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1.

MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS USING 8085

AIM:
To write an assembly language program to multiply two 8-bit numbers
using 8085 microprocessor.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

8085 microprocessor kit

ALGORITHM:

Step 1: Load the first data into accumulator


Step 2: Move the first data from accumulator to B register
Step 3: Load the second data in accumulator
Step 4: Move the second data from accumulator to C register
Step 5: Clear the accumulator again
Step 6: Add B register content with accumulator
Step 7: Decrement count value
Step 8: Store the result in accumulator
Step 9: Stop the program

FLOW CHART FOR MULTIPLICATION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS

START

LOAD THE FIRST DATA IN ACCUMULATOR AND SAVE IT IN B


REGISTER

CLEAR THE ACCUMULATOR

LOAD THE SECOND DATA IN ACCUMULATOR AND SAVE IT


IN C REGISTER

ADD B REGISTER CONTENT WITH A REGISTER


2

A B

A B

DECREMENT THE COUNT VALVE


C REGISTER

CHECK
NO
WHETHE
R
ZF=1

YES

STORE THE RESULT

STOP

ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM:


3

2. DIVISION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS USING 8085

AIM:

To write an assembly language program to divide two 16 bit numbers


using 8085 microprocessor.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

8085 microprocessor kit

ALGORITHM:

Step 1: Get the divisor data from memory and store the 2’s complemented value
of divisor in another memory location
Step 2: Clear BC pair register for storing the quotient value
Step 3: Clear the Quotient register (BC)
Step 4: Get the 2’s complemented value of divisor number and store it in DE pair
Step 5: Get the dividend number from one memory location to HL pair and add
this number with DE pair
Step 6: Increment the Quotient register (BC)
Step 7: Store the remainder value in the dividend data location
Step 8: Check whether high byte dividend is equal to high byte of divisor. If yes
go to step 7 otherwise go to next step
Step 9: Check whether high byte dividend is greater than high byte divisor. If yes
go to step 4,otherwise go to next step
Step 10: Store the quotient value in memory location
Step 11: Stop the process
Step 12: Get the lower byte of dividend and divisor to microprocessor and check
whether they are equal or not. If they are equal go to step 4, otherwise
go to next step
Step 13: Check whether lower byte dividend is greater than lower byte divisor or
not. If dividend is greater then go to step 4, otherwise go to next step
Step 14: Store the quotient value from BC register to memory
Step 15: Stop the process
4

FLOW CHART FOR DIVISION OF TWO 16-BIT NUMBERS

START

GET THE DIVISOR DATA FROM 4202 MEMORY AND STORE THE 2’S
COMPLEMENTED VALUE OF DIVISOR IN MEMORY 4206

CLEAR BC PAIR REGISTER FOR STORING THE QUETIENT VALUE

CLEAR THE QUOTIENT REGISTER (BC)

GET THE 2’S COMPLEMENTED VALUE OF DIVISOR NUMBER AND STORE IT


IN DE REGISTER PAIR

GET THE DIVIDEND NUMBER FROM 4200 TO HL REGISTER PAIR AND


ADD THIS NUMBER WITH DE REGISTER PAIR

INCREMENT THE QUOTIENT REGISTER (BC)

STORE THE REMAINDER VALUE IN THE DIVIDEND DATA LOCATION

CHECK
WHETHER
HIGH BYTE YES
DIVIDEND IS
EQUAL TO
HIGH BYTE OF
DIVISOR

A
5

NO
C B D

`
C C D B
CHECK
WHETHER HIGH
BYTE DIVIDEND YES
IS GREATER
THAN HIGH
BYTE OF
DIVISOR

NO

STORE THE QUOTIENT VALUE IN 4500 LOCATION

STOP

GET THE LOWER BYTE OF DIVIDEND AND LOWER BYTE


OF DIVISOR

YES CHEC
K
ZF=1

NO

CHECK
YES LOWER BYTE
DIVIDEND >
LOWER BYTE
DIVISOR

E
6

NO

STORE THE QUOTIENT VALUE IN THE


MEMORY LOCATION 4500

STOP

ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM:


7

3. CONVERSION OF THE GIVEN BINARY INTO EQUIVALENT BCD

AIM:
To write an assembly language program to convert the given binary
number into a BCD number using microprocessor.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

8085 microprocessor kit

ALGORITHM:

Step 1: Clear D and E register to account for hundreds and tens


Step 2: Load the binary data in A register
Step 3: Compare A register with 64H.If carry flag is set, go to step 7 otherwise go
to next step.
Step 4: Subtract 64H from A register
Step 5: Increment E register
Step 6: Go to Step 3
Step 7: Compare A register with 0AH.If carry flag is set,go to step 11 else go to
next step
Step 8: Subtract 0AH from A register
Step 9: Increment D register
Step 10: Goto step 7
Step 11: Combine the units and tens to form 8-bit result
Step 12: Save the units, tens and hundreds in memory
Step 13: Stop the program
FLOW CHART FOR CONVERSION OF THE GIVEN BINARY INTO
EQUIVALENT BCD

START

CLEAR D AND E REGISTER

FROM MEMORY LOAD THE BINARY VALUE IN A REGISTER

COMPARE THE CONTENT OF A REGISTER WITH 64H


8

A B B
A

CHECK SUBTRACT 64H FROM


WHETHE NO A REGISTER AND
R INCREMENT E
CY=1 REGISTER

YES
COMPARE THE CONTENT OF A REGISTER WITH
0AH

CHECK SUBTRACT OAH FROM


WHETHE NO A REGISTER AND
R INCREMENT D
CY=1 REGISTER

YES
SAVE THE CONTENT OF A REGISTER IN C REGISTER

MOVE THE TENS DIGIT TO A REGISTER

ROTATE A REGISTER CONTENT FOUR TIMES AND


ADD WITH C REGISTER

STORE THE TENS AND UNITS FROM A REGISTER TO


MEMORY

C
9

MOVE THE CONTENT OF E REGISTER TO A


REGISTER

STORE HUNDREDS FROM A REGISTER TO MEMORY

STOP

ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM:


10

4. INTERFACING 8085 WITH 8279 (KEY BOARD DISPLAY CONTROLLER)

AIM:
To write an assembly program using 8085 and interfacing with 8279
(keyboard display controller) in order to display a character.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:

1. 8085 microprocessor kit


2. 8279 keyboard / display

THEORY:
The block diagram of 8279 given in Fig(1) consists of
1. Keyboard section
2. Scan section
3. Display section
4. MPU interface
KEYBOARD SECTION:

It has 8 lines (RL0-RL7) that can be connected to a column of a keyboard


pulses two additional lines shift,CNTL/STB.The keys are automatically
debounced and keyboard can operate in two modes,2-key lock out and N-key roll
over. In 2-key lockout mode 1 if two keys are placed simultaneously only the first
key is recognized and their codes are stored in internal buffer. In N-key roll over,
If N-keys are pressed only the keys are recognized until one key is pressed.

SCAN SECTION:

The scan section has scan counter and 4 scan lines (S L0-SL3).These four
lines can be decoded using 4 to 16 decoder to generate 16 linesa for
scanning.These lines can be connected to the rows of the matrix display.

DISPLAY SECTION:

The display section has output lines divided into outputs A0 -A3 and B0
-B3.These lines can be used either as a group of 8 lines or as two groups of four
in conjuction with the scan lines for a multiplex display. This display can be blank
by using BD lines.

MPU INTERFACE SECTION:

This section includes birectional data lines DB0-DB7.One interrupt


request,time and size,lines are interface including the buffer address line
A0.When A0 is high signals are interrupted as control signals and when A 0 is low
11

signals are interrupted as control signals and when A0 is low signals are
interrupted as data.
ALGORITHM:

Step 1: Initialize the control register to set the keyboard and display mode
Step 2: Clear display
Step 3: Writing a command word format for display RAM
Step 4: Writing a corresponding binary word for letter ‘A’ (To enable the segment,
corresponding binary digit is 0.To disable the segment, corresponding
binary digit is 1)
Step 5: Blank the rest of the display
12

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF 8279 (KEYBOARD AND DISPLOAY CONTROLLER)

D0 - D7 RD WR CS A0 IRQ

DATA I/O FIFO/SENSORA


BUFFER CONTROLLER M STATUS

CLK RESET

INTERNAL DATA BUS (8)

DISPLAY 16X8 CONTROL 8X8 KEYBOARD


ADDRESS DISPLAY AND TIMING FIFO/SENSOR DEBOUNCE
REGISTER RAM REGISTER RAM AND
CONTROL

RETURN
DISPLAY DISPLAY
TIMING AND SCAN
ADDRESS ADDRESS
CONTROL CONTROLLER
REGISTER REGISTER

SL0 – SL3 RL0 – RL4 SHIFTCNTL /


OUT A0 –A3
BD STB
OUT B0 – B3

(Fig. 1)
13

DISPLAY MODE SETUP:

The command word for keyboard and display mode is,

0 0 0 D D K K K

DD – DISPLAY MODE:

0 -- 8 8-bit character display – Left Entry


1 – 16 8-bit character display – Left Entry
10 -- 8 8-bit character display – Right Entry
11 -- 16 8-bit character display – Right Entry

KKK – KEYBOARD MODE:

000 - Encoded Scan Keyboard – 2 key Lockout


001 - Decoded Scan keyboard – 2 key Lockout
010 - Encoded Scan Keyboard – N key roll-over
011 - Decoded Scan Keyboard – N key roll-over
100 - Encoded Scan Sensor Matrix
101 - Decoded Scan Sensor Matrix
110 - Strobed input, Encoded Display scan
111 - Strobed input, Decoded Display scan

CLEAR DISPLAY:

The command word format for clear display is,

1 1 0 CD CD CD CF CA

CD CD CD – The lower two CD bits specify the blanking code to be sent to the
segments to turn them off while the 8279 is switching from one digit to next.
14

CD CD CD

0 X - A0– 3 B0–3 = 00 (0000 0000)

0 0 - A0–3 B0– 3 =00(0000 0000)


1 0 - A0– 3 B0 – 3 =20(0010 0000)
1 1 - A0–3 B0 –3 =FF (1111 1111)

Enables clear Display when CD=1,the


Rows of display RAM are cleared by
Code set by lower two CD bits
If CD=0 then the contents of RAM will
Be displayed.

CF -- If CF= 1, FIFO status is cleared, interrupt output line is reset. Sensor


RAM pointer is set to row 0.

CF -- Clear All bit has the combined effect of CD and CF.It uses CD clearing
code on Display Ram and clears FIFO status. It also resynchronizes the internal
timing chain.

WRITE DISPLAY RAM:


The write display RAM command word format is,

1 0 0 AI A A A A

This command is written with A0 = 1.All subsequent writes with A0


= 0 will be to the Display RAM.

AI -- Auto Increment Flag. If AI = 1,the row address selected will be


incremented after each following read or write to the Display RAM.
15

AAAA -- Selects one of the 16 rows of the Display RAM.

FLOW CHART FOR INTERFACING 8085 WITH 8279(KEYBOARD AND


DISPLAY CONTROLLER)

START

INITIALIZE THE CONTROL REGISTER TO SET THE


KEYBOARD AND DIPLAY MODE

CLEAR DISPLAY

WRITING A COMMAND WORD FORMAT FOR


DISPLAY RAM

WRITING A CORRESPONDING BINARY WORD FOR


LETTER ‘A’

BLANK THE REST OF THE DISPLAY

STOP
16

ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM:


17

5. INTERFACING 8085 WITH 8253 (TIMER)

AIM:
To generate a square wave using 8253 programmable interval timer by
interfacing it with 8085.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:
1. 8085 microprocessor kit
2. CRO
3. 8253 programmable interval timer

THEORY:
The 8253 programmable interval timer/counter is functionally similar to the
software designed timers and counters. It generates accurate time delays and
can be used for applications such as real time clock, an event counter, a digital
one shot, a square wave generator and a complex waveform generator. To
operate a counter, a 16 bit count is loaded in its register and a command begins
to decrement the count until it reaches zero.
8253 can operate with a clock frequency from DC to 2 MHz.The block
diagram of 8253 includes 3 counters 0,1,2 and a data bus buffer, read/write
control logic and a control register.
The Block diagram of 8253 is given in Fig(1) at its pin configuration is
given in Fig(2).

CONTROL UNIT REGISTER:


The register is activated when buses A0 and A1 are at logic 1.It is used to
write a command word which specifies the channel to be used, its mode and
either a read/write operation.

SQUARE WAVE GENERATOR:


In this mode, when a count is loaded the output is high. The count is
decremented by two at every clock cycle and when it reaches zero, the output
goes low and the count is reloaded again. This is repeated continuously. Thus a
continuous square wave with a period equal to that of the count is generated.
ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialise the 8253 to use binary counter, channel 0 enable reading of LSB
first,MSB next and select mode 3 for square wave generation
Step 2: Move the accumulator data to control register.
Step 3: Read LSB data to accumulator.
Step 4: Move the LSB value to channel 0.
Step 5: Load the MSB data into accumulator
18

Step 6: Move the MSB value to channel 0.


Step 7: Stop the program.
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF 8253

D0-D7
DATA BUS CLK 0
BUFFER COUNTER 0 GATE 0
OUT 0

I
N
T
RD E
WR
A1
READ/WRITE R CLK 1
A0 CONTROL N COUNTER 1 GATE 1
OUT 1
CS
LOGIC A
L

B
CONTROL U CLK 2
WORD S GATE 2
OUT 2
REGISTER COUNTER 2

Fig (1)

PIN CONFIGURATION:
19

D7 1 24 VCC

D6 WR
2 23
D5 RD
3 22
D4 CS
4 21
A1
D3 5 20
A0
D2
D1
6
8253
START 19
CLK 2
D0 7 18 OUT 2
CLK 0 8 17 GATE 2
OUTINITIALISE
0 THE
9 8253 TO SELECT CHANNEL
16 0 TO CLK 1
ENABLE LOAD OF LSB FIRST, MSB NEXT, SELECT
GATE 0 MODE 3 FOR
10 SQUARE WAVE GENERATION
15 OUT 1

GND GATE 1
11 14

12 13
MOVE THE ACCUMULATOR DATA TO CONTROL REGISTER

LOAD LSB DATA TO


FigACCUMULATOR
(2)

MOVE THE LSB VALUE TO CHANNEL 0

LOAD MSB DATA TO ACCUMULATOR


FLOW CHART FOR INTERFACING 8085 WITH 8253 (TIMER)

MOVE THE MSB VALUE TO CHANNEL 0

STOP
20

ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM:


21

6. DETERMINATION OF THE LENGTH OF THE STRING USING 8086

AIM:
22

To write an 8086 assembly language program to determine the length of


ASCII string. Use PC keyboard to input the string and display itslength on
Personal Computer monitor.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:
1. 8086 Microprocessor kit
2. Personal computer
ALGORITHM:

(i). Main program


Step 1: Initialize DS register
Step 2: Display the message “ENTER THE STRING.INPUT =”using
Macro DISP
Step 3: Let CX register be used as counter. Initialize count as zero
Step 4: Load the function code 01H in AH register and initiate DOS
Interrupt INT 21H to get the ASCII value of key pressed in AL and
Echo (display) the key symbol / character in the PC monitor
Step 5: Compare the content of AL with ASCII value of ENTER key to
Check whether ENTER key is pressed. If ZF = 1,go to step-8,
Otherwise go to next step
Step 6: Increment the counter (CX register)
Step 7: Go to step-4
Step 8: Display the message “THE LENGTH OF STRING =” using the
Macro DISP
Step 9: Set SI as memory pointer for ASCII value of length
Step 10: Copy the count value in AX register
Step 11: Call procedure HEX2ASC to get the ASCII value of count in
Memory pointed by SI
Step 12: Display the length of string using the macro DISP
Step 13: Load the function code 4CH in AH register and initiate the DOS
Interrupt INT 21H to terminate the program
Step 14: Stop

(ii). Procedure HEX2ASC

Step 1: Load the divisor(OAH) in BX register


Step 2: Divide the hex value of length in AX with OAH to get units in DX and tens
in AX
Step 3: Add the ASCII value of zero to DL register to get ASCII value of units
Step 4: Add the ASCII value of zero to AL register to get ASCII value of tens
Step 5: Store the ASCII values in memory pointed by SI
Step 6: Return

FLOW CHART FOR MAIN PROGRAM


23

START

LOAD OFFSET ADDRESS OF DATA SEGMENT IN AX

COPY THE CONTENT OF AX TO DS REGISTER

DISPLAY MESSAGE-1 (MSG 1)


USING MACRO-DISP

CLEAR CX REGISTER (INITIALIZE


COUNT AS ZERO)

LOAD 01H IN AH REGISTER

CALL DOS SERVICE INT 21H TO GET


KEYCODE IN AL AND ECHO IT ON
MONITOR

COMPARE CONTENT OF AL WITH ODH

A B

B
A
24

IS NO
INCREMENT CX
ZF = REGISTER
1?

YES

DISPLAY MESSAGE-2 USING


MACRO DISP

SET SI AS POINTER FOR ASCII VALUE OF


LENGTH

COPY THE COUNT VALUE IN AX REGISTER

CALL PROCEDURE HEX2ASC TO GET


ASCII VALUE OF LENGTH IN MEMORY

DISPLAY THE LENGTH OF STRING


USING MACRO-DISP

LOAD 4CH IN AH AND 00H IN AL

CALL DOS SERVICE INT 21H TO


TERMINATE PROGRAM

STOP
FLOW CHART FOR PROCEDURE HEX2ASC
25

START

LOAD OAH IN BX REGISTER AND OOH IN DX


REGISTER

DIVIDE AX BY BX

ADD ASCII ZERO TO DL

ADD ASCII ZERO TO AL

STORE AL AND DL IN MEMORY POINTED BY SI

STORE ASCII VALUE OF $ AS END OF ASCII


STRING

RETURN

ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM:


26

7. ADDITION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS AND SUBTRACTION OF TWO 8-BIT


NUMBERS USING 8051-MICROCONTROLLER
27

AIM:
To write an assembly language program to add and subtract two 8-bit
numbers using 8051 microcontroller.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:
1. 8051 microcontroller kit
2. Power supply

ALGORITHM:
ADDITION

Step 1: Clear the carry flag


Step 2: Move the first data to accumulator
Step 3: Add the second data to accumulator with carry
Step 4: Set the pointer for the memory location where the data has to be stored
Step 5: Store the result in memory
Step 6: Stop the process
SUBTRACTION:

Step 1: Clear the borrow flag


Step 2: Move the first data to accumulator
Step 3: Subtract the second data with borrow from accumulator
Step 4: Set the pointer for the memory location where the data has to be stored
Step 5: Store the result in memory
Step 6: Stop the process

FLOW CHART FOR ADDITION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS

START

CLEAR THE CARRY FLAG

MOVE FIRST DATA TO ACCUMULATOR

ADD SECOND DATA WITH CARRY TO


ACCUMULATOR

AA
28

SET THE POINTER FOR THE MEMORY LOCATION


WHERE THE DATA HAS TO BE STORED

STORE THE RESULT IN MEMORY

STOP

FLOW CHART FOR SUBTRACTION OF TWO 8-BIT NUMBERS


:

START

CLEAR THE CARRY FLAG

MOVE FIRST DATA TO A REGISTER

SUBTRACT SECOND DATA WITH BORROW FROM A


REGISTER

SET THE POINTER FOR THE MEMORY LOCATION


WHERE THE DATA HAS TO BE STORED

STORE THE RESULT IN MEMORY

STOP
ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM:

ADDITION
29

SUBTRACTION

8. FINDING THE LARGEST NUMBER USING 8051-MICROCONTROLLER


30

AIM:
To write an assembly language program using 8051 microcontroller to find
the largest number from a given 8 bit ten numbers.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:
1. Microcontroller kit
2. CRO

ALGORITHM:

Step 1: Initialize the data pointer to memory where numbers are stored.
Step 2: Initialize the counter.
Step 3: Initialize the maximum value as 0.
Step 4: Get the number from memory to accumulator.
Step 5: Compare the number with the maximum value.
Step 6: If both the values are not equal than go to step 8.
Step 7: Otherwise go to step 10.
Step 8: Check for carry flag. If carry comes go to step 10,otherwise go to next
step
Step 9: Maximum value is the number taken from memory.
Step 10: Increment data pointer.
Step 11: Decrement the count value. If count is 0 stop the process otherwise go
to step 4.

FLOW CHART FOR FINDING THE LARGEST NUMBER USING 8051

MICROCONTROLLER

START

INITIALIZE THE DATA POINTER TO MEMORY LOCATION

INITIALIZE THE COUNTER

MAXIMUM VALUE=0

A
31

GET THE NUMBER TO BE CHECKED FROM MEMORY


AND COMPARE IT WITH THE MAXIMUM VALUE

CHEC YES
K
ZF=1

NO

YES
CHECK
CY=1

NO

MAX VALUE=NUMBER TAKEN FROM MEMORY

INCREMENT DATA POINTER

DECREMENT COUNT

CHEC
NO
K
ZF=1

YES
STOP

ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM:


32

9. INTERFACING OF STEPPER MOTOR WITH 8051-MICROCONTROLLER

AIM:
33

To run a stepper motor in both clock and anticlockwise direction by


interfacing it with 8051 microcontroller.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:
1.Stepper motor
3.8051 microcontroller kit
3. Stepper motor interfacing board
THEORY:
A motor in which the rotor is able to assume only discrete stationary
angular position is a stepper motor. The rotary motion occurs in a stepwise
manner from one equilibrium position to the next.
Stepper motor control is a very popular application of microprocessor in
control area.

CONSTRUCTIONAL FEATURES:
A Stepper motor could be either of the reluctance type or the permanent
magnet type. A permanent magnet stepper motor consists of multi-phased stator
and two-part permanent magnet rotor.
The basic two-phase stepper motor consists of two pairs of stator poles.
Each of the four poles has its own winding. The excitation of any one winding
generates a North Pole; a south pole gets induced at the diametrically opposite
side.
It can be noted that the step size is =360/NS.Nr

Where, NS=Number of stator poles


Nr=Number of rotor poles

There are three different schemes available for stepping a stepper motor.
They are
i). Wave scheme
ii). Two phase switching scheme
iii). Half stepping or mixed scheme

TWO-PHASE SWITHING SCHEME:


In this scheme, only any two adjacent station windings are energized.
There are two magnetic fields active in quadrature and none of the rotor pole
faces can be in direct alignment with the stator poles. A partial but symmetric
alignment of the rotor poles is of course possible.
The step angle is 300 as in the wave scheme. However,the rotor is offset
by 15 in the two phase scheme with respect to move the rotor by 360 0.Two
0

phase drivers produce more torque than the wave drivers.

ALGORITHM:

Step 1: Set the data pointer for the memory location where the energizing pulses
are available.
Step 2: Set the count value as step 4.
34

Step 3: Move the energizing pulse from memory to accumulator.


Step 4: Save the data pointer value in stack.
Step 5: Set the data pointer for the port address where the energizing pulses
have to be given
Step 6: Establish a delay routine.
Step 7: Send the energizing pulse to output stepper motor port.
Step 8: Get the address which is saved in stack.
Step 9: Increment the data pointer value.
Step 10: Decrement the count value if it is not zero than go to step 3.
Step 11: Otherwise go to step 1.

FLOW CHART FOR INTERFACING OF STEPPER MOTOR WITH 8051-

MICROCONTROLLER

START

SET THE DATA POINTER FOR THE ENERGIZING PULSES

SET THE COUNT VALUE FOR 4 ENERGIZING PULSES

MOVE THE ENERGZING PULSE FROM MEMORY TO


ACCUMULATOR

PUSH THE ENERGIZING PULSE ADDRESS FROM DATA


B C
POINTER TO STACK MEMORY
A
B
C
A THE OUTPUT
SET THE DATA POINTER FOR
STEPPER MOTOR PORT ADD

ESTABLISHIFA DELAY
ZF=
1
SEND
POP THE
THEENERGIZING
ENERGIZINGPULSE
PULSEADDRESS
FROM ACCUMULATOR
FROM
INCREMENT
DECREMENT THE
THE YES POINTER
DATA
COUNT VALUE
TO
STACK
THE OUTPUT
MEMORYPORT
TO DATA POINTER
35

NO

ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM:


36