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ProSheet 2.2 06-06


Design software for
sheet pile retaining walls
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allows quick dimensionning of steel sheet pile retaining walls
designed for simple structures and pre-dimensionning
(refer to chapter possibilities )
geotechnical knowledge / backround required
(definition of soil characteristics / calculation of retaining walls)
The results produced by this method have to be checked
carefully by the user in order to make sure that modelization of
the soil-structure interaction is accurate enough.
ProSheet 2.2
Design program developped in collaboration with the Sheet Piling
department of ARCELOR COMMERCIAL RPS:
Introduction
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Introduction (...)
Calculation method:
Fixed earth support according theory of Dr. Blum
Limit earth pressure - earth resistance K
a
/ K
p
(Caquot / Kerisel)
Three static systems are possible:
Cantilever
Free earth support with one layer of anchor or struts
Fixed earth support with one layer of anchor or struts (Blum)
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General informations
Installation and configuration
Two languages are possible (F or GB)
separate directories if both versions are installed
Configuration: decimal symbol = " . "
(see also "Read-me" / evtl. use "French-Switzerland")
Metric or imperial units
Convention (see also " Help" -File)
Levels
positive downwards, refered to level 0.00
negative upwards
Wall friction angle (to be introduced manually)
Earth pressure :
a
= positive
Earth resistance :
p
= negative
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Possibilities
Continuous sheet pile wall design with:
1 retaining level (anchorage or struting)
rear anchor wall
simulation of construction stages NOT possible
Be careful: construction stage could guide the design !
catalogues of ARCELOR sections
AU, PU, AZ, Coldformed OSP
not included: HZ-AZ combined wall system
Various options
uniforme surcharge load of type Caquot
lineare surcharge load of type Boussinesq
concentrated forces
additional pressures on the wall
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Dimensionning of main wall
Three static systems are possible
Cantilever wall
H
recom.
: 5 6 m
M
bend
/ f
max

length
Anchored / strutted wall
free earth support
M
bend.
/ R
minimum pile length
Anchored / strutted wall
fixed earth support
M
bend.
/ R
longer pile than free meth.
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Dimensionning of anchor wall
- free earth support
R
a,h
- fixed earth support
Two static systems are possible
deeper anchor level
sheet pile length
higher anchorage level
sheet pile length
Assuming identical soil conditions
and tieback load:
Chosen systemdepends for ex. on construction
stages, installation possibilities, a.s.o.
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Restrictions
Not included options:
partial coefficients (SLS / ULS, Eurocodes)
seismic effects
design values to be introduced manually
and:
distance between main and anchor wall (Kranz, Jelinek, )
slip cercle analysis (Bishop, )
hydraulic failure
discharge through interlocks
Use different software
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Example : Anchored quay wall
Geometry:
retaining height:5.00 m
final level: 0.50 m
anchor level: 1.50 m
water: 4.00 / 2.50 m
0.50
4.00
0.00
5.50
?
1.50
R
a
2.50
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Sand
(fill)
Clay
Traffic load S
Main wall
Bollard H
0.50
Loadings:
surcharge: S = 20 kN/m
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bollard: H = 50 kN/m
Soil conditions:
sand: = 30.0
/ = 18 / 10 kN/m
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clay: = 27.5
c = 5 kN/m
2
/ = 19 / 9 kN/m
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Units, configuration and projet info
Start Prosheet
Set options:
Units
Projet info
Configuration
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Help
Help- File
Introduction
Example
Conventions
Helpful hints
Help
(contacts)
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Create a new file
Clic on the arrow of the
tool box
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Soil level
Water level
Uniform
surcharge load
Earth support
Design data
Dont clic
directly on OK
Continue with
Soil Layers
Fill in at least : GeoData / Soil Layers / Pile Section
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Soil Layers (1/3)
Soil characteristics:
/ / / c
Note :
Layer Tip = lower
level of soil layer
Add or delete
soil layers
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Soil Layers (2/3)
Important:
Put lowest soil level
deeper than assumed
embedment depth

p
= negative
Check if automatic
calculation for K
ph
is
activated
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Soil Layers (3/3)
Copy from
Layers in front to
Layers behind
Change signe of
a
Check if automatic
calculation for K
ah
is
activated
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Concentrated loads: vertical, horizontal
Loads are positive
downwards resp.
to the left
Clic on + / - to add
or delete a ligne
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Sheet pile section / Steel grade
First choice:
AU 14 S 270 GP
Safety factor is
only applied on
yield point (steel
stresses) !
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Results: All values / Extremal values /
Pile check
Pile length
Overlength x
Anchor load R
a,h
Safety on steel
stress
Pile toe level
Deflection
Clic on Table
(explorer) to get all
the results
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Extremal values / All values
Level z Value
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Diagrams
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Earth pressure coefficients
To check values of K
ah
and K
pk
return to the file
Soil layers
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Printing the results (tables and graphs)
Printing
Right button
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Error messages
Soil resistance << soil pressure
Check depth of soil layers (tip)
Increase depth
Check soil values
coefficients, weight, cohesion ...
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Anchor wall
2 possibilities:
create a new file
add to existing main wall
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Design data
Factor on anchor
force
Example:
simulation of anchor
failure: S = 1.50
Earth support
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Soil layers
Copy values from
main wall
Continue with:
Automatic K
ph
Layers behind
Automatic K
ah
Change sign of
a
.
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Sheet pile section / Steel grade
Choose a
smaller section
than main wall
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Error messages
To be checked:
Anchor level
Tip of lowest soil layer
Soil values
Safety on anchor force
("Floating point error" : S = 0.00)
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Results
Overlength x = 0.00
Short pile length
In case of
free earth support
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Diagrams
Pile toe at 3.10 m
Anchor at 2.26 m
ProSheet optimises
the anchor level
close to the given
value
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Change values, if required ...
Change to
fixed earth support
If horizontal anchorage
is required:
Change anchor level
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New results
In case of fixed
earth support
Lower toe level
longer piles
Anchorage at
level 1.50 m
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Results ...
Overlength x
If safety factor is
too low, change
pile section and /
or steel grade