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Mr

C6H6
C7H8
C6H5NO2
HNO3
H2O
H2SO4
NaOH
Na2SO4
NaNO3

78.11
92.138
128.14
63.01
18.02
98.08
39.997
142.002
84.975

Massa

Massa

H2O
75.525

HNO3
H2O
5062.282
947.431

Tangki
Pencampur

Massa

H2SO4
H2O
9424.279
116.807

HNO3
H2SO4
H2O

Massa
Mol

Gram
Mol
5062.282 80.34093
9424.279
1139.763

C6H6
C7H8
6282.853 151.251
80.43596
C6H5NO2
H2O (reaksi)
H2O
H2O total

Reaktor
eff 95%
(Dari data*)

Reaksi :
C6H6 + HNO3 ----> C6H5NO2 + H2O

C7H8
HNO3
H2SO4
C6H6

Gram
Mol
9791.711 76.41416
1376.983 76.41416
1139.763
2516.746

151.251
247.4255 3.926766
9424.279
314.1427 4.021798

Reaksi

(1) RNH3OH + H2SO4 ---> RNH4SO4 +


(2) RNH3OH + HNO3 ----> RNH3NO3 +

Dekanter
dgn eff :
C6H6 99,7318%
C7H8 99,3031%
C6H5NO2 99,815%
HNO3 22,4726%
H2SO4 0,0189%

Gram
C6H6
0.842531
C7H8
1.054068
C6H5NO2 18.11467
HNO3
191.8226
H2SO4
9422.498
H2O
2509.835

C6H6
C7H8
C6H5NO2

Gram
Mol
313.3001
150.1969
9773.596

Penukar Ion
HNO3
H2SO4
H2O

55.60295 0.882446
1.781189 0.018161
6.910985

NaNO3
Na2SO4
H2O

gram
74.98588
2.578837
0.327253

Reaksi
RNH4SO4 + 2NaOH ---> Na2SO4 + H2O + RNH3OH
RNH3NO3 + NaOH ---> NaNO3 + RNH3OH

(1) RNH3OH + H2SO4 ---> RNH4SO4 + H2O


(2) RNH3OH + HNO3 ----> RNH3NO3 + H2O

C6H6
C6H5NO2
C7H8
H2O (reaksi1)
H2O (reaksi2)
H2O
H2O Total

H ---> Na2SO4 + H2O + RNH3OH


aOH ---> NaNO3 + RNH3OH

gram
313.3001
9773.596
150.1969
0.327253
15.90168
6.910985
23.13992

C6H6
C7H8
H2O

gram
310.1671
75.09847
11.56996

C6H6
C6H5NO2
C7H8
H2O

gram
3.133001
9773.596
75.09847
11.56996

Menara
Destilasi
dgn eff :
C7H8 50%
H2O 50%
C6H6 99%

Aku masih bingung prinsip pemisahan dengan destilasi ini


Padahal jika dilihat dari titik didihnya :
C6H6 80,1 C
C6H5NO2 88 C
H2O 100 C
Kenapa kok hasil dari TA yang aku lihat bisa gini hasilnya?
Teman teman ada ide?
Solusi dari saya :
Untuk masalah ini kita minta pendapat forum aja gimana?

Mr
C6H6
C7H8
C6H5NO2
HNO3
H2O
H2SO4
NaOH
Na2SO4
NaNO3

78.11
92.138
128.14
63.01
18.02
98.08
39.997
142.002
84.975

Massa

Massa

H2O
75.525

HNO3
H2O
5062.282
947.431

Tangki
Pencampur

Massa

H2SO4
H2O
9424.279
116.807

HNO3
H2SO4
H2O

Massa
Mol

Gram
Mol
5062.282 80.34093
9424.279
1139.763

C6H6
C7H8
6282.853 151.251
80.43596
C6H5NO2
H2O (reaksi)
H2O
H2O total
Reaktor
eff 95%
(Dari data*)

C7H8
HNO3
H2SO4
C6H6

Gram
Mol
9791.711 76.41416
1376.983 76.41416
1139.763
2516.746

151.251
247.4255 3.926766
9424.279
314.1427 4.021798

C6H6 99,7318%
C7H8 99,3031%
C6H5NO2 99,815
HNO3 22,4726%
H2SO4 0,0189%

Reaksi :
C6H6 + HNO3 ----> C6H5NO2 + H2O

41.53925
97.64923

C6H6
C7H8
C6H5NO2
HNO3
H2SO4
H2O

Reaksi
(1) RNH3OH + H2SO4 ---> RNH4SO4 + H2O
(2) RNH3OH + HNO3 ----> RNH3NO3 + H2O

Dekanter
dgn eff :
C6H6 99,7318%
C7H8 99,3031%
C6H5NO2 99,815%
HNO3 22,4726%
H2SO4 0,0189%

Gram
0.842531
1.054068
18.11467
191.8226
9422.498
2509.835

C6H6
C7H8
C6H5NO2

Gram
Mol
313.3001
150.1969
9773.596

C6H6
C6H5NO2
Penukar Ion

HNO3
H2SO4
H2O

55.60295 0.882446
1.781189 0.018161
6.910985

C7H8
H2O (reaksi1)
H2O (reaksi2)
H2O
H2O Total

NaNO3
Na2SO4
H2O

gram
74.98588
2.578837
0.327253

Reaksi
RNH4SO4 + 2NaOH ---> Na2SO4 + H2O + RNH3OH
RNH3NO3 + NaOH ---> NaNO3 + RNH3OH

O4 ---> RNH4SO4 + H2O


O3 ----> RNH3NO3 + H2O

gram
313.3001
9773.596
150.1969
0.327253
15.90168
6.910985
23.13992

Menara
Destilasi
dgn eff :
C6H5NO2 99,179%
C7H8 0,789%
C6H6 0,029%
H2O 0,002%

C6H6
C7H8
H2O
C6H5NO2

gram
313.2093
149.0119
23.13946
80.24123

C6H6
C6H5NO2
C7H8
H2O

gram
0.090857
9693.355
1.185054
0.000463

Kemurnian

9694.631
99.98683

Unsur
C6H6
HNO3
H2SO4
H2O
C6H5NO2

Harga
Satuan (mL)
1823000
1000
1029000
2500
232000
1000
796000
5000
3478000
10

Neraca
Input
Unsur
C6H6
HNO3
H2SO4
H2O

Gram
6282.853
5062.282
9424.279
1139.763
Total

Neraca Harga
Input
mL
Harga
3490.474 6363134
3641.929 1499018
5121.891 1188279
1139.763 181450.3
Total
9231881

Output
Unsur
Gram
mL
Harga
C6H5NO2 9773.596 8144.664 2832713997
Total
2832713997