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A. V-J Day D. Manhattan Project

B. Island Hopping E. Kamikaze
C. D-day
1. In the Pacific, the Allies followed a strategy of ___________ to avoid
costly battles for some islands held by the Japanese.
2. Scientists involved in the ______________ developed the first atomic
3. _________ marked the end of W.W.II.
4. Late in the war, Japanese pilots used ____________ tactics to try to sink
United States ships.
5. On ____________, Allied forces crossed the English Channel to land in
northern France.
A. Franklin Roosevelt D. Joseph Stalin
B. Dwight D. Eisenhower E. Harry S. Truman
C. Erwin Rommel
6. He wanted a second front in Europe to ease German pressure on the
Soviet Union.
7. He was forced to commit suicide for his part in an assassination attempt
against Hitler.
8. He served as the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe.
9. He became President of the United States after Franklin Roosevelt died.
10. He issued executive order 9066 creating Japanese internment camps
11. Which nations were members of the Axis powers in 1942?
A. Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union
B. Great Britain, Italy and Germany
C. Great Britain, France and the United States
D. Japan, Germany, and Italy
12. In 1942, the Allied strategy included all the following EXCEPT to:
A. defeat Japan first
B. plan for an invasion of Europe
C. invade North Africa
D. stop the Japanese advance in the Pacific
13. As a result of the war, American women began to:
A. demand the right to vote
B. enroll in college in record numbers
C. assume most executive positions in key wartime industries
D. join the work force in record numbers
14. Which of the following events occurred before the Japanese attack on
Pearl Harbor?
A. Hitler invades the Soviet Union. B. Japan invades Indo-china. C.
Germany, Italy and Japan form the Triple Axis. D. The D-Day invasion. E.
All but D.
A. Midway D. Rosie the Riviter
B. Alamagordo, New Mexico E. Manhattan Project
C. Yalta
15. The ___________ showed how science could be used in the interests of
16. In February 1945, Allied leaders met at __________ to plan for the
postwar world.
17. American women who worked in heavy industry during the war were
nicknamed ________________________.
18. ________ was the site of the 1st Atomic Bomb test.
19. At the Battle of __________, United States planes sank four Japanese
aircraft carriers and turned the tide of the Pacific war in favor of the United
A. Axis Powers D. Big Three
B. The Final Solution E. The Gadget
C. VE Day
20. ______ referred to the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan.
21. ______ was the systematic murder of Jews by the Nazis.
22. ______ nickname for the first atomic bomb tested.
23. ______ included the Allied leaders: Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin.
24. ______ marked the end of the war against Germany.
25. True/False Following the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor, there was a
great concern they would soon attack the US. mainland in California.
26. As a result of Operation Torch, the Allies:
A. successfully pushed German and Italian troops out of North Africa.
B. fire bombed major German cities.
C. forced the Japanese to withdraw from China.
D. stopped German wolf packs in the Atlantic.
27. The purpose rationing was to:
A. encourage Americans to save food and other supplies for our
B. increase taxes to pay for the war.
C. ban discrimination in government jobs.
D. make strikes in war industries illegal.
28. Which conclusion can you draw from the following two facts?
* More than 100,000 Japanese Americans were forcibly relocated
from the Pacific coast to internment camps.
* Many Japanese Americans fought bravely for the United States
during the war.
A. Japanese Americans were suspected of spying for Japan.
B. Japanese Americans had to sell their homes at a great loss.
C. Despite being uprooted, Japanese-Americans proved their loyalty
to their homeland.
D. The Supreme Court ruled that Japanese Americans could legally
be relocated.
29. The battle of Stalingrad was a turning point in the war because it: A.
led to the overthrow of Mussolini.
B. forced Stalin to join the Allies.
C. gave the Allies control of France.
D. resulted in the surrender of thousands of German troops and the
retreat of the German army.
30. The purpose of the leapfrogging strategy in the Pacific was to:
A. seize some Japanese held islands and bypass others.
B. force the Soviet Union to declare war on Japan.
C. improve amphibious landings.
D. drive Japanese forces out of Asia.
31. The immediate cause of the Japanese surrender was the:
A. capture of Iwo Jima.
B. surrender of Germany.
C. bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
D. allied victory in the Coral Sea.
32. According to Figure 18, which of the following people approved of the
decision to drop the atomic bomb? I. Harry S. Truman--II. William D.
Leahy--III. Lord Louis Mountbatten--IV. Henry L. Stimson
A. I and III only B. II, III, and IV only C. I, III, and IV only
D. all of them
33. According to Figure 18, who saw the decision to drop the atomic bomb
as a criminal act?
A. Harry S. Truman B. Lord Louis Mountbatten C. Henry L.
Stimson D. John Haynes Holmes
34. According to Lord Louis Mountbatten, dropping the bomb saved lives
because the: A. The Japanese would have fiercely defended their homeland
against an Allied invasion. B. The Japanese would have used the atomic
bomb themselves. C. The Germans would have helped to defend Japan.
D. The Allies would have continued fire bombing Japanese cities with just as
many casualties.
35. All the following statements from Figure 18 are opinions EXCEPT:
A. The dropping of the atomic bomb was the supreme atrocity of the
B. But this deliberate, premeditated destruction was our least
abhorrent choice.
C. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender....
D. The decision to use the atomic bomb was a decision that brought
death to over a hundred thousand Japanese....
36. According to Figure 18, which of the following arguments are used by
supporters of the decision to drop the bomb?
I. It saved American and Japanese lives. II. It was a necessary part of war.
III. It was a punishment the Japanese deserved .IV. It ended the war faster.
A. I and IV only
B. II and III only
C. I, III, and IV only
D. all of them
37. True/False By the time the US entered the war, we were well equipped
to fight.
38. True/False It was decided that the US should concentrate on Germany
1st because they were a greater threat militarily than Japan.
39. The US entered the war in:
A. 1939 B. 1945 C. 1941 D. 1950
40. During the war, the American public assisted the war effort by:
A. rationing gas
B. buying war bonds
C planting victory gardens
D. lowering the national speed limit to 35 M.P.H.
E. all of the above
41. Japanese-Americans during the war:
A. were discriminated against
B. were sent to relocation camps
C. served in the US army in Italy and became the most decorated
battalion in the war D. all of the above
42. Operation Overlord was:
A. the secret plan for the building of the atomic bomb
B. Japans attack of Pearl Harbor
C. Hitlers last major offensive
D. the allied invasion of Nazi controlled France
E. none of the above
43. The Bataan Death March:
A. occurred in the Philippines
B. resulted in the deaths of thousands of US. soldiers
C. led to the execution of some Japanese for war crimes following
D. All the above
44. The Battle of Midway:
A. occurred in the Pacific
B. was the turning point in the war against Japan
C. was fought entirely by aircraft
D. all of the above
45. The worlds 1st atomic bomb was dropped on:
A. Tokyo
B. Hiroshima
C. Nagasaki
D. Okinawa
46. After W.W.II:
A. relations between the US and the Soviet Union declined
B. the countries of eastern Europe fell behind the Iron Curtain
C. Germany was divided into two separate countries
D. all of the above
47. True/False The problems between the Soviets and Americans after
W.W.II have been called the Cold War.
48. Douglas Mac Arthur 53. Dwight D. Eisenhower
49. Joseph Stalin 54. Robert Oppenhiemer
50. Franklin Roosevelt 55. Yamamoto
51. Winston Churchill 56. Harry Truman
52. Adolf Hitler 57. Col. Paul Tibetts
A. I signed a non-aggression pact with Hitler, but he lied.
B. I was appeased at Munich, but I wanted Czechoslovakia.
C. I ordered the A-bombs dropped on the Japanese.
D. I was pushed off the Philippines, but I returned.
E. I led our nation in prayer on D-Day.
AB. I was the leader of the allied forces in Europe and would later become
AC. I led the US. atomic bomb program.
AD. I could only promise my people blood, sweat and toil, but I motivated
them to defeat Hitlers troops when we were the last European country left to
AE. I planned the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
ABC. I was the pilot that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
58. Which of the following decisions were made at Yalta?
I. Stalin would declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany.
II. The Allies would divide Germany into zones of occupation.
III. The United States would drop two atomic bombs on Japan.
IV. After the war, free elections would be held in countries occupied
by Germans.
A. I and III only C. I, II and IV only
B. II and IV only D. All of them
59. Auschwitz death camp here.
60. Two atomic bombs were dropped on this country.
61. An attack of this country started WW II.
62. IL Duce ruled here.
63. Operation Overlord or D-Day occurred here.
64. Winston Churchill was prime minister here.
65. A Pacific battle here turned the tide of the war to the US.
66. Hitler committed suicide here.
67. Japans attack here was a day that would live in infamy.
68. The Blitz occurred here.
69. The Bataan Death March took place here.
70. The Third Reich was established here.
71. The German eastern offensive was halted here.
72. The allies liberated this country from Nazi control in August 1944.
73. Japans Rape of Nanking here.
74. Churchill called this country the soft underbelly of Europe.
75. General Mac Arthurs famous, I shall return quote referred to this
76. Doolittles Raid was launched against this country.
77. Some say the atomic bombs were dropped in part to intimidate this
78. Operation Torch here.