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BAB
BAB

LINGKARAN

BAB LINGKARAN Tujuan Pembelajaran 127

Tujuan Pembelajaran

BAB LINGKARAN Tujuan Pembelajaran 127
Pengantar
Pengantar

B

A 8 12 2
A
8
12
2

d =

(x 0)

2

+−( y

0)

2

=

22 xy+
22
xy+

r =

2 2 xy+
2
2
xy+

222

xyr+ =

Y P(x,y) r X
Y
P(x,y)
r
X

222

xyr+

=

222

xyr+ =

34

(3 0)

2

+−−( 5

0)

2

=

xy+ 222 xyr + = Y P(x,y) r X 222 xyr + = 222 xyr +

2

x

+ y

2

= 34

PB =

(x 0)

2

+−( y

9)

2

2

xy+−(

9)

22

9[ xy+−(

=

1)

2

22

xy+−18 y +=81

9x

2

+ 9 y

]

2

8x

x

2

2

+ 8y

2

= 72

+ y

2

= 9

PA =

( x 0)

2

+−( y

1)

2

18 y + 9

x

2

+ y

2

2

2

=

+

9 1

2

(

4)

2

=

18

+

>

2

1

9

=

2

<

9

Latihan 4.1
Latihan
4.1

2

x

+ y

2

x

2

2

x

+ y

2

4x

= 64

+ y

= 18

2

+ 4 y

2

= 25

2

= 9

x

2

x

2

x

+

+

+ y

y

y

2

2

=

=

2

2

= 13

40

72

Y Q(x,y) r P(a,b) O X
Y
Q(x,y)
r
P(a,b)
O
X

(xa

2

)(+−yb)

2

(xa

2

)(+−yb)

22

= r

(xa

2

)(+−yb)

22

= r

(xa

2

)(+−yb)

22

= r

+− yb ) 22 = r ( xa − 2 )( +− yb ) 22 =

(2 −−( 3))

2

+ (3 5)

2

25 + 4 =

29
29

y y y 5 P(-3,5) P(-3,5) P(-3,5) (2,3) O x O x O x (a)
y
y
y
5
P(-3,5)
P(-3,5)
P(-3,5)
(2,3)
O
x
O
x
O
x
(a)
(b)
(c)

3( −+− 2) 4( 1) r = = 2 2 2 3 + 4
3(
−+−
2)
4(
1)
r =
= 2
2
2
3
+
4

( x + 2)

2

++( y

1)

2

= 4

( x 2)

2

++( y

1)

2

= 4

Latihan 4.2
Latihan
4.2

(x 2)

(x + 2)

2

2

+−( y

++( y

6)

4)

2

2

= 64

= 81

4(x −+5)

2

4( y + 7)

2

= 25

(x + 2)

2

++( y

4)

2

= 81

)

)

Pxy(,

Ax(, y

1

1

)

Bx(, y

2

2

(xxxx

)(

12

) +−( yy )( yy

1

2

) = 0

(xa

2

)(+−yb)

22

= r

A = a B = b

2 2 ABC+ −
2
2
ABC+ −

Tugas Kelompok
Tugas Kelompok

L 1

L

2

(2)

( 1)

2

2

+ 4

+ 7

2

2

4 A + 8B +=0

2 A

0

+ 14 B +=0

0

A + 2B =−5

A + 7B

=−50

A + 2B =−5 A + 7B =−50

Latihan 4.3
Latihan
4.3

4xyxy+ 4

+−8

16

+=11

2x

2

+ 2y

2

+−=43xy

0

0

2

2

xy++ 2sinθ x 2cosθ y + sin θ = 0

22

2

2

xy+

2

+

4xy8

−=50

2

x

+ y

2

2 Ax + 3y +=10

x + y 5x 2By −=60

2

2

y = mx + c

2

x

+ y

2

+ 2Ax + 20By +=C

l k h
l
k
h
 

 

 

 

xy+10x +=16 0

2

2

2

(1 + mx)

2

10 x +=16

0

D =−100

64(1 + m

D

> 0

2

)

=−36

64m

2

3 3

−< m <

4 4

= 4(3 4mm)(3 +

4

D

= 0

m = −

3

4

m =

D < 0

m < −

3

4

3

4

3

4 < m

)

Latihan 4.4
Latihan
4.4

2

x

+

y

2

y

= 9

= 1

2

x

+

y

2

y

=

=

20

2

x

2

x

+ y

2

= 4

2

x

+ y

2

=

36

2

x

+

y

y

=

2

x

= 2

+ 2

2

xy

++

2

10

4

+

xy

3

+

x

0

+= 10

+= 19

y

M (,)

1

2

5

2

( xk

)

2

+−( y

3)

22

= k

A P
A
P

90

o

m

PA

.

m

= −

1

m

m PA

O(0,0) A(4, –3) m . m = − 1 O A
O(0,0)
A(4, –3)
m
.
m
= −
1
O A

m

=

m

O

A

40

=

30

=−

4

3

4 3

y +=3

3

4

(x 4)

y =

3

4

x 6

= mx + c

y

y = mx 5

O A(0,–5)
O
A(0,–5)

x

2

+ (mx −=5)

22

9

2

2

x

⇔+(1

+ m

2

m

x 10mx +=25

) x

2

9

+ 10mx + 16 = 0

2

D =−b

4ac = 100m

22

4(1+ m )(16) = 9m

2

9m

9m

m = ±

2

16 = 0 = 16

4

3

2

16

y =

4

3

x 5

y =−

4

3

x 5

4

3

y =

3

4

xc+

2

x

+ (

3

4

xc+

)

2

4x 6(

3

4

xc+

) −=3

0

25

16

2

x

+ (

3

2

D = (

3

2

c

17

2

)

22 25

4

16

(cc6

3) =−4c

Syarat menyinggung adalah D = 0 ,

D = 0

(2c 13)(2c +=7)

4c +12c +=91

c =

13

2

c = −

0

7

2

2

0

c

17

2

)xc+

2

2

+ 12c + 91

6c −=30

y =

3

4

x +

13

2

y =

3

4

x

7

2

2 22 Ax(, y ) (xa− )(+−yb) = r 0 0 2 (x 0 −
2
22
Ax(, y
)
(xa−
)(+−yb)
= r
0
0
2
(x 0
− ax)(
−+a)
( y − by)(
−=b)
r
0

Ax(, y ) 0 0 P(a,b)
Ax(, y )
0
0
P(a,b)

)

Ax(, y

0

0

m

PA

=

y

0

b

x

0

a

m

= −

x

0

a

y

0

b

Ax(, y

0

0

)

x

0

a

b

Ax(, y

y

0

0

(

yy

0

=−

xx

0

)

( y by)(

0

−+−y ) (x

00

ax)(

−=x )

0

2

0

0

)

(xa−+−=)(yb)

0

0

r

22

(y

0

{

b)(yb−−)

(y

b)

}{

+ (x

a)(xa−−)

00

(x

0

a)

}

= 0

( y by)(

0

( y by)(

(x

ax)(

−−b)

−+b)

( y

ax)(

( y by)(

b)

2

+ (x

ax)(

r

2

−−a)

a)

(x

0

+ ( y

00

(x

a) = (x

−=b)

2

00

0 0

0

−+a)

0

a)

2

b)

2

= 0

Ax(, y

0

(x 0

ax)(

−+a)

( y by)(

0

−=b)

r

2

0

)

Ax(, y

0

 

)

222

0

xyr+ =

xx + yy = r

0

0

2

2 22 (xa− )(+−yb) = r 2 y −=b mx()1− a ± r + m
2
22
(xa−
)(+−yb)
= r
2
y −=b
mx()1− a ± r
+ m

y = mx + c

(1 + mx)

2

2{a +−(b

cmx) }

+ a

2

+−(b

c )

22

r

= 0

D

=+(1

m

22

) r

−−(b

am c )

2

(1 + m

22

) r

−−(b

am c )

2

= 0

⇔+(1

(b am c )

b

⇔=−c

m

22

) r

−−(b

2

am c )

m

2

=+(1

22

) r

2 1+ m
2
1+ m

am ± r

= 0

2 y −=b mx()1− a ± r + m 222 xyr+ = 2 y =±mx
2
y −=b
mx()1− a ± r
+ m
222
xyr+
=
2
y =±mx
r
1 + m

(x 2)

2

+−( y

5)

2

= 10

10
10

(1 2)( x −+−2)

(2

5)( y −=5)

10

y =−

1

3

x +

7

3

y =−

1

3

x +

7

3

3

4

( x 2)

2

+−( y

3)

2

= 16

4 3

y −=3

3

4

(x 2) ± 4

3 2 1+ ( ) 4
3
2
1+ (
)
4

y =

3

4

x +

13

2

y =

3

4

x

7

2

L 1

L

2

= PM = 8 = QM = 2 d = MM = 12 r 2
= PM
= 8
= QM
=
2
d = MM
= 12
r 2
r 1
2
1
1
2
PM
PQ
QM
PQ
PQ = RS = AM
2 ⊥
1 ⊥
1
P
A
Q
M
M
2
1
d
L
2
S
R
o
∠MM
P = α
∠PM
2 R = 2α
∠PM R =−360 2α
1
2
2
∠QM S =∠PM
R = 2α
1
2
AM
6
1
2
o
cos
α =
==
α = 60
M M
12
2
1
2

2 2 PQ = AM = 12 −=6 108 1
2
2
PQ = AM
=
12
−=6
108
1
2 108 + 12 π ( 2 108 +12π
2
108
+
12
π
(
2
108 +12π

)

Tugas Mandiri
Tugas Mandiri
L r 1 M 1 L 1 2 r M 2 2 2 d 2
L
r 1
M 1
L
1
2
r
M
2
2
2
d 2
− (rr−
)
1
2
2
d 2
− (rr+
)
1
2
o
360
− 2
α
2
α
2
2
2
d
−− ( rr
)2 +
π
r
+
r
12
o
1
o
2
360
360
o
360
− 2
α
2
2
2
d
−+ ( rr
)2 +
π
(rr +
12
o
12
360
)
Latihan 4.5
Latihan
4.5