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The NPS is very loosely related to the inside diameter in inches, but only for NPS 1/8

to NPS 12. For NPS 14 and larger, the NPS is equal to the outside diameter (OD) in
inches. For a given NPS, the OD stays constant and the wall thickness increases with
larger SCH. For a given SCH, the OD increases with increasing NPS while the wall
thickness increases or stays constant. Pipe sizes are documented by a number of
standards, including API 5L, ANSI/ASME B36.10M in the US, BS 1600 and BS EN
10255 in the United Kingdom and Europe, and ISO 65 internationally.
For NPS of 5 and larger, the DN is equal to the NPS multiplied by 25 (not 25.4).
Table below shows the relation between Nominal pipe size, Nominal diameter &
outside diameter for pipes:
Nominal Nominal Outside
Pipe size Diameter Diameter
NPS
DN
OD
[inches]
[mm]
[mm]
1/2
15
21.3
3/4
20
26.7
1
25
33.4
1 1/4
32
42.16
1 1/2
40
48.26
2
50
60.3
2 1/2
65
73.03
3
80
88.9
4
100
114.3
5
125
141.3
6
150
168.28
8
200
219.08
10
250
273.05
12
300
323.85
14
350
355.6
16
400
406.4
18
450
457.2
20
500
508
24
600
609.6
28
700
711.2
32
800
812.8
36
900
914.4
40
1000
1016
42
1050
1066.8
44
1100
1117.6
48
1200
1219.2
52
1300
1320.8
56
1400
1422.4
60
1500
1524
64
1600
1625.6
68
1700
1727.2
72
1800
1828.8
76
1900
1930.4

80
88
96
104
112
120
128

2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200

2032
2235.2
2438.4
2641.6
2844.8
3048
3251.2