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PRODUK SURIMI
LAPORAN RESMI PRAKTIKUM
TEKNOLOGI HASIL LAUT
Disusun oleh :
Nama: Kezia Chan!a De"i K!is#iono
NIM: $%&'0&0$()
Kelom*o+ C,
PROGRAM STUDI TEKNOLOGI PANGAN
-AKULTAS TEKNOLOGI PERTANIAN
UNI.ERSITAS KATOLIK SOEGI/APRANATA
SEMARANG
%0$(
A0a!a II
1. HASIL PENGAMATAN
Hasil *en1ama#an *!a+#i+um *em2ua#an su!imi a*a# iliha# *aa #a2el $&
Ta2el $& Su!imi
Kelom*o+ Pe!la+uan 3HC 4m1 H
%
O5 Senso!is
Ke+en6alan A!oma
C$ Su+!osa %7,8
Ga!am %7,8
Poli9os9a# 07$8
:$,$,7( ; ;;;
C% Su+!osa %7,8
Ga!am %7,8
Poli9os9a# 07$8
''%(07,0) ; ;;
C< Su+!osa %7,8
Ga!am %7,8
Poli9os9a# 07<8
$(0(%$7:($ ;; ;;
C( Su+!osa ,8
Ga!am %7,8
Poli9os9a# 07<8
'0<%,7:(: ; ;;;
C, Su+!osa ,8
Ga!am %7,8
Poli9os9a# 07,8
%0:=(<7==% ;; ;;
C) Su+!osa ,8
Ga!am %7,8
Poli9os9a# 07,8
$,0=)(7:': ;; ;;
Ke#e!an1an :
Ke+en6alan A!oma
; : #ia+ +en6al ; : #ia+ amis
;; : +en6al ;; : amis
;;; : san1a# +en6al ;;; : san1a# amis
Da!i #a2el $ ia#as a*a# iliiha# hasil a!i *em2ua#an su!imi a!i i+an 2a"al& Nilai
3HC #e!enah ia*a#+an en1an *enam2ahan %7,8 su+!osa7 %7,8 1a!am an 07$8
*oli9os9a# en1an nilai se2esa! :$,$,7( m1 H
%
O 4+elom*o+ C$5& Sean1+an nilai 3HC
#e!#in11i ia*a#+an *enam2ahan ,8 su+!osa7 %7,8 1a!am7 an 07,8 *oli9os9a# en1an
nilai se2esa! %0:=(<7==% m1 H
%
O 4+elom*o+ C,5& Ke+en6alan su!imi 6an1 ihasil+an
en1an 3HC 6an1 !enah #ia+ +en6al 4+elom*o+ C$7 C%7 an C(57 sean1+an
+e+en6alan su!imi en1an 3HC 6an1 0u+u* #in11i +en6al 4+elom*o+ C<7 C,7 an C)5&
A!oma su!imi 6an1 ihasil+an an#a!a amis an san1a# amis&
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2. PEMBAHASAN
Da1in1 i+an men1anun1 )0>=(8 ai!7 $=><08 *!o#ein7 07$>%7%8 lema+7 0>$8
+a!2ohi!a#7 an sisan6a #e!i!i a!i ?i#amin an mine!al 4Po##e! @ Ho#0h+iss7 $::)5&
I+an #e!masu+ salah sa#u 2ahan ma+anan 6an1 muah !usa+ 4perishable5 sehin11a
alam *en1olahann6a ha!us alam +eaaan se1a! 4Aai#ze? et al&7 $:):5& Salah sa#u Benis
i+an 6an1 memili+i *o#ensial un#u+ i+onsumsi aalah i+an 2a"al ai! #a"a! 4Colossoma
macropomum5 4Hae#ami @ Sa#!a"i2a"a7 %00(5& Pen1olahan 2ahan *an1an a*a#
menin1+a#+an nilai Bual 2ahan *an1an& .enu1o*lal @ Shahii 4$::,5 alam Bu!nal
/a9a!*ou! @ Go!ez60a 4%00:5 men6a#a+an 2ah"a 2e2e!a*a ?a!iasi 6an1 a*a#
menam2ah+an nilai i+an se*e!#i *!ou+ 9e!men#asi7 sosis7 *!ou+ e+s#!ua#7 iluna++an
menBai su!imi an *!ou+ asa! su!imi&
Su!imi 2e!asal a!i +a#a /e*an1 6an1 a!#in6a a1in1 i+an #an*a #ulan17 i0in0an17
+emuian i0u0i en1an ai! a1a! a*a# men6e!u*ai *!ou+ mahal 4HaBioun @
/a9a!*ou!7 %0$<5& Su!imi ini me!u*a+an ma+anan en1an sum2e! nu#!isi 6an1 !enah
+oles#e!ol an !enah lema+ 4Moosa?i>Nasa2 et al&7 %00, alam Bu!nal HaBioun @
/a9a!*ou!7 %0$<5& Pe!an1inan1in et al& 4$:::5 menam2ah+an 2ah"a su!imi aalah
a1in1 6an1 iluma#+an an i2e!sih+an7 +emuian i0u0i se0a!a 2e!ulan1 sam*ai
se2a1ian 2esa! a!ah7 2au7 *i1men7 an lema+ hilan1& Pem2e+uan su!imi en1an 1a!am
an +!io*!o#e+#an 6an1 +emuian iolah en1an *emanasan a*a# men1a#u! #e+s#u! an
*e!+em2an1an 1el 4Reinheime! et al&7 %0$05&
Paa *!a+#i+um *em2ua#an su!imi a!i i+an 2a"al ini7 mula>mula i+an i0u0i 2e!sih
en1an ai! men1ali!& Kemuian a1in1 i9ille#7 sean1+an isi *e!u#7 +uli# an sisi+
i2uan17 #ulan17 +e*ala7 si!i*7 an e+o! i1una+an un#u+ *em2ua#an +e0a* i+an& Da1in1
9ille# i+an i#im2an1 se2an6a+ $00 1!am en1an ne!a0a anali#i+& Da1in1 #e!se2u#
+emuian ihan0u!+an en1an 2lene! an +emuian ihan0u!+an en1an #an1an
alam ai! 2e!isi es a1a! suhu #e#a* #e!Ba1a !enah& Anini 4%00)5 men6a#a+an suhu 6an1
le2ih #in11i a!i $,CC a*a# mela!u#+an *!o#ein a!i i+an 6an1 la!u# ai!& Se#elah a1in1
a1a+ han0u!7 isa!in1 en1an +ain sa!in1& Se#elah ai! #e!*isah+an a!i han0u!an a1in17
a1in1 #e!se2u# i0u0i se2an6a+ % +ali en1an men11una+an ai! in1in 4es 2a#u57
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en1an 0a!a menam2ah+an ai! *aa han0u!an a1in1 6an1 +emuian isa!in1 en1an
+ain sa!in1& Pen0u0ian ini ila+u+an un#u+ men1hilan1+an 2au amis7 men1hilan1+an
2ahan 6an1 #ia+ iin1in+an an +om*onen lain 6an1 la!u# ai! se!#a menin1+a#+an
+onsen#!asi a!i *!o#ein m6o9i2!il 4Reinheime! et al&7 %0$05& Sean1+an *en11unaan ai!
in1in un#u+ *en0u0ian 2e!#uBuan se*e!#i 6an1 in6a#a+an Anini 4%00)5 a1a!
ia*a#+an +e+ua#an 1el #e!2ai+ ma+an han0u!an a1in1 i+an i0u0i en1an ai! in1in
4$0CC>$,CC5& Dimana 1elasi *!o#ein i+an ini a+an mem*en1a!uhi #e+s#u! *!ou+ 4Luo et
al&7 %00= alam Bu!nal HaBioun @ /a9a!*ou!7 %0$<5& Sehin11a a*a# i+a#a+an 2ah"a
suhu 6an1 #in11i a*a# men1hasil+an +e+ua#an 1el su!imi 6an1 !enah&
Se#elah i0u0i % +ali7 a1in1 i0am*u!+an en1an su+!osa %7,8 4un#u+ +elom*o+ C$7
C%7 an C<5 an ,8 4un#u+ +elom*o+ 4C(7 C,7 an C)5 a!i 2e!a# a1in1D 1a!am %7,8
4un#u+ semua +elom*o+5 a!i 2e!a# a1in1D *oli9os9a# 07$ 8 4un#u+ +elom*o+ C$ an
C%57 07<8 4un#u+ +elom*o+ C< an C(57 an 07,8 4un#u+ +elom*o+ C, an C)5 a!i
2e!a# a1in1& Penam2ahan 1a!am ini 2e!#uBuan se*e!#i 6an1 in6a#a+an Roussel @
Che9#el 4$:==5 un#u+ mem2en#u+ 1el su!imi 6an1 elas#is an 9le+si2el& Lan et al& 4$::,5
menam2ah+an 2ah"a *enam2ahan 1a!am a*a# mele*as miosin a!i se!a# i+an sehin11a
a*a# mem2en#u+ 1el 6an1 +ua#7 se!#a se2a1ai 2ahan *ela!u# *!o#ein mio9i2!il&
Penam2ahan 1a!am se2esa! %7,8 ini suah sesuai& Hal ini iu+un1 en1an *e!n6a#aan
Shimizu et al& 4$::%5 2ah"a +onsen#!asi 1a!am 6an1 umumn6a i1una+an alam
*em2ua#an su!imi 2e!+isa! %><8&
Penam2ahan su+!osa an *oli9os9a# ini 2e!#uBuan se2a1ai 2ahan an#iehi!asi an
*enin1+a#an umu! sim*an& Hal ini i2u+#i+an oleh *e!n6a#aan Pi1o## 4$:=)5 alam
Bu!nal De6 @ Do!a 4%0$$5 2ah"a su+!osa7 so!2i#ol7 an 9os9a# sein1 i#am2ah+an
se2a1ai a1en +!io*!o#e+#an alam inus#!i su!imi& Dimana +!io*!o#e+#an ini me!u*a+an
2ahan an#iena#u!asi& K!io*!o#e+#an Bu1a i#am2ah+an un#u+ menin1+a#+an umu!
sim*an ma+anan 2e+u en1an 0a!a men0e1ah *e!u2ahan *!o#ein mio9i2!il *aa *!oses
*em2e+uan 4Ma0Donal# et al&7 $::' alam Bu!nal De6 @ Do!a7 %0$05& Selain i#u7
*enam2ahan su+!osa menu!u# 3i1una 4%00,5 se2a1ai 1ula *e!eu+si 6an1 selanBu#n6a
2e!ea+si en1an 1u1us amino *!o#ein an mem2en#u+ sen6a"a melanoiin&
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Se#elah a1in1 i0am*u!+an en1an su+!osa7 1a!am7 an *oli9os9a#7 a1in1 imasu++an
+e alam *las#i+ 2enin17 i!a#a+an i2a1ian uBun1 2a"ah *las#i+& Kemuian *las#i+
i1ulun17 i#u#u* en1an isolasi 2enin1 an i2e+u+an alam 9!eeze! selama $ malam&
Pem2e+uan ini selain un#u+ mena*a#+an 1el 6an1 #e!2ai+ se*e!#i 6an1 suah iBelas+an
se2elumn6a Bu1a 2e!#uBuan un#u+ men0e1ah #im2uln6a 2a+#e!i *em2usu+& Hal ini
iu+un1 oleh *ena*a# 3ina!no 4$::<5 6an1 men6a#a+an i+an muah mem2usu+
+a!ena s#!u+#u! a1in1n6a san1a# halus7 sehin11a 2a+#e!i muah masu+ an 2e!+em2an1
2ia+& A9!ian#o @ Li?ia"a#6 4$:=:5 2ah"a *aa suhu i2a"ah 0
o
C7 a+#i?i#as 2a+#e!i
*em2usu+ a+an #e!ham2a# 2ah+an #e!hen#i sama se+ali7 +a!ena 2a+#e!i *em2usu+ hiu*
*aa lin1+un1an en1an suhu 0 hin11a <0
o
C& EenBa+ul et al& 4%00<5 alam Bu!nal A!9a#
@ EenBa+ul 4%0$%5 men6a#a+an 2ah"a in+u2asi *as#a su!imi *aa suhu )0CC sam*ai
),CC men1hasil+an 1el 6an1 lemah&
Se#elah $ malam7 su!imi i thawing *aa suhu !uan1& Thawing aalah *!oses 6an1
menu!u# -ello"s 4%0005 ila+u+an se#elah 2ahan i2e+u+an en1an #uBuan un#u+
menin1+a#+an suhu 2ahan *an1an sam*ai mene+a#i suhu !uan1 sehin11a muah un#u+
i+onsumsi mau*un iolah& Se#elah su!imi 0u+u* luna+7 ila+u+an *en1u+u!an 3HC
4Water Holding Capacity5& Un#u+ *en1u+u!an 3HC7 mula>mula su!imi i2en#u+ 2ula#
an ile#a++an *aa #en1ah>#en1ah +e!#as +a!2on& Kemuian su!imi ile2a!+an an
iBi*la+ 2en#u+ su!imi 6an1 suah ile2a!+an i +e!#as milime#e! 2lo0+& SelanBu#n6a
3HC ihi#un1 en1an men11una+an !umus :
La 4luas a#as5 F a 4h
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Luas a!ea 2asah F La G L2
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Hasil *e!hi#un1an m1 H
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O menunBu++an +emam*uan men1i+a# ai! a!i su!imi&
,
Da!i *!a+#i+um ini ia*a#+an 2ah"a 3HC #e!+e0il *aa +elom*o+ C% en1an
*e!la+uan *enam2ahan %7,8 su+!osa7 %7,8 1a!am7 an 07$8 *oli9os9a#& Sean1+an
nilai 3HC #e!#in11i ia*a#+an *aa +elom*o+ C, en1an *enam2ahan ,8 su+!osa7
%7,8 1a!am7 an ,8 *oli9os9a#& Hal ini menunBu++an 2ah"a sema+in #in11i
*en11unaan su+!osa an 9os9a# 4*oli9os9a#5 ma+a sema+in #in11i *ula +emam*uan
men1i+a# ai! a!i su!imi& Ka!ena se*e!#i 6an1 in6a#a+an se2elumn6a 2ah"a su+!osa
an 9os9a# me!u*a+an 2ahan +!io*!o#e+#an 6an1 men0e1ah #e!Bain6a ena#u!asi an
menin1+a#+an umu! sim*an& Ahou et al& 4%00)5 menam2ah+an 2ah"a +!io*!o#e+#an
Bu1a mam*u menin1+a#+an +emam*uan *en1i+a# ai!7 mens#a2il+an *!o#ein an
men0e1ah *e!#u+a!an mole+ul>mole+ul ai! a!i *!o#ein&
Selain *enam2ahan su+!osa an 9os9a#7 a*a# i1una+an 2ahan>2ahan lain 6an1 a*a#
menin1+a#+an +e+ua#an 1el su!imi7 ian#a!an6a :
$& Un#u+ menin1+a#+an +e+ua#an 1el su!imi a*a# i#am2ah+an a1en *e!eu+si se*e!#i
soium sul9a#7 #iosul9a#7 an ni#!a# se2esa! 0>%0 mmolH+1 4I#oh et al&7 $:': alam
Bu!nal EenBa+ul et al&7 %00,5
%& Penam2ahan NADPH sul9a# a*a# menin1+a#+an +emam*uan *em2en#u+an 1el
su!imi 4/ian1 et al&7 $::= alam Bu!nal EenBa+ul et al&7 %00,5
Se#elah ihi#un1 3HC a!i su!imi7 ilanBu#+an en1an uBi senso!i su!imi 6an1 meli*u#i
*a!ame#e! +e+en6alan an a!oma& E?aluasi senso!i a#au ise2u# Bu1a uBi o!1anole*#i+
aalah ilmu *en1e#ahuan 6an1 men11una+an ine!a manusia un#u+ men1u+u!
*enam*a+an7 a!oma7 9la?o!7 an #e+s#u! *!ou+ *an1an 4Anonim7 %00)5& Da!i *!a+#i+um
*em2ua#an su!imi ini ia*a#+an 2ah"a *aa 3HC 6an1 !enah 4+elom*o+ C$7 C%&
an C(5 ia*a#+an #e+s#u! i+an 6an1 #ia+ +en6al& Sean1+an *aa 3HC 6an1 #in11
4+elom*o+ C<7 C,7 an C)5 ia*a#+an #e+s#u! i+an 6an1 +en6al& Da!i a#a #e!se2u#
a*a# i+a#a+an 2ah"a sema+in #in11i nilai 3HC7 ma+a #e+s#u! 6an1 ihasil+an
sema+in +en6al& HaBioun @ /a9a!*ou! 4%0$<5 1el su!imi iha!us+an un#u+
menin1+a#+an #e+s#u! "a!na7 +a*asi#as menam*un1 ai! 43HC57 +elem2a2an7 an
+e+ua#an 1el a1a! men1hasil+an *!ou+ 6an1 le2ih i#e!ima&
A!oma 6an1 i*e!oleh a!i *!a+#i+um ini 2e!?a!iasi7 an#a!a 2e!2au san1a# amis
4+elom*o+ C$ an C(5 an amis 4+elom*o+ C%7 C<7 C,7 an C)5& Hal ini 2isa saBa
)
ise2a2+an a+i2a# *en0u0ian 6an1 +u!an1 2e!sih& Dimana suah i+a#a+an se2elumn6a
2ah"a salah sa#u #uBuan *en0u0ian aalah un#u+ men1hilan1+an 2au amis
4Pe!an1inan1in et al& $:::D Reinheime! et al&7 %0$05&
3. KESIMPULAN
Su!imi aalah a1in1 6an1 iluna++an7 i2e!sih+an7 i0u0i 2e!ulan17 an
i2e+u+an&
Pe!lun6a menBa1a +onisi a1a! #e#a* in1in selama *!oses 2e!lan1sun1 u#u+
menBa1a +anun1an *!o#ein a!i i+an se!#a un#u+ mena*a#+an +e+ua#an 1el
#e!2ai+&
Pen0u0ian 2e!ulan1 ila+u+an un#u+ men1hilan1+an 2au7 2ahan 6an1 #ia+
iin1in+an7 an +om*onen la!u# ai! lainn6a&
Gelasi *!o#ein mem*en1a!uhi #e+s#u! su!imi&
Suhu #in11i men1hasil+an +e+ua#an 1el 6an1 !enah&
Penam2ahan 1a!am un#u+ mem2en#u+ 1el 6an1 elas#is an 9le+si2el se!#a +ua#&
Pen11unaan 1a!am ala *em2ua#an su!imi umumn6a %><8&
Penam2ahan su+!osa an *oli9os9a# se2a1ai a1en an#iehi!asi 4+!io*!o#e+#an5&
Pem2e+uan 2e!#uBuan un#u+ mena*a#+an 1el #e!2ai+ an men0e1a #um2uhn6a
2a+#e!i *em2usu+&
Thawing 2e!#uBuan un#u+ menu!un+an suhu su!imi sehin11a muah iu+u! 3HC
an senso!in6a&
Nilai 3HC #e!enah ia*a#+an *aa *enam2ahan %7,8 su+!osa7 %7,8 1a!am7 an
07$8 *oli9os9a#7
Nilai 3HC #e!#in11i ia*a#+an *aa *enam2ahan ,8 su+!osa7 %7,8 1a!am7 an
,8 *oli9os9a#&
Sema+in #in11i *en11unaan su+!osa an *oli9os9a#7 ma+a sema+in #in11i 3HC
su!imi&
Penam2ahan a1en *e!eu+si lain 4soium sul9a#7 #iosul9a#7 ni#!a#5 an NADPH a*a#
menin1+a#+an +e+ua#an 1el su!imi&
Sema+in #in11i nilai 3HC7 ma+a #e+s#u! 6an1 ihasil+an sema+in +en6al&
Sema!an17 $% Se*#em2e! %0$(
Kelom*o+ C,
P!a+#i+an Asis#en Dosen
Dea Na#hania
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4. DAFTAR PUSTAKA
A9!ian#o7 E& @ E?i L& 4$:=:5& Pen1a"e#an an Pen1olahan I+an& Kanisius& Io16a+a!#a&
Anini IS& 4%00)5& Ka!a+#e!is#i+ Su!imi Hasil Ozonisasi Da1in1 Me!ah I+an Ton1+ol
4Euthynnus s*&5 Js+!i*siK& Te+nolo1i Hasil Pe!i+anan7 -a+ul#as Pe!i+anan an Ilmu
Kelau#an7 Ins#i#u# Pe!#anian Eo1o!& Eo1o!&
Anonim& 4%00)5& Pen1uBian O!1anole*#i+ 4E?aluasi Senso!65 alam Inus#!i Pan1an&
E2oo+*an1an&0om& h##*:HH#e+*an&unimus&a0&iH"*>0on#en#Hu*loasH%0$<H0'HPen1uBian>
O!1anole*#i+>alam>Inus#!i>Pan1an&*9& Diunuh *aa ha!i Ra2u7 $0 Se*#em2e! %0$(&
Paa *u+ul $$:0)&
EenBa+ul7 S&7 .isessan1uan7 3&7 Leela*on1"a##ana7 K& 4%00<5& Pu!i9i0a#ion an
Cha!a0#e!iza#ion o9 Hea#>S#a2le Al+aline P!o#einase -!om Ei1e6e Sna**e! 4Priacanthus
Macracanthus5 Mus0le& Com* Eio0hem Ph6s E7 .ol& $<(7 Pa1es :,':G,:$&
-ello"s7 P& 4%0005& -oo P!o0essin1 Te0hnolo16 P!in0i*les an P!a0#i0e7 Se0on
Ei#ion& 3oohea Pu2lishin1 Limi#e& En1lan&
Hae#ami7 K&7 @ Sa#!a"i2a"a7 S& 4%00(5& E?aluasi Ke0e!naan Te*un1 Azola Dalam
Ranzum I+an Ea"al Ai! #a"a! 4Colossoma macropopum7 CU.IER $=$=5& -a+ul#as
Pe!#anian Uni?e!si#as PaBaBa!an& /a#ina1o!
HaBioun7 H& A&7 @ /a9a!*ou!7 A& 4%0$<5& The In9luen0e o9 Chi#osan on TeL#u!al
P!o*e!#ies o9 Common Ca!* 4Cyprinus carpio5 Su!imi& -oo P!o0ess Te0hnol7 .ol& (7
Issue ,7 Pa1es : $>,&
I#oh7 I&7Ioshina+a7 R&7 @ I+ea7 S& 4$:':5& Eull /*n So0 S0i -ish7 .ol& (,7 Pa1es :<($G
<(,&
/ian17 S&T&7 Hsieh7 /&-&7 Ho7 M&L&7 /ian17 S&H&7 @ Chen7 H&C& 4$::=5 / -oo S0i7 .ol& )<7
Pa1es :'''G'=$&
Lan7 H& I&7 Mu 3&7 Ni+oli0>Pa#e!son D&/&7 an A#+ins R&C& 4$::,5& A No?el7 Sim*le7
Relia2le7 an Sensi#i?e Me#ho 9o! Mul#i*le Immunoenz6me S#ainin1: Use o9
Mi0!o"a?e O?en Hea#in1 #o Elo0+ An#i2o6 C!oss>Rea0#i?i#6 an Re#!ie?e An#i1ens& /
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Luo7 I&K&7 Shen7 H&7 Pan7 D&7 @ Eu7 G&H& 4%00=5& Gel P!o*e!#ies o9 Su!imi 9!om Sil?e!
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