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CM1502 Sem2-2012/13 Tutorial1

CM1502 Tutorial 1

1. Without referring to any figures, sketch the signed boundary surfaces on appropriate
axes of the following Atomic Orbitals: 1s, 3s, 2p
x
, 2p
y
, 3d
z2
, 3d
yz
.

2. Give all possible values for the missing hydrogen atom quantum number in each case:
a. n = 3, l = 2, m
l
= ?
b. n = 5, l = ?, m
l
= 0
c. n = 4, l = ?, m
l
= -2
d. n = ?, l = 2, m
l
= 1
e. n = 10, l = 0, m
l
= ?

3. For the cases in (2), give the corresponding Atomic Orbital labels.

4. What is the ionization energy in eV of a hydrogen atom in a 4p state?
And (1,0,0) state?
Use the formula
2 2 2
0
4 2
1
8 n h
e Z
E
n

where e = 1.602 x 10
-19
C, m
proton
= 1.673 x 10
-27
kg,
m
electron
= 9.109 x 10
-31
kg, is the reduced mass = m
electron
m
proton
/(m
electron
+m
proton
).
h = 6.626 x 10
-34
Js,
0
= 8.854 x 10
-12
C
2
J
-1
m
-1
.

5. Arrange the following elements in order of increasing ionization energy IE.
a. Ne Ba Ga F S

b. Cl I Br Te Ar

c. Mg Cs N Si Al

6. Arrange the sequences of (Q5) in order of increasing atomic radius.
7. Nb possess the anomalous electronic configuration [Kr]5s
1
4d
4
. State why it is an
anomaly, and provide an explanation to account for it.

8. A laser beam operating at 600 nm has a power of 1 mW. What is the energy of a
single photon from this laser? The laser is shone onto a surface for 1 ns, how many
photons had hit the surface?

9. Atomic absorption lines were observed in the spectrum of a gas sample in an atomic
absorption spectrometer. The spectrum appeared very similar to that of H, with the
highest energy absorption observed well into the UV region and it began at 13.51 nm.
Identify the atom/ion in the sample.

10. Can an electron ever be at rest, i.e., possess zero kinetic energy, if it is confined to
exist in some specific region in space, and nowhere else? Explain.