Anda di halaman 1dari 19

EQUIPMENT CAPABILITES

Type of equipment Average Capabilities

1. Bulldozer (D8) a.) Clearing 500 sq.m./hr.


b.) Stripping 200 sq.m./hr
c.) Excavation
1.) Common Soil 45 cu.m/hr.
2.) Slightly hard Materials 25 cu.m./hr.
d.) Quarrying
107 Common Materials 50 cu.m./hr.
108 Aggregates 40 cu.m./hr.
Boulders 15 cu.m./hr.
200 Needs Screening
e.) Pushing 3 cu.m./hr.

2. Road Grader a.) Sub grading 300 cu.m./hr.


b.) Spreading 50 cu.m./hr.

3. Payloader Loading 30 cu.m./hr.

4. Crane Shovel Loading 35 cu.m./hr.


5. Sheep Foot Roller a.) Static Rolling 15 cu.m./hr.
(12 passes – 15 cm. lift)
b.) Vibratory Rolling 135 cu.m./hr.
(6 passes – 20 cm. lift)
6. 3 – Wheel Road Roller a.) Static Rolling 24 cu.m./hr.
(6 passes – 20 cm. lift)
7. Tractor Drawn Roller a.) Vibratory Rolling 24 cu.m./hr.
(6 passes – 20 cm. lift)
8. Tandem Roller a.) Static Rolling 24 cu.m./hr.
(6 passes – 20 cm. lift)
b.) Vibratory Rolling 72 cu.m./hr.
(6 passes – 60 cm. lift)
9.) 6 – T Dump Truck a.) Hauling Common Borrow 3.5 cu.m./hr.
Base Course
b.) Hauling Selected Borrow 5.0 cu.m./hr.
c.) Hauling Concrete Batch 2 Batch/trip
‘Class A’
10. 2 ½ T – Dump Truck a.) Hauling Common Borrow 2.5 cu.m./trip
Base Course
b.) Hauling Selected Borrow 4.0 cu.m./trip
Base Concrete Batch 1.0 Batch/trip
‘ Class A ‘
11. Buggy a.) Hauling Concrete Mix 0.17 cu.m./trip
12. Wheel Borrow a.) Hauling Aggregates 0.17 cu.m./trip
b.) Hauling Concrete Mix 0.05 cu.m./trip
13. Water Truck a.) Watering 1000 sq.m./trip
14. Concrete Mixer a.) Mixing Concrete 9 cu.m./hr.
15. Rock Crusher a.) Crushing Mix sand & Gravel 30 cu.m./hr.
16. Concrete Vibrator a.) Vibrating Concrete Mix 40 cu.m./hr.
17. Concrete Floor Finisher a.) Finishing Concrete Floor 140 cu.m./hr.
18. Percussion Drilling a.) Drilling Hard Rock 0.23 m./hr.
b.) Drilling Loose Rock 0.30 m./hr.
c.) Drilling Lime Stone 0.38 m./hr.
d.) Drilling Sticky Clay 0.49 m./hr.
e.) Drilling Loose Clay 0.70 m./hr.

TASK RATES FOR LABOR-BASED PROJECTS

I. For Item 100 – Clearing and Grubbing


Activity: Productivity
1.) Bush Clearing sq.m./man-day
Bush Type
a.) Light Bush 200
b.) Medium Bush 100
c.) Dense Bush 50
2.) Tree and Stump Removal One (1) man-day per cm. of trunk diameter at
Base of tree
3.) Grubbing
Vegetation Type
a.) Dense vegetation in firm soil covering 80
the whole area
b.) Spaced vegetation in loose soil 250

II. For Item 105 – Excavation for Roadway & Drainage


Activity Productivity
1.) Excavation Cu.m./man-day (throwing distance in m.)
Soil Type 0 – 4 m. 4 – 6 m. 6 – 8 m.
a.) Loose, rot sticky soil 5.0 - 6.0 4.5 – 5.5 3.5 – 4.5
b.) Firm Soil 3.5 – 4.5 3.4 – 4.0 2.5 – 3.5
c.) Very hared soil, hard soil mixed 2.0 – 3.0 1.8 – 2.5 1.7 – 2.5
with stones
2.) Loading Cu.m./man-day
Type of Soil
a.) Loose 4.5 – 5.5
b.) Firm 2.5 – 4.0
c.) Hard 1.5 – 2.5
Excavation combined with loading of soil can be effectively carried out by
laborers up to a loading height of about 1.00 e.g. into wheel borrow or head baskets.
Above that height, it is preferable to have a separate group of leaders whose output
must be matched with that of the excavators.

Necessary output for the Loading Activity


Soil Type Loading Height Productivity cu.m./man-day
a.) Loose 0.1 m. 12 – 15
b.) Loose 1 – 2 m. 7 – 10
c.) Loose Over 2 m. 4–5

III. For Item 106 – Excavation for Structures


Activity Productivity
1.) Excavation Depending on the type of soil
There use similar productivity
Data as those used for Excavation
In Item 105

IV. For Item 110 – Foundation Fill


Activity Productivity
1.) Backfilling and Tamping 3 cu.m./man-day

V. For Item 108 – Aggregate Sub – Base Course


Activity Productivity
1.) Quarrying (Excavation & Gravel) 0.50 – 2.0 cu.m./man-day
2.) Loading 7 – 10 cu.m./man-day
3.) Spreading 8 – 12 cu.m./man-day
4.) Compacting 8 – 12 cu.m./man-day
5.) Hauling activity should be considered in this item, hence, hauling distance has an
important bearing on the cost of the gravelling operation, the maximum acceptable.
Hauling distance has to be considered from case to case.

VI For Item 200 - Aggregate Base Course


Activity Productivity
1.) Quarrying 0.50 – 2.0 cu.m./man-day
2.) Loading 7 – 10 cu.m./man-day
3.) Spreading 8 – 12 cu.m./man-day
4.) Compacting 8 – 12 cu.m./man-day
5.) Hauling – please refer to activity no. 5 of Item 108
6.) Screeping 3–5

VII. For Item 413 – Reinforced Concrete Pipe Culvert


Activity Productivity
1.) Crushing of stone for aggregate 0.20 cu.m./man-day
2.) Casting of culvert rings 2 man-days/ring
3.) Laying of standard culvert (24 in. diameter) Refer culvert laying data below
Or 0.60 m. dia., length 6.00 m.,
Excavation, culvert bad and
Backfill
4.) Building of headwalls with masonry blocks 10 man-days/2 head walls
If the length of the culvert exceeds 6 meters, the number of man-days has to be
increased accordingly.
Culvert laying – this task consist of the excavation of the trench preparing the
bed, laying o culvert, backfilling and compaction. Number of man-days required varies
with the volume of the excavation and the soil type.

FACTORS TO BE MULTIPLIED TO DETERMINE THE REQUIRED


QUANTITY OF EACH MATERIAL

CONCRETE (BASED) on the 88 pounds (lbs.) bag of cement

CLASS “A” CONCRETE (3000 psi)


Cement – 9.08 Bags/cu.m. of concrete + 3 - 5 % wastage
Sand – 0.58 cu.m./cu.m. of concrete + 8 – 10% wastage
Gravel – 0.77 cu.m./cu.m. of concrete + 8 – 10 % wastage

CLASS “B” CONCRETE (2500 psi)


Cement – 8.38 bgs/cu.m. of concrete + 3 – 5% wastage
Sand – 0.45 cu.m./cu.m. of concrete + 8 – 10% wastage
Gravel – 0.82 cu.m./cu.m. of concrete + 8 – 10% wastage

CLASS “C” CONCRETE (3500 psi)


Cement – 9.77 bags/cu.m. of concrete + 3 – 5% wastage
Sand – 0.53 cu.m./cu.m. of concrete + 8 – 10% wastage
Gravel – 0.70 cu.m./cu.m. of concrete + 8 -10% wastage

CLASS “D” CONCRETE (4000 psi)


Cement – 11.17 bags/cu.m. of concrete + 3 – 5% wastage
Sand – 0.44 cu.m./cu.m. of concrete + 8 – 10% wastage
Gravel – 0.68 cu.m./cu.m. of concrete + 8 – 10% wastage

FOR BRIDGE ESTIMATE


Lumber for false work - 60 bd.foot/cu.m. of concrete
Nails - 2 kilos/cu.m. of concrete
Tie wires - 1.1 kilos/cu.m. of concrete
Painting structural steel - 3 galloons per ton
AVERAGE FUEL CONSUMPTION PERDAY
FUEL ENGINE GEAR GREASE
OIL#10
OIL OIL
Crane, 140 liters(diesel) 4 liters 1 liter 2 lbs. –
Diesel Hammer, 20 liters - - - 1 liter
Bulldozer, 200 liters (Diesel) 3 liters 1 liter 1 lb. 1 liter
Payloader, 100 liters (Diesel) 3 liters 1 liter 1 lb. 1 liter
Grader, 120 liters (Diesel) 3 liters 1 liter 1 lb. 1 liter
Roller, 60 liters (Diesel) 2 liters 1 liter/wk. 2 lbs./wk. 1 liter
Dump Truck, 60 liters (Diesel) 1 liter 2liters/wk. 1 lb. 1 liter
Mixer (1-bagger), 40 liters (gas.) - - 0.5 lb. –
Vibrator, 15 liters (gasoline) - - - -
One Bagger Mixer – 100 bags/day
Crane – minimum of 2 piles/day (16 m. length including spotting)

VOLUME OF TRENCH CU.M.

Soil Type 7 7–8 10 -13

In these cases, the work split over two or more days. First the trench should be
excavated and then the preparation of the bed, the laying, backfilling and compaction is
done. Therefore the volume of the excavation to be limited following rates and then
applicable:
Soil Type Productivity
a.) Hard Soil 3.50 cu.m./man-day
b.) Very hard, stony 2.00 cu.m./man-day

After completion of the trench approximately 4 man – days are needed to lay 6
rings, backfill and compact to finish road level.

I. MECHANIZED ASPECT
A. CLEARING AND GRUBBING
Dozer Production
Horse Power Dense of Vegetation (No. of Trees/Hectare)
0 – 50 51 – 100 101 – 200 201 – 250 250 above
120 360 250 190 160 130
140 420 290 220 185 150
160 480 330 255 210 170
180 540 375 285 240 195
200 600 420 310 265 215
B. EXCAVATION (Common Materials)
B.1 Crane
Tonnage Capacity (cu.m./hr.) Bank Volume
Canal Structure Creek
15 15 10 10
20 20 15 15
25 25 20 20
30 30 25 25
B.2 Dozer
Dozer Production (cu.m./hr.) Bank Volume
Horse Power Canal Structure
120 30 15
140 35 20
160 40 25
180 45 30
200 50 35
B.3 Backhoe
Bucket (cu.m.) Production (cu.m./hr.) Bank Volume
Canal Structure Creek
0.50 20 15 15
0.75 30 20 20
1.00 40 30 30
1.25 50 40 40
1.50 60 45 45
C. QUARRYING
Dozer Production (cu.m./hr.) Bank Volume
Horse Power Common Aggregate Cobbles/Boulders
140 55 60 27
160 60 65 29
180 65 70 31
200 70 75 33
J. AVERAGE SPEED OF DUMP TRUCK
Type of Road Kilometer per hour
With Load Without Load
Concrete/Asphalt Road 35 45
Good Maintained Gravel Road 30 35
Poorly Maintained Gravel Road 20 25
K. DEMOLITION OF CONCRETE
160 CFN Compressor & two (2) Jack Hammer
Capacity – 8.00 cu.m./day for massive concrete
12.00 cu.m./day for slab & wall
L. DRIVING OF PILES
Steel Pipes: Crane 25 tons with 2 – tons drop hammer, Capacity = 8 L.M./Hr.
Concrete Piles: Crane 25 tons with 2500 kgs. Pile Hammer, Capacity = 2.00 L.M.
L.M. per hour, 4.00 L.M.per hour, for thick and thin concrete
piles
MANUAL ASPECT

A. Excavation:
A.1 Common Materials
Capacity (cu.m./day)Bank Volume & Depth of Excavation
Type of Work (meter)
Farm Ditchs 3.00 2.50 2.00
Canal 2.50 2.00 1.75
Structure 2.00 1.75 1.50

A.2 Slight Hard Materials (Ind.)


Type of Work Capacity (cu.m./man-day) Bank Volume
Canal 1.00
Structure 0.75

B. LOADING CAPABILITIES OF FIVE (5) LABORERS


Sand & Common Cobbles Boulders Cement R.S. Bars Lumber Plywood
Gravel
Cu.m./hr cu.m./hr. cu.m./hr. cu.m./hr. bags/hr kgs/hr. bd.ft./hr. pcs./hr.
4 5 3.5 3 3 6,000 4,000 2.5

C. UNLOADING CAPABILITIES OF FIVE (5) LABORERS


Sand & Common Cobbles Boulders Cement R.S. Bars Lumber Plywood
Gravel
Cu.m./hr cu.m./hr. cu.m./hr. cu.m./hr. bags/hr kgs/hr. bd.ft./hr. pcs./hr.
6 6 5 4 300 7,000 4,000 2.5

D. CUT, BEND & PLACE RSB


Structure 1 Steelman & 1 Helper with bar cutter
Canal & others 80 kgs./day

E. QUARRYING
Capability cu.m./man-day
Sand & Gravel Cobbles Boulders
3.50 2.50 2.00

F. DEMOLITION OF CONCRETE
Slab and Wall 0.50 cu.m./man-day
Massive Concrete 0.20 cu.m./man-day

G. SCREENING OF AGGREGATES
Gravel 4.00 cu.m./man-day
Sand 6.00 cu.m./man-day
H. MANUAL BACKFILL
Capacity : 3.00 cu.m./man-day

I. LAYING OF MATERIALS (cu.m./man-day)


Cobbles - 2.00
Boulders - 1.50
J. SPREADING OF AGGREGATE
Capacity - 2.50 cu.m./man-day

K. RUBBLE MASONRY (Concreting)


Crew: 1 – Foreman, 2 – Mason, 10 – Laborers, 1 – Light Equip. Oper.
Capacity: 6.00 cu.m./day
L. GROUTED RIPRAP
Crew: 1 – Foreman, 2 – Mason, 10 – Laborers, 1 – Light Equip. Oper.
Capacity: 7.50 cu.m./day

M. CONCRETE HALLOW BLOCK: Setting Capacity sq.m./day


Crew: 1 – Mason, 2 - Laborers
Fence Building
4” CHB 14 10
6” CHB 10 8

N. CONCRETE LINING
Crew: 1 – Foreman, 2 – Mason, 1 – Light Equipt. Oper.
10 – Laborers with one bagger mixer
Capacity: 4.50 cu.m./day

O. INSTALLATION OF STEEL GATES


Crew: 1 – Mason & 5 – Laborers
16 X 16 to 24 X 24 2 assy/day
Above 24 X 24 1 assy/day

P. CONCRETE WORKS
P.1 Fabrication, Placing & Dismantling of Forms
Crew: 2 – Carpenters, 4 – Laborers, Capacity: 3.50 cu.m./day for 3000psi
Crew: 1 – Carpenter, 1 – Laborer, Capacity: 4.50 cu.m./day canal lining
P.2 Concreting and Curing Capability
P.2.a. With concrete mixer
Crew: 1 – Foreman, 2 – mason, 1 – L.E. Operator, 8 – Laborers
Class “A” : 3.50 cu.m./day
Class “B” : 3.70 cu.m./day
Class “C” : 3.50 cu.m./day
Lean Concrete : 4.50 cu.m./day
Q. PLASTERING OF CHB WALL
Crew: 2 – Masons, 2 – Laborers
Capability: 12 sq.m./day (One side only)

R. REINFORCED CONCRETE PIPES


Crew Capability
Diameter
Inch Cm. Fabrication Installation
1 – Foreman 12 30 15 16
1 – Mason 18 46 11 11
1 – Carpenter/Steelman 24 61 9 12
12 – Laborers with 30 76 6 10
1 – Bagger Mixer 36 91 5 8
48 122 3 6
42 4 7

NOTE: TIME OF MIXING = BAGS OF CEMENT/DAY X 10 MIN./BAG


60 MINUTES/HOUR

III. MATERIAL ASPECT


Class Strength Max. Aggre. Cement Sand Gravel Boulder
Size, inch. Bags/cu.m cu.m./cu.m.
A. Concrete
a. 211 kgs. 1.50 9.00 0.45 0.90 -
b. 200 kgs. 2.00 7.00 0.50 1.00 -
Canal Lining
200 kgs 1.00 7.50 0.48 0.96 -
B. Rubble Masonry
w/ 211 kgs. - 4.50 0.225 0.45 0.75
C. Grouted Riprap - 4.20 0.35 0.05 1.00
Plain Riprap - - - 0.10 1.00
D. Lean Concrete - 5.00 0.50 1.00 -
1000 psi
E. Gravel Blanket - - - 1.00 -
F. Filter Drain - - - - -

OTHER MATERIALS
Class Type of Strength F. Lumber 1/2”Plywd. Tie Wire Nails
Structure Kgs. bd.ft./cu.m. pcs./cu.m. kgs/cu.m kgs/cu.m
A Bridge/Flume 211 40 1.00 1.25%RSB 2.50
A Siphon/Box Cul 211 25 1.25 1.20%RSB 2.00
A Other Struc.@inc 211 25 1.25 1.10%RSB 2.00
A 211 5 0.10 - 0.50
B 200 5 - - 0.25
A 211 15 0.40 1.00%RSB 1.50
B 200 5 0.10 1.00%RSB 0.50
A 211 5 - - 0.25

REINFORCE CONCRETE PIPES


Diameter Fabrication Materials per piece
Cement Sand Gravel G.I. F. Lumber Tie Wire CW Nails
Sheet
Inches Bag Cu.m. Cu.m. Pc. Bd.ft. Kgs. Kgs.
12 0.58 0.02 0.05 0.12 0.34 9.28 0.10
18 1.22 0.05 0.10 0.19 0.36 7.72 0.20
24 1.82 0.08 0.15 0.24 0.48 9.75 0.30
30 2.56 0.11 0.21 0.30 0.60 23.22 0.40
36 3.33 0.14 0.28 0.34 0.72 50.43 0.50
42 4.26 0.18 0.36 0.40 0.84 60.84 0.60

INSTALLATION OF R.C. PIPES


Diameter Cement Sand Gravel R.S.B. F. Lumber Tie Wire CW Nails
Inches Bag Cu.m. Cu.m. Kgs. Bd.ft. Kgs. Kgs.
12 0.21 0.01 0.02 - 2.00 0.20 0.20
18 0.45 0.02 0.04 3.65 2.00 0.20 0.20
24 0.72 0.03 0.06 4.52 3.00 0.30 0.30
30 0.93 0.04 0.08 5.26 3.00 0.30 0.30
36 1.11 0.05 0.10 6.01 4.00 0.40 0.40
42 1.32 0.06 0.12 6.79 4.00 0.40 0.40

PLASTERING C.H.B. BLOCK


Size Materials per sq.m. for two (2) sides
Sand Cement
4” X 6” 0.034 0.41

G.I. LAYING OF C.H.B.


Size Cement Sand
Bags/sq.m. Cu.m./sq.m.
4” 0.55 0.046
6” 1.07 0.089
ACEL RATE 1998

Operated Equipment Description Rate per Day (PhP)


Bulldozer Komatsu, D80A-12DD 180Hp 9,160.00
Payloader 75 TCM,Clark, 1.53 cu.m. 10,010.00
Capacity, 151 Hp
Road Grader Mitsubishi MG 500 170 Hp 8,808.00
Dump Truck Japan & other Make, 9,016.00
10 cu.m. Capacity
Road Roller Ingersoll Rand SP48 MI Tons 8,701.00
Crane All models, Truck mounted, 11,296.00
Standard mechanically operated
31 – 35 Tons
Backhoe Komatsu PC 120, Capacity 90 Hp 9,656.00
Transit Mixer Japan Make 3.8 cu.m., 46 cu.m 8,528.00
Capacity 175 Hp
Air Compressor Gas/Diesel Engine, CFM 20 Hp 1,376.00
Plate Compactor 12 Hp Engine Driven 1,648.00
Asphalt Paver Worthington 34 (Basic Equipment Only) 3,320.00
Asphalt Distributor Little Ford Sprasmaster 5,784.00

Bare Equipment Description Rate per Day (PhP)


Pile Hammer (w/o crane) Domag D8 – 22 5,067.00
Drop Hammer (w/o crane) Two Tons w/ Pile Hammer 100.00
Jack Hammer Stanley, hydraulic w/o power unit 294.00
Welding Machine Gas/Diesel Driven 250 Amps., 185 Hp 300.00
Concrete Mixer 1 – Bagger 298.00
Concrete Vibrator Gas/Diesel Driven 341.00
Chainsaw Husquama, 2100 CD w/o Blade 180.00
Water Truck All makes, 500 - 1000 gals. 1,773.00
Water Pump All models 3.5” – 4” size 119.00
Concrete Batch Plant With Cement Silo Manual 5,113.00
/mo. X rated cap. In
Cu.m./hour

LABOR OUTPUT CAPABILITIES


REMOVAL EXISTING STRUCTURE:

Lumpsum:
Installations:
Timber:
Girts and Girder 0.10 – 0.15 cu.m./man-day
Floor Joist 150 L.M man-days
Flooring Boards 15 – 18 sq.m./man-days
Post 0.14 cu.m./man-days
Walling/Sliding:
Covering 30 sq.m./man-days
Framing, Studs 12 cu.m./man-days
(Multiply by the no. of days Double Walling)
Ceiling Joist and Hangers 16 sq.m./man-days
Ceiling Boards (4’X8’ Plywood) 30 sq.m./man-days
Window sashes:
Jamb Fabrication 4 sq.m./man-days
Frames Fabrication 2 sq.m./man-days
Jambs Installation 14 sq.m./man-days
Frames Installation 10 sq.m./man-days
Doors:
Jambs Fabrication/Installation 2.5 sq.m./man-days
Door Fabrication/Installation 1 panel/man-days
Paintings:
Paint Rollers 125 sq.m./man-days
Paint Brush 50 sq.m./man-days
Neutralizer 100 sq.m./man-days
Truss Fabrication: 0.25 truss/man-days
Purlins Installation 125 sq.m./man-days
Fascia Board 0.05 cu.m./man-day
Roof Coverings (GI Sheets) 35 pcs./man-days
Concrete Works:
Concrete Pouring 0.30 pcs./man-days
Rebars 20 – 30 kgs./man-days
Finishing
Rough Finish 10 sq.m./man-days
Plain/Fine Finish 8 sq.m./man-days
CHB Filling/Laying
A. Cement Mortar
Table 1. Quantity of Cement and Sand for CHB Mortar per square meter wall
Size of CHB No. per sq.m. 40 Kg. Mixture Cement Bags
A B C Sand
4”X8”X16” 12.5 0.525 0.394 0.328 0.0438
6”X8”X16” 12.5 1.013 0.759 0.633 0.0844
8”X8”X16” 12.5 1.500 1.125 0.938 0.1250
B. Mortar for Plastering
Table 2. Quantity of Cement and Sand for Plastering per square meter
40 kg. Cement Bag
Mixture Class 16 mm thick 20 mm thick 25 mm thick
A 0.288 0.360 0.450
B 0.192 0.240 0.300
C 0.144 0.180 0.225
D 0.120 0.150 0.188
Sand 0.016 0.020 0.025
1. Find the area of the wall (two faces)
Area = 3.00 X 4.00 X 2 faces
Area = 24 sq.m.
2. Refer to Table 2 under 16 mm thick plaster Class “B” mixture: Multiply:
Cement = 24 X 0.192 = 4.6 bags
Sand = 24 X 0.016 = 0.384 cu.m.

C. CHB Footing
Table 3. Quantity of Cement, Sand and Gravel for CHB Footing per square meter
Length

Dimension Cement in Bags Class Mixture Aggregate


Centimeters 40 kgs Cement Sand Gravel
Thick Width A B cu.m. cu.m.
10 30 0.270 0.225 0.015 0.030
10 35 0.315 0.263 0.018 0.035
10 40 0.360 0.300 0.020 0.040
10 50 0.450 0.380 0.020 0.050
15 40 0.540 0.450 0.030 0.060
15 45 0.608 0.506 0.034 0.068
15 50 0.675 0.563 0.038 0.075
15 60 0.810 0.675 0.045 0.090
20 40 0.720 0.600 0.040 0.080
20 50 0.900 0.750 0.050 0.100
20 60 1.080 0.900 0.060 0.120

1. Solve for the net length of the CHB wall


Net Length = 40 m – (0.25 X 11 post)
= 37.25 meters
2. Refer to Table 3 along the 15 X 50 cm footing dimensions 40 kgs. cement
Class “A”
Mixture; Multiply:
Cement = 37.25 X 0.675 = 25.14 say 26 bags
Sand = 37.25 X 0.038 = 1.4 say 1.50 cu.m.
Gravel = 37.25 X 0.075 = 2.8 say 3.00 cu.m.

MAINTENANCE BY CONTRACT (MBC)


METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION

1. PATCHING POTHOLES – should be done to the areas specified by the contracts


and plans duly approved by the Engineer Materials to be used must be suitable to
acquire best result when compacted. SCHEDULE OF WORKS: MONTHLY
2. RESHAPING - should also be done to areas required in the plan and contracts.
All works should conform to what will be described in the specification.
SCHEDULE OF WORKS: QUARTERLY
3. VEGETATION CONTROL AND CLEANING DITCHES – All objects subject
for the obstruction of the designed areas should be removed and cleared.
SCHEDULE OF WORK: TWICE A YEAR
4. REGRAVELLING - All materials shall consist of hard, durable particles or fine
divided mineral matter that can be compacted reaching for stable sub-base. Using
especially equipped vehicles materials should be distributed in a continuous
uniform layer. The uniform thickness of sub-base materials shall be adjusted
prior to the compaction by watering or by drying as required in order to obtain the
required compaction. Compaction shall continue until a field density of at least
100 (%) percent of the maximum dry density. SCHEDULE OF WORKS –
ANNUALAL
5. BLADING/GRADING – All unstable materials should be removed in areas
subject for blading/grading. These areas should be brought to a grade required in
the plan and contracts. Compaction will follow using heavier compacting units
until required density can be attained.