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COUNSELING THEORIES

Client-centered theory
(Humanistic)
BACKGROUND
Known as Person-centered or Non-directive .
An approach to counseling and psychotherapy for
the treatment process on the client.
Developed in the 1930s by American psychologist
Carl Rogers.


PURPOSE
Directly concerned with the client.
Give freedom to client.
The counselor facilitates the client toward:
Better stress coping
Greater confidence and self-direction
Greater social skills and self-understanding


TECHNIQUES
3 core conditions:
Unconditional self-regard
Client free to explore his/her feelings without
scared
The counselor accepts unconditionally, non-
judgemental
Empathic understanding
The counselor really understand what are the client
perspectives.



Congruence
The counselor is genuine / sincere/ transparent
Accept the clients feelings
ROLES OF COUNSELOR
Build good rapport
Listen to the client
Explore the client
Accept the client