Anda di halaman 1dari 15

1

SECTION A
[60 marks]
Answer all the questions
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini


1. Diagram 1 shows organelles P, Q and R that are found in cell
Rajah 1 menunjukkan organel P, Q dan R yang terdapat dalam sel.


Diagram 1
Rajah 1

(a) (i) name the organelles P and R
Namakan organel P dan R

P: ...

R : ...
[2 marks]

(ii) state the function of the organelles P and Q
Nyatakan fungsi organel P dan Q

P..

..

R

..
[2 marks]

2

(b) (i) name an organ in humans where organelles Q are abundantly found
Namakan organ manusia di mana organel Q dijumpai dengan banyaknya

..............
[1 mark]

(ii) explain the role of organelles Q to human
Terangkan peranan organel Q kepada manusia

..............

..............

..............

..............
[3 marks]



(c) State two differences between the process occur in organelle P and organelle R
Terangkan dua perbezaan antara proses yang berlaku di dalam organel P dan organel R

..............

..............

..............

..............
[2 marks]

(d) Explain what will happen to the cell if organelles R absent
Terangkan apa yang akan berlaku kepada sel jika organel R tiada

..............

..............

..............

..............
[2 marks]




3

2. Diagram 2 shows three type of the movement substances across plasma membrane into the cell.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan tiga jenis pergerakan bahan masuk ke dalam sel melalui membran plasma


Diagram 2
Rajah 2

(a) Name the process
Namakan proses

X:

Y : ...

Z : ...
[3 marks]
(b) (i) State the meaning of osmosis process
Nyatakan maksud osmosis

..............

..
[1 mark]

(ii) using the concept of osmosis, explain how fish can be preserved
Menggunakan konsep osmosis, terangkan bagaimana ikan diawet

..............

..............
[2 marks]

(c) State one similarities and two differences between facilitated diffusion and active
transport
Nyatakan satu persamaan dan dua perbezaan di antara resapan berbantu dan
pengangkutan aktif

..............
4


..

..


[3 marks]


(d)






Based on the statement, describe how sodium ion in the cell eliminate to the surrounding
Berdasarkan pernytaan di atas, huraikan bagaimana di dalam sel disingkirkan ke
persekitaran

..............

..

..


[3 marks]






















Animal cells are immersed in sodium solution.
The concentration of the sodium in the cytoplasm of cell lower than sodium solution
Sel haiwan direndam di dalam larutan sodium
Kepekatan garam sodium di dalam sitoplasma sel lebih rendah di dalam sel daripda
kepekatan di luar sel
5

3. Diagram 3 shows a meiotic division of an animal cell
Rajah 3 menunjukkan pembahagian meiosis satu sel haiwan


Diagram 3
Rajah 3
(a) Name the phase S and membrane U
Namakan fasa S dan membran U

Phase S / Fasa S :

Membrane U / Membran U : ...

[2 marks]

6

(b) (i) Explain the chromosomal behavior during phase S
Terangkan perlakuan kromosom semasa fasa S

..............

..
[2 marks]

(ii) Explain how the chromosomal behavior in (b)(i) contributes to the survival of an animal
species
Terangkan bagaimana perlakuan kromosom di (b)(i) menyumbang kepada kemandirian
suatu species haiwan

..............

..
[2 marks]

(c) Explain the chromosomal behavior during phase T
Terangkan perlakuan kromosom semasa fasa T

..............

..

..


[2 marks]

(d) Complete the diagram of the daughter cells
Explain the occurrence of daughter cells V and W
Lengkapkan rajah sel-sel anak
Terangkan kejadian sel-sel anak V dan W

..............

..

..


[4 marks]



7

4. Diagram 4 shows a human digestive system.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan sistem pencernaan manusia.


Diagram 4
Rajah 4

(a) On Diagram 4, name the structure P, T and organ R, S
Pada Rajah 4, namakan struktur P,T dan organ R,S
[2 marks]

(b) Explain why fried food Q is digested in the structure P
Terangkan mengapa makanan bergoreng Q dicernakan dalam struktur P

..............

..

..


[2 marks]





8

(c) Draw and label the structure of villus in T
Lukis dan label struktur vilus dalam T












[2 marks]

(d) Explain how absorption of digested food Q in the structure in T
Terangkan bagaimana penyerapan hasil pencernaan makanan Q berlaku dalam struktur T

..............

..

..


[2 marks]


(e) Explain how the assimilation of the digested food Q at organ R
Terangkan asimilasi hasil pencernaan makanan Q di organ R

..............

..

..
[2 marks]

(f) Explain the effect of malfunction of organ S to the digestion of food Q
Terangkan kesan organ S tidak dapat berfungsi kepada pencernaan makanan Q

..............

..

..
[2 marks]


9

5. Diagram 5(a) shows two individuals, P and Q, in two different situations. P is in a vigorous
activity while Q is at rest. Processes of R and S occur in a human muscle cell.
Rajah 5 (a) menunjukkan dua individu, P dan Q dalam situasi yang berbeza. P sedang melakukan
satu aktiviti cergas manakala Q berada dalam keadaan rehat. Proses R dan S berlaku dalam satu
sel otot manusia.

Diagram 5(a) / Rajah 5(a)
(a) Based on diagram 5(a), name the processes R and S
Berdasarkan Rajah 5(a), namakan proses R dan S

Process R / Proses R :

Process S / Proses S: ......

[2 marks]
(b) Write the equation of process S
Tuliskan persamaan bagi proses S

..............
[2 marks]

(c) Explain two differences between process R and process S
Terangkan perbezaan di antara proses R dan proses S

..............

..

..
[2 marks]
10

(d) Diagram 5(b)(i) shows fish respiratory structure and diagram 5(b)(ii) shows mammal
respiratory structure.
Rajah 5(b)(i) menunjukkan struktur pernafasan ikan dan rajah 5(b)(ii) menunjukkan
struktur pernafasan mamalia



Diagram 5(b)(i) Diagram 5(b)(ii)
Rajah 5(b)(i) Rajah 5(b)(ii)

(i) What is X?
Apakah X?

..............
[1 mark]

(ii) State two characteristic of X, which makes it a good respiratory structure for fish.
Nyatakan dua ciri-ciri struktur X yang menjadikan ia struktur pernafasan yang baik bagi
ikan

...................

...

...
[2 marks]
(iii) Explain three adaptations for structures shows in diagram 2(b)(ii) to carry out its function
efficiently.
Terangkan tiga adaptasi yang terdapat pada struktur yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah 2(b)(ii)
dalam menjalankan fungsinya dengan berkesan.

...................

...

...

.
[3 marks]
11

SECTION B
[40 marks]
Answer any two questions from this section
Jawab mana-mana dua soalan daripada bahagian ini

6. Diagram 6.1 shows a reaction catalysed by an enzyme.
Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan tindakbalas yang dimangkinkan oleh satu enzim.

(a) Based the Diagram 6.1
Berdasarkan Rajah 6.1

(i) Explain the mechanism of enzyme action, if the enzyme is sucrase
Terangkan mekanisma tindakbalas enzim jika enzim itu adalah sukrase
[5 marks]

(ii) In food preparation process, a cook place slices of fresh pineapple on top of meat
before cooking. Explain why?
Dalam proses penyediaan makanan, seorang tukang masak meletakkan beberapa
potongan nenas di atas daging sebelum masak. Terangkan mengapa?
[3 marks]

(b) Diagram 6.2 shows reaction X which converts monomer P to form polymer Q
Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan tindakbalas X yang menukarkan monomer P untuk membentuk
polimer Q



12

Based the Diagram 6.2
Berdasarkan Rajah 6.2

(i) Explain how the monomer P is used to synthesise protein molecule in structure Q
by stating the name of P, Q and reaction X
Terangkan bagaimana monomer P digunakan untuk mensintesiskan molekul
protein struktur Q dengan menamakan P, Q dan tindakbalas x
[5 marks]

(ii) Monomer P can be divided into two types. Explain the two types of this monomer
Monomer P boleh dibahagikan kepada dua jenis. Terangkan dua jenis monomer
tersebut.
[5 marks]

(c) Explain why it is better to cook with unsaturated fats when compared to saturated fats?
Terangkan mengapa adalah lebih baik memasak dengan menggunakan lemak tak tepu
berbanding lemak tepu?
[2 marks]

















13

7.
(a) Diagram 7.1 shows the surface view of lower epidermis in a leaf of a plant. Diagram 7.2
shows part of cross section of a woody stem.
Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan pandangan permukaan epidermis bawah daun tumbuhan. Rajah
7.2 menunjukkan sebahagian keratan rentas batang berkayu.

Diagram 7.2
Rajah 7.2


Explain the gas uptake for respiration through pores M and N in the plant
Terangkan pengambilan gas untuk respirasi melalui liang M dan liang N pada tumbuhan
[6 marks]

(b) Diagram 7.3 shows a rice plants in a paddy field
Rajah 7.3 menunjukkan pokok padi yang hidup di sawah padi

Diagram 7.1
Rajah 7.1
14



Explain the respiration that occurs in the root cells
Terangkan respirasi yang berlaku di dalam sel-sel akar
[6 marks]

(c) Diagram 7.4 shows the changes in the volume of carbon dioxide basorbed or released by
plant in different light intensity
Rajah 7.4 menunjukkan perubahan isipadu karbon dioksida yang diserap atau
dibebaskan oleh satu tumbuhan dalam keamatan cahaya yang berbeza.



Diagram 7.4
Rajah 7.4

Explain the relationship between the rate of photosynthesis and the rate of respiration in the plant at
points P, Q, R, and S
Terangkan hubungan antara kadar fotosintesis dan kadar respirasi dalam tumbuhan ini pada titik-titik P,
Q, R dan S
[8 marks]


15

8. Diagram 8 shows three organisms, P, Q and R
Rajah 8 menunjukkan tiga organisma P, Q dan R

Diagram 8
Rajah 8

(a) (i) describe the type of nutrition in P and Q
Huraikan jenis nutrisi pada P dan Q
[4 marks]

(ii) explain one similarity and four differences between the alimentary canal of Q and R
Terangkan stau persamaan dan empat perbezaan antara salur alimentari bagi Q dan R

[10 marks]
(b) Constipation, night blindness and anemia are three health problems
State the cause and suggest the ways to overcome these health problems from nutritional
aspects.
Sembelit, rabun malam, dan anemia adalah tiga masalah kesihatan. Nyatakan punca dan
cadangkan cara untuk mengatasi setiap masalah kesihatan itu dari aspek nutrisi.
[10 marks]

9.
(a) Sugar is oxidised during respiration. Explain the process
Gula dioksidakan semasa respirasi. Terangkan proses itu
[4 marks]

(b) After an athlete finishing running a race, his breathing is still fast and deep for several
minutes. Explain why
Selepas menamatkan lumba lari, seorang atlet masih terus bernafas dengan cepat dan
dalam untuk beberapa minit. Terangkan mengapa.
[6 marks]

(c) State the similarities and differences between the human and grasshoppers respiratory
system based on the structural adaptation to maximise the rate of gaseous exchange.
Nyatakan persamaan dan perbezaan antara sistem respirasi manusia dengan sistem
respirasi belalang berdasarkan struktur adaptasi untuk memaksimumkan kadar
pertukaran gas.
[10 marks]