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# Latihan Tahun 4

1. Ali carries out an investigation as shown in the diagram below. The mass of the pendulum
bobs R, and S are the same. The pendulums are swing at the same time. The numbers of
swing are shown in the table below.
Ali menjalankan suatu penyiasatan seperti di bawah. Jisim bandul R dan S adalah sama.
Bandul juga mula diayun serentak. Bilangan ayunan direkodkan seperti dalam jadual di
bawah.

Pendulum
Bandul
Length of string (cm)
Panjang tali (cm)
Number of swings in 30 seconds
Bilangan ayunan dalam 30saat
R 10 cm 45
S 15 cm 39
T 20 cm 34

From the experiment, identified what is need to be
Dari eksperimen, kenalpastikan apakah yang perlu

a) kept the same ? (fixed variable) dimalarkan
_______________________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark)

b) changed ( manipulated variable) berubah ( pembolehubah dimanipulasi )

________________________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark)
c) measured (responding variable) diukur ( pembolehubah bergerakbalas )

___________________________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark)

b) How does the length of the strings affects the of swings in 30 seconds.

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________
( 2 marks)
2. The picture shows a fair test carried out by group of year 4 pupils. Gambar menunjukkan
satu eksperimen yang dilakukan oleh sekumpulan murid Tahun 4.

After a week the condition of the nails were observed and the results is shown in the table
Below Selepas seminggu, keadaan paku diperhatikan dengan keputusan dicatatkan

Test tube Tabung Uji Condition of the nail Keadaan paku
P Rusty Berkara
Q Not rusty Tidak berkarat
R Not rusty Tidak berkarat

a. What is the use of dry calcium chloride in test tube R?
Apakah fungsi kalsium klorida kontang dalam tabung uji R?

_________________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )

b. Give an inference for the observation in test tube P
Berdasarkan pemerhatian, berikan inferens kamu untuk tabung uji P

__________________________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )

c. In this fair test, state what is changed?
Dalam penyiasatan ini, apakah yang berubah ?
___________________________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark )
d. What is the conclusion for this fair test?
Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat dari penyiasatan ini ?

___________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________
( 2 marks )

Wat
er
Dry calcium
chloride
Iron nail
oil
P Q R
air

Dry calcium
chloride
Kalsium klorida
kontanf
Water
Air
Oil Minyak
P Q R

Nail Paku
3. A group of students carried out an investigation to study the absorption of water by
different thickness of towels. They used four containers of the same size and the same
volume of water. They put the towels in the containers.
Sekumpulan murid menjalankan penyiasatan untuk mengetahui kadar serapan tuala yang
berbeza ketebalan. Bekas dan isipadu air digunakan adalah sama. Kesemua tuala itu
diletakkan di dalam bekas tersebut.

Water Water

The time taken by the objects to absorb all the water is shown in the table below.
di bawah.
Towel P Q R S
Time taken to
absorb (s)
20 15 10 5

Apakah pemerhatian kamu ?

___________________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
b What can you infer about the observation of towel P and S?
Apakah inferens kamu berdasarkan pemerhatian ke atas tuala P dan S ?

___________________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
c What is the purpose of this experiment?
Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini ?

___________________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
d In this experiment, Dalam eksperimen ini

i what is kept the same? apakah yang dimalarkan ? ______________________________
(1 mark)
ii what is changed? apakah yang berubah? _______________________________________
(1 mark)
iii what is measured? apakah yang diukur? _________________________________________
(1 mark)

e What conclusion can be made from the experiment?
Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat dari eksperimen ini ?

___________________________________________________________________________________

P Q R S
air air

4. The pictures below show animals of different sizes.
Gambar di bawah menunjukkan haiwan yang berlainan saiz.

A group of pupils carried out activity to find out the rate of breathing of different animals
when they are resting.
Sekumpulan murid menjalankan penyiasatan tentang pernafasan haiwan berlainan itu

The table below shows the results of the investigation.

Animals of different sizes
Haiwan berlainan saiz
Rate of breathing in minute
Whale Paus
Elephant Gajah
Monkey Monyet
Bird Burung
9
25
140
500

a. What is the purpose of the investigation ? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini?

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
b. Based on the investigation, Berdasarkan penyiasatan ,

i) What did you change? Apakah yang diubah ?

___________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
ii) What did you measure? Apakah yang diukur ?

___________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

iii) What did you keep the same ? Apakah yang dimalarkan?
__________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

c. State the relationship between the size of the animals and rate of breathing in one
minute.
Nyatakan hubungan saiz haiwan dan kadar pernafasannya dalam seminit.

_______________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

Whale Monkey Elephant Bird
5.
A group of athlete had done their investigation to investigate the relationship between
the running distance and number of heart beat. The result recorded in the table as
below.
Sekumpulan atlit menjalankan penyiasatan untuk menyiasat hubungan antara jarak
larian dengan bilangan degupan jantung. Keputusan penyiasatan seperti

a. What is your observation according to the result in the table above?
Apakah pemerhatian kamu berdasarkan keputusan dalam jadual di atas?

___________________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
b. State the variables involve. Nyatakan pembolehubah yang terlibat?

i . What to keep the change? (manipulated)
Pembolehubah dimanipulasi

___________________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
ii. What to observe? (responding)
Pembolehubah bergerakbalas

___________________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
iii. What to keep the same? (controlled)
Pembolehubah dimalarkan

___________________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

c. Predict the number of heart beat if the running distance is 5 km?
Ramalkan bilangan degupan jantung apabila jarak larian ialah 5 km?

___________________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)

The running distance Number of heart beat

1 km 70
2 km 80
3 km 90
4 km 100

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