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At the end of the 30 minutes lesson, the students should be able
Define Food Chain
Identify proper arrangement of food chain, primary
producers, consumers and decomposers
Draw and explain food chains and its importance in our


A. Topic: The Food Chain
B. Reference
C. Materials: Laptop, Powerpoint Presentation, Manila Paper,
Coloring Materials


A. Routinary Activities
1. Prayer
2. Greetings
3. Checking of Attendance

4. Review

Ecosystem is a community of living organisms (Plants,
Animals, and Humans) in conjunctions with the non-living
components (Air, Sun, Water) of their environment,
interacting as a system.

B. Motivation

The students will be shown a picture of an environment with
different living organisms. They will be asked to identify the
living organisms in the picture and what those living organisms
usually eat and consume that can also be found in the

C. Lesson Proper

Task 1: Lecture-Discussion

The teacher will now present the concept of food chain and
its sub topics.

A food chain is the sequence of who eats whom in a
biological community to obtain nutrition. A food chain starts
with plants or other autotrophs (organisms that make their own
food from light or chemical energy) that are eaten by
herbivores (plant-eaters). The herbivores are eaten by
carnivores (meat-eaters). These are eaten by other carnivores
or omnivores. When organism dies, it is eaten by decomposers
and then broken down and the exchange of energy

A producer is an organism that makes its own food from light
energy (using photosynthesis or chemosynthesis). Most green
plants, many protists and most bacteria are producers.
Producers are the base of the food chain.

A consumer is a living thing that eats other living things to
survive. It cannot make its own food. Primary consumer eats
producers, secondary consumer eats primary consumer and
so on. There are always many more primary consumers than
secondary consumers, etc. This is because that energy is lost
between each level.

A consumer may be classified into three categories namely
herbivore, carnivore and omnivore. Herbivores are animals
that eat plants. Herbivores are also called primary consumers.
Most animals are herbivores. Carnivores are animals that eat
meat. Carnivorous animals often have sharp teeth and
powerful jaw. Omnivores are animals that eat both animals
and plants. Some omnivores include humans, monkeys and
marmosets, chimpanzee and most bears.

A decomposer is an organism that breaks down organic
matter. Some bacteria and fungi and worms are
decomposers. What they leave behind is used by primary

Task 2: Games

The students will be divided into five groups and will be shown
pictures and they will arrange it properly to form a food chain.
They will identify the primary producers, consumers and

Set No. 1

Answer: Grass-Grasshopper-Rat-Snake-Eagle-Worm
Set No. 2

Answer: Algae-Fish-Seal-Shark

Set No. 3

Answer: Corn-Rat-Cat-Mushroom/Fungi

Set No.4

Answer: Plant-Rabbit-Wild Cat-Lion-Worm

Set No. 5

Answer: Algae-Shrimp-Fish-Seal-Polar Bear

Set No. 6

Answer: Plant-Dragon Fly-Frog-Snake-Human

Set No. 7

Answer: Plants-Caterpillar-Chicken-Monitor Lizard-Worm


A food chain shows how each living thing gets its food.
Some animals eat plants and some animals eat other animals.
For example, a simple food chain links the trees & shrubs, the
giraffes (that eat trees & shrubs), and the lions (that eat the
giraffes). Each link in this chain is food for the next link. A food
chain always starts with plant life and ends with an animal.
In a food chain, energy is passed from one link to
another. When a herbivore eats, only a fraction of the energy
(that it gets from the plant food) becomes new body mass;
the rest of the energy is lost as waste or used up by the
herbivore to carry out its life processes (e.g., movement,
digestion, reproduction). Therefore, when the herbivore is
eaten by a carnivore, it passes only a small amount of total
energy (that it has received) to the carnivore. Of the energy
transferred from the herbivore to the carnivore, some energy
will be "wasted" or "used up" by the carnivore. The carnivore
then has to eat many herbivores to get enough energy to


The students with their respective groups will be given
Manila paper and drawing materials. They will be asked to
draw their own food chain. Afterwards, they will be asked to
explain their drawings.


A short quiz will be given to the students. They will be asked to
identify and classify primary producers, consumers-herbivore,
carnivore, omnivore and decomposers.

Classify The Following:
Plants Carabao Cobra
Humans Mushrooms Goat
Bacteria Lion Panda
Fungi Tiger Spider
Algae Giraffe Deer
Corn Worms Chicken
Palay Cat Shark
Horse Dog Eagle
Trees Aligator Bird
Whale Seahorse Grass

Producers Consumers Decomposers
Herbivore Carnivore Omnivore


No Assignment

Prepared By:

TCP Batch 05