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14/03/2013

1
PINGANTAR
BOMEKANKA
PuLrIcIu M. KurnIuwuLI, dr., SpKR
KNESOOG
Imu gerukun
Cubung IImu yg mempeIujurI unuLomI dun InLeruksI
bIomekunIku duIum sIsLem muskuIoskeIeLuI
MeIIpuLI :
AnuLomI
BIomekunIku
IsIoIogI
BOMEKANKA
BIo = IIdup, muIIuk IIdup
MekunIku = geruk, guyu ; guyu dun eIeknyu
ApIIkusI prInsIp mekunIku (hokom Newton) pd
obyek bIoIogI dengun Lujuun unLuk menjuburkun
IungsI dun perIIukunyu
Imu yung mempeIujurI LenLung guyu yung bekerju
pudu LubuI dun eIek guyu yung menImbuIkun
gerukun pudu LubuI
nLeruksI unLuru bumI dImunu gerukun ILu LerjudI
dun bugIun LubuI yung bergeruk
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2
MekunIku
Stutics: Iorm oI mecIunIcs LIuL unuIyzes
sysLems In consLunL sLuLe oI moLIon
CouId be no movemenL uL uII
CouId be consLunL veIocILy wILI no
ucceIeruLIon
ynumics: Iorm oI mecIunIcs LIuL
unuIyzes sysLems In moLIon und ucceIeruLIng
A system in acceleration is unbalanced
due to unequal forces acting on the body
MekunIku DInumIk
KNEMATKA
MempeIujurI geomeLrI gerukun LubuI, Iubungunnyu dengun
posIsI gerukun LubuI Lunpu mempeIujurI penyebub gerukun
LersebuL.
KNETKA
MempeIujurI eIek durI guyu-guyu yung bekerju pudu sIsLem
muskuIoskeIeLuI
KInemuLIcs
DescrIbes moLIon
TIme
PosILIon
DIspIucemenL
VeIocILy
AcceIeruLIon
VecLors
AnguIur und IIneur
quunLILIes
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3
KIneLIcs
ExpIuIns cuuses oI
moLIon
Muss
umounL oI muLLer (kg)
nerLIu: resIsLunce Lo
beIng moved
MomenL oI nerLIu
(roLuLIon) = mr
z
Axis
GAYA
GAYA :
Turikun uLuu
dorongunyung
menImbuI perubuIun
pudu LubuI yung
dIum uLuu bergeruk
Guyu nLernuI
DIbenLuk durI duIum
LubuI (mIs: oLoL )
Guyu eksLernuI
dIbenLuk durI Iuur
LubuI (mIs:
gruvILusI)
MACAM-MACAM GAYA
MuskuIur
GruvILusI
rIksI
AerodInumIk
KonLuk ( ground)
nerLIu
EIusLIk
SenLrIpeLuI
SenLIIuguI
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4
Mucum-mucum guyu
Guyu muskuIerJoLoL
Guyu yung dILImbuIkun oIeI konLruksI oLoL
Guyu IrIksIJgesek
DIsebubkun oIeI z permukuun yung konLuk dun mempunyuI
kecenderungun bergeruk berIuwunun
GruvILusI
guyu LurIk ke pusuL bumI
AerodInumIk
Termusuk guyu gesek
AkIbuL gesekun purLIkeIz duIum uduru pudu LubuI yg
bergeruk
Mucum-mucum guyu
KonLukJ round
Guyu kurenu Lumbukun dgn LubuI JIunLuI
nerLIu
Guyu pudu suuLu bendu kurenu mussunyu
CenLrIpeLuI
Guyu yung uruInyu menuju ke uxIs suuLu bendu yung berpuLur
CenLrIIuguI
Guyu yg uruInyu menjuuII uxI suuLu bendu yung berpuLur
GERAK
Adu z mucum geruk
GERAK NER
Gerukun suuLu bendu durI suLu LILIk ke LILIk IuIn duIum gurIs
Iurus
TerjudI kurenu guyu bekerju pudu LILIk pusuL mussu bendu
Semuu bugIun bendu bergeruk dengun uruI, juruk & wukLu yg
sumu
RECTNER : duIum gurIs Iurus
CURVNER : duIum gurIs kurvu
GERAK ANGUAR JROTAS
Gerukun bendu yung berpuLur J bergeruk pudu suuLu uxIs
Guyu bekerju juuI durI LILIk uxIs
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3
GAYA - VEKTOR
Guyu : LurIkun ; dorongun
Ukurunnyu menggunukun VEKTOR
VEKTOR
Berupu gurIs punuI
udu uruInyu
Adu besurunnyu, berupu punjungnyu
BeruL unggoLu LubuI jugu merupukun guyu yg
uruInyu ke buwuI sesuuI guyu gruvILusI
VekLor dupuL dILumbuIkun dengun sIsLem
pcrcllelorcm lcu oj tector cddition
VekLor bIusunyu dILuIIs IuruI dun gurIs dIuLus
MOMENT
AdI : SuuLu guyu yg bekerju pudu suuLu bendu,
LurIkun Jdorongun dun LwIsL membuuL bendu
LersebuL berpuLur pudu suuLu uxIs
Besurnyu momenL dIsebuL : TORQUE (T)
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Besurnyu momenL = besurnyu x (juruk uxIs- gurIs guyu)
HUKUM NEWTON
(LIe uw oI nerLIu)
SuuLu bendu ukun LeLup dIum uLuu bergeruk duIum
kecepuLun yung sumu kecouli bIIu udu guyu yung
bekerju pudu bendu LersebuL
MovIng nerLIu
SuuLu bendu ukun Lerus bergeruk dengun kecepuLun yung sumu
kecuuII bIIu udu guyu yung bekerju pudu bendu LersebuL
SLuLIonury nerLIu
SuuLu bendu ukun LeLup dIum kecuuII bIIu udu guyu yg bekerju
pdu bendu LersebuL
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HUKUM NEWTON
(LIe uw oI nerLIu)
NERTA
BIIu IngIn menggerukkun suuuLu bendu, dIperIukun usuIu yung
meIebIII kecenderungun bendu LersebuL unLuk dIum
Kecenderungun suuLu bendu unLuk LeLup dIum dIsebuL
Stuttionury Inertiu
Guyu yung bekerju Iurus meIebIII SLuLIonury nerLIu
MIs: burbeI yg beruL
HUKUM NEWTON
(LIe uw oI nerLIu)
NERTA
SuuLu bendu ukun cenderung unLuk bergeruk Lerus menerus
dengun kecepuLun sumu MOVNG NERTA
Guyu yung dIberIkun Iurus meIebIII movIng InerLIu supuyu
LerjudI perubuIun gerukun
MomenL oI nerLIu
Kecenderungun suuLu
bendu unLuk LIduk
berubuI durI kecepuLun
unguIur nyu
TergunLung pudu mussu
dun juruknyu guyu
dengun uxIs
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MomenLs oI orce (Torque)
EIIecL oI u Iorce LIuL
Lends Lo cuuse
roLuLIon ubouL un
uxIs
T = d (Nm)
I und d ure
orce LIrougI uxIs
CenLer oI muss
TILIk dI duIum bendu dImunu mussu bendu LerbugI ruLu
CenLer oI gruvILy
TILIk dImunu gruvILusI bekerju pudu bendu LersebuL
Muss momenL oI InerLIu ()
JumIuI yung menunjukkun resIsLensI LerIudup perubuIun
kecepuLun unguIur
I= muss x p
TgL pudu mussu dun juruk LerIdp uxIs roLusI
=m . p-
=kg. m-
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HUKUM NEWTON
(TIe uw oI AcceIeruLIon)
u = Jm = m.u
o = TJ T = .o
MukIn besur guyu, mukIn besur percepuLunnyu
MukIn besur mussu, mukIn kecII percepuLunnyu
PerubuIun gerukun seuruI dengun guyu yung
menImbuIkunnyu
HUKUM NEWTON
(TIe uw oI AcceIeruLIon)
PercepuLun suuLu bendu berbundIng Iurus dengun
guyu yung menImbuIkunnyu dun berbundIng LerbuIIk
dengun mussu bendu
u = Jm = m.u
o = TJ T = .o
orce-IInIer ucceIuruLIon reIuLIonsIIp
orce-unguIur ucceIuruLIon reIuLIonsIIp
= m . u
N=kg mJs-
Pudu sIsLem muskuIoskeIeLuI,
Torque dIIusIIkun oIeI oLoL
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NER VS ANGUAR
NER
= orce
M=muss
DIspIucemenL : m (meLer)
mJdLk
mpuIse: x wkL
ANGUAR
T = Torque = x (uxIs- LILIk
guyu)
Muss momenL oI InerLIu= m
x p-
DIspIucemenL : degree
JdLk
T x wkL
HUKUM NEWTON
Iuw oI ucLIon-reucLIon
SeLIup uksI udu reuksI yung sumu dengun uruI
berIuwunun
SeLIup guyu yung bekerju dImunu suju seIuIu udu guyu
IuIn yung berIuwunun uruI dun sumu besur
Guyu bekerju berpusungun dengun uruI berIuwunun
HUKUM NEWTON
Iuw oI ucLIon-reucLIon
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AnggoLu LubuI munusIu bergeruk rotusi[ ungolur
pudu sendI, kurenu semuu oLoL meIekuL LIduk LepuL
puduJ uguk juuI durI LILIk pusuL sendI.
Guyu yg bekerju pudu sendI udu yung :
nLernuI nLernuI Torque
DurI konLruksI oLoL
EkLernuI ExLernuI Torque
DurI beruLnyu LuIung dII + gruvILusI
DurI bebun yung dIbuwu
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MACAM KONTRAKS OTOT
Guyu InLernuI berusuI durI konLruksIJukLIvusI oLoL,
dupuL berupu:
AkLIvusI IsomeLrIk
OLoL konLruksI dengun punjung oLoL LeLup
TIduk udu gerukun pudu sendI
AkLIvusI konsenLrIk (concenLrIc)
OLoL konLruksI dengun punjung oLoL memendek
Adu gerukun pudu sendI
AkLIvusI eksenLrIk (eccenLrIc)
OLoL konLruksI pudu keuduun oLoL memunjung
Adu gerukun pudu sendI
Humuns moves LIrougI u system oI levers
evers cunnoL be cIunged, buL LIey cun be uLIIIzed
more eIIIcIenLIy
evers
evers ure rIgId burs (In LIe body, bones) LIuL move
uround un uxIs oI roLuLIon (u joInL) or IuIcrum
TIree poInLs deLermIne Lype oI Iever & Ior wIIcI
kInd oI moLIon IL Is besL suILed
AxIs (A)- IuIcrum- LIe poInL oI roLuLIon
PoInL (I) oI Iorce uppIIcuLIon (usuuIIy muscIe InserLIon)
PoInL (R) oI resIsLunce uppIIcuLIon (cenLer oI gruvILy oI Iever)
or (IocuLIon oI un exLernuI resIsLunce)
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MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-;
evers
evers roLuLe ubouL un uxIs us u resuIL oI jorce (eIIorL,
E) beIng uppIIed Lo cuuse ILs movemenL uguInsL u
resistcnce or weIgIL
n LIe body
bones represenL LIe burs
joInLs ure LIe uxes
muscIes conLrucL Lo uppIy Iorce
ever duIum keseImbungun:
orce x Iorce urm = R x R urm
InLernuI Lorque = exLernuI Lorque
x dI = x dr
MecIunIcuI AdvunLuge
(MA)= (keunLungun mekunIk)
orce urm
------------------
ResIsLunL urm
MA =1 ; MA > 1 ; MA < 1
MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-q
evers
ResIsLunce cun vury Irom muxImuI Lo mInImuI
Muy be onIy LIe bones or weIgIL oI body segmenL
AII Iever sysLems Iuve eucI oI LIese LIree
componenLs In one oI LIree possIbIe urrungemenLs
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MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-
qo
AFR AFR
3rd 3rd
|| Resistance Arm Resistance Arm ||
ARF ARF
2nd 2nd
|| Force Arm Force Arm ||
evers
FAR FAR
1st 1st
AA
FF
RR
| Force Arm Force Arm ||| Resistance Arm Resistance Arm ||
AA
RR
|| Resistance Arm Resistance Arm ||
FF
AA
RR
|| Force Arm Force Arm ||
FF
IrsL CIuss
AR
AbouL z% oI LIe muscIes In your body operuLe
us IIrsL cIuss Ievers
orce
AxIs
ResIsL.
MA = 1
AxIs

R
R

AxIs
MA <
MA < 1
MA <
MA > 1
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-q
IrsL-cIuss evers
Produce buIunced movemenLs wIen uxIs
Is mIdwuy beLween Iorce & resIsLunce
(e.g., seesuw)
Produce speed & runge oI moLIon wIen
uxIs Is cIose Lo Iorce, (LrIceps In eIbow
exLensIon)
Produce Iorce moLIon wIen uxIs Is cIose
Lo resIsLunce (crowbur)
Second CIuss
AR
Very Iew occurrences In LIe body
GuIn resuILunL Iorce (you cun IIIL more), Iose dIsLunce
MA >1

R
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-q6
Second-cIuss evers
Produces Iorce movemenLs, sInce u
Iurge resIsLunce cun be moved by u
reIuLIveIy smuII Iorce
WIeeIburrow
NuLcrucker
oosenIng u Iug nuL
RuIsIng LIe body up on LIe Loes
-
q8
Second-cIuss evers
PIunLur IIexIon oI IooL Lo ruIse LIe body
up on LIe Loes wIere buII (A) oI LIe IooL
serves us LIe uxIs us unkIe pIunLur
IIexors uppIy Iorce Lo LIe cuIcuneus ()
Lo IIIL LIe resIsLunce oI LIe body uL LIe
LIbIuI urLIcuIuLIon (R) wILI LIe IooL
ReIuLIveIy Iew z
nd
cIuss Ievers In
body
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TIIrd CIuss
RA
As mucI us 8% oI LIe muscIes In LIe body
IuncLIon us LIIrd cIuss Ievers
UsuuIIy produce speed uL LIe expense oI Iorce
GreuLer Iever IengLI = greuLer speed (ex.)
-
o
TIIrd-cIuss evers
Produce speed & runge-oI-moLIon
movemenLs
MosL common In Iumun body
RequIres u greuL deuI oI Iorce Lo move
even u smuII resIsLunce
PuddIIng u bouL
SIoveIIng - uppIIcuLIon oI IIILIng Iorce Lo u
sIoveI IundIe wILI Iower Iund wIIIe upper
Iund on sIoveI IundIe serves us uxIs oI
roLuLIon
-1
TIIrd-cIuss evers
BIceps brucIII In eIbow IIexIon
UsIng LIe eIbow joInL (A) us LIe uxIs, LIe bIceps
brucIII uppIIes Iorce uL ILs InserLIon on rudIuI
LuberosILy (m) Lo roLuLe Ioreurm up, wILI ILs
cenLer oI gruvILy und LIe Ioud (mg) servIng us
LIe poInL oI resIsLunce uppIIcuLIon
A
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MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-z
TIIrd-cIuss evers
OLIer exumpIes
IumsLrIngs conLrucLIng Lo IIex Ieg uL knee wIIIe In u
sLundIng posILIon
usIng IIIopsous Lo IIex LIIgI uL IIp
ANASA GERAK : pengunLur
ree Body DIugrum
SkeLsu sederIunu bugIun LubuI yg ukun dIunuIIsu
benLuk LergunLung upu yg ukun dIunuIIsu
DupuL zD - D
TenLukun reIerence Irume
IusLrusIkun InLernuI Iorce dun exLernuI Iorce
IusLrusIkun conLucL Iorce dun joInL reucLIon Iorce
ReIerence Irume
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IusLrusI guyu
orceJ vecLor composILIon
Beberupu vekLor guyu dIgubung menjudI 1(suLu) vekLor
orceJ vecLor resoIuLIon
1 (suLu) vekLor menjudI beberupu vekLor guyu
VecLor composILIon
PuruIeI gurIs Iurus
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VecLor composILIon
Non-puruIeI :
' LIp-Lo-LuII` meLIod
PuruIeIIogrum meLIod
VECTOR RESOUTON
Guyu yg LerjudI serIng muILIpIunur
1 resuILuLnLe guyu dI uruIkun menjudI z (puIIng serIng)

M(n) : (normuI)Leguk Iurus dengun uxIs punjung segmen LubuI


M(L) : (LungensIuI) mewukIII komponen OTOT, puruIeI uxIs
segmen LubuI
M(n)
- NormuI orce componenL
- Teguk Iurus punjung
LuIung
- MenImbuIkun gerukun
roLusI bIIu momenL
urm>o
- dunJ LrunsIusIJIInIer
- KompresI, dIsLruksI,
sIeurIng
M(L)
- TungenLIuI orce
componenL
- PuruIeI punjung LuIung
- MenImbuIkun gerukun
LrunsIusIJIInIer :
- KompresI , dIsLruksI
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PenguruI perubuIun suduL pudu sendI
Besurnyu guyu M(n) dun M(L) yg bekerju pudu
sendI LergunLung posIsI suduL sendI LersebuL
M(L) memberIkun guyu kompresI uLuu dIsLruksI
pudu sendI
Dengun juruk (d) durI LILIk sendI, M(n) memberIkun
guyu roLusI InLernuI
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EquIIIbrIum
Sum oI Iorces und LIe
sum oI momenLs musL
equuI zero
= o
M = o
DynumIc EquIIIbrIum
MusL IoIIow equuLIons oI
moLIons
= m x u
T = x
MeLode mengukur Lorque pudu sendI
z meLode :
Moment crm dIukur Iungsung Leguk Iurus durI gurIs
vekLor M (resuILunLe guyu) -MAz
Moment crm dIukur durI LILIk guyu M(n)MA1
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ArLI kIInIs
MenenLukun progrum
IuLIIun iceps curl
PosIsI gb A:
PoLensI besur
PosIsI gb B :
Torque InLernuI kecII
BeruL bugI yg oLoLnyu
IemuI
MenenLukun progrum IuLIIun qucdriceps exercise
ArLI kIInIs
PosIsI duduk
MemberIkun guyu
sunguL besur pudu
sendI IuLuL
KonLruIndIkusI uLk Px
dengun osLeourLrILIs
IuLuL
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ArLI kIInIs
ProLeksI sendI
BIIu nyerI, px cenderung memInduIkun beruL budun ( mIrIng)
ArLI kIInIs
ProLeksI sendI
Pudu hip crtroplcst,
LrokunLer muyor uguk
IuLeruI
EquIIIbrIum, BuIunce, & SLubIIILy
EquIIIbrIum Is LIe sLuLe oI zero
ucceIeruLIon (sLuLIc or dynumIc)
BuIunce Is LIe ubIIILy Lo conLroI
equIIIbrIum
SLubIIILy Is u resIsLunce Lo LIe
dIsLurbunce oI equIIIbrIum
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MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-;
BuIunce, equIIIbrIum, & sLubIIILy
clcnce - ubIIILy Lo conLroI equIIIbrIum, eILIer
sLuLIc or dynumIc
Equilibrium - sLuLe oI zero ucceIeruLIon wIere
LIere Is no cIunge In LIe speed or dIrecLIon oI
LIe body
sLuLIc or dynumIc
Stctic equilibrium - body Is uL resL or compIeLeIy
moLIonIess
MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-;q
BuIunce, equIIIbrIum, & sLubIIILy
Dncmic equilibrium - uII uppIIed & InerLIuI
Iorces ucLIng on LIe movIng body ure In buIunce,
resuILIng In movemenL wILI uncIungIng speed
or dIrecLIon
To conLroI equIIIbrIum & ucIIeve buIunce,
stcbilit needs Lo be muxImIzed
SLubIIILy Is LIe resIsLunce Lo u
cIunge In LIe body's ucceIeruLIon
dIsLurbunce oI LIe body's equIIIbrIum
MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-;
BuIunce, equIIIbrIum, & sLubIIILy
SLubIIILy Is enIunced by deLermInIng body's
center oj rctit & upproprIuLeIy cIungIng IL
CenLer oI gruvILy - poInL uL wIIcI uII oI body's
muss & weIgIL ure equuIIy buIunced or equuIIy
dIsLrIbuLed In uII dIrecLIons
BuIunce - ImporLunL In resLIng & movIng bodIes
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MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-;6
BuIunce, equIIIbrIum, & sLubIIILy
GeneruIIy, buIunce Is desIred
Some cIrcumsLunces exIsL wIere movemenL Is
Improved wIen LIe body Lends Lo be unbuIunced
GeneruI IucLors uppIIcubIe Lo enIuncIng
equIIIbrIum, muxImIzIng sLubIIILy, & uILImuLeIy
ucIIevIng buIunce:
1. A person Ius buIunce wIen LIe cenLer oI gruvILy IuIIs
wILIIn LIe buse oI supporL
MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-;;
BuIunce, equIIIbrIum, & sLubIIILy
z. A person Ius buIunce In LIe dIrecL proporLIon Lo LIe sIze oI
LIe buse
TIe Iurger LIe buse oI supporL, LIe more buIunce
. A person Ius buIunce dependIng on LIe weIgIL (muss)
TIe greuLer LIe weIgIL, LIe more buIunce
q. A person Ius buIunce, dependIng on LIe IeIgIL oI LIe
cenLer oI gruvILy
TIe Iower LIe cenLer oI gruvILy, LIe more buIunce
MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-;8
BuIunce, equIIIbrIum, & sLubIIILy
. A person Ius buIunce, dependIng on wIere LIe cenLer oI
gruvILy Is In reIuLIon Lo LIe buse oI supporL
BuIunce Is Iess II LIe cenLer oI gruvILy Is neur LIe edge oI
LIe buse
WIen unLIcIpuLIng un oncomIng Iorce, sLubIIILy muy be
Improved by pIucIng LIe cenLer oI gruvILy neurer LIe sIde oI
LIe buse oI supporL expecLed Lo receIve LIe Iorce
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MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-;q
BuIunce, equIIIbrIum, & sLubIIILy
6. n unLIcIpuLIon oI un oncomIng Iorce, sLubIIILy muy be
Increused by enIurgIng LIe sIze oI LIe buse oI supporL In
LIe dIrecLIon oI LIe unLIcIpuLed Iorce.
;. EquIIIbrIum muy be enIunced by IncreusIng LIe IrIcLIon
beLween LIe body & LIe surIuces IL conLucLs
8. RoLuLIon ubouL un uxIs uIds buIunce
A movIng bIke Is eusIer Lo buIunce LIun u sLuLIonury bIke
MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-
8o
BuIunce, equIIIbrIum, & sLubIIILy
q. KInesLIeLIc pIysIoIogIcuI IuncLIons conLrIbuLe Lo buIunce
TIe semIcIrcuIur cunuIs oI LIe Inner eur, vIsIon, LoucI
(pressure), & kInesLIeLIc sense uII provIde buIunce
InIormuLIon Lo LIe perIormer
BuIunce und ILs componenLs oI equIIIbrIum und sLubIIILy
ure essenLIuI In uII movemenLs und ure uII uIIecLed by LIe
consLunL Iorce oI gruvILy us weII us by InerLIu
MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-81
BuIunce, equIIIbrIum, & sLubIIILy
n wuIkIng u person LIrows LIe body In und ouL oI
buIunce wILI eucI sLep
n rupId runnIng movemenLs wIere movIng
InerLIu Is IIgI, LIe cenLer oI gruvILy Ius Lo be
Iowered Lo muInLuIn buIunce wIen sLoppIng or
cIungIng dIrecLIon
n jumpIng ucLIvILIes LIe cenLer oI gruvILy needs
Lo be ruIsed us IIgI us possIbIe
14/03/2013
28
MunuuI oI
SLrucLuruI KInesIoIogy
BusIc BIomecIunIcuI ucLors & ConcepLs
-
8z
MecIunIcuI IoudIng busIcs
nLernuI Iorces cun
IrucLure bones
dIsIocuLe joInLs
dIsrupL muscIes & connecLIve LIssues
To prevenL Injury or dumuge Irom LIssue
deIormuLIon LIe body musL be used Lo ubsorb
energy Irom boLI InLernuI & exLernuI Iorces