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MCQs f or PRACTISE

ICERT/ft ract
Questions for NEET
THOUGHT PROVOKING
PROBLEMS
EXAMINER'S
MIND
CHALLENGING
PROBLEMS
BRAIN MAP
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r
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r.'iMi'.'i 11 w. i n n a m m m
SOLVED PAPER 2013
PMTs
PHYSICS APTITUDE
for
MCQs f or PRACTISE
Questions for NEET
THOUGHT PROVOKING
PROBLEMS
EXAMINER'S
MIND
CHALLENGING
PROBLEMS
BRAIN MAP
PHYSICS APTITUDE
PHYSICS
Vol. XXI No. 5 May 2013
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Editor : Anil Ahlawat (BE, MBA)
Contents
JEE Advanced Practice Paper: 2013 6
Thought Provoking Problems 16
(Kinematics)
JEE Main Solved Paper: 2013 21
NCERT Xtract Questions for NEET 29
Target PMTs Practice Questions 37
Brain Map 48
Examiner's Mind 50
Challenging Problems 52
Exam prep: MCQs for Practise 58
AIIMS Practice Paper: 2013 69
Test Your Physics Aptitude 86
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edit Q rial
Expanding Knowledge and In-depth
Research are not contradictory
W
idening knowledge and intensive research are not contradictory but
complementary to each other. Taking examples from our "plus two"
education, one starts from Newton's Laws for our case study. One studies
the first law as if it is resting on a single pillar. But one does not understand
why something that is moving should continue to move in the same way.
But this is the first step. When teaching, we should also sow seeds of doubt
why it should be like that.
This prepares the ground for further expansion. The second law is a further
advance and finally the third law. When one is prepared to attack problems,
supplementary concepts are thrown in with experimental studies. With
ideal strings and ideal pulleys one learns more.
Each part is a grid. First one masters the grid and then the partitions
disappear to become a bigger grid. Still the concepts from electricity,
magnetism and other subjects look different. The method of the grid system
is continued. In the research method, a small grid is studied in depth. With
every available knowledge from every other field, one goes on attaching
the problem from various angles. This is also a grid problem but one tries to
deepen the grid or go deep into the problem with every skill.
Expanding knowledge is a different case. The pieces of puzzle are different.
Taking the various prices, for example, scattering, fundamental particles,
Einstein's theories and that of de-Broglie, Heisenberg's principle and
the advances made by scientists like Bohr are apparently different. To
study them in depth, and seek unity in diversity by removing apparent
contradictions from individual chapters and then putting them in shape is a
different research. This is on a higher plane.
For reaching the last stage, one has to prove one's credibility by first-solving
the grid problems in the great laboratories. Unless these grids of various
shapes are well polished, one cannot put them together.
The recently discovered Sun's magnetic "heartbeat" causing solar flares
can be solved by going back to the study of the connection of various
discoveries. Science has no barriers. This has to be fundamental concept.
There is also no alternative medicine for Hard Work!
Anil Ahlawat,
Editor
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14 PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13
PRACTICE PAPER 2 Q1 3
Advanced
By : Akhil Tewari, B-Tech, IT-BHU
SECTI ON
Straight Objective Type
This section contains 6 mul ti pl e choice questions numbered
1 to 6. Each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of
whi ch ONLY ONE is correct.
1. Velocity of a particle moving along a straight line
a
is related with position as v = ; - . Here,
(V
a and b are positive constants. The approximate
graph of acceleration versus position is
(a)
> X
(b)
J
k a^^
r
(c)
2.
(d) none of these
Assuming all the
surfaces to be
frictionless find
the magnitude of
net acceleration
of smaller block
m with respect to ground
M
ST
_ 0
7777777777777777777777777777777177
(a)
(c)
2V5 mg
( 5 m + M)
7y[5mg
(5m + M)
(b)
2 mg
(5m + M)
(d) none of these
3.
4.
5.
6.
Resultant of two vectors having same magni t ude
forms an angle with any of the vectors. If the
magni t ude of second vector is reduced to half
of initial magni t ude without changing the angle
between the direction of new resultant vector and
first vector is also reduced to half, then the angle
between the two vectors is
(a) 120 (b) 60
(c) 90 (d) 45
A particle of mass m moving due east with a speed
v collides with another particle of same mass and
same speed moving due north. The two particles
coalesce on collision. Find the velocity of the new
particle ?
(a) v (b) 2v
v
(c) j= (d) None of these
V 2
To a man moving due north with a speed
5 m s
_1
, the rain appears to fall vertically. When
the man doubles his speed, the rain appears to
fall at 60. Find the actual speed of the rain and
its direction.
(a) 10 m s"
1
,120 (b) 10 ms"
1
, 180
(c) 10 m s"
1
, 90 (d) l Oms"
1
, 60
A car is travelling at a velocity 10 km h
_1
on a
straight road. The driver of the car throws a
10
parcel with a velocity j= km h"
1
when car is
passing by a man standing on the side of a road. If
14 PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13
parcel just reaches the man, find the angle which
the direction of throw makes an angle with the
direction of car?
(a) 135 (b) 45
(a) The mi ni mum time in which he can cross the
(c) t a n
_ 1
V2 (d) t an
SECTI ON - I I
Mul ti pl e Correct Answer(s) Type
This section contains 4 mul ti pl e choice questions numbered
7 t o 10. Each questi on has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of
whi ch ONE or MORE THAN ONE is/are correct.
7.
8.
9.
In the figure, the pulley
P moves to the right
with a constant speed u.
The downward speed
of A is Vfy and the speed
of B to the right is Vg.
Then,
(a) v
A
= v
B
v
B
= u + v
A
VB + U = VA
B
H k
(b)
(c)
(d)
10.
the two blocks have accelerations of the same
magnitude.
Two particles A and B start simultaneously from
the same point and move in a horizontal plane. A
has an initial velocity Wj due east and acceleration
a-) due north. B has an initial velocity u
2
due north
and acceleration a
2
due east.
(a) Their paths must intersect at some point
(b) They must collide at some point
(c) They will collide only if a\U-[ = a
2
u
2
(d) If Mi > u
2
and a \ < a
2
, the particles will have the
same speed at some point of time.
A large rectangular box
ABCD falls vertically with an
acceleration a. A toy gun fixed
at A and aimed towards C fires
a particle P.
(a) P will hit C if a = g
(b) P will hit the roof BC if a >
(c) P will hit the wall CD or the floor AD if a < g
(d) may be either (a), (b) or (c), dependi ng on the
speed of projection of P
A man who can swim at a speed v relative to the
water wants to cross a river of wi dt h d, flowing
with a speed u. The point opposite him across the
river is P.
river is .
v
(b) He can reach the point P in time .
(c) He can reach the point P in time
V^
2
- U
2
(d) He cannot reach Pifu> v.
SECTION - III
Assertion Reason type
This section contai ns 4 mul ti pl e choice questions numbered
11 t o 14. Each questi on contai ns Statement-1 (Assertion) and
Statement-2 (Reason). Each questi on has 4 choices (a), (b), (c)
and (d) out of whi ch ONLY ONE is correct.
(a) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is a
correct expl anati on for Statement-1.
(b) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True; Statement-2 is
not a correct expl anati on f or Statement-1.
(c) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is False.
(d) Statement-1 is False, Statement-2 is True.
11. Statement-1 : The maxi mum range along the
inclined plane, when t hrown downward is greater
than that when t hrown upwar d along the same
inclined plane wi t h constant velocity.
Statement-2 : The maxi mum range along inclined
plane is i ndependent of angle of inclination.
12. Statement-1 : A particle is projected at an angle
9 (< 90) to horizontal, with a velocity u. When
particle strikes the ground its speed is again u.
Statement-2 : Velocity along horizontal direction
remains same but velocity along vertical direction
is changed. When particle strikes the ground then
magni t ude of final vertical velocity is equal to
magnitude of initial vertical velocity.
13. Statement-1 : A block of mass m is placed on a
smooth inclined plane of inclination 0 with the
horizontal. The force exerted by the plane on the
block has a magni t ude mgcosQ.
Statement-2 : Normal reaction always acts
perpendicular to the contact surface.
14. Statement-1: In high jump, it hurt s less when an
athlete lands on a heap of sand.
Statement-2 : Because of greater distance and
hence greater time over which the motion of an
athlete is stopped, the athlete experience less
force when lands on heap of sand.
14 PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13
SECTI ON - I V
Linked Comprehension Type
This section contains 3 paragraphs. Based upon each paragraph,
3 mul ti pl e choice questions have t o be answered. Each questi on
has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of whi ch ONLY ONE is
correct.
P 1 5 _ 1 7 : Paragraph for Question Nos. 15 to 17
When a particle is projected at some angle with the
horizontal, the path of the particle is parabolic in nature.
In the process the horizontal velocity remains constant
but the magnitude of vertical velocity changes. At any
instant during flight the acceleration of particle remains
g in vertically downward direction. During flight at any
point the path of particle can be considered as a part
of circle and radius of that circle is called the radius of
curvature of the path of particle.
Consider that a particle is projected with velocity
u = 10 m s
_1
at an angle 0 = 60 with the horizontal then
15. The radius of curvature of path of particle at the
instant when the velocity vector of the particle
becomes perpendicular to initial velocity vector
(a)
(c)
20
3 ^ 3
40
3 ^ 3
10
(b)
WT
m
(d)
80
3 ^ 3
16. The magnitude of acceleration of particle at that
instant is
(a) 10 ms '
2
(b) 5^3 m s~
2
(c) 5 m s "
2
( d ) l o V i m s
- 2
17. Tangential acceleration of particle at that instant
will be
(a) 10 ms "
2
(b) 20 ms -
2
(c) 5 ms -
2
(d) 5V3 m s~
2
P18-20
:
Paragraph for Question Nos. 18 to 20
A particle is projected with
velocity u at an angl e 0
with an inclined plane of
i ncl i nat i on 0 < 45 wi t h
the horizontal.
18. The time taken when velocity of projectile
becomes parallel to the plane
(a)
(c)
wsinO
2wtan0
(b)
(d)
!(COt0
Mt an0
8
19. The net velocity at the time when velocity is
parallel to the plane is
, . ucos0 . t<sin20
(a) (b)
(c)
ucos20
COS0
(d) u tan
20. Radius of curvature of the path of projectile when
velocity is parallel to the plane
(a)
(c)
w
2
cos
2
0
U COS0
(b)
(d)
M
2
COS
2
20
gcos
3
0
..2
gcos
3
0
P21-23
:
Paragraph for Question Nos. 21 to 23
An object at rest remains at rest and an object in motion
will continue its motion with a constant velocity unless
it experiences a net external force. But the magnitude of
force given by Newton' s 2
nd
law and 3
rd
law represents
or gives the i nformat i on about the nat ure of force.
The second law gave a specific way of determining
how the velocity changes under different influences
called forces. There are so many forces calculated by
Newton' s law such as normal force, tension, viscous
force, weight but Newton' s laws are not applicable,
when velocity of an.object comparable to the velocity
of light and microscopic particle. If the system contains
large number of particles, then if we apply the Newton' s
laws, concept of centre of mass is included.
21. Pulley and strings are massless. The force acting
on the block of mass m
(a) 2F
(b) F
(d) 4F
I
/ y ) / / ) / / / / ) / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /
22. A particle of mass m moves along a circle of radius
R. The modul us of average value of force acting
on particle over the distance equal to a quarter
of circle, if the particle moves uniformly with
velocity v is
(a)
(c)
V2w
2\fln
k r
(b)
( d)
2V21 mv
mv
23. If velocity of movable pulley is v and velocities of
block of masses M] and M2 are vj and V2 then the
correct relation between them
10 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY'13
1
M
777777777777777777777

(a) v = i>i +
(c) V = 2{V
X
+ V
2
)
( n
M l U [ j
M
2
a + l>i
(b) l> =
2
( d) o =
SOLUTI ONS
1. (a)
2. (a): Free body diagram for m
yr
N
r
2a
... (i)
...(ii)
For m,
mg-T=m 2a
N=ma
Free body diagram for M
For M
2T-N = Ma ... (iii)
N'
j L
M
" T
Mg
P
1
-N
- > r
On solving, a =
2mg
(M + 5m)
Net acceleration of m,
a
m
=
=
^
a =
jSmg_
m
(5m + M )
3. (a):
t ana =
t ana =
BsinO
A + Bcos6
sin0
1 + cosG
...(i)
t
a r
i n 6
tan =
2 ,
a
a
a +- c os G
2
a si n9
tan =
2 (2 + cos0)
. . . ( i i )
2t an
a
t a n a =
1 - t an
2
a
sin0
sin0
2 + cosG
1 + cos0 _ si n
2
9
(2 + cos0)
On solving,
C
os0 =
/ . 0 = 120
2
4. (c): Refer the given below.
H n
m #
mvi+ mvj = 2 m(v'
x
i + v'
y
j)
2 A A A A
or (vi + vj) = v'
x
i+ v' j
v , v
or v
Y
= - or v.. = -
2 y 2
2 "T2
5. (a): Let v
r
=v
rx
i + v
ry
j and v
m
=5i (in 1
s t
case)
A A
Vrm = (
V
rx ~
v
m)
i+v
ryi
V
Case (i): t an90 = or v
rx
= 5 m s
_1
v
rx~
5
Case (ii): v
rm
= (5i - 10/ ) + v
ry
) (y v
m
= 10/)
t an60 = or v
rv
= -5S
5 - 1 0
r y
v
r
= 5i - 5>/3
5, = 10 m s"
- 1
Z(j) = tan'
6. (a)
- 5 ^ 3
or d> = 120
12 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
7. (b, d): At any instant of time, let the length of the
string BP = Zj and the length PA = Z
2
. In a further
time f, let B move to the right by x and A move
down by y, while P moves to the right by ut. As
the length of the string must remain constant,
l
1
+ l
2
= (l
1
-x + ut) + (l
2
+ y)
or x = ut + y or x=u + y
x = speed of B to the right =
y= downward speed of A = v
A
v
B
= u + v
A
Also z>b~va
or flg = a a-
8. (a, c, d)
9. (a, b, c): Superimpose an upward acceleration
a on the system. The box becomes stationary.
The particle has an upward acceleration a and a
downward acceleration g. If a = g, the particle has
no acceleration and will hit C. If a > g, the particle
has a net upward acceleration, and if a < g, the
particle has a net downward acceleration.
10. (a, c, d)
11. (c)
12. (a): u
x
= u cosO, a
x
= 0
v
x
= u
x
+ a
x
t = u
r
= u cosO
u
y
= u sinO ; a
y
--
:
/ ( si n0- gf = ttsinO -
2usin0
v
y
= -u sinO.
13. (b): In the direction of normal reaction, net
acceleration is zero. Hence forces in this direction
will be balanced. Hence N = mgcosQ.
14. (a): As we know that, F =
At
If Af is more, then F will be less.
1 0 ms ~ i
1 5 - ( a ) :
5^ 3 m s"
5 m s
Time after which velocity vector becomes
perpendicular to initial velocity vector is
10 2
t =
gsin0 10sin60
s
Let Vy be the vertical component of velocity at that
instant. Then,
= 5>/3-
5_
10x2
10
v = j= m s
V3
! = 5 ms
or gcosa =
R =
R
g cosa
B
2 0
R = m
3v3
16. (a)
-2
17. (c): a
t
= gsincc = 10 x ~ = 5 ms
18. (d) 19. (c) 20. (b)
21. (c): Equation of motion for pulley,
F - 2T = trip x a
Since pulley is massless i.e., mp = 0
F = 2T,
, T =
2
22. (c) : p = =
dt At
For quarter of a circle,
Av = v\Fl and At =
2v
F =
2n/2 mv
2
nr
23. (b): Velocity of block of mass M\ is
V\ = V-V'
Velocity of block of mass M
2
is
VI = V + v'
Adding equation (i) and (ii), we get
...(i)
...(ii)
- n
V, + VR,
14 PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY ' 13
t
Thought
Provoking
Kinematics
1. A train starts from a station with a constant
acceleration of 0.40 m s'
2
. A passenger arrives at
a station 6 s after the end of the train left the very
same point. What is the least constant speed at
which the passenger can run and catch the train?
2. A particle is projected from a point at the foot
of a fixed plane, inclined at an angle 45 to the
horizontal, in the vertical plane containing
the line of greatest slope t hrough the point. If
<)> (> 45) is the inclination to the horizontal of the
initial direction of projection, for what value of
tan will the particle strike the plane: (i) horizontal
(ii) at right angle?
3 A particle is projected from a point on the level
ground and its height is h when at horizontal
distances a and 2a from its point of projection.
Find the velocity of projection.
4. A bullet is fired into a viscous liquid with a
velocity v
0
. The retarding force is proportional to
square of velocity, so that the acceleration becomes
a = -kv
2
.
(a) Derive an expression for the distance travelled
in the liquid.
(b) What is the distance travelled in the
liquid when velocity is reduced to and the
corresponding time ?
5. A small sphere of mass m is released from rest in
a large vessel filled with oil where it experiences
a resistive force proport i onal to its speed, i.e.,
F
d
= -kv.
By : Prof. Rajinder Singh Randhawa*
(a) Find the speed of the ball with which it
varies.
(b) After a certain time the sphere reaches a
terminal speed, find it?
6. Water is runni ng out of a conical funnel at the
rate of a mm
3
s"
1
. If the radi us of the base of the
funnel is R mm and the altitude is H mm, find,
the rate at whi ch t he wat er level is dr oppi ng
when it is h mm from the top?
7. A circular wire frame is fixed in a vertical plane.
A smoot h wi r e is sl i ght l y st ret ched bet ween
poi nt s P
x
and P
2
. A bead slides f r om poi nt P
u
the highest point of the circle. Determine (a) its
velocity v when it arrives at P
2
(b) find the time
taken by it?
1.
SOLUTI ONS
Assume the train is at x = 0 at t = 0, the equation
for train is
1 , 1 ,
x
T
=-a
T
t
2
= (0.40)f
2
The passenger reached x = 0 at t = f
0
= 6 s, so his
coordinate at time tis x
P
= v,,(t -1
0
).
For the passenger to catch the train, x
T
= x
P
.
~a
T
t
2
=v
p
(t-t
0
) or a
T
t
2
-2v
p
t+2vpt
0
=0
or t
_v
p
- 2a
T
v
p
t
0
The roots are real if Vp-2a
T
v
p
t
Q
> 0
v
p
>2a
T
t
0
= 2x 0.40 x 6 = 4.8 m s"
1
.
Randhawa Institute of Physics, S.C.O. 208, First Fl., Sector-36D & S.C.O. 38, Second FL, Sector-20C, Chandi garh
14 PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13
2. (i) Along horizontal direction,
h = (Mcos0)f
p
/ ,
7
MCOS(()
h
O
Q
Along vertical direction,
0 = Msinij) - gt o r Msin<|> = gt
and h = Msin<j>f
V
2
5
Using Eqs. (i) and (ii) in Eq. (iii), we get
1
(Mcos0)f = (Msin<j>)f - - (i/ sin t)>) f
tan 0 = 2
(ii) Along perpendicular to the plane,
0 = usin(<j)45)f - ~(^cos45)f
2
or t
i j l i
sin (0 - 45).
45- <
ucos(<t>-45) =
V2
^ ^ sin (<|) - 45)
or MCOS(0 - 45) = 2M sin(0 - 45)
1 , ,
r o
, tan 0 - 1
or - =tan (0 - 45 ) =
1
2 1 + tan 0
Solving, we get
tan 0 = 3
(i)
...(ii)
.(iii)
O Q
Along the plane, MCOS(0 - 45) = (gsin45)f
3. If u is the velocity of projection and 0 is the angle
of projection, the equation of trajectory is
J2.
(i)
y = xtanO - -
2 m
2
cos
2
0
With origin at the point of projection,
gx
2
- 2u
2
x sin0 cos0 + 2 u
2
cos
2
0 h = 0 ...(ii)
Since the projectile passes through two points
(a, h) and (2a, h), then a and 2a must be roots of
Eq. (ii),
a + 2a =
ar i d ax2a =
2m sinO cos0
2M
2
cos
2
0 xh
...(iii)
...(iv)
Divide (iii) by (iv), we get
3 a tan0 3 h
- = or tan0 =
2a h 2 a
From Eq. (iv),
M
2
=
^
s e c
2
e =
^
[ 1 + t a n
2
e ] =
S ^
h h
1
h
1 +
9h~
4 a
2
h
9/2
4. Acceleration of bullet, ~ =- k v
2
at
dv
r jt
or --kdt
v
On integrating, we get,
" J
F
dv
...(i )
v0 0
k dt or -kt
1
1
-kt
Vn V
dx 1 dt
or v = = or dx =
dt . 1 1
kt + kt +
v,
o
v.
jdx=j
o o kt +
dt 1,
or x = - In
f k
v
n
o
kt +
...(ii)
...(iii)
. . ( i v)
We calculate time t, when velocity is reduced to
From Eq. (ii)
v
n
v.
0
kv
n
Put t in Eq. (iv), we get
1, 0.693
x = - n2 = .
k k
18 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY'13
5. (a) Force acting on sphere = mg - kv
where k is constant.
Acceleration of ball, = g- v
dt m
or
-dv
mg
-dt
m
...(i )
. . . (i i )
On integrating, we get In
If v = 0, f = 0, then
C = l n ^
k
Put in Eq. (iii), we get
( p ) - In = - ;
k m
mg
= 1 + C . . . ( i i i )
m
In
I k
or In
t r :
?
t
d -
- - -
s v 1
r 3 3 3
? f i f
s v 1
r 3 3 3
? f i f 3 3 3
mg
-v
mg
k
,-TS.
-t
1
)!
l - e - ( i v )
o r
YH
where, x = is called time constant.
k
(b) When the sphere reaches terminal speed, the
acceleration of the sphere becomes zero. Then
mg
mg = kv
t
or v
t
=
1
-.
V
V 1
I - 7 H
V I
At any time water is at a height 'h' and radius r.
From similar A's, =
R H
hR
H
1
2
r = ~rr, volume of water, V = - j t r h.
T/
1 (hRY, dV nR
2
h
2
dh
V = -71 or =
3 {H J dt h
2
dt
dh a
3
H
2
(a) v
2
= v
2
+ lax = 0
2
+ 2(^cos9)(2Rcos6)
Of = 2 ^Rg cos Q
t
j

j 4 R g c os e
= 2
I r
a gcos6 ]j g
20 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY 13
7

SOLVED PAPER 2 Q 1 3
Main
1. The anode voltage of a photocell is kept fixed. The
wavelength X of the light falling on the cathode
is gradually changed. The plate current I of the
photocell varies as follows
(a)
3.
(c)
A circular loop of radius 0.3 cm lies parallel to a
much bigger circular loop of radius 20 cm. The
centre of the small loop is on the axis of the bigger
loop. The distance between their centres is 15 cm.
If a current of 2.0 A flows through the smaller
loop, then the flux linked with bigger loop is
(a) 6.6 x 10~
9
weber (b) 9.1 x 10"
11
weber
(c) 6 x 10"
n
weber (d) 3.3 x 10"
11
weber
The graph between angle of deviation (8) and
angle of incidence (i) for a triangular prism is
represented by
(a)
O O
(c) f (d) f
O O
4. In an ICR circuit as shown below both switches
are open initially. Now switch S. is closed, S
2
kept
open, (q is charge on the capacitor and T = RC is
capacitive time constant). Which of the following
statement is correct?
V
R
\
Si
c
JS
2
5.
L
(a) At f = 1 q = CV( 1 - e"
1
)
(b) Work done by the battery is half of the energy
dissipated in the resistor
(c) At t = T, q = CV/2
(d) At t = 2x, q = CV( 1 - e
2
)
Two short bar magnets of length 1 cm each
have magnetic moment s 1.20 Am
2
and 1.00 Am
2
respectively. They are placed on a horizontal
table parallel to each other with their N poles
pointing towards the South. They have a common
magnetic equator and are separated by a distance
of 20.0 cm. The value of the resultant horizontal
magnetic induction at the mid-point O of the line
joining their centres is close to
( Hor i zont al component of ear t h' s magnet i c
induction is 3.6 x 10"
5
Wb/m
2
)
(a) 5.80 x 10"
4
Wb/ m (b)
(c) 2.56 x 10"
4
Wb/ m
2
(d)
3.6 x 10~
5
Wb/m
2
3.50 x 10"
4
Wb/m
2
6. This question has Statement-I and Statement-II. Of
the four choices given after the Statements, choose
the one that best describes the two Statements.
Statement-I : Hi gher the range, greater is the
resistance of ammeter.
Statement-II: To increase the range of ammeter,
additional shunt needs to be used across it.
(a) Statement-I is false, Statement-II is true.
(b) St at ement -I is t r ue, St at ement -II is t rue,
St at ement -II is the correct expl anat i on of
Statement-I.
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY 13 21
(c) St at ement -I is t rue, St at ement -II is t r ue,
Statement-II is not the correct expl anat i on
of Statement-I.
(d) Statement-I is true, Statement-II is false.
7. An ideal gas enclosed in a vertical cylindrical
container supports a freely moving piston of
mass M. The piston and the cylinder have equal
cross sectional area A. When the piston is in
equilibrium, the volume of the gas is V
0
and its
pressure is P
0
. The piston is slightly displaced
from the equilibrium position and released.
Assuming that the system is completely isolated
from its surrounding, the piston executes a simple
harmonic motion with frequency
1 AyP
0
(a)
2K ]J AyP
g
1 VqMPQ
2n A
2
y
(b)
2K V
0
M
(c)
< d >
2K V MV,
o
8. Let [GQ] denote the dimensional formula of the
permittivity of vacuum. If M = mass, L = length,
T = time and A = electric current, then
(a) [
0
] = [ M
1
L
2
r
1
A]
(b) [e
0
] = [M"
1
L"
3
T
2
A]
(c) [ G
0
] = [M"
1
L"
3
T
4
A
2
]
(d) [GQ] = [M"
1
L
2
T"
1
A'
2
]
2Pn
ii
i
> 1 r
I
o 2 v 0
The a b o v e p-v d i a g r a m r e p r e s e n t s t he
thermodynamic cycle of an engine, operating with
an ideal monoat omi c gas. The amount of heat,
extracted from the source in a single cycle is
(a) 4p
0
o
(b) p
0
v
0
<o i f PO
V
O
( d) ( y J / W o
10. A projectile is given an initial velocity of
(f+2/ )m/ s, where i is along the ground and j
is along the vertical. If g = 10 m/s
2
, the equation
of its trajectory is
(a) 4y = 2x - 25x
2
(b) y = x- 5x
2
(c) y = 2x - 5x^ (d) 4y = 2x-5x
z
11. A beam of unpolarised light of intensity I
0
is
passed t hrough a polaroid A and then through
another polaroid B which is oriented so that its
principal plane makes an angle of 45 relative to
that of A. The intensity of the emergent light is
(a) /
0
/8 (b) I
Q
( C) I
0
/2 (d) //4
12. A diode detector is used to detect an amplitude
modul at ed wave of 60% modulation by using a
condenser of capacity 250 pico farad in parallel
with a load resistance 100 kilo ohm. Find the
maxi mum modul at ed frequency which could be
detected by it.
(a) 5.31 kHz (b) 10.62 MHz
(c) 10.62 kHz (d) 5.31 MHz
13. The supply voltage to a room is 120 V. The
resistance of the lead wires is 6 Q. A 60 W bulb
is already switched on. What is the decrease of
voltage across the bulb, when a 240 W heater is
switched on in parallel to the bulb?
(a) 10.04 Volt (b) zero Volt
(c) 2.9 Volt (d) 13.3 Volt
14. A metallic rod of length ' /' is tied to a string of
length 21 and made to rotate with angular speed
CO on a horizontal table with one end of the string
fixed. If there is a vertical magnetic field 'B' in the
region, the e.m.f. induced across the ends of the
rod is
(a)
(b)
(c)
5Bwl
2
2B(ol
2
3 Bear
( d)
4Bco/
15. The magnetic field in a travelling electromagnetic
wave has a peak value of 20 nT. The peak value
of electric field strength is
(a) 12 V/m (b) 3 V/m
(c) 6 V/m (d) 9 V/m
16. A s onomet er wi r e of l engt h 1.5 m is ma de
of steel. The t ensi on in it pr oduces an elastic
strain of 1%. What is the fundament al frequency
of steel if densi t y and el ast i ci t y of steel are
7.7 x 10
3
kg/m
3
and 2.2 * 10" N/ m
2
respectively?
(a) 770 Hz (b) 188.5 Hz
(c) 178.2 Hz (d) 200.5 Hz
17. This question has Statement-I and Statement-II. Of
the four choices given after the Statements, choose
the one that best describes the two Statements.
Statement-I: A point particle of mass m moving
with speed v collides with stationary point particle
14 PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13
of mass M. If the maxi mum energy loss possible
is given as / [ - my* then / =
m
M + m
Statement-II: Maxi mum energy loss occurs when
the particles get stuck together as a result of the
collision.
(a) Statement-I is false, Statement-II is true.
(b) St at ement -I is t r ue, St at ement -II is t r ue,
St at ement - I I is a correct expl anat i on of
Statement-I.
(c) St at ement -I is t r ue, St at ement -II is t r ue,
Statement-II is not a correct explanation of
statement-I.
(d) Statement-I is true, Statement-II is false.
18. A charge Q is uni forml y distributed over a long
rod AB of length L as shown in the figure. The
electric potential at the point O lying at a distance
L from the end A is
AWfflBZMZSZmK
o
(a)
(c)
Ql n2
471 e
0
L
3 Q
4K e
0
L
(b)
(d)
Ql n2
8n e
0
L
Q
4j t e
0
L In 2
19. A uniform cylinder of length L and mass M having
cross-sectional area A is suspended, wi t h its
length vertical, from a fixed point by a massless
spring, such that it is half submerged in a liquid
of density a at equilibrium position. The extension
x
0
of the spring when it is in equilibrium is
Mg
(a) M
k I M
(c)
LAc\
M J
(b)
(d)
Mg(
1
LAo)
k I 2 M j
20.
Si s?
D
points
(d) semi-circles
Screen
(Here k is spring constant)
Two coherent point
sources Sj and S
2
are
s epar at ed by a smal l
di s t ance' d' as shown.
The fringes obtained on
the screen will be
(a) concentric circles (b)
(c) straight lines
21. A hoop of radius r and mass m rotating wi t h an
angular velocity co
0
is placed on a rough horizontal
surface. The initial velocity of the centre of the
hoop is zero. What will be the velocity of the
centre of the hoop when it ceases to slip?
26.
(a) m
0
(b)
r CON
"0 (
c
) (d)
r ( 0
o
4 3 2
22. The ampl i t ude of a damped oscillator decreases
to 0.9 t i mes its ori gi nal magni t ude in 5 s. In
another 10 s it will decrease to a times its original
magni t ude where a equals
(a) 0.6 (b) 0.7 (c) 0.81 (d) 0.729
23. Assume that a drop of liquid evaporates by decrease
in its sur f ace energy, so t hat its t emper at ur e
remains unchanged. What should be the mi ni mum
radi us of the dr op for this to be possible? The
surface tension is T, density of liquid is p and L
is its latent heat of vaporization.
^ (b) Bk
p L T
(d)
VP L P
L
24. What is the mi ni mum energy required to launch
a satellite of mass m from the surface of a planet
of mass M and radi us R in a circular orbit at an
altitude of 2R?
GmM .. , 5GmM
(a)
(c)
(a)
(c)
3 R
2 GmM
(b)
(d)
6 R
GmM
3 R 2R
25. In a hydrogen like atom electron makes transition
from an energy level wi t h quant um number n to
another wi t h quant um number (n - 1). If n > > 1,
the frequency of radiation emitted is proportional
to
1 1
, 3/ 2
(a) (b) (c) (d)
n n n
Two charges, each equal to q, are kept at x = - a
and x = a on the x-axis. A particle of mass m and
charge q
0
= ^ is placed at the origin. If charge
q
0
is given a small displacement (y < < a) along
the y-axis, the net force acting on the particle is
proportional to
(a) - I (b) y (c) - y (d) -
y y
27. If a piece of met al is heat ed to t emper at ur e 0
and then allowed to cool in a room whi ch is at
temperature 0
O
, the graph between the temperature
T of the metal and time t will be closed to
(a)
O
T
(b)
14 PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13
)
t
(C) 8
t
O
(d) e
0
o
28. Two capacitors C, and C
2
are charged to 120 V and
200 V respectively. It is found that by connecting
t hem together the potential on each one can be
made zero. Then
(a) 9C
1
= 4C
2
(b) 5CI = 3C
2
(c) 3Ci = 5C
2
(d) 3Q + 5C
2
= 0
29. The I-V characteristic of an LED is
(a)
(c) R
30. Di amet er of a pl ano-convex lens is 6 cm and
thickness at the centre is 3 mm. If speed of light
in material of lens is 2 x 10
s
m/s, the focal length
of the lens is
(a) 10 cm (b) 15 cm (c) 20 cm (d) 30 cm
SOLUTIONS
1. (a)
2. ( b) :
As field due to current loop 1 at an axial point
>2
B
1 =
-
2 (d
2
+R
2
)
3
'
2
Flux linked wi t h smaller loop 2 due to B
1
is
<t>2 =
B
1
A
2 = "
nr
2 (d
2
+R
2
)
3
'
2
The coefficient of mut ual i nduct ance bet ween
the loops is
M
_ $2 _ M
2
"
2
=
T ~
2 (d
2
+ R
2
)
3
'
2
Flux linked with bigger loop 1 is
= = TTK
2(d + R ) '
Substituting the given values, we get
4TI x I P'
7
x (20 x 10~
z
)
z
x 7t x (0.3 x 10"
2
)
2
x 2
2[(15 x 10~
2
)
2
+ (20 x 10"
2
)
2
]
3/ 2
4>i =
((), = 9.1 x 10~
n
weber
3. (d): The gr aph bet ween
angle of deviation(S) and
angle of incidence (i) for a
triangular prism is as shown
in the adjacent figure.
O
4. ( d) :
V
Hi
R
I K
C
uooooff^-
L
As switch S, is closed and switch S
2
is kept open.
Now, capacitor is charging through a resistor R.
Charge on a capacitor at any time t is
q = q
0
(l - e~
th
)
(j = CV(1
x
-tlv
[As q
0
= CV]
At t =
q = CV(1 - e~
x/2x
) = CV(1 - e'
V2
)
At t = x
q = CV(1 -
2x,
~
X,X
) = CV( 1-tT
1
)
At t
5.
q = CV(1 - e
_2t / T
) = CV(1 - e~
2
)
(c) : The situation is as shown in the figure.
N
b
h .
B,
B 2
N
o
N
As the point O lies on broad-side position with
respect to bot h the magnets. Therefore,
The net magnetic field at point O is
B
n e t = B j + B2 + B h
PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY 13 25
H
0
n
0
M
2
An
r
=
Ho
4jtr
3
(MJ + M
2
) + B
h
Substituting the given values, we get
- -
4 7 1 X 1 0
' [1.2 + 1] + 3.6 x 10~
5
ne t
471 x (10 x 10~
2
)
3
->-7
1 0 "
10
,-3
x 2.2+ 3. 6x10
-5
= 2.2 x 10"
4
+ 0.36 x 10"
4
= 2.56 x 10^ Wb/ m'
6. (a)
7. (d):
M
FBD of piston at equilibrium
PgA
Mg
P
3TM
A + Mg = PqA ...(i)
FBD of piston when piston is pushed down a
distance x
Mg (p
0
+ dP)A
(P
0
+ dP)A - (-P
atm
A + Mg) = M . . . ( i i )
As the system is completely isolated f r om its
surroundi ng therefore the change is adiabatic.
For an adiabatic process
PV
T
= constant
VdP + V^PdV = 0
yPdV
or dP =
dP =
V
yP
0
(Ax)
V
n
(v dV = Ax) ...(hi)
Using (i) and (iii) in (ii), we get
M ^ - ^ x or
dt
2
v
0
d
2
x
dt
2
i M :
MV
n
Compari ng it wi t h st andard equation of SHM,
d
2
x
dt
2
We get
2
= - (0 1
c o
2
= ^ I
MV
n
or co =
Y ^
MV
n
Frequency, x> =
1 yP
0
A
2
co
271 2TT V MV
r
o
8. (c) : According to Coulomb' s law
r =
_
1
fill
4ne
0 r
2
~~
F
r
2
[AT] [AT]
1
E
0J
_
7 7
[MLT"
2
][L]
2
9. (c):
4
2
Po
W
t
= [M
_1
L"
3
T
4
A
2
]
~ w
D
t;
2%
Heat is extracted f r om the source in pat h DA
and AB.
Along pat h DA, vol ume is constant. Hence,
AQ
da
= nC
v
AT = nC
v
(T
A
- T
D
)
According to ideal gas equation
pv
pv = nRT or T =
nR
For a monoat omi c gas, q = R
v
2
2
Po
v
o Po
v
o
nR
A
Q, DA
nR
~ 2 Po
v
o
Along the pat h AB, pressure is constant. Hence
AQ
ab
= nC
p
AT = nC
p
(T
B
- T
A
)
5
For monoat omi c gas, C
p
= R
2
Po
2v
o
2
P
0
vo
nR nR
10
= y W o
.. The amount of heat extracted from the source
in a single cycle is
A Q = A Q
DA
+ A Q
AB
3 10 13
= 2
p
o
v
o+ y ? W o = y Wo
10. (c) : Gi ven: u=i + 2j
A A
As u = u
x
i + u
y
j
:. u
r
= 1 and u = 2
2 6 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ?
i
Also x = u
x
t
1 2
and y = Uyt -gt
:. x = t
and 1/ = 2f - i x 10 x t
2
= 2f - 5f
2
s
2
Equation of trajectory is
y = 2x - 5x
2
.
11. (d): Intensity of light after passing polaroid A
is
1
2
Now this light will pass t hr ough the second
polaroid B whose axis is inclined at an angle of
45 to the axis of polaroid A. So in accordance
with Malus law, the intensity of light emerging
from polaroid B is
\2
I
2
= / j cos 45 =
-&)
J _
- k
12. (c) : The maxi mum f r equency whi ch can be
detected is
1
"0 =
2nm
a
x
where, x = CR
Here, C = 250 pico farad = 250 * 10~
12
farad
R = 100 kilo ohm = 100 * 10
3
ohm
m
a
= 0.6
1
U =
2;t x 0.6 x 250 x 10"
12
x 100 x 10
3
= 10.61 x 10
3
Hz = 10.61 kHz.
13. (a): As P = Yl
R
Heater
Here, the supply voltage is
taken as rated voltage.
.'. Resistance of bulb
_ 120 V x 120 V
B
~ 60 W
Resistance of heater, R
H
WW
6Q
Bulb
H '
120 V
= 240 Q
120 V x 120 V
= 60 Q
240 W
Voltage across bulb before heater is switched
on,
120 V x 240 Q
= 117.07 V
240 Q + 6 Q
As bulb and heater are connected in parallel.
Their equivalent resistance is
(240Q)(60n
) = 4 8 n
ec
i 240n + 6 0 0
.. Voltage across bulb after heater is switched
on
120 V . 4811
2
48 Q + 6 Q
Decrease in the voltage across the bulb is
\V = V
1
- V
2
= 10.41 V = 10.04 V
CO
21 ... I
M-
14. (a):
Consider a element of length dx at a distance x
from the fixed end of the string,
e.m.f. induced in the element is
dz = B(u>x)dx
Hence, the e.m.f. induced across the ends of the
rod is
31
31
- ~~[(3' )
2
- (2/)
2
]
21 2
e = J Bmxdx = But
21
_ 5B(ri
2
2
15. (c) : In electromagnetic wave, the peak value of
electric field (E
0
) and peak value of magnetic field
(B
0
) are related by
E
0
= B
0
c
E
0
= (20 x 10""
9
T) (3 x 10
8
m s"
1
) = 6 V/m
16. (c) : Fundamental frequency of vibration of wire
is
JL ll
2L\n
where L is the length of the wire, T is the tension
in the wire and ft is the mass per length of the
wire
As fi = pA
where p is the density of the material of the wire
and A is the area of cross-section of the wire.
' U - - ..
2L^pA
Here tension is due to elasticity of wire
T = YA
_ L _
. Stress
As y = =
Strain
_ TL "
~ AAL_
1 lYAL
2L' pL
i n
Here, Y = 2.2 x 10" N/m", p = 7.7 x 10
J
kg/m
J
= 0.01, L = 1.5 m
L
Cont. on Page No. 82
PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY 13 2 7
FOCUS
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TIPS FOR JEE Advanced, 2013:
PHYSICS (please see Tips on Mathematics in ' Mathematics
Today' & on Chemistry in ' Chemistry Today' )
1. Mechanics is one topic of Physics that is considered less
scoring by most experts. However to add to the dilemma
this is also the topic that forms the major portion of the
JEE (ADVANCE) in terms of marks. So this topic cannot be
neglected.
2. One must also try to concentrate on other scoring topics to
ensure a better performance, for example Optics, Electricity
and Magnetism, etc.
3. Kinematics and Particle dynamics are very important
topics of Mechanics that make regular appearance in the JEE
papers.
4. According to the general trends, Mechanics and Electricity
and Magnetism are the most important topics in terms of the
number of questions asked in JEE of previous years.
5. In the decreasing order of the marks they carry are listed
different topics of Physics according to their appearance in
previous year' s papers.
Mechanics and Electricity and Magnetism (Equal
importance)
Modern Physics
Optics
Heat and Thermodynamics and Waves and Sound
Measurement and errors
6. Thermodynamics is important from the terms of both
Physics and Chemistry so concentrate on that as well. It is
wise to cover Wave Optics first in ' Optics' topic. The reason
is that the portion is smaller compared to Ray Optics thus
quick to cover.
Cracki ng t he JEE (ADVANCED) 2013
"Stay focussed and maintain a positive attitude
"Develop speed. Refer to reputed mock-test series to build
a wi nni ng exam temperament. Solve the past year' s IIT-JEE
papers. Focus on your weak areas and improve upon your
concepts.
"Practise of JEE level questions is.necessary as it improves
your reasoning and analytical ability.
"Remember it is quality of time spent and not the quantity
alone. Hence give short breaks of 5 to 10 minutes every 1-2
hours of serious study. Completely relax when you take a
break. Practice meditation to develop inner calm, poise,
confidence and power of concentration.
"Don' t overstress yourself. Five to six hours of sleep every
night is a must, especially three-four days before IIT-JEE to
keep you physically and mentally fit. While short naps may
help to regain freshness, avoid over-sleeping during the day.
"Finally, don' t be nervous if you find the paper tough since
it is the relative performance that counts. Put your best
analytical mi nd to work, and believe in your preparation.
Authored by Ramesh Batlish, FIITjEE Expert
mm
2 8 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ?

NCERTXtract
1 / /
uestions f or NEET
GRAVITATION
l . Which of the following statements is correct?
(a) Acceleration due to gravity increases with
increasing altitude.
(b) Acceleration due to gravity increases with
increasing depth.
(c) Acceleration due to gravity increases with
increasing latitude.
(d) Acceleration due to gravity is independent
of the mass of the earth.
The potential energy of a system of four particles
each of mass m are placed at the vertices of a
square of side I is
sllGm
2
(a) -
(c) >/2G>
h
f ^ - i )
(b) -
2Gm
2 +
J _
42
(d)
I
2Gm
A
f ^ . 1
3.
4.
The earth is an approximate sphere. If the interior
contained matter which is not of the same density
everywhere, then on the surface of the earth, the
acceleration due to gravity
(a) will be directed towards the centre but not
the same everywhere.
(b) will have the same value everywhere but not
directed towards the centre.
(c) will be same ever ywher e in magni t ude
directed towards the centre.
(d) cannot be zero at any point.
A planet orbits the sun in an elliptical path as
shown in the figure. Let v
P
and v
A
be speed of
the pl anet when at peri hel i on and aphel i on
respectively. Which of the following relations is
correct?
Planet
P
Perihelion
>A
Aphelion
5.
P_ _
f
A \ "A
The t i me per i od T of t he moon of pl anet
mars (mass M
m
) is related to its orbital radius
jR as (G = Gravitational constant)
4TC
2
R
3
nn2 4k
2
GR
3
(a)
(c)
T
2
=
:
T
2
=
GM
m
In.R
3
G
M,
(b)
M
(d) T
2
= 4rcM
m
GR
3
6.
7.
Assuming that earth and mars move in circular
orbits around the sun, with the martian orbit
being 1.52 times the orbital radius of the earth.
The length of the martian year in days is
(a) (1.52)
2/3
x 365 (b) (1.52)
3
'
2
x 365
(c) (1.52)
2
x 365 (d) (1.52)
3
x 365
A satellite of mass m is in a circular orbit of
radi us 2R
E
about the earth. Energy required
to transfer it to a circular orbit of radius 4R
E
is
(where M
E
and R
E
is the mass and radius of the
earth respectively)
GMptn
(b)
GM
E
m
a)
E
2 R
E
(b)
4 R
E
GM
P
m
(d)
GM
E
m
GM
P
m
(d)
16 R

PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 2 9
8- Which of the following statements is true?
(a) A geost at i onary satellite goes ar ound the
earth in east-west direction.
(b) A geost at i onary satellite goes ar ound the
earth in west-east direction.
(c) The time-period of a geostationary satellite
is 48 hours.
(d) The angle between the equatorial plane and
the orbital plane of geostationary satellite is
90.
9. Two uniform solid spheres of equal radii R, but
mass M and 4M have a centre to centre separation
6R, as shown in figure. A projectile of mass m is
projected from the surface of the sphere of mass M
directly towards the centre of the second sphere.
The mi ni mum speed of the projectile so that it
reaches the surface of the second sphere is
6 R
(a)
4 GM
5 R
5 GM
V Vl l T
,
x
3 GM
( c )
I S I R
(d)
5 GM
3 R
10. The time interval between two successive noon
when sun passes through zenith point (meridian)
is known as
(a) sidereal day (b) mean solar day
(c) solar year (d) lunar mont h
11- An object of mass m is raised from the surface of
the earth to a height equal to the radius of the
earth. The gain in its potential energy is
(where R
E
is the radius of the earth)
(a) mR
E
( c ) ~ m g R
E
(b) - mgR
E
(d) | mgR
E
12. A satellite is to be placed in equatorial geostationary
orbit around earth for communication. The height
of such a satellite is
[M

= 6 x 10
24
kg, R
E
= 6400 km, T = 24 h,
G = 6.67 x 10~
n
N m
2
kg~
2
]
(a) 3.59 x 10
5
m (b) 3.59 x 10
6
m
(c) 3.59 x 10
7
m (d) 3.59 x 10
8
m
A system of four particles each of mass m is placed
at the vertices of a square of side I. The potential
at the centre of the square is
(a)
(c) - 2 ^
(b)
(d) -4V2
Gm
~T
14. The escape velocity from the surface of the earth
is
(where R
E
is the radius of the earth)
(a) (b) JgR^
(c) 2j gR
E
(d) fiK
15. A body weighs 63 N on the surface of the earth.
What is the gravitational force on it due to the
earth at a height equal to half the radi us of the
earth?
(a) 24 N (b) 28 N (c) 32 N (d) 36 N
16. In consi deri ng mot i on of an object under the
gravitational influence of another object. Which
of the following quantities is not conserved?
(a) Angular moment um
(b) Mass of an object
(c) Total mechanical energy
(d) Linear moment um
17. In our solar system, the inter-planetary region has
chunks of matter (much smaller in size compared
to planets) called asteroids. They
(a) will not move around the sun since they have
very small masses compared to sun.
(b) will move in an i rregul ar way because of
their small masses and will drift away into
outer space.
(c) will move around the sun in closed orbits
but not obey Kepler' s laws.
(d) will move in orbits like pl anet s and obey
Kepler' s laws.
18- A rocket is fired from the earth towards the sun.
At what distance from the earth' s centre is the
gravitational force on the rocket zero?
[Mass of the sun = 2 * 10
30
kg, mass of the earth
= 6 x 10
24
kg, orbital radius = 1. 5* 10" m]
(a) 2.6 x 10
4
kg (b) 2.6 x 10
6
kg
(c) 2.6 x 10
8
kg (d) 2.6 x 10
10
kg
19. Two spheres each of mass M and radi us R are
separated by a distance of r. The gravitational
potential at the mi dpoi nt of the line joining the
centres of the spheres is
, , GM
(a)
r
(b)
2GM
(c) -
GM
2r
(d) -
4GM
3 0
PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ?
20.
21.
22.
24.
A satellite is in an elliptic orbit around the earth
with aphelion of 6R
E
and perihelion of 2R
E
, where
R
E
is the radius of the earth.
The eccentricity of the orbit is
1 1 1
3
( C)
J
( d )
6
In the question number 20, the ratio of the velocity
of the satellite at apogee and perigee is
1
6
(a) v /
2
(b)
<b) 1
v
' 3
(d)
The gravitational force between a hollow spherical
shell (of radi us R and uni form density) and a
point mass is F.
Which of the fol l owi ng graphs represent s the
variation of F with r where r is the distance of
the point from the centre of the hollow spherical
shell of uni form density.
F
t
(a)
(c)
(b)
23.
An ast ronaut experiences wei ght l essness in a
space satellite. It is because
(a) the gravitational force is small at that location
in space.
(b) the gravitational force is large at that location
in space.
(c) the astronaut experiences no gravity.
(d) the gravitational force is infinitely large at
that location in space.
Three masses each of
ma s s m ar e pl aced
at t he vertices of an
equi l at er al t r i angl e
ABC of side I as shown
in f i gur e. The force
acting on a mass 2m
placed at the centroid
O of the triangle is
*-x
(a) zero
(c) -
6Gm
2
r
(b)
(d)
6Gm
2
o
Gm
2
*
25.
A satellite of mass m orbits the earth at a height h
above the surface of the earth. How much energy
must be expended to rocket the satellite out of
earth' s gravitational influence?
(where M
E
and R
E
be mass and radius of the earth
respectively)
(a)
(c)
GM
E
m
4 (R
E
+h)
GM
E
m
(b)
(d)
GM
E
m
2(R

+/i)
2 GM
E
m
26.
(.R
E
+h) ' ' (
R
E
+h
)
Two stars each of mass M are approaching each
other for a head-on collision. When they are at a
distance r, their speeds are negligible. The radius
of each star is R(r >> R). The speed which they
collide is
(a)
(c)
(b)
(d)
2 GM
R
27. Different points in earth are at slightly different
di st ances f r om the sun and hence experience
different forces due to gravitation. For a rigid
body, we know that if various forces act at various
points in it, the resultant motion is as if a net force
acts on the centre of mass causing translation
and a net torque at the centre of mass causing
rotation around an axis through the centre of mass.
For the eart h-sun syst em (approxi mat i ng the
earth as a uni form density sphere)
(a) the torque is zero.
(b) the torque causes the earth to spin.
(c) the rigid body result is not applicable since
the earth is not even approximately a rigid
body.
(d) the torque causes the earth to move around
the sun.
28.
A comet orbits the sun in a highly elliptical orbit.
Which of the following quantities remains constant
t hroughout its orbit?
(i) Linear speed
(ii) Angular speed
(iii) Angular moment um
(iv) Kinetic energy
(v) Potential energy
(vi) Total energy
(a) (i), (ii), (iii) (b)
(c) (iii) and (vi) (d)
(iii), (iv), (v)
(ii), (iii) and (vi)
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13 3 1
29. Match the following.
For a satellite in circular orbit,
33.
Column I Column II
(A) Kinetic energy
(P)
GM
E
m
2 r
(B)
Potential energy
(q)
GM
E
V r
(C)
Total energy
(r)
GM
E
M
r
(D) Orbi t al vel oci t y
(s)
GM
E
m
2 r
(where M

is the mass of the earth, m is mass of


the satellite and r is the radius of the orbit)
(a) A - r, B - s, C - q, D - p
(b) A - q, B - p, C - r, D - s
(c) A - p, B - q, C - s, D - r
(d) A - s, B - r, C - p, D - q
30. Which of the following statements is incorrect
regarding the gravitational force?
(a) The gravitational force is dependent of the
intervening medi um.
The gravi t at i onal force is a conservat i ve
force.
The gravitational force is a central force,
(d) The gravi t at i onal force obeys the inverse
square law.
31. What is the angle between the equatorial plane
and the orbital plane of polar satellite?
(a) 0 (b) 45 (c) 90 (d) 180
32. Particles of masses 2M, m and M are respectively
at poi nt s A, B and C wi t h AB = 1/2(BC). M is
much-much smaller than M and at time t = 0,
they are all at rest. At subsequent times before
any collision takes place
A B C
(b)
(c)
2 M M
(a) m will remain at rest.
(b) m will move towards M.
(c) m will move towards 2M.
(d) m will have oscillatory motion.
The escape velocity of a body f r om the eart h
depend on
(i) the mass of the body.
(ii) the location from where it is projected.
(iii) the direction of projection.
(iv) the height of the location from where the
body is launched.
(a) (i) and (ii) (b) (ii) and (iv)
(c) (i) and (iii) (d) (iii) and (iv)
34. The escape speed of a body on the earth' s surface
is 11.2 km s"
1
. A body is projected with twice of
this speed. The speed of the body when it escapes
the gravitational pull of earth is
(a) 11.2\/3 km s
_1
(b) 11.2 km s"
1
11 2
(c) II.2V2 km s
_ 1
(d) -4=- km s
_1
V2
35. As observed from earth, the sun appears to move
in an approximate circular orbit. For the motion
of another planet like mercury as observed from
earth, this woul d
(a) be similarly true.
(b) not be true because the force between earth
and mercury is not inverse square law.
(c) not be true because the major gravitational
force on mercury is due to sun.
(d) not be true because mercury is influenced by
forces other than gravitational forces.
SOLUTIONS
1. (c) : Acceleration due to gravity at a altitude h
above the earth' s surface is
SH=I
2h
Rr
...(i)
where g is the acceleration due to gravity on the
earth' s surface and R
E
is the radi us of the earth.
Eq. (i) shows that acceleration due to gravity
decreases with increasing altitude.
Acceleration due to gravity at a dept h d below
the earth' s surface is
1 - i -
R
EJ
...(ii)
Eq. (ii) shows that acceleration due to gravity
decreases with increasing depth.
Acceleration due to gravity at latitude A.
gx = g - RE
2
COS
2
X ...(iii)
where co is the angular speed of rotation of the
earth.
Eq. (iii) shows that acceleration due to gravity
increases with increasing latitude.
Acceleration due to gravity of body of mass m is
placed on the earth' s surface is
...(iv)
gm

Rl
Eq. (iv) shows that acceleration due to gravity
is i ndependent of the mass of the body but it
depends upon the mass of the earth.
32 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY 13
j
(b):
From figure
AB = BC = CD = AD = /
AC = BD = 2
Total pot ent i al energy of the system of four
particles each of mass m placed at the vertices
A, B, C and D of a square is
Gxm xm
U =
Gxmxm^ ( Gxmxm
' AB )
+
l AC
Gxmxm
BC
Gxmxm
BD
M-
M-
AD
Gxmxm
CD
Gm
2
Gm
2
Gm
2
f i A
Gm
2
/
V /
+
I ^ J
+
/
V
+
I
\
Z\
4 Gm
2
2Gm
2
i f l
Gm
2Gm ( 1
r
(d)
(a): Angular moment um of planet at P,
L
P
= m
p
v
P
r
P
where m
p
is the mass of the planet.
Angular moment um of planet at A,
L
a
= m
p
v
A
r
A
According to the law of conservation of angular
moment um
L
P
= L
a
m
v
v
P
r
P
= m
p
v
A
r
A
'A
U
P
(a): Time period, T =
2nR 2nR
3/ 2
GM
m
JGM
R
where the symbols have their meaning as given
in the question.
Squaring both sides, we get
47t
2
R
3
T
2
=-
GM
6. (b): According to Kepler's third law
M
T
2
R
MS
R
6
ix
ES
where R
MS
is the mars-sun distance and R
ES
is
the earth-sun distance.
\ 3/ 2
R
MS
R
ES
:. T
m
= (1.52)
3/2
x 365 days
7. (c) : Initial energy of the satellite is
GM
F
m
,=
' 4R
e
Final energy of the satellite is
E
r -
GM
E
m
Change in energy, AE = Ef - ,
A = -
GM
E
m GM
E
m
\
8R
E
{ 4R
e /
GM
E
m GM
E
m GM
E
m
8 R
E
4 R
e
8R
e
8. (b): A geostationary satellite goes around the
earth in west-east direction.
The time period of a geostationary satellite is
24 hours.
The angle between the equatorial plane and the
orbital plane of geostationary satellite is 0.
9. (c) :
W- -M
6 R
Let the projectile be fired with minimum velocity,
v from the surface of sphere of mass M to reach
the surface of sphere of mass 4M. Let N be
neutral point at a distance r from the centre of
the sphere of mass M.
At neutral point N,
GMm _ G(4M)w
r
2
(6 R-i)
2
(6R - r)
2
= 4r
2
6R - r = 2r or r = 2R or -6R
The point r = -6R does not concern us.
Thus, ON = r = 2R.
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13 3 3
It is sufficient to project the projectile with a speed
which would enable it to reach N. Thereafter, the
greater gravitational pull of 4M woul d suffice.
The mechanical energy at the surface of M is
GMm G(4M)m
1 2
mv -
2 R 5 R
At the neutral point N, the speed approaches zero.
The mechanical energy at N is
GMm G(4M)m _ GMm GMm
2R 4 R 2R R~
According to law of conservation of mechanical
energy,
1 2
- mv -
2
Ef - E
n
GMm 4 GMm GMm GMm
2
2 GM
v =
R
R
4 _ 1
5 2
5 R
3 GM
5 R
2 R R
or v =
3 GM Y
5 R J
,1/2
10. (b): Mean solar day is the time interval between
two successive noon when sun passes t hrough
zenith point (meridian).
11. (b): Gravitational potential energy at any point
at a distance r from the centre of the earth is
11 =
GM
E
m
where M

and m be masses of earth and object


respectively.
At the surface of the earth, r = R
E
U
1 =
~
GM
v
m
Rr
At a height h from the surface,
r = R
E
+ h = R
E
+ R
E
= 2R
E
U
2
=
GM
E
m
~2R
r
Increase in potential energy is
AU=U
2
- UJ
GM
E
m
~~2RT'
GMptn
GM
E
m
R?
= 2
m
S
R
E
1 | _ GM
E
m
2 2R
P
GM,
R
P
2
12. (c) : Time period of satellite,
2k(R
e
+h) _ 2K(R
E
+hf'
2
T = -
GM
E
j(R
E
+h)
JGM
e
Squaring both sides, we get
T = -
r 2
_47i
2
( R
E
+/ z)
3
GMr
3 _ GM
E
T
Z
(R
E
W=
A 2
471
(.R
E
+h) =
GM
F
T
Z
\l/3
h =
GM
F
T-
4K
,\l/3
4K
z
-Rv
Here, M

= 6 x 10
24
kg
R
e
= 6400 km = 6400 x 10
3
m = 6.4 x 10
6
m
T = 24 h = 24 x 60 x 60 s = 86400 s
G = 6.67 x 10~
u
N m
2
kg-
2
On substituting the given values, we get
6. 67xl 0
_ 1 1
x6xl 0
2 4
x(86400)
2
^
4x(3.14)
- 6.4 x 10
= 4.23 x 10
7
- 6.4 x 10
6
= 3.59 x 10
7
m
m
Dfr
13. (d):
m
From figure,
OA = OB = OC = OD =
+ l
l
isfi _ i
:
2
V
Gm \
OA J
+
Pot ent i al at cent r e O due t o gi ven ma s s
configuration is
GOT"| f_Gm) f Gm)
OB J
+
[ OC J
+
[ OD J
IN2 I
14. (a): The escape velocity from the surface of the
earth is
2 GM
C
Rr
GMr
R
E
15. (b): Weight of body on the surface of the earth
= mg = 63 N
Acceleration due to gravity at height h is
Re
h
~(R
E+
hf
gRl
' R
1x2
2
3 4 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ?
!
Gravitational force on body at height h is
4 4 4
F = mg
h
= m x -g = - x mg = - x 63 N = 28 N.
16. (d): Linear moment um is not conserved.
17. (d)
18. (c) : Here, M
s
= 2 x 10
30
kg, r = 1.5 * 10
11
m
M
e
= 6 x 10
24
kg
Let at a distance x from the earth' s centre where
the gravitational forces on the rocket due to sun
and earth become equal and opposite. If m is the
mass of the rocket, then
GM
E
m
ME
=
x
2
6 x 1 0
_ GMgtn
~ (r-x)
2
Mr
( r - x )
2
,24
2 x 1 0
(r-x)
2
30
r-x
x
1 = 1
2 x 1 0
,30
1/2
6 x 10
10
3
rS
24
J x l O
6
,1/2
1 . 5 x l O
n
V3
V^+10
3
V3 + 10
3
2.6 x 10 m
19. (d):
Let P is the mi dpoi nt of the line joining the centres
of the spheres.
The gravitational potential at point P is
GM GM 2 GM 2GM 4GM
V
B
=
r/2 r/2
20. (a):
Satellite
Perihelion
1
Aphelion
Here, r
A
= 6R
E
, r
P
= ?R
E
The eccentricity of the orbit is
e =
6R

- 2R

6R

+ 2R
E
/ r
21. (b): According to law of conservation of angular
moment um
Angular moment um at perigee = Angular
moment um at apogee
mvptp = mv
A
r
A
...
=
Vp r
A
6 R
E
3
22. (b): F = 0 for r < R
F
k
4 for r > R
r
Hence, option (b) represents the correct graph.
23. (c) : An ast r onaut experi ences weightlessness
in a space satellite. It is because the astronaut
experiences no gravity.
24. (a):
>x
B
E
C
Refer figure, ZCBO = 30
AO= AE = - x Zsin60
3 3
2 . S I
= - x I x = j=
3 2 V3
BO = CO = AO = 4=
v3
The angl e bet ween OC and positive x-axis is
30 and so the angle between OB and negative
x-axis. Then,
Force acting on mass 2m at O due to mass m
at A is
F
OA~
Gm(2m) 0 6 Gm
2
*
( n S y
- ]
1
l
-]
Force acting on mass 2m at O due to mass m
at B is
Gm(2m)
a
*
F
ob
=
K
r
(-1 cos 30 - ; sin 30)
( l / S )
2
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13 3 5
Force acting on mass 2m at O due to mass m
at C is
f oc =
G m (
^ c o s 3 0 - / s i n 3 0 )
(//V3)
2
Resultant force on a mass 2m at O is
f
R ~
F
OA
+F
OB
+F
OC
6Gm 6Gm
( - i cos 30 - ; sin 30)
6Gm
(i cos 30- ; sin 30)
= 0.
25. (b): Total energy of orbiting satellite at a height h is
GM
E
m
=
~2(R
E
+h)
The total energy of the satellite at infinity is
zero.
Energy expended to rocket the satellite out
of the earth's gravitational field is
AE = - E
= 0 -
GM
E
m
2{R
E
+h)
GM
E
m
2 (R
E
+h)
26. (b): Since the speeds of the stars are negligible
when they are at a distance r, hence the initial
kinetic energy of the system is zero. Therefore,
the initial total energy of the system is
E,=KE+PE
GMM \ GM
2
r 'J r
where M represents the mass of each star and r
is initial separation between them.
When two stars collide their centres will be at a
distance twice the radius of a star i.e., 2R.
Let v is the speed with which two stars collide.
Then total of the system at the instant of their
collision is given by
E
f
= 2x
( H
GMM
2 R
= Mv
z
GM
' 2 R
According to law of conservation of mechanical
energy,
Mv
2
-
GM GM
2 R
or v
z
=GM
As r>> R
(2R r)
GM(r-2R)
2Rr
2 GMr
v = or = ,
2 Rr
27. (a)
28. (c) : All quant i t i es vary over an orbit except
angular moment um and total energy.
GM
p
m
29. (d): Kinetic energy =
2 r
GM
c
m
A - s
Potential energy =
B - r
Total energy
C - p
Orbital velocity = , I^MK
GM
E
m
D - q
30. (a): The gravitational force is independent of the
intervening medi um. In other words the force
between two masses remains the same whether
they are in air, vacuum, water or separated by a
brick wall.
31. (c) : The angle between the equatorial plane and
the orbital plane of polar satellite is 90.
32. (c)
33. (b): The escape velocity is independent of mass
of the body and the direction of projection. It
depends upon the gravitational potential at the
point from where the body is launched. Since this
potential depends slightly on the latitude and
height of the point, the escape velocity depends
slightly on these factors.
34. (a): Let v the speed of the body when it escapes
the gravitational pull of the earth and u be speed of
projection of the body from the earth's surface.
According to law of conservation of mechanical
energy,
1
1 2
-mu
2
GM
E
m
Rr
mv
2
- 0
where m and M
E
be masses of the body and earth
respectively and R
E
is the radius of the earth.
or v
2 GM
E
m
R
P
2 2
V = U-
2GM,
' = ^ '
2
- v
2
=^/(2 v
e
)
2
-v
2
i S v =11. 2V3km s"
1
35. (c)
3 6 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
j
i
TARGET
PMTs
PRACTICE QUESTIONS
A small mass attached
to a string rotates on
a frictionless table
top as shown. If the
tension in the string is
increased by pulling
the string causing
the radius of the circular motion to decrease by a
factor of 2, the kinetic energy of the mass will
(a) remain constant
(b) increase by a factor of 2
(c) increase by a factor of 4
(d) decrease by a factor of 2
In the given network of resistances, the effective
resistance between A and B is
MA/WV
4 R
(a) -R
3
(b) -R
3
(c) 5R (d) 8R
3. Six moles of 0
2
gas is heated from 20C to 35C
at constant vol ume. If specific heat capacity
at const ant pr essur e is 8 cal mol"
1
K"
1
and
R = 8.31 J moH K
-1
. What is the change in internal
energy of the gas?
(a) 180 cal (b) 300 cal
(c) 360 cal (d) 540 cal
[Angular momentum]
4. The dimensions of
(a) [M
3
LT~
2
A
2
]
(c) [ML
2
A"
2
T]
[Magnetic moment]
(b) [MA
_1
T~
X
]
(d) [M
2
L~
3
AT
2
]
are
5.
Useful for
UP-CPMT,
J & K CET,
Karnataka CET,
CMC Vellore,
AMU, AHMS,
WB JEE,
MGMCET
The following diagram indicates the energy levels
of a certain atom when the system moves from 4E
level to E. A photon of wavelength A., is emitted.
The wavelength of photon produced during its
7
transition from - level to E is K
2
- The ratio -
1
-
will be
3
2
4
18
(a)
6.
9 4 3 7
- (b) 7T (c) - (d) -
4 9
w
2 3
Five forces inclined at an angle of 72 to each other
are acting on a particle of mass m placed at origin
of co-ordinates. Four forces are of magnitude
F
1
and one of F
2
. The resulting acceleration of
particle is
(a)
F, - K
1 (b)
(c) (d)
f
2
- 4 F
x
7.
8.
9.
m m m
Two identical piano wires, kept under the same
t ensi on T have a f undament al frequency of
600 Hz. The fractional increase in the tension of
one of the wire which will lead to occurence of
6 beats when both the wires oscillate together
would be
(a) 0.02 (b) 0.03 (c) 0.04 (d) 0.01
Of the following, human eyes are most sensitive
to
(a) red light (b) violet light
(c) blue light (d) green light
Let A and B be the points respectively above and
below the earth's surface each at a distance equal to
half the radius of the earth. If the acceleration due
to gravity at these points be g
A
and g
B
respectively
then g
B
: g
A
is
(a) 1 : 1 (b) 9 : 8 (c) 8 : 9 (d) zero
PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 3 7
10. A p-n-p transistor having AC current gain of 50 is
used to make an amplifier of a voltage gain of 5.
What will be the power gain of the amplifier?
(a) 125 (b) 178 (c) 250 (d) 354
11. Two point charges +8q and -2cj are located at
x = 0 and x = L respectively. The location of a
point on the x axis at which the net electric field
due to these two point charges is zero is
(a) 4L (b) 8L (c) J (d) 2L
12. The concept of temperature to measure hotness
or coldness of a body is consequence of
(a) Joule's law
(b) first law of thermodynamics
(c) Newton' s law of cooling
(d) zeroth law of thermodynamics
13. A hollow copper t ube of 5 m length has got
external diameter equal to 10 cm and its walls
are 5 mm thick. The specific resistance of copper
is 1.7 x 10~
8
Q m. The resistance of the copper
tube is approximately
(a) 5.6 x 10-
3
Q (b) 5.6 x 10~
9
2
(c) 5.6 x 10-
5
Q (d) 5.6 x 10"
7
2
14. A particle is dropped from point A at a certain
height from ground. It falls freely and passes
through three points B, C and D with BC = CD.
The time taken by the particle to move from B
to C is 2 s and from C to D is 1 s. The time taken
to move from A to B is
(a) 0.5 s (b) 1.5 s (c) 0.75 s (d) 0.25 s
15. A car is movi ng on a circular level road of
curvature 300 m. If the coefficient of friction is
0.3 and acceleration due to gravity is 10 m s~
2
,
the maximum speed of the car can be
(a) 90 km Ir
1
(b) 81 km hr
1
(c) 108 km Ir
1
(d) 162 km h"
1
16. The gas in a vessel is subjected to a pressure of
20 atmosphere at a temperature 27C. The pressure
of the gas in the vessel after one half of the gas
is released from the vessel and the temperature
of the remainder is raised by 50C, is
(a) 8.5 atm (b) 10.8 atm
(c) 11.7 atm (d) 17 atm
17. Same current I is flowing in three infinitely long
wires along positive x, y and z directions. The
magnetic field at a point (0, 0, -a) would be
(a)
(c)
i V .
In a
j V
27t a
a - i)
(i-i)
(b)
(d)
M
2tza
M
' 2na
(i + j+rk)
18. A projectile is fired at an angle of 30 to the
horizontal such that the vertical component of its
initial velocity is 80 m s
_1
. Its time to flight is T.
T
Its velocity at f = has a magnitude of nearly
4
(a) 124 ms"
1
(b) 134 ms "
1
(c) 144 m s"
1
(d) 154 m s"
1
19. Two identical thin rings, each of radi us a are
placed coaxially at a distance a apart. Let charges
Qi and Q
2
be placed uniformly on the two rings.
The work done in moving a charge c\ from the
centre of one ring to that of the other is
(a) zero
(b) ^ - ( Q i - Q z )
(c)
<7(^2-1)
47ie
0
fl
<?(V2-1)
47I,
Q2) ( ) 4KEqU (Q1-Q2)
20. A magnet of length 0.1 m and pole st rengt h
10"^ Am is kept in a magnetic field of 30 Wb m~
2
at an angle of 30. The couple acting on it is
(a) 7.5 x 10-
4
N m (b) 1.5 x 10"
4
N m
(c) 4.5 x 10"
4
N m (d) 6.0 x 10"
4
N m
21. A point performs simple harmonic oscillation of
period T and the equation of motion is given by
x = asin(o)f + rt/6). After the elapse of what fraction
of time period the velocity of the point will be
equal to half of its maximum velocity?
T T T T
(a) - (b) (c) - (d) i
3 12 8 6
22. The angular moment um of an electron in the
hydrogen atom is . Here, h is Planck's constant.
2tc
The kinetic energy of this electron is
(a) 4.35 eV (b) 1.51 eV
(c) 3.4 eV (d) 6.8 eV
23. For the arrangement shown in the figure, the
tension in the string is
[Given : tan"
1
(0.8) = 39]
m = 1 kg
(a) 6 N (b) 6.4 N
(c) 0.4 N (d) zero
24- The voltage time (V-t) graph for a triangular wave
having peak Value Vj) is as shown in figure. The
rms value of V is
3 8 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ?
(a)
Vn
Vn
(b) y (c) (d)
Ys.
s
25. Four metallic plates each with a surface area of
one side A are placed at a distance d from each
other as shown in figure. The capacitance of the
system is
0 ^ ( 0 ^ (, ^
d d
26. An object is di spl aced f r om posi t i on vector
A A A A
r
x
= (2i + 3j)m to r
2
= (4i + 6; ) m under a force
r\ A A
F = (3x i + 2y j) N. The work done by this force
is
(a) 63 J (b) 73 J (c) 83 J (d) 93 J
27. If the velocity of the particle is increased three
t i mes, t hen t he per cent age decr ease in its
de Broglie wavelength will be
(a) 33.3% (b) 66.6%
(c) 99.9% (d) 133.2%
28. The electrical analog of a spring constant k is
(a) L (b) - (c) C
(d)
1
L - ,
C
29. If power dissipated in the 9 2 resistor in the
circuit shown is 36 W, the potential difference
across the 2 Q resistor is
90
-WA-
6 1
-VWV-
a
WA-
I H'
v
(a) 4 V (b) 8 V (c) 40 V (d) 2 V
30. A steel ball is dropped on a hard surface from a
height of 1 m and rebounds to a height of 64 cm.
The maximum height attained by the ball after
n
th
bounce is (in m) (}-\j >
9 m
i t
(a) (0.64)
2

IO
f
(c) (0.5)
2
ai fchmMf,-
(d) (0.8)"
31. Four simple harmoni c vibrations x
t
= 8sincof,
x
3
= 4sin(cot + rt) and x
2
= 6si n cot h
2
n I 3n
x
4
= 2 sin | at + are superimposed on each
other. The resulting ampl i t ude and its phase
difference with x
t
are respectively
(a) 20, tan-' j i j (b) 4 ^ 2 , -
(c) 20, tan"
1
(2) (d) 4V2, -
4
32. 200 g of a solid ball at 20C is dropped in an
equal amount of water at 80C. The resulting
t emperat ure is 60C. This means that specific
heat of solid is
(a) one-fourth of water (b) one-half of water
(c) twice of water (d) four times of water
33. The length of a potentiometer wire is I. A cell of
emf e is balanced at a length 1/5 from the positive
end of the wire. If length of the wire is increased
by 1/2, at what distance will the same cell given
a balance point.
(a) I (b) (c) I (d) 1
15 15
w
10 10
34. A uniform thin bar of mass 6m and length 12L is
bent to make a regular hexagon. Its moment of
inertia about an axis passing through the centre of
mass and perpendicular to the plane of hexagon
is
(a) 20mL
2
(b) 6ml
2
(c) ml
1
(d) 30mL
2
5
35. A ray of light passes through an equilateral prism
such that angle of incidence is equal to the angle
of emergence and the latter is equal to [
3
of prism. The angle of deviation is
(a) 45 (b) 39 (c) 20 (d) 30
0
I angle
36. A light rod of length 2 m / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /
Brass
suspended from the ceiling
horizontally by means of
two vertical wires of equal
length. A weight W is hung
from a light rod as shown
in figure.
The rod hung by means of steel wire of cross-
sectional area A
1
= 0.1 cm
2
and brass wire of
cross-sectional area A
z
= 0.2 cm
2
. To have equal
stress in both wires,
1 _
(a) i
;
3+
(b) (c) (d)
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13 3 9
37. In the circuit shown below, the key K is closed
at t = 0. The current through the battery is
K
-Troootnr-
Ri
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
at t
Rn
0 and
V
at t 0 and
-WA
V(Ri + R
2
)
R,R
2
VR, R
2
at f = <*>
JrI+RI
at t = oo
v(.Ri + R
2
)
R
L
+ R
2
at t = 0 and atf =
VR, R, , v
1
a t t = 0 and at t =
Jrf+Rl
R->
38. A force of 200 N is required to push a car of mass
500 kg slowly at constant speed on a level road.
If a force at 500 N is applied, the acceleration of
the car will be
(a) zero (b) 0.2 m s"
2
(c) 0.5 ms"
2
(d) 1.0 m s
2
39. A particle of mass 1 x 10~
26
kg and charge
1.6 x 10~
19
C travelling with a velocity 1.28 x 10
6
m s"
1
along the positive x-axis enters a region in which
a uniform electric field and a uniform magnetic
field B are present. If E = -102.4 x 10
3
k N C"' and
-7
A
-9
B = 8 x 10 j Wb m the direction of motion of
the particle is
(a) along the positive x-axis
(b) along the negative x-axis
(c) at 45 to the positive x-axis
(d) at 135 to the positive x-axis
40. The power obt ai ned in a reactor usi ng U
235
disintegration is 1000 kW. The mass decay of
U
235
per hour is
(a) 10 ^g (b) 20 ng (c) 40 ng (d) 1 ng
41. A charge Q is enclosed by a gaussian spherical
surface of radius R. If the radius is doubled, then
the outward electric flux will
(a) increase four times (b) be reduced to half
(c) remain the same (d) be doubled
42. A body is projected vertically upwards from the
surface of a planet of radius R with a velocity
equal to the escape velocity for that planet.
The maximum height attained by the body is
R R
(b) T (c)
, . R
(a)
' 2
(d) ?
3
v
' 5
43. A metal rod of Young's modulus Y and coefficient
of thermal expansion a is held at its two ends such
that its length remains invariant. If its temperature
is raised by fC, the linear stress developed in it is
(a) - f (b) ^ (c) Yat (d)
Y at (Yat)
44. If T denotes the temperature of the gas, the volume
thermal expansion coefficient of an ideal gas at
constant pressure is
(a) T (b) T
2
(c) | (d) ~
45. Water rises in a capillary t ube to a height of
2 cm. In another capillary tube whose radius is
one third of it, how much the water will rise ?
(a) 2 cm (b) 4 cm (c) 6 cm (d) 8 cm
46. Energy required to break one bond in DNA is
(a) 10-
10
J (b) 10~
18
J (c) 10~
7
J (d) 10~
20
J
47. A ray of light strikes a silvered surface inclined to
another one at an angle of 90. Then the reflected
ray will turn through
(a) 0
45
90
180
(b)
(c)
(d)
M,
M,
48. An open and a closed pipe have same length.
The ratio of frequencies of their n
th
overtone is
n + 1
(a)
n+1
2n+l
(b)
2(w+l)
2n+l
(c)
2n+l
(d)
2 n
49. An optical fibre communication system works on a
wavelength of 1.3 jim. The number of subscribers
it can feed if a channel requires 20 kHz are
(a) 2.3 x 10
10
(b) 1.15 x 10
10
(c) 1 x 10
5
(d) 2.3 x 10
14
50. A gas is expanded from volume V
0
to 2V under
three different processes as shown in the figure.
Process 1 is isobaric process, process 2 is isothermal
and process 3 is adiabatic. Let A(ij, Aii
2
and AU
3
be the change in internal energy of the gas in
these three processes. Then
P4
1
4 0 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ?
(a) Afij > AU
2
> All
3
(b) AL
T
! < AU
2
< AU
3
(c) AU
2
< ALZj < AU
3
(d) AU
2
< AU
3
< AU,
SOLUTIONS
(c) : Kinetic energy of rotation,
K = H O ^ I ^ )
2
-
1
*
2
2
1 L
2 I 2 I 2 (mr
2
)
(v L = 7(0)
K
K'
1 L .
- j (As is constant during rotation)
= 4
* ( r / 2)
2
or K' = 4K
Thus kinetic energy of mass increases by a factor
of 4.
(a): MAAA/V .
ARC
In t he gi ven ne t wor k CDBE is a ba l a nc e d
Wheatstone bridge. Thus, the resistance connected
across DE becomes ineffective. The equivalent
circuit is as shown in figure.
MMMf
A R
-AMAAr
A R
MAAAAr
A R
2 R
-WWV-
2 R
-<WWV-
-WAAr-
. 2R
-
J
WV\Ar
B
Hence, the equivalent resistance bet ween A and
B is
q
3 3
(d): Here, N = 6, C
P
= 8 cal mol
1
K
1
R = 8.31 J mol-
1
K"
1
= 2 cal mol"
1
K"
1
As C
P
- C
V
= R
6.
7.
Cy Cp - R
= 8 cal mol"
1
K"
1
- 2 cal mo H K-
1
= 6 cal mol"
1
K
1
Change in internal energy of the gas is
AU = nC
v
AT = 6 x 6 x 15 = 540 cal
4. (b):
[Angular moment um]
[Magnetic moment]
2m
2m ' M "
It AT
5.
= [MA"
1
T"
(b): Transition from 4E to E
(4 E- E) =
he
or A,, =
he
3E
Transition from E to
3
A. 2
he 3hc
4 E
:..(i)
4E

...(ii)
Divide (i) by (ii), we get
V _ 4
?l
2
~ 9
(a): According to polygon law resultant of four
forces, each of F
1
acting at 72 is along the fifth
side of pol ygon taken in opposite order. As F
2
is
acting along this side of polygon, therefore, net
force on the particle = F
2
- F
v
F -F
.. Acceleration = -
m
(a): Fundament al f r equency pr oduced by a
stretched string is given by
\> = = k\Jr (As I and| i are kept constant)
dv
v
ldT
2 T
dT dv 6
or = 2 = 2 x
T V 600
(d)
(b):
0.02
Earth's surface
Acceleration due to gravity at point A is
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13 41
4 =
f h ]
2
f RF )
1+ - l +
{ ><E)
2R
F
V t /
_ 4
2
V
...(i)
where g is the acceleration due to gravity on the
earth' s surface.
Acceleration due to gravity at point B is
1
R
2
...(ii)
E
J k .
2Rr
=
2
Divide (ii) by (i), we get
KB=
9
-
8A 8
10. (c) : The power gain of the amplifier
Power gain = Current gain x Voltage gain
= 50 x 5 = 250
11. (d): Let the electric field due to these t wo point
charges be zero at point P at a distance x from
+8 q - 2 q
A
x = 0
B
x = L
M x-
P
-H
L (
8
1) I
1
( -
2
? ) Q
47t
0
(L+x)
2
4t o
0 x
2
1 (8(7) 1 2 q
or =
4rce
0
(L+x)
2
47te
0 x
2
2 _ 1
L+x x
2x = L + x or x = L
:. AP = AB + BP = L + L = 2L
12. (d): Zeroth law of t hermodynami cs leads to the
concept of temperature.
13. (c) : Area of cross-section of the tube is
A = 7t[(5 cm)
2
- (4.5 cm)
2
]
= 4.7571 cm
2
= 4.75rt x 10"
4
m
2
Resistance of the tube is
R
pi __ 1. 7x10 flmx5m
4.75 x 3.14 x 10
- 4
m
2
= 0.56 x 10"
4
2 = 5.6 x 10"
5
Q.
1 4 . (
a
)
:
Let AB = y, BC = CD = h and t
AB
* t
As per question ; n
y-\gt
2
y + h = g(t+2)
2
and y + 2h = g(t + 3)
2
Solving these three equations, we get
t = 0.5 s
J
- D
15. (c) : Here, R = 300 m
p. = 0.3
g - 10 m s~
2
The maxi mum speed of the car is
max= \t^Rg = a/
0
-
3
X 300 m x 10 m s~
2
= 30 m s
_ 1
= 30 x km h"
1
= 108 km h"
1
5
16. (c) : According to ideal gas equation
m
PV = RT
M
...(i)
...(ii)
As per question
20 x V = R x 300
M
p
,
x V =
(jnl2)
Rx350
M
Divide (ii) by (i), we get
P' 175 175
= or P' = x 20 = 11.7 atm
20 300 300
17. (a): Poi nt (0, 0, -a) lies on z-axis. Therefore,
magnetic field due to current along z-axis is zero
and due to rest t wo wi res is - - i n mut ual l y
2ti a
perpendicular directions along positive indirection
and negative x-direction.
Un /
A A
271 a
18. (c) : Vertical component of initial velocity,
M
y
= usin30
u
y 80 - i
or u = - = = 160 ms
sin 30 ( 1/ 2LQ- '
( Uy =
!
80 ms (Given))
Horizontal component of initial velocity,
J 3
u = wcos30 =p 160 x = 80V3m s"
1
2
Time of flight,
^ 2u sin 0 2 x 160 x sin 30
T = = = 16s
X 10
i - r - : 4s> ni?'
4
4 2 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ?
Let v be the velocity of the projectile at t = .
Its horizontal and vertical components are given
by
v
x
= u
x
= 80 V3 m s"
1
v
y
= M
y
- gt = 80 - 10 x 4 = 40 m s"
1
Its magnitude is given by
v
= yl
v
x
+ v
y =>/( 80V3 f + (40)
2
= 40 7l 2 + l = 40 Vl3 = 144 m s"
1
19. (c) : The electrostatic potential at the centre of
the first ring (i.e., at O) with charge Q, is due to
charge Q, itself as well as due to charge Q
2
on
the second ring which is given by
Qi
v, = -r
r
4t c
0
a 47te
0
a-42
Similarly, the electrostatic potential at the centre
of the second ring (i.e., at O') is given by
V
2
= +
47re
0
a-J2 47te
0
a
Required work done , W = q( V^ - V
2
)
W = q
\ & ^
[47ie
0
a 4 t i e
0
a\l2 47ce
0
a\l2 4ne
0
a
471 e
0
a
4ne
0
a
42Q
x
+Q
1
-Q,-42Q
1
4~2
4718,
1
1t[42(Q
1
-Q
2
) - l ( Qj - Q
2
) ]
,v2
qU2
4ne
n
a\f2
(Q1-Q2)-
20. (b): Here, 2/ = 0.1 m, m = 10
-4
A m
B = 30 Wb m
2
, 6 = 30, x = ?
x = MBsinO = m(2/)Bsin6
= 10~
4
(0.1) x 30sin30 = 1.5 x l ( H N m
. f
(
n )
i n cot + -
I 6 j
21. (b): x = asm
V o ,
Velocity = = asinf raJ->-i-4=a(ocos[ <at +
y
dt dt { &
f)
Maximum velocity = am
As per question
ac0 [ K
= fl(OCOS cot +
2 6
or cos (01 +
7C
or cot + = 60 =
E
rad
6 6
2n n n 2K K T
or cot = = - or f = - or f = -
6 6 6 T 6 12
3 h
22. (b): = n
In
:. n =3
The kinetic energy of the electron in n
th
orbit is
n 2
n
K, = eV= ^ eV = 1.51 eV
13.6
w
13.6
eV = -
3
Z 9
23. (d): If a represents angle of repose, then
t ana = 0.8
a = tan
- 1
(0.8) = 39
The given angle of inclination is less than the
angle of repose. So, the 1 kg block has no tendency
to move.
Note that mg sinO is exactly balanced by the force
of friction. So, T = 0
24. (d): = jf for 0 <t<~
16V
n
V
2
=
< v
>
0
-
T
=
4
T/ 4
dt
r
-,
T/ 4
16 V
2
t
3
j 2
3
L J
11
W
T
0
'
4
V
S
25. (b):
The equivalent circuit of the given network is as
shown in the figure.
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13 4 3
1 1
4' '3
The capacitance of each capacitor is
d
Here, the two capacitors are connected in parallel.
Hence, the equi val ent capaci t ance bet ween
A and B is
C
AB
2 e
0
A
26. (c):
h (
4
-
6
)
W = j? dr= J (3x
2
i + 2y])-(dxt + dyj + dzk)
h (2,3)
(4,6)
= J (3x
2
dx + 2ydy) = [x
3
+ y
2
]^
)
(2,3)
= [(4)
3
+ (6)
2
- (2)
3
- (3)
2
] = 83 J
27. (b): X = and A,' = = - X
mv m3v 3
% decrease in de Broglie wavelength
X - X'
x 100
- H
x 100
= 11 - ^ | x 100 = 66.6 %
28. (d): The anal ogy bet ween mechani cal and
electrical quantities is as shown in the table.
Mechanical system Electrical system
Mass m Inductance L
Force constant k
1
Reciprocal capacitance
Displacement x Charge q
Velocity v =
y
dt
^ , da
Current i = -
dt
Mechanical energy
1 1 1 2
E = kx+mv
2 2
Electromagnetic energy
U = +LI
2
2 C 2
9 P
29. (c) : As, P = I
Z
R or I = J*
V R
Current through 9 Q resistor in figure given
below is
( h
+
h )
A
h
9Q
-AAAAr
6Q
-AAAAr
V
2Q
-J^VWV-
(h + h)
h=
36 W
\ 9Q
= 2 A
As resistors 9 2 and 6 2 are connected in parallel,
therefore, potential difference
V
A
-V
b
=9I
1
=6I
2
or I
2
= - J j = ~ x 2 A : 3 A
6
1
6
Current drawn from the battery
= I
1
+ 7
2
= 2 A + 3 A = 5 A
Potential difference across 2 2 resistor
= (5 A) (2 2) = 10 V
30. (b): When a ball is dropped from a height h and
it rebounds to a height h
lf
then
Here, h = 1 m, h
x
10.64 m
e =
l m
= 64 cm = 0.64 m
0.8
The maximum height attained by the ball after
n
[h
bounce is
h = e
2
"h = (0.8)
2
" (1 m) = (0.8)
2
" m
31. (d): The resulting amplitude and corresponding
phase di fference can be calculated by vector
method as follows:
A, = 6
/S
t
= 8
IA
X
= 8 - 4 = 4 and IA
y
= 6 - 2 = 4
Therefore, resulting amplitude is and phase
K
difference with x
1
is <f> = .
4 4 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ?
t
32. (b): Heat lost by water is
Qi = 200 x s
waler
x (80 - 60) = 200 x
Swaler
x 20
Heat gain by solid ball is
Q
2
= 200 x
Ssol;d
x (60 - 20) = 200 x s
S0lid
x 40
According to principle of calorimetry
Qi = Qi
200 x
Swater
x 20 = 200 x
Ssolid
x 40
=
1
''solid

2 ^water
33. (c) : In first case,
Potential gradient, K
=
where e
0
is the emf of the battery in potentiometer
circuit.
As per question
...(i)
ry l ^ EO
e = K- = -
y
- x - = -
u
-
5 1 5 5
In second case,
I 31
Length of potentiometer wire = I + =
Potential gradient, K' =

=- ^0
8
(31 / 2) 3 I
If V is the new balancing length, then
e = K'l' = ^ x l '
31
Equating (i) and (ii), we get
...(ii)
^n 2
n
3 ,

JL
= x / or I = /
5 3 1 10
34. (a): Length of each side of hexagon = 2 L
Mass of each side = m
Let O be centre of mass of hexagon.
Therefore, perpendi cul ar distance of O from
each side
r = Ltan60 =l V3
O
The desired moment of inertia of hexagon about
0 is
1 6 [lone side]
\2
= 6
= 6
= 6
m(2L)'
2
+ mr
12
mL
-mi <LV3)
2
+ 3 mL
1
3
= 20 mL
35. (d): i = e = -A
4
where i is the angle of incidence, e is the angle of
emergence and A is the angle of prism.
i = - x 60 = 45
4
When i = e, pri sm is in mi ni mum deviation
position,
.-. 8
m
= 2i - A = 2 x 45 - 60 = 30
36. (d): Given,
Stress in steel wire = Stress in brass wire
Ti
\
A
2
T
2
a
2
01
0.2
37. (a): When key K is closed at f = 0, the current
through inductance L will increase with time,
resulting induced emf across L, which will oppose
the current through the arm having inductance
L. Therefore, the current from battery will flow
through R
2
. This current is / = - at t = 0.
R
2
When t = , the current will reach to steady state
in the circuit. The presence of L will become
ineffective. Now effective resistance of circuit
R
1
+ R
2
Current through battery,
V(R
1
+R
2
)
r = -
R
1
R
2
/(R
L
+ R
2
)
Net force
R,R
2
38. (c): Acceleration =
Mass
_ (500-200) N
500 kg
= - m s~
2
= 0.6 m s~
2
5
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13 4 5
39. (a): Here, m = 1 x 10~
26
kg
q = 1.6* 10"
19
C
1.28 x 10
6
i m s
_1
= -102.4 x l 0
3
f c NC
_ 1
B = 8 x l 0 "
2
/ Wb m"
2
Force on a charged particle in a uniform electric
and magnetic fields is
F = cjE + q(v x B)
= q(E + vxB)
= (1.6 x 10~
19
)[(-102.4 x 10
3
fc)
+ (1.28 x 10
6
i x 8 x 10~
2
/)]
= (1.6 x 10"
19
)[(-102.4 x 10
3
k + 102.4 x 10
3
k)]
= 0
Acceleration of the particle, a = -
0
Hence, the particle will move along x-axis.
40. (c) : Accor di ng to Ei nst ei n' s mas s ener gy
relation
E
mc
c
or m = -
Mass decay per second
Am _
~AF~
10'
J_ AE _ I
c
z
Af ~
c
-l
1000 x10
J
W
(3 x 10
8
m s""
1
)
2
9x10
,16
kgs~
Mass decay per hour
Am
At
x 60 x 60 =
10
9x10
,16
kgs -
1
(3600 s)
= 4 x 10"
8
kg - 40 x 10"
6
g = 40 fig
41. (c) : According to Gauss's law, the total outward
electric flux linked with gaussian surface
<)) = x charge enclosed by surface.
e
o
If the radius of the gaussian surface is doubled
the total outward electric flux will remain the
same as charge enclosed by the guassian surface
is unchanged.
42. (d): Escape velocity from planet' s surface is
12 GM
where M and R be the mass and radius of the
planet respectively,
The velocity of projection of the body from the
planet's surface is
1 1 2 GM
u = v = , /
3 3V R
According to the law of conservation of mechanical
energy
Total energy on planet' s surface = Total energy
at maximum height h
GMm j_Q
|
^ GMm)
1 2
mu +
2
1
m
2
\ 2 GM
3 v R
I - i L .
9 R + h
R + h )
GMm GMm
R R + h
or h
R
43. (c) : Due to change in temperature tC, increase
in length,
Al = lat or
A/
I
= at
Y
stress stress
strain AI / /
Al
:. Stress = Y x = Yat
44. (c) : According to an ideal gas equation
PV = nRT
:. PdV = nRdT (P = constant)
dV = | | dT
or dV = \ Y\dT ...(i)
The volume coefficient of expansion is given by
=
dV
J
~VdT
dV = yVdT ...(ii)
Equating (i) and (ii) we get
Y =
45. (c) : h =
I
T
2Tcos9
rpg
, 2Tcos6
hr = = constant
V i -
h
2
r
2 or h
2
=
Substituting the given values, we get
h
2
= (2.0)(3)
= 6 cm
^ 2 - 1
4 6 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
?
46. (d): The energy required to break one bond in
DNA is 10"
20
J.
47. (d): For mirror M
v
Zi = 0
Zr = 0 i.e. the reflected ray would retrace
its path turning through 180. Mirror M
2
has no
effect.
48. (b): Let I be the length of the pipes and v the
speed of sound.
Then frequency of open organ pipe of
th
overtone
is
v
v'
n
=(n + 1)
21
and frequency of closed organ pipe of n
th
overtone
is
The desired ratio is

=
2(n + 1)
x>' In +1
49. (b): Optical source frequency,
v
_ c _ 3 x 10 m s
4
X 1.3 x 10"
6
m
= 2.3 x 10
14
Hz
Number of channels or subscribers
-
2 3 X l
" =1. 15x10"
20 x 10
3
50. (a): Pr oces s 1 is i s obar i c (P = cons t ant )
expansion.
Hence temperature of gas will increase.
A U
1
= positive
Process 2 is an isothermal process.
A U
2
= 0
Process 3 is an adi abat i c expansi on. Hence
temperature of gas will fall.
A(J
3
= negative
.-. AUj > AU
2
> AU
3
.
PHYSICS FOR YOU j MAY ' 13 47
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,



THE LAWS OF CONSERVATI ON
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Conservation of energy and conservation of
mass are the corner stones of classical physics.
Demonstrate this in the formula.
v
2
-u
2
= las
This formula obeys
(a) conservation of mass
(b) conservation of energy
(c) conservation of kinetic energy
(d) conservation of potential energy
A and B are two identical capacitors.
If A has a charge Q and now it is
connected to B which has no initial
charge. Compare the initial energy ^ g
with the final energies of A and B.
Choose the correct statement.
(a) The initial energy is equal to the final energies
of the capacitors.
(b) The initial energy is greater than the total final
energy.
How much energy is lost on sharing the charges?
Two capacitors are connected as shown in the
problem (2) to share charges. The laws which are
followed here are
(a) law of conservation of charge
(b) law of conservation of mass
(c) law of conservation of energy
(d) none of these
The essential differences between emission of
X-rays and y-rays are
(a) Production of X-rays such as K
w
K
t
> rays are
(b)
spontaneous.
X-rays are mostly by the excitation or ionisation
of the inner level electrons.
(c) y-rays are spontaneously produced.
(d) The element is changed to another element in
the production of X-rays.
6. In p
+
-decay of Na,
(a) electron is emitted (b) positron is emitted
(c) a negative neutrino is generated
(d) a positive neutrino is generated
(e) it is spontaneous emission.
Neutrinos are neutral particles of negligible mass.
The neutrino is emitted to conserve
(a) mass
(b) charge
(c) energy
(d) none of these
The life-time of neutrinos are very small. Their
mass is negligible compared to even the electrons.
How is it that one has discovered neutrinos
produced by solar emissions when the distance is
very large?
We have seen that in higher physics, there are
many conservation laws. How is it in classical
physics we find that there is conservation of mass
and energy?
SOLUTI ONS
(a,b) : (a) is true for classical physics. Mass, length
and time do not change due to changes in energy
in kinematics.
(b) v
2
-u
2
= las ...(i)
Multiplying by 1 m in equation (i)
1 2 1 2 1
=> mv mil =mlas
1 1 1
=> Final K.E. - initial K.E. = Force * distance.
The difference in energy is the work done.
Conservation of energy is given in this formula.
(b): Let the initial charge be Q. As there is
conservation of charges, the final charges are q on
each capacitor = j
r , 1 Q
2
Initial energy = -
1 q
2
1 q
2
The total final energy = +
=> Total energy =
The total final energy =
(Q/2f
C
191
4 C
5 0 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY' 13
}
3. Initial energy =
Total final energy = = I '' q = ^
6 >
C 4C I 2 J
1Q
2
O
2
1Q
2
Energy lost = - =
4. (a,c): (a) Charge is conserved.
Contrary to general feeling, energy is also
conserved. The initial energy before charges are
shared is more than the sum of the final charges.
But the difference in energy is used to pump
the charges from one charged capacitor to the
uncharged one. (c) is true. This is just like water in
a tank flowing to a tub on the ground. The higher
potential energy of water makes it flow to the
ground.
5. (b,c): Normally X-rays are produced by the
ionisation or excitation to higher empty levels, of
electrons from the inner shell (b).
Y-rays are spontaneously produced (c).
X-rays production does not change the element.
It is the production of y-rays that the element also
changes.
For example, Co emits an electron ((3 ) producing
2gNi in excited level. This reaches the ground
level by the emission of y-rays.
6. ( b, c, e) : The P
+
emission by
22
Na,
2 2
Na
2
gNe + e
+
+1>
Therefore (b) and (c) are correct.
This is a spontaneous reaction.
Therefore (e) is correct.
7. (c): The neutrino has negligible mass and no
charge. It conserves energy in the reaction (c). In
the emission \Y by Na, u is emitted and in emission
of e~ by P, antineutrino is emitted. The difference
between l> and v is in the direction of spin.
8. The detection of neutrinos is possible because
their speed is very high, almost a fraction of that
of light.
According to relativity, when the velocity of a
particle is very large, its radius decreases, mass
increases and the time taken increases. It is this
increase of life-time due to high speed that makes
it possible to detect neutrinos from cosmic rays
and solar bursts.
9. The speed of the particles in classical experiments
is very small and the changes are much smaller
when compared to the experimental error.
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PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY'13 5<|
CHALLENGING PROBLEMS
JEE
Advanced
A machine gun fires a bullet of mass 50 g wi t h a
velocity 1500 m s"
1
. The man holding it can exert a
maxi mum force of 600 N on the gun. How many
bullets can he fire per second at the most?
(a) 8 (b) 7 (c) 4 (d) 2
The heat dissipated in a resistance can be obtained
by the measurement of resistance, the current and
time. If the maxi mum error in the measurement
of these quantities is 1%, 2% and 1% respectively,
the maxi mum error in the determination of the
dissipated heat is
(a) 4% (b) 6%
(c)
/o
3
(d) 2%
3.
4.
A coin placed on a rotating table just slips if it
is placed at a distance 4r f r om the centre. On
doubling the angul ar velocity of the table, the
coin will just slip when at a distance from the
centre equal to
(a) 4r (b) 2r (c) r (d)
T
-
A block of mass 2 kg is free to move along the
x-axis. It is at rest and from t = 0 onward it is
subjected to a t i me-dependent force F(f) in the
x-direction. The force F(t) varies wi t h t as shown
in the fi gure. The kinetic energy of the block
after 4.5 s is
F(TY
4 N
0
4.5 s
3 s
f
(a)
(c)
4.50 J
5.06 J
(b) 7.50 J
(d) 14.06 J
5. A block of mass 0.5 kg is movi ng with a speed
of 2 m s"
1
on a smoot h surface. It strikes another
mass of 1 kg and then they move together as a
single body. The energy loss duri ng the collision
is
(a) 0.16 J (b) 1J (c) 0.67 J (d) 0.34 J
6.
7.
8.
9.
Three coherent sonic source emitting sound of
si ngl e wavel engt h A, are pl aced on t he x-axis
at p o i n t s
- x Vn
, 0 , (0,0),
a,VTT
The
6 J V 6
i nt ensi t y reachi ng a poi nt ^O, j f r om each
source has the same value I
0
. Then the resultant
intensity at this point due to the interference of
the three waves will be
(a) 6J
0
(b) 7I
0
(c) 41
0
(d) 5/
0
The density of water at 4C is 1000 kg m and
at 100C it is 958.4 kg rrf
3
. The cubic expansivity
of water bet ween these t emperat ures is
(a) 4.5 x lO-^C"
1
(b) 5.4 x lO^CT
1
(c) 4.5 x lO-^C'
1
(d) 5.4 x l O^C"
1
On a smoot h inclined surface a block of mass
M is attached bet ween t wo springs. The other
ends of the springs are fixed to firm support s.
If each spring has force constant k, the period of
oscillation of the block is
2 k [ ^ J
2
(b)
1/2
(a)
MgsinG
a/ 2
2k
(c) 27i|
2M
k
(d) 2Ji
2 Mg
,1/2
The wor k done by el ect ri c fi el d dur i ng t he
di spl acement of a negat i vel y charged particle
t owards a fixed positively charged particle is 9 J.
As a result the distance bet ween the charges has
been decreased by half. What work is done by the
electric field over the first half of this distance?
10.
(a) 3 J (b) 6 J
In the circuit shown,
the cell is ideal, with
emf = 10 V. Each
resistance is of
2 Q. The pot ent i al
difference across the
capacitor is
(c) 1.5 J (d) 9 J
R
r-MAMr-
C = 3 (iF
R
Hwwvv-
R
-wm
10, v
60 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
(a) 12 V (b) 10 V
(c) 8 V (d) zero
11. A box weighing 100 N is at rest on a horizontal
floor. The coefficient of static friction between
the box and the floor is 0.4. What is the smallest
force F exerted eastward and upward at an angle
of 30 with the horizontal that can start the box
in motion?
(a) 27.5 N (b) 37.5 N
(c) 14.2 N (d) 45.4 N
12. A particle undergoes uni form circular motion.
About which point on the plane of the circle, will
the angular moment um of the particle remain
conserved?
(a) Centre of the circle
(b) On the circumference of the circle.
(c) Inside the circle (d) Outside the circle
13. The pressure in an explosion chamber is 345 MPa.
What would be the percent change in volume of a
piece of copper subjected to this pressure?
(The bulk modulus for copper is 138 GPa)
(a) 0.1% (b) 0.5% (c) 0.25% (d) 0.2%
14. A uniform metre stick of length L and mass M
is hinged at one end, support ed in horizontal
direction by a string attached to the other end.
What woul d be the initial acceleration of the
centre of the stick if the string is cut?
( a ) | g (b)
/ X 3
(
c
) -!-
(d) 4g
15. A sampl e of an ideal gas is t aken t hr ough a
cycle as shown in figure. It absorbs 50 } of heat
during the process AB, no heat during BC, rejects
70 J during CA. 40 J of work is done on the gas
during BC. Internal energy of gas at A is 1500 J,
the internal energy at C would be
(a) 1590 J B
(b) 1620 J
(c) 1540 J
(d) 1570 J
16. A t ransparent cube of 0.21 m edge contains a
small air bubble. Its apparent distance when
viewed t hrough one face of the cube is 0.1 m
and when vi ewed f r om the opposi t e face is
0.04 m. The actual distance of the bubble from
the second face of the cube is
(a) 0.06 m (b) 0.17 m
(c) 0.05 m (d) 0.04 m
17. A pendul um bob of mass 80 mg carrying a charge
of 2 x 10~
8
C is at rest in uni form hori zont al
electric field = 20000 V m
_t
. Find the tension
in the thread of the pendul um and the angle it
makes with the vertical.
(Take j = 1 0 m s"
2
)
(a) 2.2 x 10"
4
N, 9.1 (b) 4.4 x 10"
4
N, 18.2
(c) 6.6 x 10"
4
N, 20.6 (d) 8.9 x 10"
4
N, 26.6
18. Two concentric coils each of radi us equal to
271 cm are placed at right angles to each other.
3 A and 4 A are the currents flowing in each coil
respectively. The magnetic induction in Wb m
2
at the centre of the coils will be
(Ho = 4it x 10"
7
Wb A
- 1
irT
1
)
(a) 5 x 10"
s
(c) 12 x 10~
(b) 7 x 10"
5
(d) 10"
5
19. Two coils A and B havi ng t urns 300 and 600
respectively are placed near each other. On passing
a current of 3 A in A, the flux linked with A is
1.2 x 10"
4
Wb and with B it is 9.0 x 10~
5
Wb. The
mutual inductance of the system is
(a) 4 x 10 H
(c) 2 x 10"
5
H
(b) 3 x 10 H
(d) 1.8 x 10~
2
H
20. The rope shown at an instant is carrying a wave
travelling t owards right, created by a source
vibrating at a frequency u. Consider the following
statements.
(a) The speed of the wave is 4u x ab.
(b) The phase difference between b and e is
(c) Both are correct (d) Both are wrong
3JI
21. The length of a sonometer wire AB is 110 cm.
Where should the two bridges be placed from A to
divide the wire in 3 segments whose fundamental
frequencies are in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3?
(a) 3 0 cm and 9 0 cm (b) 4 0 cm and 8 0 cm
(c) 6 0 cm and 9 0 cm (d) 3 0 cm and 6 0 cm
22. A solenoid of 0.4 m length with 500 turns carries
a current of 3 A. A coil of 10 turns and of radius
0.01 m carries a curent of 0.4 A. The torque required
to hold the coil with its axis at right angles to that
of solenoid in the middle part of it, is
( a ) 6TT
2
x 1 0 "
7
N M ( b ) 3TT
2
X 1 0 "
7
N M
(c) 9n
2
x 10"
7
N m (d) 12ti x 10 N m
23. A metal disc of radius R rotates with an angular
velocity CO about an axis perpendicular to its plane
passing through its centre in a magnetic field of
induction B acting perpendicular to the plane of
the disc. The induced emf between the rim and
the axis of the disc is
60 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
24.
25.
26.
29.
30.
(a) BnR
2
(c) BnR
2
<x>
(b)
( d)
2Bn
2
R
2
CO
1 9
BR (o
2
The resonant frequency of a series LCR circuit, which
comprises an inductance of 200 jxH, a capacitance
of 5 x 10"
4
JJ.F and resistance of 10 Q is
(a) 402 kHz (b) 452 kHz
(c) 504 kHz (d) 552 kHz
If the binding energy of the electron in a hydrogen
atom is 13.6 eV, the energy required to remove the
electron from the first excited state of Li
++
is
(a) 122.4 eV (b) 30.6 eV
(c) 13.6 eV (d) 3.4 eV
In Young's double slit experiment the wavelength
of light X = 4 x 10
7
m and separation bet ween
the slits is 0.1 mm. If the fringe wi dt h is 4 mm,
then the separation between the slits and screen
will be
(a) 100 mm (b) 1 m
(c) 10 cm (d) 10 A
27.
A point particle of mass 0.1 kg is executing SHM
of amplitude of 0.1 m. When the particle passes
through the mean position, its kinetic energy is
18 x 10
3
J. The equation of motion of this particle
when the initial phase of oscillation is 45 can be
given by
(a) O.lcosl 6f +
(c) 0.4 sin f +
(b) 0.1sin| 6f + -
28.
(d) 0. 2sin| 2f + -
A person throws vertically n balls per second with
the same velocity. He t hrows a ball whenever the
previous one is at its highest point. The height
to which the ball rise is
(b) 2gn (c) (d) 2gn
2
(a) ^
n
2 n
z
Two blocks of masses 10 kg and 4 kg are connected
by a spring of negligible mass and placed on a
frictionless horizontal surface. An i mpul se gives
a velocity of 14 m s~
1
to the heavier block in the
direction on the lighter block. The velocity of the
centre of mass is
(a) 30 m s
(c) 10 m s~
(b)
(d)
20 m s"
5 m s"
1
An i deal gas heat engi ne oper at es in a cycle
between 227C and 127C. It absorbs 6.0 * 10
4
cal
at the higher temperature. How much work per
cycle is this engine capable of performing?
(a) 1.2 x 10 cal
(c) 12 x 10
4
J
(b) 1.2 x 10
4
J
(d) 1.2 x 10
4
cal
SOLUTIONS
1. (a): Mass of the bullet is m = 50 g = 0.05 kg
Initial velocity of the bullet is u = 0 m s~
J
Final velocity of the bullet is v = 1500 m s
- 1
Force exerted = change in moment um of one
bullet x no. of bullets fired per second
600 = m(v -u)xn
600 = 0. 05( 1500- 0) xn
600 _ 600
0.05x1500 " 75
= 8
2. (b): Heat dissipated in a resistance is given by
H = I
2
Rt
H ~ I
+
R
+
t
For maxi mum percentage error,
x 100 = 2( x l ool + x 100 + x 100
H { i J R t
= 2 x 2% + 1% + 1% = 6%
3. (c) : The coin placed on the rotating table slips
when mrar is greater than or equal to the static
force of friction \img.
Mathematically,
2 W?
mror > \xmg or r >
co
jig
The coin just slips when r = r
CO
For radii r, and r
2
, let angul ar velocities be CO]
and (0
2
respectively.
' l
to;
- f - T-
1
1^2(0 J 4
Hence, r, = 4r, when a), = co and for r
2
, co
2
= 2co
\ 2
r
JL
4 r
r
2
= r
(
c
)
:
From the figure the slope of the force-time,
curve is obtained as Therefore, the equation
of force is
F = \f + 4 N
I 3 J
=
where area under F-t curve gives the change in
moment um
Ap = jF(t)dt
4.5
A p = J
o
-f
2
+4t
I 3 J
3
Ap = m(v - u) = mv
Ap >4. 5kgms
_ 1
m 2 kg
= 4.5 kg m s
1
( v = 0)
-l
5 4
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY'13
The kinetic of the block after 4.5 s is
K = ~mv
2
= | x2x( 2. 25)
2
= 5.06J
5. (c): Accor di ng to l aw of cons er vat i on of
momentum,
OTjM + m
2
x 0 = (m
1
+ m
2
)v
0. 5x2 2 i
v = = m s
1 + 0.5 3
Therefore, loss in kinetic energy is given by
1 1
AK = mjW
2
~~(m
1
+ m
2
)v
2
= i ( 0 . 5 x 2
2
) - i ( l + 0. 5) f |
8.
( b) :
1 2
= 1 = - = 0.67 J
3 3
WiT/6
D
AB = ^J~AD
2
+ BD
2
=X = AC
So sound reaching from B and C will be in same
phase.
(2A)
2
+ (A)
2
+ 2 x 2 A x A x c o s | |
= A
2
+ 2 A
2
= A\p7
I = 7I
()
(c) : As Y = V (1 + yAT) where AT is the difference
in temperature, y is the coefficient of volume
expansion
V'-V 1
or = y
V AT
or y =
AT
( p - p ' )
x
P
(PP') a t
, ( p- p' ) J _
p' AT
=
1000-958.4 ^
958.4x96, , . /\
(a): It is a system of two
spri ngs in parallel. The
r est or i ng force on t he
block is due to spri ngs
and not due to gravi t y
pul l . The r e f or e s l ope
is i r r el evant . Her e t he
effective spring constant
= k + k = 2 k
Thus, time period, T = 2n.
(a): Here, u
=
Q U l .
u
.
4ne
0
r
II, - LL =
QH)
47te
n
Q H )
4jte
r
Qq
4tc e
0
r
= 9
..(i)
When negative charge travels first half of distance,
i.e., r/4, potential energy of the system
u =
Q H ) Q<?
x
4
3
4jre
0
(3r/4) 4rt:e
0
r 3
Work done = U
1
-U
3
_ Q H ) ,
4jxe
0
r 4 ne
0
r
4
x
3
Q<7 1 9 o T
= ^
X
3
=
3
= 3 J ( U s i n g ( 1 ) )
.
10. (c) : A fully charged capacitor draws no current.
Therefore, no current flows in arm GHF. So the
resistance, R of arm HF is ineffective.
The equi val ent resistance of the resistors in
circuit is
R
-vm-
C = 3nF
I K- n H
R
WWW~
D
10, V
R
A/WM
R
eq
=
{R+R)xR
+
R=
(2 + 2)x2
+
2 A
(R + R) + R
V
Total current, I =
(2 + 2)-
10 V
R
eq
(10/ 3) Q.
--3 A
In parallel circuit, the current divides in the inverse
ratio of resistance, so current in arm ABGD = 1 A
and current in arm AD = 2 A.
Potential difference between G and D
= V
G
-V
D
=1 Ax2Cl = 2V
Potential difference between D and F
= V
D
-V
F
= 3 Ax 2 C2 = 6V
^g-^f =(V
g
-V
d
) + (V
d
-V
F
)=2 + 6 = 8 V
11. ( b) :
N FsinO
/////An;/}//;/
y
->Fcos8
W
PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY'13 5 5
Consi der t he forces in t he x- di r ect i on and
appl y the conditions for equi l i bri um, not i ng
/ equals its maximum value to start motion.
2 F
x
= 0, => Fc os O- / = 0
FcosO = /
Fcos30 = / = ii.N = 0.4N ...(i)
1
Now apply the conditions for equilibrium to the
forces in {/-direction
2 F
y
= 0 => N + FsinB - W = 0
N + Fsin30 - 100 = 0
N = 100 - Fsin30
Substituting this in equation (i)
Fcos30 = 0.4N
= 0.4(100 - Fsin30)
or 0.866F + 0.2F = 40
F = 37.5 N
12. (a): Here,III = mvr
16. (a): Here refractive index, |i =
real distance
apparent distance
or
(0. 21 - x )
(0.21-x)
O
p = mv
The di r ect i on of L ( about t he cent r e) is
perpendicular to the plane containing the circular
path. Both magnitude and direction of the angular
momentum of the particle moving in a circular
path about its centre O is constant.
13. (c) : The bulk modulus is defined as B =
A P
AV IV
where the minus sign is inserted because AV is
negative when AP is positive.
A V
x 100 A 100 = ^ ^ x 1 0 0 = 0.25%
V B
138 x 10
14. (c) : Here, angular acceleration
L
x
M8
2 3 g
a = - =
I ML
2
2 L
Mg
Now, acceleration at C a
r
= ra =
c
2
15. (a): AW^tp = 0 as V = const ant
.-. AQ
ab
= AU
AB
= 50 J
U,4 = 1500 J (Given)
U
B
= (1500 + 50) J = 1550 J
A W
BC
= - A U
BC
= - 4 0 J (Given)
AU
BC
= 40 J
U
c
= (1550 + 40) J = 1590 J
l l
2 L
0.1 0.04
or 0.21 x 0 . 0 4 - i x 0.04 0.21 m
= x x 0.1
On solving, we get x = 0.06 m
:
17. (d): Tension T is the result of forces mg and qE.
mg = Tc os0
qE = TsinO
,. tanO = -2
mg
_2xl 0~
8
x 20000
80xl 0
- 6
xl 0
_ 1
_
2
0 = 26.6
and T = \[{mg)
2
+ (qE)
2
llllllllljlilllll
18.
= 7(8 x 10"
4
)
2
+ [(4 x 10"
4
)
2
] - 8.9 x 10
-4
N
Held at
(a): The magnetic field at the centre due to circular
coil
R - ^o
1
! .
R
2 r
As both the coils are perpendicular to each other,
hence B, is perpendicular to B
2
.
B = JB
2
1+
B
2
2
=
4K x 10
- 7
2 x 2tc x 10""
2
+ 4
= 5 x 10
-5
Wb rcf
2
19. (d): Here, e j = N,
i i
dI
v
and e = M
1
-
1 1
dt
dt
d<h dl
N=
dt
or M = N
Jji
M =
dl
600x9x10"
= 1.8 x 10"' H
20. (c) : Speed of the wave = vX - u(4ab)
= 4u x ab
ab--
V
5 6 PHYSICS FOR YOU ! MAY'13
Path difference between b and i
2K
31
:. Phase difference = x Path difference
A-
_2K3X_3K
~ X 4 ~ 2
21. (c) : Fundamental frequency
1
I) oc -
1
Given : u
2
: t>
3
= 1 : 2 : 3
1 1 1
K '2 '3
= 1: 2: 3
1 1 1
or
h-
l
2-
l
3
l

2

3
or Zj : Z
2
: /
3
= 6 : 3 : 2
L = x 110 = 60 cm
11
L =x 110 = 30 cm
2 n
2
and L = x 110 = 20 cm
11
60 cm 30 cm ^ ^ 20 cm
t t x
22. (a): B for solenoid = u
0
n/ = 471 x 10
7
x x 3
0.4
Magnetic moment of the coil,
M = IAN
M = 0.4 x n x (0.01)
2
x 10
' = 4n x 0.0001
.-. x = MB sin 90
= 4K x 10~
7
x x 3 x 4ti x 0.0001
0.4
= 6ti
2
x io~
7
N m
23. (d)
24. (c) : Given : L = 200 ^H = 200 * 10~
6
H
C = 5 x 10"
4
|xF = 5 x 10~
10
F
R = 10 2
Resonant frequency of a series LCR circuit is
1 1
2n4lC 271^(200 xl 0"
6
) x (5 xlO"
10
)
504 x 10
3
Hz = 504 kHz
25. (b): Here,
H
= 13.6 eV, n = 2
(Li
++
) =
E,( Li
++
) =
13.6 x(3)
2
(2)
26. (b): Fringe width, (3 =
(3rf
= 30.6 eV
XD
d
D -
4xl 0~
3
xO. lxlO"
3
1 m
4xl 0"
7
27. (b): Here, A = 0.1 m, m = 0.1 kg,
X = 18 x 10"
3
J, d) =
4
Kinetic energy at mean position is
K = -m(0
2
A
z
2
or co
J 2 K )
V 2
=
mA )
2xl 8xl 0"
3
O.lx(O.l)
2
1/2
= 6
Equation of SHM is
y = Asin(cot + <f>> = O.lsinl 61 +
28. (c) : Number of balls thrown per second = n
1
Time interval between two balls thrown = s
In this time it reaches highest point
v = u + at
0 = u-g or u = -
v
2
- m
2
= 2as or 0
2
-1 - 2 x (~g)h
h =
2 n
A
29. (c) : i'cm =
n
]
v
1
+ m
2
v
2
_ 1 0 x l 4 + 4x0
ttu +m, 10 + 4
: 10ms"
30. (b): The efficiency of heat engine,
Work done
Heat taken
W T
2
or = 1 -
Q T,
Given, Tj = 227C = 227 + 273 = 500 K
T
2
= 127C = 127 + 273 = 400 K
Q = 6.0 x 10
4
cal
W
6.0 x 10
4
400
500
W
500-400
500
x6. 0xl 0
4
= - x 6.0 x 10
4
= 1.2 x 10
4
J
500
60 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
_r"M a - I
For Practise
l . A 40.0 kg boy is standing on a plank of mass
160 kg. The plank originally at rest, is free to slide
on a smooth frozen lake. The boy walks along the
plank at a constant speed of 1.5 m s
_1
relative to
the plank. The speed of the boy relative to the
ice surface is
(a) 1.8 m s-
1
(c) 1.2 ms -
1
(b) 1.6 ms"
1
(d) 1.5 m s"
1
2. A radioactive nucleus of mass M emits a photon
of frequency u and the nucleus recoils. The recoil
energy will be
h
2
x>
2
(a) Mc
2
- hv> (b)
(c) zero
2Mc
(d) hv
3.
4.
A drunkard walking in a narrow lane takes 8 steps
forward and 6 steps backward, followed again by
8 steps forward and 6 steps backward and so on.
Each step is 1 m long and requires 1 s. Determine
how long the dr unkar d takes to fall in a pit
18 m away from the start,
(a) 18 s (b) 126 s (c) 78 s (d) 62 s
Which of the following statements is true?
(a) Sound waves cannot interfere.
(b) Only light waves may interfere.
(c) The de Broglie waves associated with moving
particles can interfere.
(d) The Bragg formula for crystal structure is
an exampl e of the corpuscul ar nat ure of
electromagnetic radiation.
5. In an L-R circuit, the value of L is
0.4
H and the
value of R is 30 Q. If in the circuit, an alternating
emf of 200 V at 50 cycle/s is connect ed, the
impedance and current of the circuit will be
(a) 11.4 2, 17.5 A (b) 30.7 Q, 6,5 A
(c) 40.4 a , 5 A (d) 50 2, 4 A
6.
7.
8.
9.
The following physical quantity has a ratio of 10
3
between its SI units and CGS units
(a) Universal gravitational constant
(b) Boltzmann's constant
(c) Planck's constant
(d) Young's modul us of elasticity
Which of the following letters do not suffer lateral
inversion?
(a) HGA (b) HOX
(c) VET (d) YUL
By usi ng only t wo resistance coils singly, in
series, or in parallel, one should be able to obtain
resistances of 3, 4, 12 and 16 ohm. The separate
resistances of the coils in ohm are
(a) 3 and 4 (b) 4 and 12
(c) 12 and 16 (d) 16 and 3
When a solid sphere rolls without slipping down
an inclined plane making an angle 0 with the
horizontal, the acceleration of its centre of mass
is a. If the same sphere slides without friction its
acceleration a' is
(a)
5
(b) (c)
7
-a
5
5
(d)
10. If unit vectors A and B are inclined at an angle
0, then \A-B\ is
(a) 2 s i n-
2
(b)
, 0
2 cos-
2
(c) 2 tan
0
(d) tan0
(<fl
11- The distance between two moving particles at any
time is a. If v be their relative velocity and v
t
and
v
2
be the components of v along and perpendicular
to a. The time when they are closest to each other is
aw,
(b) (a) ^
v
zl
2
(C)
av
(d)
av
60 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
12. An infinite number of charges each equal to
0.2 uC are arranged in a line at distances 1, 2, 4,
8 .... metre from a fixed point. The potential at
the fixed point is
(a) 1800 V (b) 2000 V (c) 3600 V (d) 2250 V
13. Let x = x
m
cos(cof + 0). At t = 0, x = x
m
. If time
peri od is T, what is the time t aken to reach
(a) (b) | (c) =T (d) -
14. A small bob attached to a string of length I is
suspended from a rigid support and rotates with
uniform speed along a circle in a horizontal plane.
Let 0 be the angle made by the string with the
vertical. Then the length of a simple pendul um
having the same period is
I I
( a)
^
( b) ZsinG (C)
^
( d) /COS0
15- In space two point charges are placed as shown
in figure. The electric field line at point P may
be in direction
@
N
->E
S
(a) south (b) southwest
(c) northeast (d) west
16- A ball A is thrown up vertically with a speed u
and at the same instant another ball B is released
from a height h. At time f, the speed of A relative
to B is
(a) u (b) 2u (c) u-gt (d) Ju
2
-gt
17- A coil in the shape of an equilateral triangle of
side 0.02 m is suspended from its vertex such that
it is hanging in a vertical plane between the pole
pieces of permanent magnet producing a uniform
field of 5 x 10~
2
T. If a current of 0.1 A is passed
through the coil, what is the couple acting?
(a) 5V3 x 10~
7
N m (b) 5V3xl O~
1 0
Nm
V3
(c) xl O
- 7
N m (d) ^
18- A body of mass 1 kg is thrown upward with a
velocity 20 m s" It momentarily comes to rest
after attaining a height of 18 m. How much energy
is lost due to air friction?
(Take g = 10 m s^
2
)
(a) 30 J (b) 40 J (c) 10 J (d) 20 J
5
, x l 0 "
7
Nm
19. When a lens of refractive index is placed in a
liquid of refractive index \x
2/
the lens looks to be
disappeared only if
(a)
(c) Hi = \i
2
(b) H =
5
(d) = - h
2
20. A planet revolves around the sun in an elliptical
orbit of eccentricity e. If T is the time period of the
planet, then the time spent by the planet between
the ends of the minor axis and major axis close
to the sun is
(b) f ^ - 1
(a)
(c)
2e
h
2K
(d) T
e
2n
21. The depletion layer of a p-n junction
(a) is of constant width irrespective of the bias
(b) acts like an insulating zone under reverse bias
(c) has a width that increases with an increase
in forward bias
(d) is depleted of ions
22. A body is rolling down an inclined plane. If
kinetic energy of rotation is 40% of kinetic energy
in translatory state, then the body is a
(a) ring (b) cylinder
(c) hollow ball (d) solid ball
23. Two liquid drops of equal radii are falling through
air with the terminal velocity v. If these two drops
coalesce to form a single drop, its terminal velocity
will be
(a) y]2v (b) 2v (c) (d) ^flv
24. The decreasing order of wavelength of infrared,
microwave, ultraviolet and gamma rays is
(a) mi crowave, i nfrared, ultraviolet, gamma
rays
(b) g a mma r a ys , u l t r a v i o l e t , i n f r a r e d ,
microwaves
(c) mi c r owa ve s , g a mma r ays , i n f r a r e d ,
ultraviolet
(d) infrared, microwave, ultraviolet, gamma rays
25. Two blocks of masses 1 kg
and 2 kg are connected by
a metal wire going over a
smoot h pul l ey as shown
in f i gur e. The br eaki ng
s t r e s s of t he me t a l i s
2 x iO
9
N rrr
2
.
What should be the minimum radius of the wire
used if it is not to break?
imiuitmuiimiimm
1
i k g n
2kg
60 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
(Take g = 10 m s~
2
)
(a) 4.6 x 10"
5
m (b) 4.6 x 10~
6
m
(c) 2.5 x 10"
6
m (d) 2.5 x 10"
5
m
26. The equivalent capacitance between A and B is
29.
30.
H H H HH H
BO~
c
(a) (b) \ c (c) j C (d) C
3
3
4
27. When a plastic thin film of refractive index 1.45 is
placed in the path of one of the interfering waves
then the central fringe is displaced through width
of five fringes. The thickness of the film, if the
wavelength of light is 5890 A, will be
(a) 6.54 x 10"
4
cm (b) 6.54 x 10~
3
cm
(c) 6.54 x 10"
5
cm (d) 6.54 x 10~
2
cm
28. A solid sphere of mass 10 kg is placed over two
smooth inclined planes as shown in figure. Normal
reaction at 1 and 2 will be
(Take g = 10 m s~
2
)
(a) 50>/3 N, 50 N
(c) 50 N, 50>/3 N
(b) 50 N, 50 N
(d) 60 N, 40 N
The atmospheric pressure on the earth's surface
is P in MKS units. A table of area 2 m
2
is tilted
at 45 to the horizontal. The force on the table
due to the atmosphere is (in newton) ;
(a) IP (b) 72P (c) 2^2P (d)
Two spheres of radii r
1
and r
2
have densities p,
and p2 and specific heats Sj and s
2
respectively.
If they are heated to the same temperature, the
ratio of their rates of cooling will be
h P2
S
2
r
2 P2
S
1
h Pi
S
1
r
l Pl
S
2
r
l Pl
S
l
( d )
r
2Pl
S
2
r
2 P2
S
2 h P2
S
1
31. A ball of mass m is moving towards a batsman
with a speed v. The batsman strikes the ball and
deflects it by an angle 0 wi t hout changing its
speed. The impulse imparted to the ball is
(a) mvsinO (b) mvcosQ
(a)
(c)
(c) 2musin
0
(d) 2mwcos^
32. A particle is executing simple harmonic motion
wi t h an ampl i t ude A and time period T. The
displacement of the particle after 2 T period from
its initial position is
(a) A (b) AA (c) 8A (d) zero
33. A thin disc having radius r and charge q distributed
uniformly over the disc is rotated u rotations per
second about its axis. The magnetic field at the
centre of the disc is
3^0
(a) M
( b )
W
2 r r
( 0 M
( d )
4 r 4 r
34. In the arrangement of resistances shown below,
the effective resistance between points A and B is
(a) 23.5 Q. (b) 38 Q (c) 19 2 (d) 25 Q
35. A radioactive element X converts into another
stable element Y. Half life of X is 2 h. Initially
only X is present. After time f, the ratio of atoms
of X and Y is found to be 1 : 4, then t in hours is
(a) 2 (b) 4
(c) between 4 and 6 (d) 6
36. Let Mj and n
2
moles of two different ideal gases
be mixed. If ratio of specific heats of the two
gases are y
x
and y
2
respectively, then the ratio of
specific heats y of the mixture is given through
the relation
(a) (i + n
2
)y = Mj y
2
+
2
Yi
(l+"
2
)
w
i , "2
(b)
Y - l Yi "l Y
2
~l
(
C
) ( "i
+ n
2)
=
J ! i _
+
Y+l Yi -1 Y2-
1
(d) ( n, + n
2
)(Y - 1) = M(Yi + 1) + "
2
(Y2 + 1)
37. The following configuration of gates is equivalent to
(a) NAND
(c) OR
(b) XOR
(d) AND
6 0 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
38. At a given temperature, velocity of sound in
oxygen and in hydrogen has the ratio
(a) 4 : 1 (b) 1 : 4 (c) 1 : 1 (d) 2 : i
39. In the Davisson and Germer experiment, the
velocity of electrons emitted from the electron
gun can be increased by
(a) increasing the potential difference between
the anode and filament
(b) increasing the filament current
(c) decreasing the filament current
(d) decreasing the potential difference between
the anode and filament
40. Magnetic flux through a stationary loop with a
resistance R varies during the time interval x as
(|) = at(z - t) where a is a constant. The amount
of heat generated in the loop during the time
interval x is
(a)
(c)
a
2
T
3
6 R
a
2
x
3
3 R
(b)
(d)
a
2
x
3
4 R
a
2
x
3
2R
41.
First overtone frequency of a closed organ pipe is
equal to the first overtone frequency of an open
organ pipe. Further n
th
harmonic of closed organ
pipe is also equal to the m
th
harmonic of open
pipe, where n and m are
(a) 5, 4 (b) 7, 5 (c) 9, 6 (d) 7, 3
42. A vernier calipers has 1 mm marks on the main
scale. It has 20 equal divisions on the vernier
scale which match with 16 main scale divisions.
For this vernier calipers, the least count is
(a) 0.02 mm (b) 0.05 mm
(c) 0.1 mm (d) 0.2 mm
43. The centre of mass of a non-uni form rod of
Kx
2
length L whose mass per unit length X = ,
where K is a constant and x is the distance from
one end is
- (d) \
2 3
44. Two containers of equal vol ume contain the
same gas at the pressure Pj and P
2
and absolute
temperature Tj and T
2
respectively. On joining
the vessels, the gas reaches a common pressure
P and a common temperature T. The ratio P/T
is equal to
, , 3 L
(a)
T
(b) k
(C)
(a)
(c)
v >
2
t
x
T
2
P
1
T
2
+ P
2
T
t
t
x
T
2
(b)
(d)
T
1+
T
2
Pi h ~ P
2
T
l
T{T
2
45. A point P moves in
count er - cl ockwi se
direction on a circular
path as shown in the
figure. The movement
of P is such that it
sweeps out a length
s = t
3
+ 5; where s is
in metres and t is in
seconds.
The radius of the path is 20 m. The acceleration
of P when t = 2 s is nearly
(a) 12 m s"
2
(b) 7.2 m s"
2
(c) 14 ms -
2
(d) 13 ms -
2
46. In a hydrogen atom, the magnetic field at the
centre of the atom produced by an electron in
the n
th
orbit is proportional to
1 1 1 ... 1
(a) (b) (c) (d)
47. A force F act i ng on a body depends on its
displacement S as F S~
1/3
. The power delivered
by F will depend on displacement as
(a) S
2
'
3
(b) S
1/3
(c) S (d) S"
5/3
48. A battery of internal resistance 4 2 is connected
to the network of resistances as shown. In order
that the maximum power can be delivered to the
network, the value of R in Q should be
(a)
| (b) 2 (c) | (d) 18
49. A tiny spherical oil drop carrying a net charge
q is balanced in still air with a vertical uniform
electric field of strength x 10
5
V rrT
1
. When
the field is switched off, the drop is observed to
fall with terminal velocity 2 x 10
-3
m s
_1
.
Gi ven, g = 9.8 m s
- 2
, vi scosi t y of t he air
= 1.8 x 10
- 5
N s m
- 2
and t he densi t y of oil
= 900 kg m
- 3
, the magnitude of q is
(a) 1.6 x 10~
19
C (b) 3.2 x 10
-19
C
(c) 4.8 x 10-
19
C (d) 8.0 x 10"
19
C
50. Int ernal energy of n, mol es of hydr ogen at
temperature T is equal to the internal energy of

2
moles of helium at temperature IT. Then the
ratio n
t
/n
2
is
<d> I
< I
(b) < o f
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
1.
SOLUTIONS
(c) : The system is not subjected to any external
force and hence conservation of moment um can
be used. Let m
b
and m
p
represent the masses of
the boy and the plank respectively. Let v
bi
, v
pi
and
v
bp
be the velocity of the boy wi t h respect to ice,
that of the plank with respect to ice and that of
the boy wi t h respect to the pl ank respectively.
Then,
m
b
v
bi
+ m
p
v
pi
= 0 ...(i)
v
bi
= v
h
+ v
pi
...(ii)
or v
pi
= v
bi
- v
bp
Substituting the value of v
pi
in Eq. (i), we get
m
b
v
bi
+ m
p
(v
bl
- v
bp
) = 0
v
bi
{m
b
+ m) = m v
b
or v
bi =
m
u
+ m
Substituting the given values, we get
160 kg x 1.5 ms
(40+ 160) kg
-l
240 _i _i
: ms
1
= 1.2 ms '
200
2. (b): Moment um of emitted photon,
_ hv
P p h o t o n
Let v the speed of recoil nucleus.
According to law of conservation of moment um,
Pnucl eus

V phot on
hv hv
:. Mv = or v =
c Mc
The recoil energy of the nucleus
= -Mv
2
=-M
hv
Mc
h
2
v
2
2 Mc
2
3. (c) : When the dr unkar d walks 8 steps forward
and 6 steps backward, the displacement in the
first 14 steps = 8 m - 6 m = 2 m
Time taken for first 14 steps = 14 s
Time taken by dr unkar d to cover first 10 m of
journey
14
= x 10 = 70 s
2
If the drunkard takes 8 steps more, he will fall
into the pit, so the time taken by the last 8 steps
= 8 s
Total time taken = 70s + 8 s = 78s
4. (c) : Both s ound and light waves exhi bi t t he
phenomenon of interference.
The Bragg f or mul a for crystal st ruct ure is an
example of the wave nat ure of electromagnetic
radiation.
5. (d): Here, L =
H,R = 302
'OA
{
n
200 V, u = 50 Hz
The inductive reactance is
M-ms
X
L
= (aL=2nvL 271 x 50 x
0.4
40 2
The i mpedance of the circuit is
z = ^R
2
+ xl = 7 ( 3 0 H)
2
+ (40 Q.)
2
= 50 Q
Current in the circuit is
I
V 200 V
= 4 A
6.
Z 50 Q.
(a): The value of universal gravitational constant
in CGS system is 6.67 x 10~
8
dyne cm
2
g~
2
and in
SI system is 6.67 x 10"
11
N m
2
kg"
2
.
Their correspondi ng ratio is
G in CGS unit 6.67 x 10"
G in SI unit
1-11
- = 1 0
7.
8.
6.67 x 10"
(b): The letters do not suffer lateral inversion are
A, H, 1, M, O, T, U, V, W, X, Y
(b): The least value of two resistances R, and R
2
can be obtained when connected in parallel. The
maxi mum value of t wo resistances is obtained
when connected in series. In question, the least
resi st ance is 3 Q and maxi mum resi st ance is
16 2. So
3 =
R1R2
Rj + R
2
and 16 = Rj + R
2
Using (ii) in (i), we get
R, R,
3 =
_ 2
16
Rj R
2
= 48
...(i)
...(ii)
..(iii)
9.
Solving (ii) and (iii), we get
Ri = 4 Q. and R
2
= 12 2
or Rj = 12 2 and R
2
= 4 2
(
c
)
:
Acceleration of the solid sphere, when it rolls
wi t hout slipping down an inclined plane is
rsinG
a =
1
I
MR
...(i)
For a solid sphere, / = - MR
2
gsinO 5 .
a = - = - f s i n G
1 +
7
5
Acceleration of the same sphere, when it slides
without friction down an same inclined plane is
a' = ^-sinO ...(ii)
Divide (ii) by (i), we get
a' 7 , 7
= - or a =-a
a 5 5
6 2 PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY' 13
10. ( a) : \ A-B \ = (A - B) (A - B)
A A A A A A A A
= A-A -A-B-B-A + B-B
= 1 - A-B-A-B + 1 = 2 - 2 cos6 = 2[1 - cos0]
= 2 1 - 1 + 2 sin
2
- = 4 sin -
a a a
or \ A - B \ - 2s i n-
2
11. (a): The situation is as shown in the figure.
^e \
90
2
AB = a
From figure,
7 7 9 V-i
V= + v
2
or tan 0 = i
1
v
2
COS0 =
and sin0 =
_
V
2 . .
V
2
yjv 1 + v\
V
_ ^
Jv l + v\
V
Minimum distance between A and B is
aV',
S
mi n
= BC = AB cos0 = ^
v
The time when they are closest to each other is
t = '-
AC AB sin0 av-
v v
12. (c) : The given charge configuration is as shown
in the figure.
0.2 nC 0.2 nC 0.2 nC 0.2 hC
= 0 l m 2m 4m 8m
The potential due to the charge configuration at
the fixed point (x = 0) is
1
V
47ie
0
l 1
0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
+ + + + K,
2 4 8 16
= 9 x 10
9
x 0.2 x 10~
6
: 1.8 X 10
1 1 1 1 1
- + - + - + - +
1 2 4 8 16
1
' 2
= 3.6 x 10
3
V = 3600 V
13. (d): Given, x = x
m
cos(o)f + <j>)
When t = 0, x - x
m
,
x
m
= x
m
cos(co x 0 + 0)
or cosij) = 1 = cosO
0
or 0 = 0
X - X
m
COS(Ot
X X
When x = , then = x cos cot
2 2
m
, 1 7t K
or coscot = - = cos or cot = -
2 3 3
t = -
k _ nT
3co 3 x 2rc
T
6
. 2it
( = y )
14. (d): When a small bob
of mass m attached to
a st ri ng of l engt h I is
suspended from a rigid
support and rotates with
uni f or m speed al ong
a circle in a horizontal ,
p l a n e as s h o wn i n
adj acent f i gur e. Such
arrangement is known as
conical pendul um.
Time period of a conical pendulum is
/ cosO
T = 2n
Time period of a simple pendulum of length L is
T = 2n -
For having the same time period as that of conical
pendulum, then
L = /cos0
6
1
15. (c)
16. (a): Refer figure.
At time t,
Velocity of A, v
A
= u - gt (upwards)
Velocity of B, v
B
= gt (downwards)
= -gt (upwards)
Relative velocity of A w.r.t. B is f
V
AB
= v
A
-V
B
= {u- gt) - (-gt) = u "
A
17. (a): Area of equilateral triangle of side / is
A = i x base x height
. 1 l S S i
2
A = - x / x =
2 2 4
Here, I = 0.02 m
, . A = ^
X(
-
2m)2
= S x l O -
i
m
2
PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY 3 5 3
Couple acting on the coil is
T = MBsinG
Here, I = 0.1 A, A = J 3 x 10"
4
m
2
,
B = 5 x 10"
2
T, 9 = 90
x = 0.1 x Vi x 10"
4
x 5 x 10~
2
sin90
= x 10"
7
N m
18. (d): Initial energy is
. = I
mw
2
= I x 1 kg x (20 m s"
1
)
2
= 200 J
Final energy is
Ef = mgh = 1 kg x 10 m s"
2
x 18 m = 180 J
Therefore, loss of energy due to air friction is

los
, = , - E
7
= 200 j - 180 ] = 20 ]
19. (c) : If refractive index of lens (X, is equal to
refractive index of liquid ji
2
, then lens behaves
as a plane glass plate and becomes invisible in
the medium.
20. (d):
i O
As areal velocity of a planet around the sun is
constant. Therefore, the desired time is
f
AB~
area ABS
area of ellipse
x time period
If a = semi-major axis and b = semi-minor axis
of ellipse, then
area of ellipse = nab
Area ABS = ~ (area of ellipse)
- Area of triangle ASO
1 1
= - x nab - - (ea) x (b)
n(ab) 1
eab
n ab
x T = T
1 __e_
4 2ti
21. (b) '
22. (d): Rotational kinetic energy is
\2
K = ~ / c o
2
= ^ MK
2
^ j (v I = MK
2
andi> = Rco)
= -Mv
2
2
Translational kinetic energy is
K
r
=-Mv
2
T
2
As per question,
K
R
= 40% K
T
or
-Mv
2
2
K
2
R
2
K
A
X
40
100
= 40%~Mw
2
2
2
5
K
2
For solid sphere, =
R
2
5
Hence, the body is a solid ball.
23. (c) : Let R be the radius of big drop formed and
r be radius of each small drop. Then
-7iR
3
= 2x- 7t r
3
or R = 2
1/ 3
r
3 3
Terminal velocity =r
2
\ 2
V
V
R
or v --Ifiv
24. (a): The decreasing order of wavelength of the
given electromagnetic waves is as follows:
^Microwave ^I nf r ar ed ^ ^-Ultraviolet ^ Ga mma rays
25. (a): Here, m, = 1 kg, m
2
= 2 kg
Breaking stress = 2 x 10
9
N m
2
The tension in the string is
_2m
x
m
2
_ 2 x l k g x 2 k g x l 0 m s -
~ (1 + 2) kg
If r is the minimum radius, then
40
Breaking stress = - 2 -
40
N
nr
r
2
= -
40
3 x 7C x 2 x 10
or r
3n
x 10"
r = 0.46 x 10-
4
m = 4.6 x 10"
5
m
26. (b): The equivalent circuit of the given network
is as shown in the figure.
4 C C C R
HHHh
Hh
In the upper arm three capacitors are connected
in series. So, their equivalent capacitance is
6 4 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY 13
1
1 1 1 1 3 ^ C
=++= or Cc=
C
s
C C C C
s
3
Hence, t he equi val ent capaci t ance bet ween
A and B is
C 4
Ab >
3 3
27. (a): As x =
A
Here, x = 5(3
X = 5890 A = 5890 x lO"
10
m, n = 1.45
(3 (0.45) t
5(3 = -
t =
5890 x10
5 x 5890 x 10
i-io
- 1 0
0.45
= 6.54 x 10"
4
cm
28. (a): N
x
= 6.54 x 10~
6
m
W= 100 N
All three forces W,-N
1
and N
2
will pass through
centre.
According to Lami's theorem
N,
N, 100
sin (90 + 30) sin (90 + 60) sin 90
100sin(90
+
60)
= 1 0 ( ) c o s 3 0 O = 5 0
^
N
1
sin 90
N
2
=
100 sin(90 + 60)
100cos60= 50 N
sin 90
Note that plane 2 is at 60 with horizontal, hence
normal to it i.e., N
2
will make an angle 30 with
horizontal.
29. (a)
30. (a): As the t emperat ures of bot h spheres are
equal, therefore energy emitted per unit second
per area by both the spheres is the same.
Qi
=
Q
2
(4jtr
2
)Af (4jcr
2
)Af
mjSjATj m
2
s
2
AT
2
r
2
(At) r
2
( At)
L ^ P X A J , P 7 C R
2
3
P
2
| S
2
A T
2
r
2
(Af) r
2
(Af)
r
l Pi %
AT,
AT,
At
1 -
r
2 P2
S
2
A T
2
~~AT
At _
r
lP2
S
2
A T
2
Af
Pi
s
i
31. (d):
psin
O
-Bat
The ball hits the bat along AO and goes along OB,
after striking the bat. Rectangular components
Q
of v along AO a r e wc o s - a l o n g AC a nd
9 ^
c s i n- along AD.
The rectangular components of v along OB are
9 9
i'cos - along OD and wsin- along OE.
Velocity component along the bat before and
after collision are the same. Therefore, there is no
change in velocity along the bat. However, velocity
component perpendicular to the bat is reversed
in direction. Therefore,
Impulse imparted = change in momentum
0) , 9
, -mvcos- =2mcos
2 ( 2 J 2
32. (d): The particle completes one oscillation in time
T. Therefore, in time 2 T, it will complete two
oscillations and will reach to its starting point,
i.e., initial position. Therefore, the displacement
is zero.
33. (b): Consider a hypothetical ring of radius x and
thickness dx of a disc as shown in figure.
= mv cos-
Charge on the ring, dcj
=
J_
nr
2
x (2nxdx)
Current due to rotation of charge on ring is
dq
d l
J j
r =
_dq_
= x) dq =
vq2xdx
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
Magnetic field at the centre O due to current of
ring element is
d B = =
P-Q^l^xdx
=
uqrf.t
2x
r-(2x)
Total magnetic field due to current of whole disc is
v
2
J r
2
r
34. ( c) :
For the given network, the straight line AFB is
the line of symmetry. If a cell is connected across
A and B, the points D, F and H will be at the
same potentials. Hence no current will flow in
arms DF and FH. The equivalent circuit will be
as shown in figure.
D
The resistance between C and E of bridge CDEF is
2 7 x 5 4
= 18 a
35. (c) : Let N
0
be the number of atoms of X at time
t = 0. Then at f = 4 h (two half lives)
N
x
= -
W
Y
N,
o
and
y
4
N
v
and at t = 6 h (three half lives)
N
x
= :
N
and Ny = -
7N
n
N
x __
"
N
r
7
1 1 1
The given ratio - lies between - and - .
&
4 3 7
Therefore, f lies between 4 h and 6 h.
36. (b)
37. (b): Out put of G
t
= (A + B)
Out put of G
2
= A-B
Out put of G
3
is
Y = (A + B)-(Alt)=(A + B)-(A + B)
= A-A + A-B + B-A + B-B=A-B + A-B
It is the Boolean of XOR gate.
Hence, the given configuration of gate is equivalent
to XOR gate.
38. (b): Speed of sound in gas is
v =
7RT
M
where the symbols have their usual meaning.
Since both oxygen and hydrogen are diatomic
gases and at same temperature
" o,
H,
M
H .
2_ _
M
r
27 + 54
Resistance of the net work of upper por t i on
between A and B is
Ri = 10 + jR' + 10 = 10 + 18 + 10 = 38 2
Similarly, resistance of the net work of lower
portion between A and B = 38 Q.
Therefore, effective resistance between A and B is
38 + 38
39. ( a) : As eV = - mv
2
or
2
Thus velocity of electron emitted from electron
gun can be increased by increasing the potential
difference between anode and filament in Davisson
and Germer experiment.
40. (c) : Magnetic flux through the stationary loop is
<J> = at(x - t)
Induced emf,
dt dt
2at] = (2at - ax)
The amount of heat generated in the loop during
a small time interval dt is
dQ =
(2at - ax)
z
dt
R R
Hence, the total heat generated is
6 6 PHYSICS FOR YOU I MAY '13
1
I
a
"S
(2 at - atf
~R
dt = - J (4 a
2
1
2
+ fl
2
x
2
- 4 a
2
it) dt
o
-a
2
t
3
+a
2
x
2
t--a
2
it
2
3 2 " 3 R
41. (c) : First overtone frequency (i.e. 3
rd
harmonic)
of a closed pipe of length l
c
is
= 3
/ \
V
v4 hj
where v is the speed of sound in air
First overtone frequency (i.e. 2
nd
harmonic) of an
open pipe of length / is
= 2
/ \
V
Given, 3
/ \ ( \
V
_ o
V
l^J
z.
SJ
Now, n
3
4
...(i)
/
V
f i l
o)
= 2
'l
c
\ 6 3 9
Jo J
4=2 6
(Using (i
n
or
m
Thus, n = 9 and m = 6.
42. (d): 20 VSD = 16 MSD
1 VSD = MSD = - MSD
20 5
VC = 1 MSD - 1 VSD
- H )
MSD = - MSD
5
= x 1 mm = 02 mm
5
43. (a):
x = 0
dx
-H
x-L
Mass of a small element of length dx of the rod at
a distance x from the one end of the rod is
Kx
2
dm = Adx = dx
L
The centre of mass of the rod is
L L
j xdm J
Kx
c
dx
X,
CM
_ 0
L- L.
\
dm
J
Kx'
dx
3
V /
3L
' 4
44. (c) : According to ideal gas equation
P. V^n. RT, ...(i)
and P
2
V = n
2
RT
2
...(ii)
As the number of moles remain conserved,
n = n
l
+ n
2
P(2V) _ P
t
V
|
P
2
V
RT RTi RT
2
P
T
>1
_ 1 ~p
1
t
2
+p
2
t
1
'
T
i
T
2_
~2
L
T
1
T
2 J
45. (c)
Here,
s = t
3
+ 5; r ^ 20 m
Velocity, v = = 3t
2
J
dt
When, t = 2 s,
v = 3 x 2
2
= 12 m s"
1
dv
Tangential acceleration, a
t
= = 61
dt
When, t = 2 s, a
t
= 6 x 2 = 12 m s"
2
Centripetal acceleration,
12
2
_ _2
a = = = 7.2 m s
2
c
r 20
Effective acceleration,
a = yjaf + a
2
= Jl2
2
+ 7.2
2
= 14 m s"
2
46. (d): Electric current due to electron motion in
n
th
orbit is given by
In =
For hydrogen atom
Frequency of electron in n
[h
orbit is
u =
47ce
n
A 2 4
4?r e m
Radius of
t h
orbit is
4llZrM
2
h
2
r =
n
a 2 2
An e m
( - 2 5
4K e m
4KE,
0 J
n
3
h
3
(Using (i))
...(i)
...(ii)
...(iii)
The magnetic field at the centre of the current
carrying coil is given by
PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 6 7
B =
2R
Hence, the magnetic field produced at the centre of
the atom due to electron motion in n
th
orbit is
2 r '
B,
By, ~
47ie
n
' M*
4
*
7

2
(Using (ii) and (iii))
n h
B
47. (c) : A s F S"
1/3
, therefore,
acceleration a S~
1/3
_dv _dv dS _ dv
dt dS dt dS
dv _ i / 3
dS
Integrating both sides, we get
v
2
c S
2
'
3
or v oe S
1
'
3
As P = F
p oc S-
1/3
S
1/3
or P c S
i.e. Power is independent of S.
48. (b):
v \ ^ w
R
WWA 1
;6R |
i
4R
i
^
The gi ven ci rcui t is t hat of a Wheat s t one
bridge.
The circuit is a balanced one since,
resistance across AC _ resistance across CB
resistance across AD resistance across BD
Thus, no current will flow across 6R of the side
CD. The given circuit will now be equivalent to
R 2R
WWW VWIMr-|
2 R
-VWWV-
4R
-JVWWV-
4 2,
3R
-VvWW-
6 R
-wmr-
42,i
WWW-
2R
h
For maximum power,
net external resistance = total internal resistance
or 2R = 4 or R = 2 2
49. (d): Here,
8l7t
x 10
5
V m
-1
,i> = 2 x 10"
3
m s"
1
,
T) 1.8 x 10"
5
N s m-
2
; p = 900 kg mr
3
When drop is balanced in still air under the effect
of electric field, then
4 3
:
Kr
PS
4 a
qE = - nr pg or
3 E
...(i)
When the electric field is switched off, let the
drop falls with terminal velocity v, then
~|l/2
2r
z
(p - a)g
v = or r =
9r|
1 4
q =
E
X
3
n p g
9vr\
9r\v
2(p - 0 ) g
3/2
2( p- o) g
8171 xi o
3
4
x - x jt x 900 x
1
9 x l . 8 x l 0 "
5
x 2 x l 0
N-3
3/2
2 x 900 x <
On solving we get, q = 8x 10"
19
C
50. (c) : Internal energy of n moles of an ideal gas
at temperature T is given by
U = ^ nRT ( / = degrees of freedom)
U
He = J
n
2
RT
2
As U-
H ,
= <i,
He
fi
n
iTj =f
2
n
2
T
2
or ^ = ^
n
2
As hydrogen is a diatomic gas and helium is a
monoatomic gas
.. / i = 5 and f
2
= 3
Here, T, = T, T
2
= 2T
n
1
_( ' 3Y2T
N
l 6
5 A T
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
F^Fllj^^CZ'TI CZeE!
fences
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
A potential difference V = 100 5 V, when applied
across a resistance, gives a current I = 10 0.2 A.
What is the percentage error in R?
(a) 2% (b) 5%
(c) 7% (d) 8%
A car covers the first one-third of a distance x
at a speed of 10 km h
-1
, the second one-third at
a speed of 20 km IT
1
and the last one-third at a
speed of 60 km h
_1
. Find the average speed of
the car over the entire distance x.
(a) 10 km h
_1
(b) 12 km h"
1
(c) 18 km h
_1
(d) 20 km f r
1
A simple pendul um performs simple harmonic
motion about x = 0 with an amplitude a and time
period T. The speed of the pendul um at x = a/2
will be
(a)
(c)
TW
Y
7CflV3
(b)
(d)
3K
2
a
T
7tflV3
2T
A parallel plate condenser has a uniform electric
field E (V/m) in the space between the plates. If
the distance between the plates is d (m) and area
of each plate is A (m
2
) the energy (joules) stored
in the condenser is
(a) E
2
Ad/e
0
(c) e
0
EAd
(b) - e
0

(d) -e
a
E
2
Ad
An explosion blows a rock into three parts. Two
parts go off at right angles to each other. These
two are 1 kg first part moving with a velocity
of 12 m s
_1
and 2 kg second part moving with a
velocity of 8 m s
_1
. If the third part flies with a
velocity of 4 m s
_1
, its mass would be
(a) 3 kg (b) 5 kg
(c) 7 kg (d) 12 kg
A parallel monochromatic beam of light is incident
normally on a narrow slit. A diffraction pattern is
formed on a screen placed perpendicular to the
direction of incident beam. At the first maximum
of the diffraction pattern, the phase difference
between the rays coming from the edges of the
slit is
(b) 5
2
(d) 2K
(a) 0
(c) it
A uni f or m wi r e of
resistance 36 ohm is
bent in the f or m of
a circle. The effective
resistance across the
points A and B is
(a) 5 2 (b) 15 Q
(c) 7.2 Q (d) 30 Q,
A 50 kg mass is travelling at a speed of 2 m s"
1
.
Another 60 kg mass is travelling at a speed of
12 m s
_1
in the same direction, strikes the first
mass. Af t er t he collision t he 50 kg mass is
travelling with a speed of 4 m s
_1
. The coefficient
of restitution of the collision is
(a)
(c)
19
30
20
11
(b)
(d)
30
19
11
20
By sucking through a straw, a student can reduce
the pressure in his lungs to 750 mm of Hg (density
= 13.6 g cm
-3
). Using the straw, he can drink water
from a glass upto maximum depth of
(a) 10 cm (b) 75 cm
(c) 13.6 cm (d) 1.36 cm
PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 6 9
10. A charged particle moves through a magnetic field
in a direction perpendicular to it. Then the
(a) speed of the particle remains unchanged
(b) direction of the particle remains unchanged
(c) acceleration remains unchanged
(d) velocity remains unchanged
11. An engine has an efficiency of 1/6. When the
t emper at ur e of sink is r educed by 62C, its
efficiency is doubled. Temperatures of the source
is
(a) 37C (b) 62C
(c) 99C (d) 124C
12. Two solenoids of equal number of turns have
their lengths and the radii in the same ratio
1 : 2. The ratio of their self-inductances will be
(a) 1 : 2 (b) 2 : 1
(c) 1 : 1 (d) 1 : 4
13. A transistor-oscillator using a resonant circuit
with an inductor L (of negligible resistance) and
a capacitor C in series produce oscillations of
frequency x>. If L is doubled and C is changed to
4 C, the frequency will be
(a) u/2 (b) u/4
(c) 8 u (d) d/ 2V2
14. At what temperature will the speed of sound in
hydrogen be the same as in oxygen at 100 C?
Molar masses of oxygen and hydrogen are in the
ratio 16 : 1.
(a) - 249.7C (b) - 239.7C
(c) 259.7C (d) 269.7C
15. The frequency of a light wave in a material is
2*10
14
Hz and wavelength is 5000 A. The refractive
index of material will be
(a) 1.50 (b) 3.00
(c) 1.33 (d) 1.40
16. Liquid oxygen at 50 K is heated to 300 K at constant
pressure of 1 atm. The rate of heating is constant.
Which one of the following graphs represents the
variation of temperature with time?
(a)
(c)
y
(b)
Time Time
(d)
Time Time
17. A ball rolls wi t hout sl i ppi ng. The r adi us of
gyration of the ball about an axis passing through
its centre of mass is K. If radius of the ball be R,
then the fraction of total energy associated with
its rotation will be
(a) (b)
21.
22.
(c)
R
2
K
2
R
2
K
2
+ R
2
(d)
R
18. A simple pendul um has a time period T
1
when
on earth's surface and T
2
when taken to a height
2R above the earth's surface where R is the radius
of earth. The value of TJT
2
is
1
9
(a)
(c) V3
(b) i
v
' 3
19. The circuit
NOR
(d) 9
NAND NOT
is equivalent to
(a) NOR gate (b) OR gate
(c) AND gate (d) NAND gate
20. A bar magnet is oscillating in the Earth's magnetic
field with a period T. What happens to its period
and motion if its mass is quadrupled?
(a) motion remains simple harmonic with time
period = T/2
(b) mot i on remai ns S.H.M. wi t h time peri od
= 2 T
(c) mot i on remai ns S.H.M. wi t h time peri od
= 4T
(d) motion remains S.H.M. and period remains
nearly constant
A particle is projected from the ground with an
initial speed of v at an angle 0 with horizontal. The
average velocity of the particle between its point
of projection and highest point of trajectory is
(a) - J l + 2cos
2
0 (b)
- J l + cos
2
0
2
V
(c) + 3cos
2
0 (d) wcosO
For inelastic collision, between two spherical rigid
bodies
(a) the total kinetic energy is conserved
(b) the total potential energy is conserved
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
(c) the linear moment um is not conserved
(d) the linear moment um is conserved.
23. A point source emits sound equally in all directions
in a non-absorbing medium. Two points P and
Q are at distances of 2 m and 3 m respectively
from the source. The ratio of the intensities of
the waves at P and Q is
(a) 9 : 4 (b) 2 : 3
(c) 3 : 2 (d) 4 : 9
A A A
24. If a vector 2i + 3; + 8k is perpendicular to the
A A A
vector 4; - 4 i + a A:, then the value of a is
(a) - 1 (b) \
(c) (d) 1
25. A resistor and a capacitor are connected in series
with an ac source. If the potential drop across
the capacitor is 5 V and that across resistor is
12 V, then applied voltage is
(a) 13 V (b) 17 V (c) 5 V (d) 12 V
26. A radio transmitter radiated 1 kW power at a
wavelength 198.6 m. How many photons does
it emit per second?
(a) 10
10
(b) 10
20
(c) 10
30
(d) 10
40
27. Total angul ar moment um of a rot at i ng body
remains constant, if the net torque acting on the
body is
(a) zero (b) maximum
(c) minimum (d) unity
28. In the fusion reaction
2
H + \ H > \ He + g n,
the masses of deut eron, hel i um and neut ron
expressed in amu are 2.015, 3.017 and 1.009
respectively. If 1 kg of deut eri um undergoes
complete fusion, find the amount of total energy
released.
1 amu = 931.5 MeV/c
2
.
(a) 9 x 10
13
J (b) 6 x 10
10
J
(c) 9 x 10
10
J (d) 6 x 10
13
J
29. From the top of a tower, a particle is t hrown
vertically downwards with a velocity of 10 m s
_1
.
The ratio of distances covered by it in the 3
rd
and
2
nd
seconds of the motion is
(Take g = 10 m s~
2
)
(a) 5 : 7 (b) 7 : 5
(c) 3 : 6 (d) 6 : 3
30. The essentia] distinction bet ween X-rays and
y-rays is that
(a) y-rays have smaller wavelength that X-rays
(b) y-rays emanate from nucleus while X-rays
emanate from outer part of the atom
(c) y-rays have greater i oni zi ng power t han
X-rays
(d) y-rays are more penetrating than X-rays
31. Given figures show the arrangement s of two
lenses. The radii of curvature of all the curved
surfaces are same. The ratio of the equivalent
focal length of combinations P, Q and R is
(P) (Q) (R)
(a) 1 : 1 : 1 (b) 1 : 1 : - 1
(c) 2 : 1 : 1 (d) 2 : 1 2
32. When both the listener and source are moving
towards each other, then which of the following
is true regarding frequency and wavelength of
wave observed by the observer?
(a) More frequency, less wavelength
(b) More frequency, more wavelength
(c) Less frequency, less wavelength
(d) More frequency, constant wavelength
33. A block of steel of size 5 cm x 5 cm x 5 cm is
weighed in water. If the relative density of steel
is 7, its apparent weight is
(a) 4 * 4 * 4 * 6 ^ (b) 5 * 5 x 5 * 9 j
(c) 4 * 4 * 4 * 7 g (d) 5 * 5 * 5 * 6 g
34. An electron is accelerated under a pot ent i al
difference of 182 V. The maxi mum velocity of
electron will be
(a) 5.65 x 10
6
m s"
1
(b) 4 * 10
6
m s"
1
(c) 8 x 10
6
m s"
1
(d) 16 x 10" m s"
1
(Charge of electron is 1.6 x 10~
19
C and its mass
is 9.1 x 10~
31
kg)
35. A force F, of 500 N is required to push a car
of mass 1000 kg slowly at constant speed on a
levelled road. If a force F
2
of 1000 N is applied,
the acceleration of the car will be
(a) zero (b) 1.5 m s~
2
(c) 1.0 m s"
2
(d) 0.5 m s~
2
36. In the circuit shown in the figure, the potential
difference across the 4.5 pF capacitor is
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
37.
4.5 |aF
H h -
3 (jF
6 (iF
12 V
(a) - V (b) 4 V
(c) 6 V (d) 8 V
A uniform cylinder has a radius R and length L.
If the moment of inertia of this cylinder about an
axis passing through its centre and normal to its
circular face is equal to the moment of inertia of
the same cylinder about an axis passing its centre
and perpendicular to its length, then
(a) L = R (b) L = SR
R
(c) L =
s
(d) L
=1*
38. A conducting wire of cross-sectional area 1 cm
2
has 3 x 10
23
charge carriers per metre
3
. If wire
carries a current 24 mA, then drift velocity of
carriers is
(a) 5 x 10"
2
m s-
1
(b) 0.5 m s"
1
(c) 5 x 10"
3
m s^ (d) 5 x 10"
6
m s"
39. An engine has an efficiency of - . When the
6
t emper at ur e of sink is r educed by 62C, its
efficiency is doubled. Temperature of the source
is
(a) 124C (b) 37C
(c) 62C (d) 99C
40. The magnetic field B at a distance r from a long
straight wire carrying current varies with distance
r as shown in the figure.
(a) B
(c)
Directions : In the following questions (41-60), a
statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement
of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as :
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason
is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason
is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.
41. Assertion : The light year and wavelength consist
of dimensions of length.
Reason: Both light year and wavelength represent
distances.
42. Assert i on : The tyres of an aircraft are made
slightly conducting.
Reason : Frictional charges developed duri ng
take off and landing.
43. Assertion : A body falling freely may do so with
constant velocity.
Reason: The body falls freely, when acceleration of
a body is equal to acceleration due to gravity.
44. Assertion : Surface energy of an oil drop is same
whether placed on glass or water surface.
Reason : Surface energy is dependent only on
the properties of oil.
45. Assert i on : In case of metallic wi res the I-V
characteristics are linear as long as the current
flowing through the wires is small.
Reason : Joule heating is directly proportional to
the square of the current.
46. Assert i on : In circular motion, work done by
centripetal force is zero.
Reason : In circular motion centripetal force is
perpendicular to the displacement.
47. Assertion : Diamagnetic materials can exhibit
magnetism.
Reason : Diamagnetic materials have permanent
magnetic moment.
48. Assertion : A shell at rest, explodes. The centre of
mass of fragments moves along a straight path.
Reason : In explosion the linear moment um of
the system remains always conserved.
49. Assert i on : Al t hough the same current fl ows
through the line wires and the filament of the
bulb, the filament gets heated up but not the line
wires.
Reason : Line wires are made of copper and the
filaments are made of tungsten.
7 4 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
;
50. Assertion : A rocket moves forward by pushi ng
surroundi ng air backward.
Reason : It derives the necessary t hrust to move
f or war d accor di ng to Newt on' s t hi r d l aw of
motion.
51. Assertion : The bob of a simple pendul um is a
ball full of water, if a fine hole is made in the
bottom of the ball, the time period first increases
and then decreases.
Reason : As water flows out of the bob the weight
of bob decreases.
52. Assertion : A bar magnet is dr opped in a long
hollow copper tube. The acceleration of the magnet
can be zero.
Re a s on : The c oppe r t ube ha s ne gl i gi bl e
resistance.
53. Assertion : Total energy is conserved in movi ng
a satellite to higher orbit.
Reason : Sum of change in PE and KE is same
in magni t ude and opposite in nature.
54. Assertion: The ratio of the energies of the hydrogen
9
atom in its first to second excited state is - .
4
Reason : Energy of an electron in the n
th
orbit is
inversely proportional to n
2
.
55. Assertion : Work done in lifting a bucket full of
water from a well by means of a rope tied to the
bucket is negative.
Reason : Work done by gravi t at i onal force is
positive when a bucket ful l of wat er is l i ft ed
upwards.
56. Assertion : No free charge carriers are available
in depletion layer.
Reason : Thickness of depletion layer is fixed in
all semiconductor devices.
57. Assertion : A l adder is more apt to slip, when
you are high up on it t han when you just begin
to climb.
Reason : At the high up on a ladder, the t orque is
large and on climbing up the torque is small.
58. Asser t i on : A domest i c el ect ri cal appl i ance,
worki ng on a three pi n will cont i nue worki ng
even if the top pin is removed.
Reason : The third pin is used only as a safety
device.
59. Assert i on : When observer moves away f r om
the source, the frequency of sound appears to
increase.
Reason : The apparent frequency of sound does
not depend on whet her the observer is movi ng
t owards source or away from the source.
60. Assertion : The propagat i on of radio waves is
t ermed as sky wave propagation.
Reason : All radio waves are called sky waves.
SOLUTION
1. (c) : Potential difference is V = 100 5 V
Current is I = 10 0.2 A.
Percentage error in voltage is obtained as
AV 5
= x 100% = 5%
V 100
Percentage error in current is obtained as
^
=
0 ^
x l 0 0 % = 2
o
/o
I 10
Using, R = y , the percentage error in resistance
is calculated as R = 5% + 2% = 7%.
2. (c) : For first one-third of distance
x
Distance covered = km
3
speed = 10 km h
- 1
.
The time taken for the journey,
t
- E l l
h =

rh
10 30
For the next one-third of distance
x
Distance covered = km.
3
Speed = 20 km h"
1
The time taken for travel is
x/3
f-, =
20 60
For the last one-third of distance :
x
Distance covered = km.
3
Speed is 60 km h
1
The time taken for travel is
60 180
total distance
Average Speed =
total time
x
X X X
30 60 180
180x
10*
= 18 km h
-l
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
(c) : For simple harmonic motion,
v = (o\la
2
- x
2
When x = v = 0. | a
2
-
2 V 4
As (0 =
2n In S
v = a
T 2
v = -
Ky/3a
T T 2 T
(d): Capacitance of a parallel plate condenser
is
e nA
C =
d
Potential difference across the plates is
V = Ed
Energy stored in the condenser is
...(i)
...(ii)
u = I
C
v
2
= i
2 2
e
0
A
(Ed)
2
=- e
0
E
2
Ad
(Using (i) and (ii))
(b): Here, initial momentum of rock is zero, since
no external force exists. Hence moment um must
remain conserved i.e.
P\+P2
+
P3 =
0
' P3=-(P\+P2)
As two parts right angle to each other
\p
3
\=\p
1
+ p
2
\ =
s
[tf
2 2
+ P2
p
3
=
N
/ ( l xl 2)
2
+( 2x8)
2
= 20
m :
T
= 5kg.
(d): The phase difference (<)>) between the wavelets
from the top edge and the bottom edge of the slit
2 K
is <(> = (d sinO) where d is the slit width.
X
The first minima of the diffraction pattern occurs
X
at sinO =
, 2K (* X )
(a):
Let R be the resistance of total length of circular
wire, R = 36 Q.
The resistance of smaller arc AB, Rj = R/6 = 36/6
= 6 Q.. The resistance of bigger arc AB, R
2
= 5R/6
= 5 x 36/6 = 30 Q.
8.
Now J?! and R
2
are in parallel in between points A
and B. So, effective resistance between A and B
6 + 30
(a): Accor di ng to conser vat i on of angul ar
momentum,
m,Mj + m
2
u
2
= m^-y + m
2
v
2
50 x 2 + 60 x 12 = 50 x 4 + 60 x p
2
62
= m s
2
6
Coefficient of restitution,
W, -M,
i.e., e =
4- ( 62/ 6)
2 - 1 2
IS!
19
30
9. (c): Pr essur e di fference bet ween l ungs and
atmosphere
= 760 mm - 750 mm = 10 mm = 1 cm of Hg.
If one can draw from a depth of I cm of water,
then pressure difference
= 1 x 13.6 x 980 = I x 1 x 980
or I = 13.6 cm of water.
10. (a): If a moving charged particle is subjected to
a perpendicular uni form magnetic field, then
according to F = ijwBsinO, it will experience a
maximum force which will provide the centripetal
force to particle and it will describe a circular
path with uniform speed.
11. (c) : Efficiency of an engine, T) = 1
where T, is the temperature of the source and T
2
is the temperature of the sink.
1 T
6 t ;
or, -. = - ...(i)
When the temperature of the sink is decreased
by 62C efficiency becomes double.
Since, the t emper at ur e of the source remai n
unchanged
... 2 x l = l ~ ^ >
6 T,
or,
1 , (T
2
- 62)
(i)
or
T
2
- 62
2
or, 27; =3T
2
l86
T,
or 27] = 3 37 186 [using (i)]
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
1 - 2
2
T, =186 or,
ZL
2
186
or, T, = 372 K = 99C.
2 2
12. (a): Self-inductance, L = ^
or
h
h
l
2
r
2,
1
L
2
2
- I M!
13. (d): Frequency of LC oscillation
1/ 2
271 >/LC
According to the problem,
1
2 L x 4 C
L x C
= 2A/2
_ _ t)
2
2V2 2V2'
14. (a): Speed of sound in an ideal gas,
tyRT
V
~\ M
here
v
h
2
~
v
0
2
...(i)
(Using(i))
V ^ H l
\ yo
2
RT
o
2
M.
and YH
2
= YO
2
M
r
M,
Mr
J
2 /
0 o
2
)
:
('.' Both are diatomic)
(100 + 273)
15. (b): H =
= 23.31 K = -249.7C
velocity of light in vacuum (c)
velocity of light in medium (v)
v = vX = 2 x 10
14
* 5000 x 10-
10
In the medium, v = 10
8
m s"
1
3x10
s
c
H = - =
v
10
8
16. (a) Temperature of liquid oxygen will first increase
in the same phase. Then, the liquid oxygen will
change to gaseous phase during which temperature
will remain constant. After that temperature of
oxygen in gaseous state will increase. Hence option
(a) represents corresponding temperature-time
graph.
17. (c) : Total kinetic energy = K.E. of translation
+ K.E. of rotation
= -M
2
+ 4/co
2
2 2
K.E. of rotation
Total K.E.
\MV
2
\
- f )
IMK
2
4
2 R
2
^Mi;
2
2
K
2
R
2
K
2
i K
2
1 H r
R
2
K
2
+ R
i K
2
1 H r
R
2
18. (b): Time period, T = 271,
T
i =
2n
Jb
T
2
=2n
Ji
Here, a' =
i.e., ? =
9
T
2
=27t
R A
T
2
3
R
2
_ R
2
(R + ft)
2
(R + 2 R)
2
(/ h = 2R)
- L = 2 7 t J - = 3 T
1
r / 9
1
19. (a)
20. (b): Initial mass of the magnet m, = m and final
mass of the magnet m
2
= 4m.
T
The time period, T = 2n ,
:2n.
MB
Imk
2
'MB
or Tc \fm
Tj _ _ yfm _ 1
T
2
Jnu, \Tim 2
or T
2
= 2Tj = 2 T
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
;
21. (a): Average velocity, v
av
= ^
Here, H = maximum height
v
2
sin 29
R = range =
g
and T = time of flight
2v sinG
T12
v
2
sin
2
9
2*
- ( i )
H

a v
= |
N
/ l + 3cos
2
e
22. (d)
23. (a): From a point source, energy spreads over
the surface of sphere of radius r.
P Energy Power
Intensity, 1 = ^ = ,
Time x Area Area 4jir
or / <
U
/ \ 2
Ju
UJ
9
4
24. (c) : Let a = 2i + 3i + 8k
_ A A A
b = 4; - 4 / + afc
A A A
= - 4i + 4/ + ak
According to the question, alb
or a b = 0
or (2f + 3; + 8fc)-(-4f + 4; + afc) = 0
or - 8 + 12 + 8a = 0
1
a =
2
25. (a): Let the applied voltage be V volt
Here, V
R
= 12 V, V
c
= 5 V
V = JV
2
+
V
2
=J(12)
2
+
(5)
2
= ^144 + 25
^ M

1 1

= Vl69
r
26. (c) : Here, number of photons emitted per second,
H )
1000 x 198.6
E hv he
6.6 x 10"
34
x 3 x 10
8
:10
30
.
27. (a): Tor que t = Rat e of change of angul ar
moment um (L)
or i = (constant L)
dt
or x = 0
28. (a): Am = 2(2.015) - (3.017 + 1.009) = 0.004 amu
.-. Energy released = (0.004 x 931.5) MeV
= 3.726 MeV
Energy released per deuteron
= = 1.863 MeV
2
Number of deuterons in 1 kg
=
6
-
2 X 1 0 2 6
=3. 01x 10*
2
Ener gy r el eas ed per kg of de ut e r i um
fusion
= (3.01 x 10
26
x 1.863) MeV
= 5.6 x 10
26
MeV
= 9 x 10
13
J
29. (b): Distance travelled in 3
r d
second
S
3
= 10 + y (2 x 3 - 1) = 35 m
Distance travelled in 2
nd
second,
S
2
= 10 + y (2 x 2 - 1) = 25 m
SO 7
=> = -
S
2
5
30. (b): The wavel engt h of the y-rays is shorter.
However the main distinguishing feature is the
nature of emission.
31. (a): In given diagram P, Q and R lenses are in
contact.
For P combination of lenses
J _ _ I I
=
1
F
P
'f
+
f ~ f
or F
D
=
1 1 1
= (- for combination of lenses
F A h
/
Similarly for Q and R combinations
F
Q={ ^D F
R
= |
Therefore, F
P
: FQ : F
R
is equal to 1 : 1 : 1
32. (a) 33. (d) 34. (c)
35. (d) 36. (d) 37. (b)
38. (c) 39. (d) 40. (c)
41. (a) 42. (a)
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
;
43. (b): When t he body is f al l i ng freel y, onl y
gravitational force is acting on it in the vertical
downward direction. Because of this acceleration,
t he velocity of t he body i ncreases and will
be maxi mum when it touches ground. When
downwar d accelerating force is bal anced by
upwar d retarding force, the body falls wi t h a
constant velocity. This constant velocity is known
as terminal velocity.
44. (d): If a mat eri al is in contact wi t h anot her
material, the surface energy depends on the
interaction of molecules of the materials. If the
molecules of the materials attract each other,
surface energy is reduced and when they repel
each other, the surface energy is increased. Thus
the surface energy depends on both the materials,
so both the assertion and reason are false.
45. (a): Heat pr oduced per uni t t i me by Joul e
effect = PR. This increases the t emperat ure of
the conduct or and t hus
the resistance. For Ohm' s
l a w t o be va l i d, t he
temperature must remain
constant. The increase in
t emper at ur e makes t he
cur r ent ver s us vol t age
graph non-linear.
46. (a): In ci rcul ar mot i on cent r i pet al force is
perpendicular to the displacement, i.e., 0 = 90.
Work done W = Fscos0
= Fscos 90
= 0
Hence, work done by centripetal force is zero.
47. (d): There is no inherent magnetic moment in
atoms or molecules of diamagnetic materials. This
characteristic, magnetic moment of the atoms is the
bases of classification of materials as diamagnetic
paramagnetic and ferromagnetic. Diamagnetic
materials do not show magnetism.
48. (d): According to the law of conservation of linear
moment um, the centre of mass after explosion
remains at rest. While other parts of the shell move
in all directions making total linear moment um
of the system to zero.
49. (b): The resistance of filament is extremely high
whereas the resistance of line wires is very low.
Therefore, for the same current the filament gets
heated up a lot more than the line wires.
V
The reason that filaments are made of tungsten
and line wires of copper is also true. But this does
not explain the high value of resistance of filament
wires. Hi gh resistivity and high t emperat ure
co-efficient of tungsten alone cannot account for
the extremely high value. The filament wires
are extremely thin which makes their resistance
very high. The reason is incomplete and does not
explain the assertion.
50. (a): Ac c or di ng t o Ne wt on' s t hi r d l aw of
mot i on, t he r e is an e qua l and oppos i t e
reaction to every action. In the same manner
the bur ni ng fuel in rocket ejects gases wi t h
a s peed backwar d due to t hi s, t he rocket
moves forward.
51. (b): When ball is completely filled with water,
the centre of gravity of the pendulum is at the
centre of the ball when water starts flowing out,
the centre of gravity shifts below, thus increasing
the length of pendul um, and increasing time
period. When ball is more than half empty the
centre of gravi t y again rises up so length of
pe ndul um decr eases and t i me per i od al so
decreases.
52. (a): When a bar magnet is dropped in a long
hollow copper tube initially the velocity of the
magnet increases because of the acceleration
due to gravity. The magnet i c field of a bar
magnet is non uniform. When the magnet moves
downwar ds wi t h increasing speed, the non-
uniform magnetic field causes eddy currents to
flow in the copper tube. As the copper tube has
negligible resistance large eddy currents are set-
up in the tube which oppose the motion of the
bar magnet. This opposing force on the magnet
increases with increasing velocity of the magnet.
When the opposing force becomes equal to the
gravitational force the net acceleration becomes
zero. The magnet attains a constant terminal
velocity.
53. (c) : Total energy is given by
E=-
GMm
2 R
where R is the radius of orbit.
54. (a) 55. (d)
57. (a) 58. (a)
60. (c)
56.
59.
(c)
(d)
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
Contd. from Page No. 27
Substituting the given values, we get
D = -
2x1. 5'
10
J
2.2 x l O
n
x 0.01
7.7 x 10
J
Hz = 178.2 Hz
3 V7
17. (a): Loss of energy is maximum when collision
is inelastic.
Maximum energy loss _ 1
u
2
f =
mM
2 (M + m)
(M + m)
Hence, Statement-I is false, Statement-II is true.
18. (a): q
M-
dx
-H
Consider a small element of length dx at a distance
x from O.
Charge on the element, dQ = j-dx
Potential at O due to the element is
1 dQ 1 Q
dV = -
4j t e ,
o
4;te
0
Lx
-dx
Potential at O due to the rod is
2 L
V:
J f l r . J
Q
471 e
0
Lx
dx
1
^ l n x =
Q l n 2
47t e
0
L
19. (d): Let k be t he s pr i ng
constant of spri ng and it
gets extended by length x
0
in equilibrium position.
In equilibrium,
kx o + f
B
= Mg
4 j t e
0
L
Mg
aL
AI
XN=-
M g f c L A
2 M
20. (a): When the screen is placed perpendicular to
the line joining the sources, the fringes will be
concentric circles.
21. (d):
/ / / / 7 / 7 / / / / / / / / / / / / T 7 A > / / / / /
According to law of conservation at point of
contact,
mr
2
co
0
= mvr + mr co
2 I v
= mvr + mr
mr co
0
= mvr + mvr
mr
z
(i)
0
= 2mvr
v-J
M
S).
2
22. (d): The amplitude of a damped oscillator at a
given instant of time t is given by
A = A
0
e~
mm
wher e A
0
is its ampl i t ude in the absence of
damping, b is the damping constant.
As per question
After 5 s (i.e. t = 5 s) its amplitude becomes
0.9 A
0
= A
0
e'
H5)l2m
= A
0
e~
5b,2m
0.9 = e~
5bl2m
...(i)
After 10 more second (i.e. t = 15 s), its amplitude
becomes
oA
0
= A
0
e-
6(15)/2m
= A
0
e~
15bl2m
a = (
e
-
5W2m
)
3
= (0.9)
3
(Using (i))
= 0.729
23. (a)
24. (b): Energy of the satellite on the surface of the
planet is
GMm j GMm
E; = KE + PE = 0 -
R R
If v is the velocity of the satellite at a distance 2R
from the surface of the planet, then total energy
of the satellite is
GMm 1
2
E
f
=- mv +
' 2
1
= -m
2
(R + 2R))
\ 2
G M
(R + 2R)
1 GMm GMm
GMm
3 R
GMm
2 3 R 3 R 6 R
Mi ni mum energy r equi r ed to l aunch the
satellite is
GMm ( GMm \
AE = E
f
- E
t
=
GMm
6 R
+
6 R
GMm
R
R )
5 GMm
6 R
82 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY'13
1
25. (a): In a hydrogen like atom, when an electron
makes an transition from an energy level with n
to n - 1, the frequency of emitted radiation is
v = RcZ
( - i r
= RcZ
2
n
2
-(n-lf
(n
2
)(n-1)
2
As n > > 1
RcZ
2
In IRcZ
2
:. u = =
or a) oc -
RcZ
2
( 2w- l )
n
2
( n - l )
2
26. (b): The situation is as shown in the figure.
. . , *
<? % 1
When a particle of mass m and charge q
0
1 = ^ j
placed is at the origin is given a small displacement
along the y-axis, then the situation is shown in
the figure.
y
Fsin8
jfcose
Fcosf)''
*
FsinO
0T:
y
.B
a " a
By symmetry, the components of forces on the
particle of charge q
0
due to charges at A and B
along .x-axis will cancel each other where along
y-axis will add up.
.-. The net force acting on the particle is
i w o y
= 2Fcos0 = 2-
471 e
n
y
2
+
2 h
2
+*
2
)
2 <
6) y
471 e
0
(y
2
+a
2
)
2
V
(y
2
+ i
2
)
*' ^0 = 1 (Given)
471 e
0
(
y
2
+f l
2)3/2
As y < < a
p =
net
i
2
y
4tc e
0
a
3
or F
27. (d): According to Newton' s law of cooling the
option (d) represents the correct graph.
28. (c): For pot ent i al t o be ma de zer o, af t er
connection
120Q = 200C
2
6 C, = 10C
2
3 Q = 5C
2
29. (b): The I-V characteristics of a LED is similar
to that of a Si junction diode. But the threshold
voltages are much higher and slightly different
for each colour.
Hence, the opt i on (b) represent s the correct
graph.
30. (d): According to lens maker' s formula
Ri R*,
As the lens is plano-convex
R
1
= R,R
2
= oo
" /
or / = -
R
R
( l i - 1)
As speed of l i ght in t he medi um of l ens is
2 x 10
8
m/s
...(ii)
_ c _ 3 x 10
a
m/s _ 3
^ v 2 x10
s
m/s 2
If r is the radius and t is the thickness of lens
(at the centre), the radius of curvature R of its
curved surface in accordance wi t h figure will
be given by
R
2
= r
2
+ {R - tf
R
2
= r
2
+ R
2
+ t
2
- 2Rt
2 Ri = r
2
+ t
2
2
R = -
2t
(v r t )
Here, r = 3 cm, t = 3 mm = 0.3 cm
(3 cm)
2
R--
2 x 0.3 cm
- = 15 cm
On substituting the values of ji and R from Eqs.
(ii) and (iii) in (i), we get
, 15 cm
f = = 30 cm
J
(1-5-1)
! ! !
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
;
Clear Your Concepts
ADVT.
ROLLING MOTION
Most of the students who are serious about JEE preparation
were not confident about the characteristics of pure rolling
motion, charge distribution on spherical shells and plates
etc, But in our Saxena Success Point, it is game play for
our students.
Pure rolling as a pure rotation: We know that a rigid
body is said to be in pure rotation about an axis only
when the angular velocity (co) of every point of that
body is same about any reference point on that axis.
Therefore to consider the pure rolling motion as a pure
rotation about an axis which is instantly passing through
the point of contact and perpendicular to plane of the
rolling body, we have to prove that the co of various
points of the body is same w.r.t. point of contact and it
is also equal to co of the rolling body.
Consider a ball of mass M and radi us R is rolling
wi t hout slipping on a hori zont al floor. The linear
velocity of the centre of mass C, is v
cm
to the right.
The angular velocity of the ball rotating clockwise
a bout C is co. For r ol l i ng wi t hout s l i ppi ng,
v
cm
= R(ji. Let us consider a general point A, on the ball.
The angle made by the radi us CA with the vertical
is 0 as shown in the figure. The linear velocity of A
relative to the floor is the resultant of a horizontal
velocity. v
cm
, and a tangential velocity of magnitude
v
cm
. The angle between these two combining velocities
is 0 as well. It follow from the parallelogram law that
the magnitude of v
A
is 2v
cm
cos (0/2) and its direction
bisects the said angle. Since ZCAD = ZFAG = (0/2) and
AF1 CA. We conclude that v
A
is directed perpendicular
to the line DA.
c
/
F
8/
7 /
Now, in triangle ABD, ZBAD =
simple trigonometry :
90 and ZADB = 0/2. By
cos ZADB
DA 0
or DA = DB cos ZADB^IR cos -
DB 2
Therefore, the angular velocity of A about D is :
VA
2 V

C
4 Van ft.
D A
2* cos
9
2
"cm
R
= CO
R
The proof will be so much easier for the points lying
on the vertical through D. The angular velocity of the
highest point, B, about D is :
v.
B
2i>,
- = <0
DB 2 R
The angular velocity of C about the same point is :
CO
DC
cm
R
:. From the above analysis we can say that the ball
is in pure rotation about an axis passing through D
instantly.
ELECTROSTATICS
Dear Students the following two questions should serve as
food for thought. Happy problem solving!
1. In the fig. shown, a point charge
-q is at the centre, A is earthed,
B and C are given -2q and +3q
respectively. A and C are connected
with a conducting wire without
touching B. Find the charges
appear on all the 6 surfaces of the
system
In the system of plates shown in the fig., plates A & D
are connected, C & E also connected by a conducting
wire and B is earthed. Find the charges that appear
on all the faces of the system of plates.
Q
2
Qi
2.
_L
ML
B
rf/4 d/8
D
ft
d! 16,
EU
The above content has been contributed by : Saxena Success Point, P2 Complex, Brig. Hoshiar Singh Road,
Sarojini Nagar, New Del hi 110023 Contact No.: 011-24673656, 8447405006,
For any further clarification feel free to mail your queries to academicsaxenasuccesspointsn@gmail.com.
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
* 0 TEST YUR
^ PHYSICS APTITUDE
This aptitude test is the ultimate challenge for a smart student. The questions push you to your limits, stretch
your abilities, and of course, tease you.
This aptitude test is also scored, which means at the end we will tell you "how smart you are!" i.e. you are
genius, expert, progressive expert, average or
1. A wooden block of mass 1 kg is attached to the
hook of a spring balance. The spring balance is
then raised with an acceleration of 9.8 m s~
2
. The
apparent weight of the block is
(a) 1 kg wt (b) 2 kg wt
(c) 3 kg wt (d) 4 kg wt
2. Two homogeneous spheres A and B of masses
m and 2m having radii 2a and a respectively are
placed in touch. The distance of centre of mass
from first sphere is
(a) a (b) 2a
(c) 3a (d) 4a
3. A flywheel rotates with a uniform angular
acceleration. Its angular velocity increases from
20n rad s"
1
to 4071 rad s"
1
in 10 s. How many
rotations did it make in this period?
(a) 80 (b) 100
(c) 120 (d) 150
4. The bob of a simple pendul um is of mass 10 g.
It is suspended with a thread of 1 m. If we hold
the bob so as to stretch the string horizontally and
release it, what will be the tension at the lowest
position? (Take g = 10 m s~
2
)
(a) zero (b) 0.1 N
(c) 0.3 N (d) 1.0 N
5. A current of 7 A flows through the circuit as shown
in the figure. The potential difference across point
B and C is
B
4 2
WWW^
7 A
A
2Q
-A/WW
10 Q
NMh-
5Q
-VWVW
7 A
(a)
(c)
16 V
10 V
(b) 8 V
(d) 5 V
6. The torque required to hold a small circular coil
of 10 turns, 2 x 10"
4
m
2
area and carrying 0.5 A
current in the middle of a long solenoid of 10
3
turns per m carrying 3 A current, with its axis
perpendicular to the axis of the solenoid, is
(a) 12ti
x
10~
7
N m (b) 67t xl 0"
7
Nm
(c) 4ti x 10"
7
N m (d) 27i xl 0-
7
Nm
7. A dynamo dissipates 20 W, when it supplies a
current of 4 A through it. If the terminal potential
difference is 220 V, the emf produced is
(a) 220 V (b) 225 V
(c) 215 V (d) 300 V
8. 200 V ac source is fed to series ICR circuit having
X
L
= 50 2, X
c
= 50 Q and R = 25 Q. Potential drop
across the inductor is
(a) 100 V (b) 200 V
(c) 400 V (d) 10 V
9. The variation of velocity of a particle moving
along a straight line is shown in figure. The
distance transvered by the particle in 4 second is
(a) 60 m
(c) 55 m
(b) 25 m
(d) 30 m
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
;
10. A rubber rope of length 8 m is hung from the
ceiling of a room. What is the increase in length
of the rope due to its own weight? (Given Young's
modulus of elasticity of rubber = 5 * 10
6
N m~
2
and density of rubber = 1,5 10
3
kg m~
3
and
g = 10 m s"
2
)
(a) 1.5 mm (b) 6 mm
(c) 24 mm (d) 96 mm
11. A car sounding its horn at 480 Hz moves towards
a high wall at a speed of 20 m s"
1
. If the speed of
sound is 340 m s
-1
, the frequency of the reflected
sound heard by the man sitting in the car will be
nearest to
(a) 480 Hz (b) 510 Hz
(c) 540 Hz (d) 570 Hz
12. An a-particle of mass 6.4 x 10~
27
kg and charge
3.2 x 10~
19
C is situated in a uniform electric field
of 1.6 x 10
5
V m
_1
. The velocity of the particle at
the end of 2 x 10~
2
m path when it starts from rest
is
(a) 2V3xl 0
5
m s"
1
(b) 8 x 10
5
m s"
1
(c) 16 x 10
5
m (d) 4\ / 2xl 0
5
m s
13. The natural boron of atomic weight 10.81 is found
to have two isotopes B
10
and B
11
. The ratio of
abundance of isotopes in natural boron should
be
(a) 11 : 10 (b) 81 : 19
(c) 10: 11 (d) 19: 81
14. The dimensions of Planck's constant and angular
momentum are respectively
(a) [ML
2
T
-1
] and [MLT"
1
]
(b) [ML
2
T
_1
] and [ML
2
T
_1
]
(c) [MLT"
1
] and [ML
2
!"
1
]
(d) [MLT"
1
] and [ML
2
T~
2
]
15. A body dropped from the top of a tower covers a
distance 7h in the last second of its journey where
h is the distance covered in the first second. How
much time does it take to reach the ground?
(a) 3 s (b) 4 s
(c) 5 s (d) 6 s
16. A body of mass M kg is on the top point of a
smooth hemisphere of radius 5 m. It is released
to slide down the surface of the hemisphere. It
leaves the surface when its velocity 5 m s
_1
. At this
instant the angle made by the radius vector of the
body with the vertical is
(Take g = 10 m s~
2
)
(a) 30 (b) 45
(c) 60 (d) 90
17. A toy gun uses a spring of force constant k. When
charged before being triggered in the upward
direction, the spring is compressed by a distance
x. If the mass of shot is m, on being triggered it
will go up to a height of
kr
2
r
2
(a) (
b
) J L_
mg kmg
(c) - ^ L (d)
2 mg mg
18. The escape velocity from the earth is 11.2 km s
_1
.
The escape velocity from a planet having twice
the radius and the same mean density as the earth
is
(a) 22.4 km s-
1
(b) 11.2 km s"
1
(c) 5.6 km s"
1
(d) 15.8 km s"
1
19. A steel ring of radius r and cross-sectional area
A is fitted onto a wooden disc of radius R(R > r).
If Young's modulus be Y, then the force with the
steel ring is expanded is
R
(a) AY-
(b)
AY
R-r
(c)
Y (R-r)
(
d
) "777
Xl
AR
20. A rod 70 cm long is clamped from middle. The
velocity of sound in the material of the rod is
3500 m s
_1
. The frequency of fundamental note
produced by it is
(a) 700 Hz (b) 1250 Hz
(c) 2500 Hz (d) 3500 Hz
21. A source of sound emits a sound of frequency
600 Hz and is rotating in a circle of radius 4 m at
a linear speed of 40 m s
_1
. What is the lowest and
highest frequency heard by an observer at long
distance away at rest with respect to the centre of
circle?
(a) 545 Hz and 687 Hz (b) 683 Hz and 535 Hz
(c) 535 Hz and 683 Hz (d) 687 Hz and 545 Hz
22. 200 cc of a gas is compressed to 100 cc at the
atmospheric pressure 10
6
dyne cm
-2
. If the change is
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
sudden, what is the final pressure? (Given y = 1.4)
(a) 1.6 x 10
6
dyne cnr
2
(b) 2.0 * 10
6
dyne cnr
2
(c) 2.6 x 10
6
dyne cnr
2
(d) 3.0 * 10
6
dyne cnr
2
23. Starting with the same initial conditions, an
ideal gas expands from volume Vj to V
2
in three
different ways. The work done by the gas is W
(
if
the process is purely isothermal, W
2
if the process
is purely isobaric, and W
3
if the process is purely
adiabatic, then
(a) W
r
>W
2
>W
3
(b) W
2
>W
3
>W,
(c) W
3
>W
2
>Wi (d) W
2
>W, >W
3
24. The specific heat of water in cal g"
1
is s = 0.5f
2
,
where t is the temperature on the Celsius scale. If
the temperature of 10 g of water is raised through
10C, what is the amount of heat required?
(a) 60 cal (b) 200 cal
(c) 0.6 kcal (d) 2kcal
25. A transistor connected at common-emitter mode
contains load resistance of 5 k2 and an input
resistance of 1 kL If the input peak voltage is
5 mV and the current gain is 50, find the voltage
gain.
(a) 250 (b) 500
(c) 125 (d) 50
26. The surface of the metal is illuminated with the
light of 400 nm. The kinetic energy of the ejected
photoelectrons was found to be 1.68 eV. The work
function of metal is
(a) 1.42 eV (b) 1.51 eV
(c) 1.68 eV (d) 3.0 eV
27. A parallel beam of light of wavelength
3141.59 A is incident on a small aperture. After
passing through the aperture, the beam is no
longer parallel but diverges at 1 to the incident
direction. What is the diameter of the aperture?
(a) 180 nm (b) 18 |um
(c) 1.8 m (d) 0.18 m
28. An object is placed 30 cm to the left of a diverging
lens whose focal length is of magnitude 20 cm.
Which one of the following correctly states the
nature and position of the virtual image formed?
Nature of image Distance from lens
(a) inverted, enlarge 60 cm to the right
(b) erect, diminished 12 cm to the left
(c) inverted, enlarged
(d) erect, diminished
60 cm to the left
12 cm to the right
29. In an ac generator, a coil with N turns, all of the
same area A and total resistance R, rotates with
frequency oo in a magnetic field B. The maximum
value of emf generated in the coil is
(a) NAB (b) NABR
(c) NAB(o (d) NABRu)
30. The magnetic flux linked with the coil varies
with time as <)> = 31
2
+ 4f + 9. The magnitude of the
induced emf at 2 s is
(a) 9 V (b) 16 V
(c) 3 V (d) 4 V
31. The total current supplied to the circuit by the
battery as shown figure is
(a) 1A
(c) 4 A
(b) 6 A
(d) 2 A
32. If two electric bulbs, each designed to operate with
a power of 500 W in 220 V line, are put in series in
a 110 V line, what will be the power generated by
each bulb?
(a) 31.25 W (b) 21.25 W
(c) 11.25 W (d) 41.25 W
33. A particle moves in a straight line with a constant
acceleration. It changes its velocity from 10 m s
_1
to
20 m s
_1
while passing through a distance 135 m in
t second. The value of f is
(a) 12 (b) 9
(c) 10 (d) 1.8
34. A block of mass m is resting on a smooth
horizontal surface. One end of a uniform rope of
mass is fixed to the block, which is pulled
in the horizontal direction by applying a force F
at the other end. The tension in the middle of the
rope is
(a)
(b) - F
7
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13
;
(C) (d)
7
-F
35. A particle is acted upon by a force F which varies
with position x as shown in figure. If the particle
at x = 0 has kinetic energy of 25 J, then the kinetic
energy of the particle at x = 16 m is
14 16 x( m) - +
(a) 45 J
(c) 70 J
(b) 30 J
(d) 20 J
36. A child is standing with folded hands at the centre
of a platform rotating about its central axis. The
kinetic energy of the system is K. The child now
stretches his arms so that the moment of inertia
of the system doubled. The kinetic energy of the
system now is
(a) 2K (b) |
(c) | (d) 4K
37. Two solid spherical planets of equal radii R having
masses 4M and 9M have their centres separated
by a distance 6R. A projectile of mass m is sent
from the planet of mass 4M towards the heavier
planet. What is the distance r of the point from
the lighter planet, where the gravitational force
on the projectile is zero?
(a) 1.4R (b) 1.8R
(c) 1.5R (d) 2.4R
38. The terminal speed of a sphere of gold
(density = 19.5 kg m~
3
) is 0.2 m s
_1
in a viscous
liquid (density = 1.5 kg nr
3
). Then the terminal
speed of a sphere of silver (density 10.5 kg m
-3
) of
the same size in the same liquid is
(a) 0.1 ms"
1
(b) 0.4 ms"
1
(c) 0.2 ms"
1
(d) 0.3 ms"
1
39. Two capacitors A and B are connected in series
with a battery as shown in figure. When the switch
S is closed and the two capacitors get charged
fully, then
2 (iF 3fiF
(a) the potential difference across the plates of
A is 4 V and across the plates of B is 6 V.
(b) the potential difference across the plates of
A is 6 V and across the plates of B is 4 V.
(c) the ratio of electrical energies stored in A and
B is 2 : 3.
(d) the ratio of charges on A and B is 3 : 2.
40. A copper wire of length 1 m and radius 1 mm
is joined in series with an iron wire of length
2 m and radius 3 mm and a current is passed
through the wires. The ratio of current density in
the copper and iron wires is
(a) 2 : 3 (b) 6 : 1
(c) 9 : 1 (d) 18: 1
41. A horizontal long straight wire placed east-west
carries a current 3.6 A. What is the distance of
neutral point from the wire if the horizontal
component of the earth's magnetic field from
south to north is B
H
= 3.6 * 10~
5
T.
(a) 1 x 10~
2
m (b) 2 * 10"
2
m
(c) 1.5 x 10"
2
m (d) 3 x 10
-2
m
42. The mutual inductance of an induction coil is
5 H. In the primary coil, the current reduces from
5 A to zero in 10"
2
s. What is the induced emf in
the secondary coil?
(a) 2500 V (b) 25000 V
(c) 2510 V (d) zero
43. A coil of resistance 200 2 and self inductance
1.0 H has been connected to an ac source of
200
frequency Hz. The phase difference between
voltage and current is
(a) 30 (b) 63
(c) 45 (d) 75
44. If an electron in n = 3 orbit of hydrogen atom
jumps down to n = 2 orbit, the amount of energy
released and the wavelength of radiation emitted
74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;
(a) 0.85 6V, 6566 A (b) 1.89 eV, 1240 A
(c) 1.89 eV, 6566 A (d) 1.5 eV, 6566 A
45. A photon of energy 4 eV is incident of a metal
surface whose work function is 2 eV. The mi ni mum
reverse potential to be applied for stopping the
emission of electrons is
(a) 2 V (b) 4 V
(c) 6 V (d) 8 V
46. In a carbon monoxide molecule, the carbon and
the oxygen atoms are separated by a distance
1.12 x 10"
10
m. The distance of the centre of mass
from the carbon atom is
(a) 0.48 x 10"
10
m (b) 0.51 x 10"
10
m
(c) 0.56 x 10"
10
m (d) 0.64 x 10~
10
m
47. A block of mass M is pulled up by a uniform
string of mass-M tied to it, by applying a force F at
the other free end of the string. The tension at the
mi dpoi nt of the string is
(a) F (b) 0.5F
(c) 0.75F (d) IF
48. The work done in increasing the size of
a rectangular soap film with dimensions
8 cm x 3.75 cm to 10 cm x 6 cm is 2 x 10"
4
J. The
surface tension of the film in N nr
1
is
(a) 1.65 xlO"
2
(b) 3. 3xl 0-
2
(c) 6. 6xl 0-
2
(d) 8. 25xl 0-
2
49. Two capillaries of length L and 2L and of radii
R and 2R are connected in series. The net rate of
flow of fluid through them will be (Given rate of
the flow through single capillary X = nPR
4
/8r\L)
(a) | X (b) f x
(c) ^ X (d) ^ X
7 5
50. A 2 kg copper block is heated to 500C and then
it is placed on a large block of ice at 0C. If the
specific heat capacity of copper is 400 J kg
-1
C
_1
and latent heat of fusion of water is 3.5 x 10
s
J kg-
1
,
the amount of ice that can melt is
(a) | kg (b) | kg
(c) | kg (d) | kg
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74 PHYSICS FOR YOU | MAY '13 ;