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DAFTAR ISI

DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................... i


DAFTAR TABEL .......................................................................... iii
DAFTAR GAMBAR ...................................................................... iv
LAPORAN KASUS ........................................................................ 1
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN ............................................................ 20

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ................................................... 22


2.1 Hipertiroid ..........................................................................
2.1.1
Definisi ..................................................................
2.1.2 Anatomi dan fisilogi kelenjar tiroid .......................
a. Proses pembentukan horman kelenjar tiroid ............
b. Pelepasan tiroksin dan triyodotironin .......................
c. Pengnagkutan kejaringan..........................................
d. Fungsi fisiologis hormon tiroid ................................
e. Pengaturan sekresi hormon tiroid .............................
2.1.3 Epidemiologi ..........................................................
2.1.4 Etiologi ...................................................................
2.1.5 Klasifikasi ..............................................................
a. Penyakit graves .........................................................
b. Gondok nodular toksis ..............................................
2.1.6 Patogenesis .............................................................
2.1.7 Gejala .....................................................................
2.1.8 Gambaran klinis .....................................................
a. Penyakit graves .........................................................
b. Goiter nodular toksis ................................................
2.1.9 Diagnosis ................................................................
2.1.10 Pemeriksaan penunjang..........................................
a. Pemeriksaan laboratorium ........................................
b. Pemeriksaan radiologis .............................................
c. Pemeriksaan lainnya .................................................
2.1.11 Penatalaksanaan .....................................................
a. Konservatif ...............................................................
b. Surgical ....................................................................
2.1.12 Komplikasi .............................................................
2.1.13 Prognosis ................................................................

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2.2 TB Milier .............................................................................


2.1.1 Defenisi ....................................................................
2.1.2 Etiologi .....................................................................
2.1.3 Epidemiologi ............................................................
2.1.4 Patofisiologi .............................................................
2.1.5 Klasifikasi ................................................................
2.1.6 Gejala klinis .............................................................
a. Demam .....................................................................
b. Batuk.........................................................................
c. Sesak napas ...............................................................
d. Nyeri dada ................................................................
e. Malaise ....................................................................
2.1.7 Diagnosis ..................................................................
a. Anamnesis dan pemeriksaan fisik ............................
b. Pemeriksaan laboratorium ........................................
1) Darah ......................................................................
2) Sputum ...................................................................
3) Tes tuberkulin.........................................................
c. Pemeriksaan radiologis .............................................
2.1.8 Penatalaksanaan .......................................................
2.1.9 Prognosis ..................................................................
2.1.10 Komplikasi .............................................................

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2.3 Infeksi Saluran Kemih (ISK) ............................................


2.1.1 Definisi ...................................................................
2.1.2 Klasifikasi ..............................................................
2.1.3 Epidemiologi ..........................................................
2.1.4 Etiologi ...................................................................
2.1.5 Pathogenesis ...........................................................
2.1.6 Patofisiologi ...........................................................
2.1.7 Manifestasi klinis ...................................................
2.1.8 Pemeriksaan penunjang..........................................
a. Urinalisis................................................................
b.Bakteriologis.............................................................
c. Tes kimiawi ..........................................................
d.Tes ploplat-celup (Dip-Slide) ...................................
2.1.9 Penatalaksanaan .....................................................
a. ISK atas ..................................................................
b.ISK bawah ................................................................
c. Pencegahan .............................................................

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DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1. Skor wayne ..................................................................................


Tabel 2. Hasil Pemeriksaan Laboratorium yang dilakukan ......................
Tabel 3. Follow up ....................................................................................
Tabel 4. Epidemiologi ISK menurut usia dan jenis kelamin
(Nguyen H.T., 2004): ..................................................................
Tabel 5. Mikroorganisme yang paling sering menyebabkan ISK .............
Tabel 6. Faktor resiko ISK ........................................................................
Tabel 7: Klasifikasi ISK rekuren dan mikroorganisme.............................

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1. Regio colli anterior .................................................................


Gambar 2. Foto thoraks PA ......................................................................
Gambar 3. Foto thoraks PA diperbesar ....................................................
Gambar 4. Insidens TB didunia (WHO, 2004) ........................................
Gambar 5. Hipersensitifitas tipe IV .........................................................
Gambar 6. Respon imunologis pada infeksi M. Tuberculosis ................
Gambar 7. Patofisiologi demam ...............................................................
Gambar 8. Patofisiologi ISK ....................................................................
Gambar 9. Leukosuria ..............................................................................
Gambar 10.Biakan bakteri ........................................................................
Gambar 11.Plat celup ................................................................................

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