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MERDesignforsinglepinchproblem

Module05

Lecture30

Module05:PinchDesignMethodforHENsynthesis
Lecture30:MERdesignforsinglepinchproblems
Keywords:PDM,HEN,MER
Todemonstratethedesignofsinglepinchproblem,problemgiveninTable5.7isconsidered.
Forthispurposeafairlycomplexeightstreamproblemistakenup.
Table5.7EightstreamMERdesignofHENforTmin=100C

StreamName&Type

CP(kW/K)

H1
H2
H3
H4
C1
C2
C3
C4

0.1
0.15
0.15
0.2
0.1
0.15
0.25
0.3

ActualTemperatures(0C)
SupplyTemp.
TargetTemp.
150
40
140
30
130
25
150
30
20
140
15
130
25
145
80
140

Forthepresentproblem,hotpinchtemperatureis900CandColdpinchtemperatureis800C.Further,
hotUtilityrequirementis16.25kWwhereas,thecoldutilityrequirementis6.25kW.
Thegriddiagram,compositecurveandthegrandcompositecurvefortheaboveproblemareshownin
Fig.5.31,5.32and5.33respectively.

Fig.5.31StreamdataandpinchforproblemshowninTable.

MERDesignforsinglepinchproblem

Module05

Lecture30

Hotcompositecurve

QHmin

Pinch

Cold compositecurve

QCmin

Fig.5.32HotandColdcompositecurvesforprobleminTable 5.7

QHmin

QCmin

Fig.5.33GCCforprobleminTable5.7

MERDesignforsinglepinchproblem

Module05

Lecture30

HotEndDesign
ThehotenddesignoftheproblemgiveninTable5.7isshowninFig.5.34.TheCPtablewithCP
rules and number stream rules are also given to guide the design. As CP of the stream 1 is
equaltostream5amatch(exchanger1)canbeplacedbetweenthese.Theloadofthematchis
6kW.Thisticksoffstream5&1.Thesecondmatch,exchanger2withload7.5kWisplaced
betweenstream2andstream6asperCPrules.Thisticksoffstream6&2.Thethirdmatch,
exchanger3havingaload6kWisplacedbetweenstream3andstream8asperCPrule.This
ticksoffstream3.Thefourthmatch,exchanger4with12kWloadisplacedbetweenstream4
andstream7tickingoffstream4.Aftertheabovesaidmatchingonlythecoldstreams7&8
needs heating of 4.25 kW and12 kW respectively which was supplied through heater. This
completes the hot end design of the problem as shown in Fig.5.34. It should be noted that
number of units in this design is two less that the targeted value of 8. This is due to the
presenceoftwosubsetequalityintheproblem.

CP

pinch
150C

0.1

0.15

0.15

130C

0.2

150C

0.1

0.15

140C

0.3

90C
90C

90C
4

140C 1
6kW
130C

90C
80C

80C

6
7.5
6

NumberofHeatExchangerincluding
heaters=06
Umin=8+11=8
Thedecreaseinnumberofunitsisdue
to2subsetequalitybetweenstreams
1&5and2&6.

12

AbovePinch(HotEnd)

NHNCEq.5.2
CPHCPCEq.5.4
0.2
0.3

7.5

0.15

0.25

0.15

0.15

0.1

0.1

HOT

COLD

7.5kW

0.25

H,kW

7
8

145C

H
4.25kW
140C
H
12kW

4
12kW
3
6kW

80C
80C

16.25
18

Fig.5.34MERdesignofHotendofHENforsinglepinchproblem

MERDesignforsinglepinchproblem

Module05

Lecture30

ColdEndDesign
ThecoldenddesignoftheproblemgiveninTable5.7isshowninFig.5.35.TheCPtablewithCP
rulesandnumberstreamrulesarealsoprovidedtoguidethedesign.AsCPofthestream2is
greaterthanCPofstream5.Hence,amatch(exchanger5)isplacedbetweenthese.Theload
ofthematchis6kW.Thisticksoffstream5.Thesecondmatch,exchanger6withload9.75kW
isplacedbetweenstream3andstream6asperCPrules.Thisticksoffstream6&3.Thethird
match,exchanger7havingaloadof8.75kWisplacedbetweenstream4andsplitstreamof
stream8havingCPequalto0.2asperCPrule.Thefourthmatch,exchanger8with5kWloadis
placed between stream1 and stream7 ticking off stream1&7. It should be noted that this
matchisnotasperCPrules.However,thisdoesnotviolettheTmincriterionastheexchanger
8 is not a pinch exchanger. After the above said matching only the hot streams 2 & 4 needs
coolingof3kWand3.25kWrespectivelywhichwassuppliedthroughcoolers.Thiscompletes
the cold end design of the problem as shown in Fig.5.35. It should be noted that number of
unitsinthisdesignisonelessthatthetargetedvalueof7.Thisisduetothepresenceofone
subsetequalityintheproblem.

0.1

pinch
90C
1

0.15

CP

90C

0.15

0.2

3
4

0.1

0.15

3kW

0.25

H,kW BelowPinch(ColdEnd)
NHNCEq.5.2
40C
CPHCPCEq.5.4
5
0.2
0.2
0.25
0.05
30C
0.15
0.15
9

90C

90C

80C 5
6kW
80C
6
80C

9.75kW
CP=0.2

25C 9.75
46.25C

30C

3.25kW
20C

15C

7 36.25C
8.75kW
45C 8
5kW

12

0.15

0.1

0.1

HOT

COLD

Numberofheatexchangersincluding
coolers=06

9.75

Umin=7+11=7

25C 13.75

Duetoonesubsetequality(stream3
&6)thenumberofunitsisoneless
thatcomputed.

Fig.5.35MERdesignofColdendofHENforsinglepinchproblem

MERDesignforsinglepinchproblem

Module05

Lecture30

CompletedesignofHEN
Byjoiningthehotenddesignandcoldenddesignonecanachievethecompletedesignofthe
HENfortheproblem.ThisisdonebyjoiningthehotenddesignoftheHENshowninFig.5.34
and cold end design shown in Fig.5.35 in Fig.5.36. This the complete design is available in
Fig.5.36asshownbelow.

H,kW

CP

pinch

150C

0.1

0.15
0.2

130C

150C

0.1

90C

6kW

6kW
6

130C

0.25 7

H
4.25kW
140C
H
12kW

80C
12kW

9.75kW
CP=0.2

30C

3.25kW
20C

80C

145C

25C 15.75
46.25C

80C

7.5kW

0.3

30C 16.5

90C

140C

0.15

11

3kW

40C

90C

140C

0.15 2

90C

15C

24
12
17.25

36.25C
8.75kW

45C

25C 30

5kW
80C

18

6kW

Fig.5.36GriddiagramofMERdesignoftheHENforprobleminTable5.7

References

1. AngelMartn*,FidelA.Mato,Hint:Aneducationalsoftwareforheatexchanger
networkdesignwiththepinchmethod,educationforchemicalengineers3(2008)e6
e14
2. Linnhoff,B.andFlower,J.R.,1978,Synthesisofheatexchangernetworks,AIChEJ,24(4):
633.
3. Linnhoff,B.andHindmarsh,E.,1983,Thepinchdesignmethodforheatexchanger
networks,ChemEngSci,38(5):745.

MERDesignforsinglepinchproblem

Module05

Lecture30

4. Linnhoff,B.,Townsend,D.W.,Boland,D.,Hewitt,G.F.,Thomas,B.E.A.,Guy,A.R.and
Marsland,R.H.,1994,AUserGuideonProcessIntegrationfortheEfficientUseof
Energy.(TheInstitutionofChemicalEngineers,Rugby,Warks,UK).
5. Smith,R.2005,ChemicalProcess:DesignandIntegration(seconded.),(J.Wiley,JWiley.