) + 133.455

= 33.726

iii)

Garisan 4-5 =

133.455 + 33.726 + 169.494

= 336.675

iv)

Garisan 5-1 =

169.494 + 336.675 + (- 106.393)

= 399.876

v)

Garisan 1-2 =

- 106.293 + 399.876 + (- 146.792)

= 146.791

Cara pengiraan 2kali dipat


i)

Garisan 2-3 =

- 114.238

ii)

Garisan 3-4 =

- 114.238 + (- 114.238) + (- 127.871)

= - 356.347

iii)

Garisan 4-5 =

- 127.871 + (- 356.347) + 185.953

= - 298.265

iv)

Garisan 5-1 =

185.953 + (- 298.265) + 45.60

= - 66.712

v)

Garisan 1-2 =

45.60 + (- 66.712) + 10.556

= - 10.556

Jadual pengiraan 2kalilatit*dipat dan 2kalidipat*latit


LATIT

DIPAT

2KALI DIPAT

114.238

-49.865

127.871

2KALIDIPAT*LATIT

-114.238

5696.47787

5696.421891

33.726

-356.347

-4312.54488

-47556.38014

185.953

336.675

-298.265

62605.7185

-50554.11478

106.293

45.6

399.876

-66.712

18234.33669

7091.025929

146.792

10.556

146.791

-10.556

1549.526878

1549.53205

302.9492

242.1090

83773.51505

-83773.51505

49.865
133.455
169.494

302.9492

2KALI LATIT

2KALILATIT*DIPAT

242.1090

Cara pengiraan 2kalilatit*dipat


i)

Garisan 2-3 =

- 49.865 * (- 114.238)

= 5696.47787

ii)

Garisan 3-4 =

33.726 * (- 127.871)

= - 4312.54488

iii)

Garisan 4-5 =

336.675 * 185.953

= 62605.7185

iv)

Garisan 5-1 =

399.876 * 45.60

= 18234.33669

v)

Garisan 1-2 =

146.791 * 10.556

= 1549.526878

Cara pengiraan 2kalidipat*latit


i)

Garisan 2-3 =

- 114.238 * (- 49.865)

= 5686.421891

ii)

Garisan 3-4 =

- 356.347 * 133.455

= - 47556.38014

iii)

Garisan 4-5 =

- 298.265 * 169.494

= - 50554.11478

iv)

Garisan 5-1 =

- 66.712 * (- 106.293)

= 7091.025929

v)

Garisan 1-2 =

- 10.556 * (- 146.792)

= 1549.53205

Untuk cari keluasan

= 83773.51505 / 2 = 41886.76 m2

Jumlah jarak

= 825.85

Untuk mencari kelas = 44.339 + 56.197 = 71.58246804


= 825.85 / 71.58246805
= 11.53704283